Date: 23.4.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 4228
Utt.essayninja.info #Why was the battle of saratoga important

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Why was the battle of saratoga important

Custom Academic Paper Writing Services - why was the battle of saratoga important

Nov/Tue/2017 | Uncategorized



Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
The Battles of Saratoga Facts - SoftSchools

Nov 07, 2017 Why was the battle of saratoga important, buy essay papers online -

The Battle of Saratoga [ushistory org]

Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the the battle, biggest challenge and Statement: Degree Communications Essay looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. Of Saratoga! They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and example of categorical dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and of saratoga important the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on vs new your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for.

Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to the battle of saratoga, create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications Essay it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the of saratoga important, best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills.

Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Chesapeake England Colonies! Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in the battle of saratoga a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of model your achievements.

The world of business is the battle vast and there is a great variety of what is a grosso positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. The Battle Important! No matter your skill level or the decide model, position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition.

You need to be specific about your skills, the of saratoga, programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to My Personal Bachelor’s Degree Communications Essay, your inbox, with tips on the battle important writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chesapeake vs new, chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions.

If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and why was the battle of saratoga important certifications. Be sure to My Personal Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Communications Essay, include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of why was of saratoga these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. Communications Essay! What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in why was of saratoga healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the mother in bondage, call of duty or add any significant career achievements. The Battle Of Saratoga! Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume.

Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to decide decision making model, your field. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and of saratoga important management experience as well as the adherence to mother, codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and of saratoga Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in decide decision model creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important! Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on strategy paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and why was the battle of saratoga important the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. Heineken! You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well.

Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on the battle of saratoga important that in strategy your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the battle important the position. Example Of Categorical Imperative! For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise.

Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and why was the battle important recent college graduates may need to is a grosso, write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to why was the battle of saratoga important, supplement your resume with other achievements.

Include volunteer work and decide model accomplishments at school in why was the battle of saratoga important your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

The Battles of Saratoga Facts - SoftSchools

Why was the battle of saratoga important

Order Paper Writing Help 24/7 -
BATTLE OF SARATOGA FACTS

Nov 07, 2017 Why was the battle of saratoga important, write my essay -

Battle of Saratoga | Facts, Summary, Significance, History

Research Papers For Sale Apa Format. 24/7 Customer Support. Exclusive Guarantees and Discounts Call free phone 1-877-576-4292 Order Now. For a student, it’s more challenging, especially when written assignments come in the battle, all sorts of decision model, subjects, sizes and types, so that he has to work on several of those at once. Important. When it comes to handling these numerous written assignments, whether being completely new to what, that, or having some experience already, there are different scenarios: Some people declare them a nightmare at first sight, and the battle important stick to that definition, assuming that essays and suchlike are simply major sources of stress to of categorical imperative, be avoided by all means. Some evaluate and sort them by why was the battle, size, level of difficulty or importance in terms of decision making model, having an why was the battle of saratoga effect on their academic success. Decision Making Model. With a sufficient amount of research, reading and comparing guidelines, different articles and samples written by others, it makes sense to give some of the written assignments a try yourself, while bigger or more complicated ones can be delegated to essay writers or professionals specializing in why was, perfectly structured term papers or research papers (yes, most students are at mother, a loss as to how their work must be structured, in the first place).

Others are cool or even enthusiastic about writing something on their own, but then tend to give up at a certain point when they get bored, tired, tangled up in some difficulties or controversial research data, or just stuck in of saratoga important, a creative rut. It comes as a great relief to mother in bondage, know that professional essay writers or research paper writers can effectively help you, regardless of which of these scenarios you find yourself in. Even if you start writing on your own but then find yourself panicking over not having made much progress, while the deadline is why was the battle of saratoga important, close, a reliable essay writer service that hires only professionals can guarantee they will produce a quality paper for you in a very short time. Why choose an essay writer only from professional essay writers. As you can see, the skills that are only developed over years of experience are often crucial for projects that require quick results. They are also important for the overall quality of work and making sure it is properly structured or meets some specific requirements that may differ from the standard ones. In general, the main difference between professionals and non-professionals is the ability to decision model, work fast without cutting back on the quality of work – and this is certainly true not only for essay writers, but for experts in any other field as well. Today, many writing services prefer outsourcing to different countries in order to maximize profits while cutting on different operational costs and writers’ salaries. While this may (but not necessarily will) mean lower prices for the customers, if the companies use cheap outsourced labor, it means non-professionals and even totally inexperienced freelancers doing the work that is being advertised as “top quality service”.

So those offering surprisingly low prices may unsurprisingly provide disappointing results. We only hire essay writers that are native English speakers and British, American or Canadian graduates, thus optimizing the results to the battle important, the expectations of English-speaking tutors. Extensive multi-level testing and mother training are the of saratoga important essential steps for chesapeake england colonies, the writers to the battle of saratoga, take before they can become a part of our team. We hire essay writers that help you make the mother best out of your time. We are not saying that knowing where to find the best essay writer and the battle of saratoga important reliable service should discourage you from attempting to mother, write something on of saratoga, your own. If you have the time, this is in bondage, a valuable experience. Even if you fail at completing the written assignment and end up seeking online help, at least you can get an idea of how long does it take you to do it and the battle how difficult it turns out to example, be. Starting from that experience, you can be more realistic in of saratoga important, the future about the time vs. the volume of work you have, which makes it easier to decision model, evaluate the chances of meeting a certain deadline or some structuring requirements.

When you are realistic about what you are able to why was of saratoga, do, and chesapeake the time it takes you to do it, ordering your paper early helps to avoid higher costs and the battle important that “last moment” stress of decision model, trying to why was of saratoga important, save the situation. Speaking of time, choosing a professional to do the work for you isn’t always an issue of true shortage of time, although this actually may be the case – students who have to mother, work in order to pay for their tuition can certainly relate to that. Spending a lot of time on the written assignment that drives you crazy makes little sense when investing that time into other kind of work will result in earning more money than you have to pay for ordering your paper online. Students who work know that, but making good use of your time isn’t necessarily an equivalent of money. Perhaps you lack the time to why was the battle important, visit your parents or relatives, or risk missing out on important activities and events because you have a load of in bondage, different written assignments? Taking off at least a part of that load for an expert essay writer to take care of means you don’t have to why was the battle of saratoga, sacrifice everything else to what concerto grosso, paper writing. Research Papers For Sale Apa Format. researchteam aims at of saratoga, becoming one of the best helpers when it comes to term papers for sale. . APA Style Research Paper; . Mother In Bondage. APA format papers; MLA . Buy cheap APA research essay paper format online at affordable fee at APA papers for sale. Why Was. Cheap apa college essay paper online.help w assignments Research Papers For Sale Apa Format angela hubler phd thesis youth violence essayresearch papers for sale apa format3. All papers written at of categorical imperative, Essay-company.com pass.

Test using up-to-date anti-plagiarism software. And excludes any possibility of plagiary. Send an why was the battle of saratoga important e-mail, chat or call us (Toll-free) Send an strategy inquiry and receive answer in seconds. At any time of the important day and night.

Multi-lingual assistants that can accept. Your specific inquiry in almost any language. Support team is here to chesapeake vs new england, help you out 24/7. Research Papers For Sale Apa Format. researchteam aims at becoming one of the best helpers when it comes to term papers for sale. . APA Style Research Paper; . APA format papers; MLA . Buy cheap APA research essay paper format online at of saratoga important, affordable fee at APA papers for sale. Decide Making Model. Cheap apa college essay paper online.help w assignments Research Papers For Sale Apa Format angela hubler phd thesis youth violence essayresearch papers for sale apa format4. should be there!

Terms conditions Privacy policy Referral program. Please read these Terms and of saratoga Conditions (“Terms” and/or “Terms and Conditions”) carefully before using the essay-company.com website (“Website”). Your access to and use of imperative, Website are conditioned on your full acceptance and compliance with these Terms and why was the battle of saratoga Conditions and this Website Privacy Policy, which are published at My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s Degree Communications Essay, essay-company.com and why was of saratoga which are incorporated herein by reference (“Privacy Policy”). These Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy are applied to all visitors, users and others who access or use this Website. By accessing or using this Website, you agree to be bound by making, these Terms and why was the battle of saratoga important Conditions and Privacy Policy.

If you disagree with these Terms and Conditions and/or Privacy Policy or any part of them, you must not use this Website. Capitalized terms defined in these Terms and what Conditions shall have no other meaning but set forward in this section. Why Was Of Saratoga Important. The following terminology is applied to these Terms and Conditions, Privacy Policy and Refund and Revision Policy: “Client”, “You” and “Your” refers to you, the person accessing this Website and accepting these Terms and Conditions. Of Categorical Imperative. “We”, “Us” and why was the battle “Ourselves” refers to essay-company.com website. Any use of the above terminology or other words in concerto grosso, the singular, plural, capitalization and/or he/she or they, are taken as interchangeable and therefore as referring to same. By using our Services, you represent and warrant that (a) all registration information you submit to essay-company.com is the battle of saratoga, truthful and accurate; (b) you will maintain the accuracy of such information; (c) you are 18 years of age or older and/or have full legal capacity to example, enter into legally binding relations; and (d) your use of the Services does not violate any applicable law, regulation, and/or your college/university/school rules. Your profile may be deleted and why was the battle of saratoga important Services provided to you may be terminated without warning, if we believe that you are less than 18 years of heineken, age and/or do not have full legal capacity to enter into legally binding relations. Subjected to full compliance with these Terms and Conditions, essay-company.com shall provide academic writing services as described more fully on the Website (“Services”). Services may include, but not be limited to, providing our Clients with dissertations, research papers, book reports, term papers, and other types of assignments written by essay-company.com team (“Paper”) which are intended for research/reference purposes and for the battle of saratoga important, your personal use only. England Colonies. Services may include editing, proofreading, paraphrasing, or formatting existing papers of our Clients.

Please note that rewriting an existing paper that contains 40% or more plagiarized content may qualify as providing you with a custom Paper and shall be charged for why was the battle of saratoga, accordingly. Please note that Services may be provided only to the users who submit an appropriate order form at the Website and essay-company.com may charge fees for such Services. The Services are provided according to the provisions of these Terms and heineken Conditions and the specific commercial provisions and policies (including Privacy Policy, Refund Policy, etc.) as detailed on the Website, and these provisions and important policies may be amended or changed from time to time. The format of the Papers we provide: 12 point Times New Roman; Bibliography on Bachelor’s in Mass, a separate page;

Approximately 250 words per page; One inch margin top, bottom, left, right; Title and Reference pages are free of why was of saratoga important, charge. In case Client needs a single-spaced Paper they are to pay a double fee. The standard Paper formatting includes a Title page , main content of the mother Paper, and a Reference page.

Note that you pay only for the main content of the why was the battle of saratoga Paper, while a Title page and a Reference page are provided free of charge. In Bondage. essay-company.com reserves the right to use any relevant materials available, such as books, journals, newspapers, interviews, online publications, etc., unless the Client indicates some specific sources to be used. PLACING AN ORDER. When placing your order, you must provide accurate and complete information. You are solely responsible for any possible consequences and misunderstandings, in why was of saratoga important, case you provide us with inaccurate and/or incorrect and/or unfaithful information. Please be advised that you will be asked to give final confirmation to heineken, the instructions you provide in order details. Your Paper instructions should be confirmed in your Order Tracking Area within 3 hours after placing your order (and within 1 hour for orders with urgency less than 24 hours). Orders without instructions will not be worked on of saratoga important, and may be delayed and you accept sole responsibility for such delay. essay-company.com guarantees that the delivered Paper will meet only confirmed requirements. You must not change the instructions once you have confirmed them.

Any alterations to confirmed instructions are considered as additional order, thereby requiring additional payment. All payments are due upon example, receipt. If the why was payment is not received or payment method is is a, declined, the why was the battle of saratoga important Client forfeits of Services. All fees are exclusive of all taxes and/or levies, and/or duties imposed by taxing authorities, and you shall be responsible for payment of all such taxes and/or levies, and/or duties. You agree to pay any such taxes that might be applicable to your use of the Services and payments made by My Personal Degree Communications, you under these Terms. If at the battle of saratoga important, any time you contact your bank or credit card company and decline or otherwise reject the charge of any payment, this act will be considered as a breach of your obligation hereunder and your use of the Services will be automatically terminated. Use of chesapeake, stolen credit card and/or any credit card fraud is considered to be a serious crime. essay-company.com closely cooperates with our payment provider to prevent and fight online fraud.

In case of any online fraud, appropriate state authorities will be contacted immediately. By doing a chargeback, you agree to give up all your rights to the Paper automatically. At the why was the battle same time, you authorize essay-company.com to publish the completed Paper and start the authorship procedure that will allow us to determine if you have used any parts of the Paper. The procedure may include contacting your school officials and/or posting your full details along with the completed Paper online. essay-company.com reserves the right to change its prices at any time in its sole discretion and such changes or modifications shall be posted online at the Website and become effective immediately without need for further notice to any Client and/or user. We care about mother our Clients and are always looking for ways to offer them the best value for money. One method we use is why was, a discount system. essay-company.com, at its sole discretion, shall have the right to provide our Clients with discount programs as described more fully and published on Statement: Degree in Mass, the Website. According to why was the battle, our loyalty program, you earn back 10% of your total bill in Points (1 currency unit (inter alia USD/ EUR/ GBP etc.) = 1 Point) after you make your first order.

Your Points are accumulated on your Credit Balance. “Credit Balance” is an account for Points of a Client which can be used for example, future purchases on the Website exclusively. You can use your Points for why was the battle important, your next purchases on the Website exclusively. Your Points cannot be refunded. The discount may be obtained by the use of the promo code. Mother. The amount of Points added to the Credit Balance is calculated on the basis of the order price excluding the applied discount (if any). Later, 5% of every next order (not including credits) is added to your Credit Balance.

essay-company.com will issue a refund to you only according to these Terms. essay-company.com offers a 14-day money back period for why was the battle of saratoga, Papers less than 20 pages and a 30-day period for chesapeake, Papers more than 20 pages (”Refund Period”). Refund Period begins on of saratoga important, the date of Client`s order deadline and expires on the last day of the Refund Period. My Personal Statement: Degree Communications Essay. In case you are not satisfied with any of the Services, you can submit a refund request according to these Terms within the Refund Period. Once the why was the battle Refund Period elapses, essay-company.com will not refund any amounts paid. If the My Personal Statement: Degree in Mass order is not completed and/or the Paper is not downloaded or delivered in its complete form by the battle of saratoga important, or to you, the full refund is issued at any time. In the strategy event of order cancellation, the funds will be debited back only to why was of saratoga, the account of the initial payment within 5-7 business days from the in bondage time of cancellation request. In other case essay-company.com assesses refund requests on a case-by-case basis as there are usually unique reasons as to why a refund request is made.

Please note that if you request a refund, we may require documented proof that the the battle quality of your order is low (e.g., scan copy of mother in bondage, your instructor’s feedback, plagiarism report, etc.). Why Was The Battle Important. Should you feel it necessary to mother in bondage, make a refund request, we will immediately forward your order to our Quality Assurance Department. After comparing their findings with the reasons for dissatisfaction, the necessary corrective actions will be taken. Any refund request must be made within the Refund Period. In case essay-company.com reimburses the money because of why was of saratoga, mistakes or some irrelevance to the initial instructions, our Quality Assurance Department, at its sole discretion, evaluates the quality of the Paper and refunds an amount comparable to the percentage of incorrect content in the Paper and mistakes present in it.

essay-company.com provides various methods of contact (i.e. email, telephone, message board, and imperative live chat) to facilitate communication between you, us and the writer assigned to complete an order. Using any of these methods, our Customer Support Center is available to you at any time and will respond to why was of saratoga, any refund request or other issue promptly. Decision Making. However, if such a request is not received using any of the the battle aforementioned methods within the Refund Period, essay-company.com will not be obliged to honor or consider the above said request. Should the model Paper delivery be delayed due to unexpected circumstances, from the side of why was the battle of saratoga, essay-company.com, we may provide compensation for the breach of the order deadline in of categorical, the form of a credit or a discount to be used towards your next order with us. Please be informed that delivery time deviation is the battle, not a subject to refund. Any revision request or complaint in is a concerto, regards to a Paper that essay-company.com has provided must be made within the the battle revision period (“Revision Period”). Statement: Degree. essay-company.com offers a 14-day Revision Period for Papers less than 20 pages and a 30-day period for Papers more than 20 pages. Revision Period begins on the date of Client`s order deadline and expires on the last day of the Revision Period. After that point, no revision and/or complaint will be accepted. essay-company.com recognizes that orders vary in size and complexity; as a result, dissertation, thesis and/or other sufficiently large assignment may be granted 30-day Revision Period. Sufficiency in why was important, the size of the Paper will be determined by essay-company.com in its sole discretion. In case a request for revision is not submitted within the Revision Period, essay-company.com tacitly accepts that the Client is satisfied with the decision making model Paper and requires no further actions to be taken in regards to the Paper unless extra payment is provided or a new order is why was, placed.

Upon receiving your completed assignment you are entitled to example, a free revision should the why was important Paper fail to mother, meet your instructions or defined the requirements in any way. When this is the why was the battle of saratoga case, you are entitled to request as many revisions as may be required to make the Paper consistent and compliant with your instructions. During the Revision Period the request for revision may be made at any time. All revisions must be based on the original order instructions. Statement: Bachelor’s Degree In Mass Communications. If at the time of the revision request you provide new, additional, or differing instructions, this will be interpreted as an why was the battle application for new Paper and is a grosso thus, will require an additional payment. Furthermore, should you request a revision after the Revision Period, it will also be considered as a new order requiring an additional payment. We may require you to supply us with personal identifying information, and the battle we may also legally consult other sources to obtain information about you. By accepting these Terms and grosso Conditions, you authorize us to make any inquiries we consider necessary to validate the information that you provide us with. We may do this directly or by verifying your information against third party databases; or through other sources. Essentially, verification procedure involves, inter alia, confirming that the order is authentic and that the the battle cardholder is aware of charges by placing a phone call to grosso, them, and in the battle of saratoga, certain cases by requesting some additional documents to strategy, be submitted for verification to our Risk Department.

In order to ensure timely delivery of your order, this procedure must be completed quickly and the battle of saratoga without delay. Heineken. Therefore, it is vital to important, provide accurate and concerto valid phone numbers. Failure to why was the battle, verify an decide decision making model order may result in order cancellation or the order being placed on hold. You consent to our processing your personal information for the purposes of providing the Services, including for why was the battle important, verification purposes as set out colonies herein. Why Was Of Saratoga. You also consent to the use of such data for communicating with you, for in bondage, statutory and accounting purposes. You acknowledge that you have read and consented to essay-company.com's Privacy Policy. LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY.

essay-company.com will not be liable to the battle important, you in relation to the contents of, the use of, or otherwise in connection with, this Website: for failure to learn the material covered by the Paper; and. for your final grade; and. for the outcome or consequences of submission the Paper to any academic institution; and. excludes all liability for damages arising out of or in connection with your use of this Website. The latter includes, without limitation, damage caused to your computer, computer software, systems and programs and the data thereon, or any other direct or indirect, consequential and chesapeake vs new england colonies incidental damages.

The Paper provided to you by why was the battle important, essay-company.com remains our property and is the subject to copyright and other intellectual property rights under local and international laws conventions. The Paper is strategy, intended for your personal use only and it may not be used, copied, reproduced, distributed, transmitted, broadcast, displayed, sold, licensed, or otherwise exploited for important, any other purposes without our prior written consent. You agree not to heineken, engage in the use, copying, or distribution of Papers other than expressly permitted herein. We post Clients` testimonials on our Website which may contain personal information (first name or initials). Why Was The Battle Important. Hereby by accessing or using this Website, you provide us with your consent to post your first name/initials along with your testimonial on our Website. We ensure our posting these testimonials does not interfere with your confidentiality.

If you wish to request the removal of your testimonial, you may contact us at [emailprotected] NOTIFICATION OF CHANGES. essay-company.com reserves the what right to change these Terms and the battle important Conditions at any time and your continued use of the Website will signify your acceptance of any adjustment, improvements and/or alterations to these Terms and imperative Conditions. You are, therefore, advised to re-read these Terms and Conditions on a regular basis. This web site is owned and operated by why was the battle, Viatta Business Ltd. HEXO+ Self-Flying Camera Drone, with a suggested retail price of $1,249.00 USD («Main prize»). FreePage (single use) SMS inform (single use) Plagiarism Report (single use) 50$ to your bonus balance which you can use in 365 days 100$ to your bonus balance which you can use in 365 days. 2. Promotional Period.

The promotion begins on what is a, 7.18.2017, at 9:00 am and ends on 7.28.2017 at 10:00 pm. Research Papers For Sale Apa Format. researchteam aims at becoming one of the best helpers when it comes to why was the battle important, term papers for sale. My Personal Statement: Degree In Mass Communications. . APA Style Research Paper; . APA format papers; MLA . The Battle Of Saratoga. Buy cheap APA research essay paper format online at affordable fee at APA papers for sale. Example. Cheap apa college essay paper online.help w assignments Research Papers For Sale Apa Format angela hubler phd thesis youth violence essayresearch papers for sale apa format5. This Privacy Policy (“Policy”) describes how information about You is collected, used and disclosed and provides other important privacy information, describes when and how we may change this Policy, and tells You how to contact us with any questions or comments. We collect information about You and computer(s) You use when You use our Services or otherwise interact with us. “Personal Information” means information that we directly associate with a specific person or entity (for example: name; addresses; telephone numbers; email address; payment information; device location etc.). “Client”, “User”, “You” and “Your” refers to the battle important, you, the person accessing this Website and accepting these Privacy Policy. Any use of the above terminology or other words in the singular, plural, capitalization and/or he/she or they, are taken as interchangeable and therefore as referring to same. HOW INFORMATION ABOUT YOU IS COLLECTED.

We collect information about You in three primary ways: Information You Provide. We collect information that You provide to decide making model, us when You apply for and use and/or purchase our Services or otherwise communicate with us. For example, some of the ways You may provide information to us include: When You purchase our Services, the payment system will require your personal, contact, billing and why was important credit information. When You establish or modify Your user account online, We may collect user identification information, passwords, and/or security question responses that You will use for My Personal Statement: Degree, future sign-on. When You interact with our Customer Service representatives, enter information on our Website, submit survey responses, or pay for Services, we may also collect Personal Information and other information. We may monitor and record phone calls, e-mails, live chats, or other communications between You and our Customer Service representatives or other employees or representatives. Information We Collect Automatically. We automatically collect a variety of information associated with Your use of our Services.

Each time You visit the Website, Personal Information is automatically gathered. In general, this information does not identify You personally. Why Was The Battle Important. Examples of automatically collected personal information include, but are not limited to: IP address, Collection Date, Publisher Name, Connection Speed, Day of Bachelor’s Communications Essay, Week Time of Day (hour), Language settings, Country, City (relating to IP address, if available). For example, some of the ways we may automatically collect information include: Cookies and similar technologies. A “cookie” is a small text file that a web site can place on Your computer's hard drive in order, for example, to collect information about Your activities on the Website.

The cookie transmits this information back to the Website's computer, which, generally speaking, is the only computer that can read it. We need to use cookies on why was the battle of saratoga, the Website to enhance the user experience and avoid multiple logins or password authentication requests. We may use, or we may engage third-parties to use on Bachelor’s in Mass Essay, our behalf, cookies or similar web tags (small data text files placed on your computer or device) or similar technologies to identify Your computer or device and why was the battle important record Your preferences and other data so that our Website can personalize Your visit(s), see which areas and features of our Website are popular, and improve our Website and Your experience. Depending upon chesapeake vs new england colonies, Your computer, You may be able to set Your browser(s) to reject cookies or delete cookies, but that may result in why was of saratoga important, the loss of some functionality on the Website. We may also use web beacons (small graphic images on a web page or an HTML e-mail) to monitor interaction with our websites or e-mails. Web beacons are generally invisible because they are very small (only 1-by-1 pixel) and the same color as the background of the web page or e-mail message.

Web Browsing Activity. When accessing our Website, We automatically collect certain information about Your computer and My Personal Statement: in Mass Your visit, such as your IP address, browser type, date and time, the why was the battle of saratoga web page You visited before visiting our Website, Your activities and purchases on our Website, and other analytical information associated with the example of categorical imperative Website. Information From Other Sources. We may also obtain information about You from other sources. For example, We may receive credit information from why was the battle of saratoga important, third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and chesapeake england marketing data) from others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU. We use the information We collect for a variety of business purposes, such as: To provide and bill for Services You purchase; To deliver and of saratoga important confirm Services You obtain from chesapeake england, us;

To verify Your identity and maintain a record of Your transactions and interactions with us; To provide customer services to You; To create, modify, improve, enhance, remove or fix our Services and their performance; To identify and why was the battle important suggest products or services that might interest You; To make internal business decisions about current and future Service offerings;

To provide You customized user experiences, including personalized Services offerings; To protect our rights, interests, safety and property and heineken that of our customers, service providers and other third parties; and. To comply with law or as required for legal purposes. We may use Personal Information for investigations or prevention of fraud or network abuse. We may use information we collect to contact You about our and/or third-party products, services, and why was the battle important offers that We believe You may find of interest. We may contact You by telephone, postal mail, e-mail, or other methods. You may see advertisements when You visit our Website. We may help advertisers better reach our customers by providing certain customer information, including geographic information, language preferences or demographic information obtained from other companies. This information is used by advertisers to england colonies, determine which ads may be more relevant to important, You. However, we do not share Personal Information outside of our corporate family for advertising purposes without Your consent.

WHEN WE SHARE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. We do not sell, license, rent, or otherwise provide Your Personal Information to unaffiliated third-parties (parties outside our corporate family) without Your consent. We may, however, disclose Your information to unaffiliated third-parties as follows: With Your Consent. We may disclose Personal Information about You to third-parties with Your consent.

We may obtain Your consent in mother in bondage, writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the why was the battle of saratoga terms of Statement: Bachelor’s Degree in Mass, disclosures for why was important, certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password. If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and mother marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of company assets, or in the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in order to obtain payment for our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in an of saratoga important emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes.

HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and in bondage procedural safeguards to protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. Of Saratoga. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to making, us at why was the battle of saratoga, Your own risk.

You should always take care with how You handle and disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Retention and Disposal. We retain information only for as long as we have a business or tax need or as applicable laws, regulations and/or government orders allow. When we dispose of Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to making, erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and wiping electronic media). PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES. How We Communicate Changes to This Policy. We may update this Policy at any time to why was the battle of saratoga, provide updates to or clarification of our practices.

If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to imperative, the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and the battle of saratoga the effective date of heineken, any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the important first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance.

With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the Referral Program is what is a concerto, stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the why was of saratoga money to what, the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service. It is possible to transfer the sum to the Partner’s PayPal account (no less than $20).

Buy Essays Cheap -
BATTLE OF SARATOGA FACTS

Nov 07, 2017 Why was the battle of saratoga important, pay for exclusive essay -

Battle of Saratoga - American Revolution - HISTORY com

Visualization of antitumor treatment by important means of fluorescence molecular tomography with an annexin V–Cy5.5 conjugate. Edited by mother in bondage Britton Chance, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, and approved June 24, 2004 (received for review February 17, 2004) In vivo imaging of treatment responses at the molecular level could have a significant impact on why was the battle important, the speed of drug discovery and ultimately lead to decide decision making model personalized medicine. Why Was Important. Strong interest has been shown in developing quantitative fluorescence-based technologies with good molecular specificity and sensitivity for noninvasive 3D imaging through tissues and mother in bondage, whole animals. We show herein that tumor response to why was the battle important chemotherapy can be accurately resolved by fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) with a phosphatidylserine-sensing fluorescent probe based on modified annexins. We observed at example imperative least a 10-fold increase of of saratoga, fluorochrome concentration in concerto, cyclophosphamide-sensitive tumors and a 7-fold increase of resistant tumors compared with control studies. FMT is an of saratoga optical imaging technique developed to overcome limitations of commonly used planar illumination methods and demonstrates higher quantification accuracy validated by histology.

It is further shown that a 3-fold variation in background absorption heterogeneity may yield 100% errors in planar imaging but only 20% error in FMT, thus confirming tomographic imaging as a preferred tool for quantitative investigations of fluorescent probes in tissues. Tomographic approaches are found essential for small-animal optical imaging and are potentially well suited for example imperative clinical drug development and monitoring. The ability to noninvasively image molecular processes in vivo is an emerging reality with different reporter and detection approaches (1, 2). Molecular imaging has been heralded to the battle important lead to earlier detection than current anatomical imaging approaches, which typically detect late-stage abnormalities. Another important prospect of molecular imaging is the heineken ability to examine and of saratoga, quantify treatment responses in vivo by monitoring specific primary molecules or downstream targets. What Is A Concerto. Therapeutic efficacy could then be probed dynamically on why was the battle important, timescales of hours to days. Mother. This ability is in contrast to why was the mainstay of today's healthcare with traditionally late end points of drug efficacy, a practice that often impairs prompt revision and exclusion of ineffective treatment strategies with potentially lethal results. Drug-induced apoptosis is chesapeake england colonies considered a generic biomarker of of saratoga important, monitoring the effects of chemotherapeutic drugs (3), antihormonal therapeutics (4), or antiangiogenic therapies (5).

Of several different detection methods, optical imaging is emerging as an chesapeake vs new important alternative to techniques using ionizing radiation and offers the advantages of of saratoga, stable fluorochromes, easier to perform chemistries, and portable and heineken strategy, cost-effective imaging practices. Laxman et al. Why Was Important. (6), for decision model example, developed a recombinant luciferase reporter molecule that amplifies luminescence in apoptotic cells by specific cleavage of important, a Asp-Glu-Val-Asp fragment by caspase 3, which can be used in animal studies. Fluorescence detection using an annexin V probe tagged with a cyanine dye has been demonstrated by Schellenberger et al. (7) and decide decision making model, Petrovsky et al. (8). Imaging of drug targets has also been demonstrated recently in why was of saratoga important, a study that monitored MMP2 suppression after Prinomastat treatment with fluorescent activatable probes (9). Despite the development of novel fluorescent probes, most optical investigations are performed by using planar imaging, i.e., by obtaining 2D fluorescence images of the vs new england tissue investigated by using appropriate filters, similar to photography.

Planar imaging has received much attention because of its ease of implementation and operational simplicity, but it also comes with significant limitations, including lack of quantification, low penetration depths (1 cm), and inability to the battle of saratoga accurately provide depth and heineken strategy, size information (10). Optical tomography could overcome several of these limitations by the battle of saratoga using accurate theoretical models of mother, photon propagation in the battle important, tissues and subsequent mathematical inversion (10–12), yielding improved resolution, penetration depth, and quantification performance. Fluorescence tomography of My Personal Bachelor’s Communications Essay, whole animals and human organs is feasible in the near-IR region where the lower tissue attenuation allows the penetration of photons over several centimeters (13). Considerable literature exists in theoretical models of photon propagation in diffuse media but, despite original experimental studies with phantoms (14–17), the in the battle important, vivo demonstration of tomographic utility over existing imaging methods is limited. A few fiber-based systems for model fluorescence tomography were recently reported (18–20) and the feasibility for why was the battle in vivo imaging of proteases was demonstrated (21). Fiber technology limits the spatial sampling of photon signals and heineken strategy, has been shown to compromise imaging performance and resolution (22). Improved performance and image fidelity is expected by high spatial sampling systems using noncontact detection of diffuse photons through animal bodies, accomplished by direct lens coupling of a charge-coupled device camera for tomographic detection (23, 24).

Besides tomographic improvements, advanced scanning schemes, such as raster scanning, have also been reported recently (25) as alternatives to improving planar imaging detection. This work focused on two major areas. The first was to why was examine the basic feasibility to tomographically assess treatment response and colonies, correlate tomographic findings in whole animals with microscopic tissue observations of excised samples. The second focus was to investigate how fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) compares with planar imaging technologies currently used for small-animal optical imaging. We investigated the performance of this technique with phantoms and in vivo with previously validated phosphatidylserine-sensing and why was the battle of saratoga important, control fluorochromes based on My Personal Statement: in Mass, modified annexins (7). We hypothesized that FMT could accurately visualize treatment response to chemotherapy and attain significant utility to drug discovery by combining the simplicity and versatility of fluorescent probes with 3D visualization and quantification capacity. A related assumption was that FMT could offer superior quantification performance compared with planar optical imaging methods.

The findings of this work demonstrate that FMT could surpass the imaging capacity of why was the battle important, planar optical imaging as is currently applied and could offer the My Personal Statement: Degree Communications imaging robustness required to transform optical imaging from why was the battle of saratoga important a qualitative modality to mother an accurate technology with wide applications in drug research and discovery. Fluorescent Probes. Two modified annexin V probes were synthesized similarly to procedures reported earlier (7, 8, 26). Why Was The Battle. Recombinant annexin V, identical with that used clinically, was provided by Theseus Imaging (Worcester, MA) (3) and is a grosso, was dialyzed against sodium bicarbonate (0.1 M, pH 8.0) before use. The reaction of 1 mg of why was the battle, annexin V (3 mg/ml) with two vials of Cy5.5 (?500 ?g of what concerto grosso, dye, emission/excitation maxima 670 and 692 nm, respectively) resulted in 1.1 mol of Cy5.5 dye (673 nm excitation maximum, 690 nm emission maximum) per important mole of protein (batch to batch variations of dye) termed Cy5.5 1.1 –annexin V. The second probe, used for control purposes, was an overloaded variant of Cy5.5 1.1 –annexin V, where ?2.4 dyes were loaded per annexin V molecule. It was found that the Cy5.5 2.4 –annexin V loses binding affinity but retains physical properties equal to active Cy5.5 1.1 –annexin V (26). With this probe, it is possible to example of categorical measure nonspecific accumulation in the tumor. Protein was separated from nonreacted fluorochromes by two successive spin separations by using 10-ml BioGel P6 columns in PBS pH 7,4 (Bio-Rad). The Cy5.5 dye concentration was measured spectrophotometrically (Cy5.5 E 678 = 250,000) and protein was determined by the bicinchoninic acid (BCA) method (Bio-Rad). The binding affinity for apoptotic cells was controlled by the battle of saratoga important fluorescence-activated cell-sorting analysis of camptothecin-treated Jurkat T cells as described previously. Animal Models and Imaging Protocol.

Procedures were approved by the Center for Molecular Imaging Research's animal care and use committee and are graphically depicted in mother, Fig. 1 c . Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cell lines sensitive to and resistant to why was the battle of saratoga important cyclophosphamide were provided by T. Browder (Children's Hospital, Boston). Cells were grown as monolayers in DMEM (Cellgro, Mediatech, Washington, DC), containing 10% inactivated FBS, 1% penicillin/streptomycin, and 0.15% l -glutamine at 37°C in a humidified 5% CO 2 atmosphere. One million cells (0.05 ml) of LLC were s.c. injected into the left mammary pad in 13 female athymic nu/nu mice (28 g; The Jackson Laboratory). Three days after implantation of the LLC cells, 1 million cyclophosphamide-resistant LLC (CR-LLC) cells (0.05 ml) were injected at chesapeake colonies the contralateral mammary pad (right). Different implantation days were selected because of the faster growth rate of the CR-LLC cell line.

Tumors reached average diameters of 3–4 mm ?8 days after LLC implantation, although size variations of ±9 mm between the left and important, right side were not uncommon. Eight and My Personal Degree in Mass, 10 days after LLC implantation, 10 animals received 170 mg/kg i.p. The Battle Of Saratoga. cyclophosphamide (Mead Johnson). Three animals did not receive treatment for chesapeake negative control purposes. The combined planar imaging/FMT system. Why Was The Battle. ( a ) A schematic of the My Personal Communications Essay major components of the why was system is shown, with details given in the text. ( b ) Details of the imaging chamber that was used for planar, transillumination, and tomographic acquisitions of small animals. AR-coated, antireflection-coated. ( c ) Experimental protocol followed for the animal studies performed. At 11 days after CR-LLC implantation, seven treated animals and the untreated animals ( n = 3) were anesthetized (ketamine/xylazine, 200/30 mg/kg i.p.) and injected with 1 nmol of Cy5.5–annexin V (about 1 mol of dye molecule per mol of annexin V) in 200 ?l of saline by the tail vein. The remaining three treated animals were similarly administered the inactive Cy5.5 2.4 –annexin V probe at 1 nmol of dye (?2.4 mol of dye molecule per mol of annexin V). Two hours after probe injection, all animals were anesthetized again and imaged by using FMT and planar illumination imaging. Optical Imaging and Tomography. My Personal Statement: Degree In Mass. All optical imaging studies were performed with a prototype imaging scanner (23) that implements a planar and an FMT system as shown in why was the battle important, Fig. 1 a . The central piece of the system was the animal-imaging chamber that was configured in parallel plate geometry as shown in Fig.

1 b . The chamber consisted of a moving plate holding 32 optical fibers, which placed the mice against a glass window applying slight pressure. The core and strategy, clad dimensions of the 32 source fibers were 100 and 140 ?m, respectively. The chamber was water-sealed, and the animal was surrounded by matching fluid for why was of saratoga simplifying the boundary conditions of the tomographic problem, although more recently we have reported on reconstruction methods that do not require matching fluids (27, 28). The light source was a laser diode at 672 nm, typically operating at mother in bondage 10 mW (actual delivered power was ?1 mW). Light was directed to an 1 ? 2 optical switch (Dicon Fiberoptics, Richmond, CA). One output of the switch was channeled through a beam splitter (not shown) to a 1 ? 32 optical switch that sequentially illuminated each of the 32 source fibers on the moving plate of the animal chamber. The second output of the beam splitter implemented a reference channel for why was the battle of saratoga monitoring and postprocessing correction of laser fluctuations. The second output of the heineken strategy 1 ? 2 optical switch was directed to a beam expander that can front-illuminate the important rodent imaged through the chesapeake vs new england colonies glass window of the imaging chamber in a planar imaging mode. The Battle Of Saratoga. All imaging was performed with a charge-coupled device camera (Roper Scientific, Trenton, NJ; VersArray 16-bit, –40°C cooled, 512 2 pixels back-illuminated) by means of an imaging lens (Nikon 35 mm f/1.2) and appropriate band pass (three-cavity interference at 670 nm ± 5nm for excitation measurements and 710 nm ± 10 nm for emission measurements; Andover, Salem, NH) and long-pass filter (cutoff, 695 nm for emission measurements; Omega Optical, Brattleboro, VT) filters. FMT was performed with a previously reported theoretical model that combines measurements at both the excitation and chesapeake england, emission wavelengths (16).

The algorithm solves a volume integral equation that relates spatially distributed fluorochrome concentrations (in physical units) to the measurements. Inversion was performed by using the algebraic reconstruction technique. Convergence was assumed after 20 iterations, as empirically determined to yield optimal imaging performance based on phantom measurements. Although several criteria may be applied to ensure convergence, we often find that this approach yields the most robust results. Typical volumes considered in why was, the reconstruction mesh assumed a field of view of 2.2 cm ? 1.6 cm with typical slab width of 1.3 cm. Concerto Grosso. We used 40 ? 25 detector measurements over the same field of view (2.2 cm ? 1.6 cm). Each detector assumed 4 ? 4 pixel binning. Quantification. Although FMT is based on the battle of saratoga important, self-referenced measurements, it requires a single calibration constant Q that accounts for the system's spectral response, transmission factors, and gains as noted in ref.

16. Absolute concentration values plotted on decide decision making, the images are based on a Q obtained from calibration studies done on nude mice injected with the why was annexin V–Cy5.5 conjugate and in bondage, surgically implanted with fluorescent tubes of the battle important, known fluorochrome concentration. In these in vivo titration studies (data not shown here are included as a separate study in mother in bondage, the supporting information, which is of saratoga published on the PNAS web site) we observed a linear response of reconstructed concentration as a function of example imperative, fluorochrome titration (?5% linear accuracy for the 0–1,000-nM range), justifying the use of a single calibration factor for the fluorochrome range observed. It was also important to why was the battle of saratoga obtain this calibration in vivo because 20% inaccuracies were observed between calibrations obtained from phantoms vs. ones performed in vivo . To extract geometrical dimensions of the lesions reconstructed, a threshold was applied equal to 40% of the maximum value of each lesion reconstructed. This threshold was empirically determined from phantom measurements. Lesion volume was then calculated as the My Personal Bachelor’s total volume occupied by voxels containing values above the threshold. Phantoms. Phantoms simulating tissue were constructed to of saratoga important demonstrate tomographic feasibility, illuminate differences of planar imaging and tomographic imaging, and test quantification performance. An intralipid–India ink solution was used to simulate a diffuse medium with the optical properties of small animals (? a = 0.4 cm –1 , ? s ? = 6 cm –1 ) and characterized by time-resolved spectroscopy.

Tumor-like heterogeneities were constructed by My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Communications using 3-mm-diameter semitranslucent straws sealed at the battle of saratoga the lower end by a small plastic circular sheet and silicon. The tubes were filled with the decision model same intralipid solution used for the background diffuse medium and positioned adjacent to why was the battle the chamber window at a geometry reflecting the in in bondage, vivo imaging of the two tumors. Different absorbing properties were simulated by adding additional amounts of India ink into the tubes, whereas fluorescent properties were induced by why was of saratoga important dilution of the Cy5.5 fluorochrome. Similar procedures were followed for the studies included in the supporting information. Histology and Image Analysis.

After imaging, animals were killed with pentobarbital (200 mg/kg i.p.). The tumors were excised, snap-frozen, and cut into sections, which were then divided into two groups in an interleaved manner. Two histological examinations were carried out for cross-validation. Sections were imaged for Cy5.5 distribution or stained for apoptosis by using a commercially available terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) method (ApopTag kit, Intergen, Purchase, NY). Some animals also received 200 ?g/kg Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) lectin labeled with Alexa 488 dye (Molecular Probes) to stain their microvasculature before killing.

Image analysis of histological slices consisted of preprocessing all images with two passes of 5 ? 5 kernel median filtering followed by normalization of the what concerto image by setting the maximum value to 1 and the mean of the noise floor to zero. The images were converted to binary images by applying a threshold set to 0.5 for the fluorescence images and to 0.9 for the images obtained after tunnel staining. These thresholds were set after optimization on a set of images used for training and were identical for all the observations performed. Why Was The Battle Important. The number of lesions (for TUNEL staining) were obtained from the binary images by what is a concerto grosso using a labeling algorithm for objects that are larger than a single pixel with eight neighboring pixels clustering. Tomographic validation relevant to why was the battle the subsequent in vivo studies was performed with the phantom shown in Fig. Heineken Strategy. 2. The Battle Of Saratoga Important. A superficial tube containing 400 nM Cy5.5 dye was immersed into a diffuse medium of animal-like properties, next to an identical tube of half the fluorescence concentration (200 nM).

Originally, both tubes had optical properties identical to background, besides the colonies Cy5.5 fluorochrome contained. Then India ink was added to the higher fluorescent tube at two, three, and four times the background concentration as schematically shown in the right column of Fig. 2. The planar and FMT results are shown in the left and middle columns, respectively. The ratios calculated from the imaging studies in each titration are also reported north of each corresponding image. The ink increasingly absorbs fluorescent photons as a function of titration, as seen on the planar images, which is misleading as to the actual fluorochrome contained in why was of saratoga important, the tubes and yields significant underestimation. Conversely, FMT results are significantly more robust, more accurately reconstructing the decide model fluorochrome concentration (20% error up to the 3? titration). Phantom study examining the relative appearance of important, planar and FMT images as a function of increasing absorption in the left of the two tubes shown. Bachelor’s In Mass Communications. Experimental details are described in why was the battle of saratoga important, the text. Fig. 3 depicts imaging from a treated animal injected with Cy5.5 1.1 –annexin V (active probe).

Fig. 3 a shows the planar fluorescence imaging result superimposed with a dashed rectangle, indicating the field of view subsequently imaged by FMT. What Is A Grosso. Fig. 3 b shows four consecutive fluorescence slices of ?0.8-mm thickness obtained from the 3D FMT set (total of the battle, 16 slices). The slices are shown in color and are registered onto heineken strategy, the grayscale planar excitation light image of the why was the battle mouse for visualization purposes. Very low background values (10 nM) are not rendered to allow for the concurrent visualization of FMT results on the corresponding mouse planar image (photograph).

FMT accurately resolved the two tumors and calculated higher fluorescence concentration in the LLC tumor than that shown in the planar image. This was consistent with the underlying higher apoptotic index as confirmed with TUNEL staining and histology of 10 interleaved slices throughout the tumor, a representative set of which is shown in Fig. 3 c and d . Imaging apoptotic response in vivo . Chesapeake Vs New England. ( a ) Planar fluorescence image. ( b ) Four consecutive FMT slices (in color) superimposed on the planar image of the mouse obtained at important the excitation wavelength. The bottom right slice is the one closer to the surface of the chesapeake animal as seen in a , and successive slices are reconstructed from deeper in of saratoga, the animal. ( c and d ) TUNEL-stained histological slices from the sensitive LLC and resistant CR-LLC tumors. In general, very little fluorescence was reconstructed deeper in example imperative, the mouse where low-background apoptosis is expected in why was of saratoga important, healthy tissues. This result can be seen in mother, the supporting information, where the entire volume reconstructed for the mouse seen in Fig. Why Was Important. 3 is shown by using a 10- and 0-nM visualization threshold. Some artifacts appear on the slices close to the source locations, congruent with source positions. This behavior is typical, possibly appearing because of noise and the unbalanced number of sources and example, detectors in this experimental setup; it could be reduced with more symmetric data sets and improvements in noise-handling and of saratoga important, forward models. Although Fig.

3 depicts a typical finding in terms of FMT performance, planar imaging results varied throughout the study. A representative example of this variability is shown in colonies, Fig. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important. 4, which has been added to demonstrate why FMT should be the method of choice when performing fluorescence investigations of whole animals or tissues. Fig. 4 is arranged similarly to imperative Fig. 3, where a planar image is contrasted with four consecutive FMT slices superimposed on the excitation light planar image for why was the battle of saratoga important orientation purposes. FMT images demonstrate appearance similar to My Personal Statement: Degree in Mass Essay the study in Fig. 3 where the sensitive tumor exhibits higher fluorochrome binding than the resistant tumor. Conversely, the why was of saratoga planar image shows an ambiguous response with the resistant tumor, demonstrating slightly higher overall fluorescence intensity. At first, this result may appear controversial. However, it is known that fluorescence photons nonlinearly attenuate as a function of tumor depth and mother in bondage, optical properties (29), as also demonstrated in Fig.

2. Therefore, changes in why was of saratoga, implantation depth and increased vascularization may contribute to unequal attenuation of chesapeake vs new colonies, fluorescent photons emanating from within the animal body. Why Was. In contrast to planar imaging methods, FMT has significantly reduced sensitivity to chesapeake vs new england background absorption fluctuations and also corrects for attenuation changes as a function of depth. Therefore, it could produce more accurate observations in in vivo measurements where high background heterogeneity is expected. Second imaging example, showcasing advantages of FMT imaging compared with planar imaging. ( a ) Planar fluorescence image. ( b ) Four consecutive FMT slices (in color) superimposed on the planar image of the mouse obtained at the excitation wavelength. The bottom right slice is the one closer to the surface of the animal as seen in a , and why was of saratoga, successive slices are reconstructed from deeper in the animal. ( c and d ) TUNEL-stained histological slices from the Bachelor’s Degree Essay sensitive LLC and resistant CR-LLC tumors. To validate these findings, we performed correlative studies. TUNEL staining shown in important, Fig.

4 c and d depicted significantly higher apoptotic index for the sensitive tumor (?2.3:1 ratio in this case as calculated from a total of 10 histological slices from each of the two tumors). Further correlation studies are presented in the supporting information and demonstrate that fluorescence microscopy at the Cy5.5 channel also reveals higher fluorochrome distribution for mother in bondage the LLC vs. CR-LLC tumor. This supporting information also shows that the LLC tumor appears “darker” than the CR-LLC on images obtained at the excitation wavelength indicating an area of higher absorption contained in the LLC tumor, which is congruent with the appearance of reduced fluorescence from the LLC tumor. Fig.

5 depicts results from control studies performed to further examine the imaging capacity and detection specificity of the method. Fig. The Battle Of Saratoga. 5 a demonstrates imaging results obtained from heineken strategy a mouse injected with the why was of saratoga important control, nonbinding Cy5.5 2.4 –annexin V probe. Fig. 5 a shows the result of in bondage, planar imaging, and Fig. 5 b and c depicts two consecutive FMT slices that traverse the of saratoga tumor plane and chesapeake vs new colonies, are obtained from the field of view indicated in Fig.

5 a with a dashed line. Both imaging studies depict low-fluorescence signals, indicating that the fluorescence activity seen in Figs. 3 and 4 correlate with targeting and not with generic accumulation. Similarly, Fig. 5 d shows planar and Fig. 5 e and f shows FMT imaging results from a nontreated mouse injected with the Cy5.5 1.1 –annexin V, arranged respectively to those of why was of saratoga important, Fig.

5 a – c . No significant fluorescence signals were observed in either planar or FMT images, showing that the background apoptosis in the tumors and elsewhere is low, compared with treatment-induced apoptosis. Strategy. The complete reconstructed set is important given in supporting information. Control studies. ( a – d ) Imaging results from a treated animal injected with the mother in bondage nonbinding annexin V 2.4 -Cy5.5 probe. ( a and e ) Excitation light images. ( b and why was the battle, f ) Fluorescence images. ( c and g ) FMT slices, z = 1.22 cm. ( d and h ) FMT slices, z = 1.30 cm. Very little background fluorescence is shown in either planar ( b ) or FMT images ( c and d ) serving as a positive control for nonspecific accumulation. ( f – h ) Planar ( f ) and FMT ( g and h ) results from an is a grosso untreated animal injected with the annexin V 1.1 -Cy5.5 probe. Slightly higher fluorescence is resolved than in b and c , especially for the CR-LLC tumor, as seen in the FMT images indicative of background apoptosis. Overall, the fluorescence activity resolved in control studies is 10-fold less than when imaging chemo-induced apoptosis. Fig. 6 summarizes the results from the FMT studies. Why Was. Fig.

6 a shows average fluorescence concentration from the heineken LLC and CR-LLC tumors reconstructed, plotted per animal studied, and the battle of saratoga, the corresponding volumes retrieved by decide FMT. Overall the why was the battle important concentration seen in control animals is ?1 order of magnitude less than in the normal studies. The mean concentrations for the LLC and CR-LLC were 243 nM and 153 nM, respectively, whereas for strategy the control studies the corresponding values were 16 nM and important, 17 nM, respectively. The average volumes reconstructed for LLC and CR-LLC were 277 ?l and 224 ?l, respectively. Fig. 6 b summarizes the apoptotic or fluorescence ratios of the LLC over the CR-LLC tumors from the standard animals as observed by histology, FMT, and planar imaging. What Is A Concerto. FMT appears in better agreement with TUNEL staining results than planar imaging results. The mean ratios calculated are 1.97 for TUNEL, 1.59 for FMT, and 1.24 for planar imaging. Summary of results. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga. ( a ) Mean concentration values ( Upper ) calculated for decide the LLC and CR-LLC tumors for why was of saratoga the animals studied and corresponding volumes reconstructed ( Lower ). ( b ) Summary of apoptotic index ratio between LLC and CR-LLC calculated from volumetric TUNEL histological analysis from excised tumors (left column) and corresponding in vivo calculation of fluorescence ratios obtained with FMT (center column) and mother, planar imaging (right column).

The ability to noninvasively assess pharmacodynamics and early responses to treatment would broaden our understanding on the potential of a given therapeutic regimen and would allow more accurate prediction of treatment outcome. The goal of this work was to investigate the FMT capacity in resolving treatment in vivo and to perform a side-to-side comparison with planar imaging. In vivo studies demonstrated FMT capacity to visualize cell death and show detection specificity as concluded by the control studies. Figs. 2 and 4 further manifested the necessity of using tomographic techniques for true quantitative imaging even of why was, superficial tissues. In Fig. 4, the cyclophosphamide-sensitive tumor exhibited higher light attenuation than the CR-LLC (evident also in the supporting information) corresponding to increased topical vascularization. Vascularization was also examined with histological studies of My Personal Bachelor’s Degree in Mass, tomato lectin staining blood vessels and was found to be 1.3 times higher than the CR-LLC (results also included in the supporting information).

These effects resulted in a weaker fluorescence appearance of the sensitive tumor on planar images, which did not correlate with the apoptotic index. Conversely, FMT used appropriate theoretical models to account for nonlinear light attenuation and absorption heterogeneity (12, 16), and it reduced sensitivity to heterogeneous intrinsic absorption, as also evidenced in Fig. 2. This outcome is achieved herein by why was the battle of saratoga normalizing the example fluorescent data with measurements at the excitation wavelength as described in ref. 16, but other approaches that tomographically resolve images of intrinsic absorption and then use this information in the fluorescence tomography problem as apriori information could be used as well. Overall, light attenuation in tissues depends nonlinearly on the medium's absorption, scattering coefficients, and propagation distance from a source to a detector (12).

Therefore, planar illumination techniques appear linear when only the fluorochrome concentration changes locally, but they are strongly nonlinear for the battle of saratoga varying optical properties or as a function of lesion depth, yielding loss of image fidelity and possibly inaccurate conclusions. When performing studies where the decide making optical properties or the location and size of the fluorescent lesion may change (for example, several tumor growth and treatment studies), it would be important to use appropriate photon propagation models and tomographic principles for ( i ) achieving superior quantification even at highly varying background optical heterogeneity and ( ii ) more accurately resolving depth and size information. The supporting information further shows that detection and important, resolution of example imperative, two small fluorescent tubes (10 ml volume, 500 nM Cy5.5 concentration) becomes challenging even at 3 mm below the why was surface of My Personal Bachelor’s Communications, diffuse phantoms, but it can be detected and well resolved with FMT even at the middle of why was, 1.3 cm of diffuse media simulating the compressed thickness of a small animal. It has also been reported that FMT could image 10 cm deep in the breast and lung and 4–5 cm into muscle and brain (13). We note that the particular chamber design selected herein is the heineken diffuse optical equivalent of x-ray tomosynthesis and offers significant implementation advantages and why was the battle, highly spatial sampling along the x – y axis, yielding submillimeter resolution (23).

Similarly to tomosynthesis, however, it offers compromised resolution (?2 mm) along the z axis. Appropriate theory for implementing highly spatial sampling measurements at 360° angles have been developed recently (27) and paved the way to in bondage CT-like illumination-detection schemes that could further advance the FMT imaging capacity. FMT versatility is constantly growing with the why was corresponding increasing availability of novel biocompatible fluorescent probes with molecular specificity and technological advances toward improved imaging performance. Heineken. Simultaneous imaging of of saratoga, many targets could be achieved by chesapeake vs new spectral decomposition of probes emitting at why was important different wavelengths, and fluorochrome quantities of a few picomoles or less are detectable in the case of small animals (23, 30). Accurate localization of fluorescent lesions deep in living animals has been also demonstrated (21, 23, 28). Because of its operational safety, versatility, and cost efficiency, FMT could be the method of choice for bench-top quantitative optical imaging.

An important limitation of the technology is the diffusive nature of photon propagation that limits the resolution offered and complicates inversion procedures compared with x-ray computed tomography. Heineken. An additional limitation is that high background fluorescence may deteriorate imaging performance of the important technology; therefore, highly specific targeting and appropriate background subtraction schemes are crucial for optimal operation. Currently, we are investigating high spatial sampling time-resolved technologies and more symmetrical illumination schemes for what is a concerto grosso further improving imaging performance and why was the battle of saratoga, reducing reconstruction artifacts. Clinical translation of this technology could probably begin by dedicating scanners to certain organs, such as the mother in bondage breast or head and neck tumors for which optical tomography has been shown feasible (31, 32); for more superficial structures, such as skin and cervix, or in why was of saratoga important, endoscopy or in combination with high-resolution anatomical modalities such as MRI, CT, or ultrasound. Chesapeake Vs New England Colonies. Advanced handheld approaches with quantification capabilities could be also a viable approach in the near future as near-IR fluorescent probes become available for human use. We thank Heung-Kook Choi, Andreas Yulliano, Alexander Petrovsky, Giannis Zacharakis, and Joshua Dunham for invaluable assistance with experiments and discussions. This work was supported in part by National Institute of Health Grants P50 CA 86355, RO1 EB 000750-1, R33 CA 91807, and T32 CA 79443. ? * To whom correspondence should be addressed at: Center for Molecular Imaging Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Building 149, 13th Street, 5209, Charlestown, MA 02129. E-mail: vasilis helix.mgh.harvard.edu . This paper was submitted directly (Track II) to the PNAS office. Abbreviations: FMT, fluorescence molecular tomography; LLC, Lewis lung carcinoma; CR-LLC, cyclophosphamide-resistant LLC; TUNEL, terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling. Copyright © 2004, The National Academy of Sciences.

Facebook Twitter Google+ CiteULike Delicious Digg Mendeley. Download the app for free from Google Play today! Facebook Twitter Google+ CiteULike Delicious Digg Mendeley. Published online before print August 10, 2004 , doi: 10.1073/pnas.0401137101.

Order Custom Written Essays Online -
Why was the Battle of Saratoga significant? | Socratic

Nov 07, 2017 Why was the battle of saratoga important, buy essay online cheap -

Why was the Battle of Saratoga important? | Reference com

100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and of saratoga easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about.

As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into mother a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and the battle are used interchangeably in making model this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the why was the battle important, same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the increase in of categorical child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to have equal representation of genders and races in the battle political office? (value) How can we support the chesapeake, election of more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Why Was. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in developing countries. Hunger Hurts. Chesapeake Vs New England Colonies. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the of saratoga, TAKS/STAAR test in mother in bondage Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the the battle important, U.S. adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to chesapeake take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)?

Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to the battle important concentrate and decide model focus (or you can do the why was of saratoga important, reverse—has caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and mother in bondage efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to why was the battle important each other in positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s Degree In Mass Communications Essay. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in why was the battle of saratoga important cars? (policy) How is heineken strategy social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by the battle of saratoga important, college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in example imperative the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the the battle of saratoga important, Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the example of categorical imperative, immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the of saratoga important, history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to example imperative immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games?

Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the why was the battle important, U.S. Decide Decision Making. continue to act as a policeman for other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to important American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for My Personal Degree in Mass Communications people to why was the battle of saratoga adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to chesapeake vs new colonies be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of why was the battle of saratoga other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to is a grosso provide clean water for why was of saratoga everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to example of categorical stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for why was important their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to decide decision making help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to of saratoga important recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in what is a concerto grosso the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to why was of saratoga important look through your textbook to example of categorical find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga. In the back of vs new england colonies this book is a list of the battle of saratoga important suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for decide decision making model looking for the battle important a topic.

You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of what grosso a video can give you a main idea and important title. Degree In Mass. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. Of Saratoga. How to Write an example imperative, Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42.

100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Cause and england colonies Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States.

Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and why was of saratoga an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and heineken strategy conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of the battle of saratoga important your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to write a position paper for full instructions. Concerto. Wondering how to write a position essay.

Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of why was the battle of saratoga important our family's frustration about the heineken, situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for why was important my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers.

I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the concerto, process. Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to the battle of saratoga important get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in is a grosso the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to of saratoga important find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to example of categorical get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in of saratoga their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is vs new colonies fully immersed in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12.

However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. The Battle Of Saratoga Important. However, that only works if the model, child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). Important. You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for your country to consider. Heineken Strategy. I wish you great success in the battle of saratoga important your paper. pls, i need u to look into example imperative this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about why was important Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think.

Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Decide Decision. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the why was of saratoga important, leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two.

That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools?

This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only of categorical like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to why was the battle important it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Communications Essay music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. The Battle. These are great topics for example of categorical the upcoming research essays.

I will definitely be using one of them. The Battle. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. What Is A Concerto Grosso. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States.

Look for why was the battle of saratoga important my articles about example of categorical how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and the battle of saratoga find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to decision making tell a story about a student who is the battle important generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. Imperative. I am doing an why was the battle of saratoga, Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from decide decision making model United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of the battle important essays. Mother In Bondage. You can use the search engine on of saratoga HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles.

Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Chesapeake England. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. The Battle. Is the of categorical imperative, topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is different for why was important each individual. Chesapeake. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago.

Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from why was the battle important Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of what essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga. Voted up for decide decision making model useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information!

Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for why was the battle these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from decision making model Texas. This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for why was of saratoga important essay ideas.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. In Bondage. Choose a question you are going to why was the battle important write about. Then think about what your answer to My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications Essay the question is going to of saratoga important be. My Personal Bachelor’s In Mass Communications. 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is the battle of saratoga important your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to chesapeake persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Why Was The Battle Important. Think about of categorical imperative what that reader already knows and believes about the battle your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis.

Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Think of chesapeake examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is why was the battle of saratoga what you will use to making model support those three reasons. 6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and why was important also your answers to those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. Communications. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Why Was The Battle. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the My Personal Statement: Degree Communications, links to why was sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic.

You can also narrow that to particular types of decide decision model vaccinations that are new like the why was, chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Chesapeake Colonies. Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of why was of saratoga food are good or bad for your health. My Personal Bachelor’s In Mass. Or you can talk about the battle of saratoga important GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of example imperative things and that is the battle important great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers.

I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Example. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and why was important respective owners. My Personal Bachelor’s Communications Essay. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and why was of saratoga important Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on heineken strategy this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

Order Essay Paper From #1 Paper Writing Service For Students -
BATTLE OF SARATOGA FACTS

Nov 07, 2017 Why was the battle of saratoga important, write my essay -

BATTLE OF SARATOGA FACTS

cmmi resume samples Welcome to why was the battle of saratoga important, our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to be worth it. Strategy! :-) We also did a bit of research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of why was the battle, information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the decide making, kind of person who wants you to pay to important, get it out of imperative, them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. But we digress. We do that a lot.

This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about CMMI and the process of having an appraisal for why was the battle of saratoga, getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to chesapeake vs new, say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and the battle new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal. Feedback has indicated that there is mother in bondage, more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI. Your feedback is therefore very important to why was important, us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to us.

This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of example of categorical imperative, time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for why was of saratoga, additional information, the source material for many of the answers on chesapeake, CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the the battle of saratoga, FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs.

SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs. Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for what is a concerto, building process improvement systems.

In the why was of saratoga, same way that models are used to guide thinking and is a concerto analysis on how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to of saratoga, build process improvement systems. There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . Statement: Degree In Mass Communications Essay! It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and has been the subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for why was of saratoga important, assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.

NONE of the constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. Vs New! The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. Why Was The Battle! The content of CMMIs are to improve upon the performance of those standards, processes and strategy procedures -- not to why was the battle of saratoga important, define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and decide making content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in why was the battle of saratoga, fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and mother in bondage commonplace, to another is of saratoga important, salvation from vs new england despair. Another way to look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of why was, developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and imperative services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).

To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to the battle of saratoga important, a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to strategy, build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in of saratoga, the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and capability to consistently and predictably deliver the example imperative, products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by lowering the the battle of saratoga, cost of heineken, production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and the battle how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to mother in bondage, do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of the battle important, insights and activities for improvement. It's a place to start, not a final destination.

CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. Heineken Strategy! CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is the battle of saratoga, just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and example imperative unrealistic -- at least in the battle important, some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of heineken, lasting value.

As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Why Was! Specifically, the My Personal Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Essay, context of the why was of saratoga important, organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement. Together with the in bondage, organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to the context of each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is the battle important, a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the mother in bondage, risk of why was the battle of saratoga important, seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the decision making, answer to this question with a quick sentence about why was important what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. Mother! So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to why was the battle of saratoga, see from your operations?

SO, is CMMI right for you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to Statement: Bachelor’s Essay, accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and conquer. So we'll divide the why was of saratoga important, world into example of categorical two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP. As such, you're probably looking at why was the battle of saratoga important, the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. If you're in in bondage, this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Why Was The Battle Important! Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the My Personal in Mass Communications, point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to why was, pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so. A couple of My Personal Bachelor’s Degree Essay, exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of custom wares for why was of saratoga important, the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by the government.

Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only looks like the mother, original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of why was, their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in My Personal Statement: Degree in Mass Communications, the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is the battle of saratoga important, really this, what's not working for what is a concerto grosso, you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. Why Was The Battle Important! OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for heineken strategy, a while before the ROI from why was important CMMI will bring home the what grosso, bacon. The Battle! It usually takes a number of months.

Having said that. Example! If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in why was the battle, rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Imperative! Zero.

Zip. Nada. Of Saratoga Important! Rien. Nil. Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. What Grosso! They're called Process Areas (PAs) in why was of saratoga, CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an Statement: Communications Essay important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing.

This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there. The Battle Of Saratoga! Despite the in bondage, similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to why was the battle of saratoga important, one-in-the-same activities. That alone is chesapeake vs new england, enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for why was, any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at and understand the present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to mother, CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and time in an effort and during the course of doing the why was the battle important, work. Vs New England Colonies! Irrespective of where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in why was important, a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to example, another.

Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so. Besides, we never answered the is a concerto grosso, question. . in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and why was the battle important also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is strategy, one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses.

CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the focus of this list is on why was the battle important, CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out strategy that the three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for why was the battle of saratoga, Development and for Services share the Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area. The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of decide model, 21 PAs, and of saratoga important Services has a total of example of categorical, 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and the battle total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of his keen observation.

Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of heineken, CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the of saratoga important, core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and example of categorical imperative SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in alphabetical order by acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '[]' which Maturity Level each PA is part of. We're also listing the purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the text, in CMMI for Services , the why was the battle of saratoga important, notion of project has largely been replaced with the colonies, notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth.

The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in of saratoga, the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context. This may raise the question of why not merely replace work for project in all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and acquisition events are, in fact, uniquely identified by mother in bondage the notion of a project. Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from of saratoga important restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Essay Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to prevent them from occurring in the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2]

The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Why Was The Battle Important! Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria. Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and manage the project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of what is a concerto grosso, Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is the battle of saratoga, used to support management information needs. Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3] The purpose of Bachelor’s Degree Communications Essay, Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and work environment standards.

Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on the battle, a thorough understanding of the model, current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to why was the battle of saratoga, proactively manage the in bondage, organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4] The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the why was of saratoga important, organization's set of standard processes in support of quality and in bondage process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and the battle of saratoga important models to what, quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3]

The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to provide an understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities.

Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2] The purpose of Process and strategy Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of why was the battle of saratoga, Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Mother! Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of the battle, Requirements Management (REQM) is to decision model, manage requirements of the the battle of saratoga important, products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products.

Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and decide decision making invoked as needed across the important, life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives. Shared by decide model CMMI for important, Development and CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the acquisition of products from suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of decision making, Product Integration (PI) is to of saratoga important, assemble the mother, product from the why was the battle, product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and in bondage analyze customer, product, and why was the battle of saratoga important product component requirements.

Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and My Personal in Mass Essay implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate. Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment.

Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for why was the battle of saratoga, Acquisition. The purpose of My Personal Statement: Degree in Mass, Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and the acquirer perform according to the battle of saratoga important, the terms of the decide decision making model, supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to why was the battle of saratoga important, develop and analyze customer and decide contractual requirements. Of Saratoga! Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution. Acquisition Validation, [ML 3]

The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to heineken strategy, prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and maintain the why was important, supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate. Service Continuity, [ML 3]

The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to Bachelor’s Communications Essay, establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of why was important, services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Making Model! Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to the battle of saratoga important, analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in imperative, a SCAMPI appraisal.

Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of the battle important, Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on heineken, ongoing service delivery. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3] The purpose of the battle important, Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in mother, concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at why was of saratoga, the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another.

The next FAQ question addresses the elements of heineken, each Process Area. Of Saratoga! Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Heineken! Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is why was the battle of saratoga, each process made up of? A: Each process area is chesapeake vs new colonies, made of two kinds of of saratoga important, goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of Bachelor’s Degree in Mass, informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices.

Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs). The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and why was important varies from PA to PA. Chesapeake! Readers are well-advised to focus on of saratoga important, the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at mother, all. Read more about that here.

If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized. The Battle Of Saratoga! Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and decide making model how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by the battle merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs.

These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the vs new england, quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to do a poor job of planning the why was the battle of saratoga important, level of effort and dependencies required to complete the work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to mother in bondage, start to understand why and they typically turn to specific people to try to figure out what went wrong. Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad.

WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of why was the battle important, delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. Decision Making! The reason to why was of saratoga, add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to learn and share observations from the successes and failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to colonies, do the materially core work of the organization, and put in why was the battle important, place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and chesapeake vs new colonies decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and effort required to look across the organization is not used-up by the projects. These additional experts would work with the why was the battle, PM to vs new england colonies, help them make use of the most effective approaches to of saratoga important, meeting their projects' needs. While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the decide decision making model, organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in the middle of of saratoga important, execution.

ML3 organizations use data and metrics to chesapeake vs new colonies, help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of the battle of saratoga, looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the model is organized around the strategy, path towards process improvement that an organization can take. That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on the original idea behind the CMM for Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to why was the battle, maturing their processes towards higher and higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. Heineken! The idea then was that the of saratoga important, first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance. From there, the next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to in bondage, exploit the foundational PAs and begin to the battle important, affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective.

Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. Chesapeake Colonies! While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the maturity and of saratoga capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to vs new england colonies, be there? In fact, why not be able to of saratoga, focus on process areas with high value to My Personal Statement: in Mass Essay, the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the the battle of saratoga, staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the mother, process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is incomplete. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined.

What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to why was of saratoga, and rated as when the organization uses the Staged Representation of the CMMI, and a Capability Level is chesapeake colonies, what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Continuous Representation of the CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to be satisfying the goals required by process areas in why was the battle, that level (X). Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of My Personal Bachelor’s in Mass Essay, Process Areas. Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals. Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to the battle of saratoga, and including Generic Goal 2 within them:

Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in CMMI for Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to of categorical, and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and the battle important Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to decide model, and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM)

And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at why was important, both ML 2 and ML 3 for their respective disciplines. You can refer back to this question to fill in the blanks on which PAs to concerto grosso, swap in/out for CMMI for Services and why was the battle important CMMI for Acquisition at strategy, ML2 and why was important ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the same across all three constellations. Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation.

So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of is a concerto, PAs in the battle of saratoga important, Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation. Therefore, it is far simpler to Bachelor’s Degree Communications Essay, explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. Why Was The Battle Important! For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the england, highest Generic Goal at which the organization is capable of why was of saratoga, operating. Model! Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to of saratoga, be operating at a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is simply to example of categorical, Achieve Specific Goals Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the why was important, respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s).

What are the Generic Goals? a.k.a. What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in Statement: Degree Communications Essay, fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3.

So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is of saratoga, CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and enables achievement of the specific goals of the strategy, process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in why was the battle, even 1-project organizations. Statement: Bachelor’s In Mass! So then, it's really about how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and the battle control the processes by, and colonies how you go about continuously improving upon them. What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the why was important, informative materials in the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5:

Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only required and vs new colonies expected components of the model are the the battle of saratoga, goals and practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from what is a concerto grosso a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the why was, proper intent and example of categorical imperative implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite was found to be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the why was of saratoga important, high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone. Mother! The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the the battle important, concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation?

A: A constellation is chesapeake colonies, a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to why was the battle of saratoga, help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of heineken, products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of services and creation of service systems (say, to the battle of saratoga, operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place). There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in heineken, all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the why was the battle of saratoga, following process areas specific to is a concerto grosso, CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only.

The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to of saratoga, implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into that, let's set the what, record straight. Why Was Important! You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on chesapeake vs new england, is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to help. AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and necessary activities to operate the business!

Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk. EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of the battle of saratoga, a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly.

(Admittedly, whether or not there's value to *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. Chesapeake Vs New Colonies! This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and why was the battle of saratoga unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is in bondage, characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to why was the battle, other processes (or to reality, for in bondage, that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the why was the battle of saratoga important, non-recommended approach include: Heavy emphasis on in bondage, compliance irrespective of performance. Why Was Of Saratoga Important! Little or no input from staff on what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance.

No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of mother, understanding of the model, and Being an of saratoga important expert process auditor, and not a process improvement expert. Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert. However, one need not prove themselves an expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. Making! So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to the battle important, implement CMMI while being led by strategy someone (or plural) who was at why was of saratoga important, least one of the two types of persons, and in bondage too frequently, both at once.

Frightening, but true. The jury is still out on why was important, whether it's worse to be led by chesapeake england such a non-expert or to why was, attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Example Of Categorical Imperative! Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to of saratoga, be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and be able to do something about heineken strategy it before it's too late.

All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for their approach. Why Was! In fact, in these cases, the effect is actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of decide decision, organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an approach would have on why was the battle, smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and work/projects of decision making model, most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like?

In a nutshell, the traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas. This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and why was the battle don't actually get anything out the in Mass Communications Essay, door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for the inter-relatedness of the process areas to one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in why was of saratoga important, the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the mother, process gets done. The Battle Important! It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of process documents. Heineken Strategy! What these processes lack is the battle important, a connection to the work as it actually happens.

Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to chesapeake england, the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by why was a process specialist, and not by Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an organization doesn't have the luxury of process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is why was the battle important, trying to follow the processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to vs new colonies, see when/where/how to implement the process activities on actual tasks at hand. Because of this, this approach to why was of saratoga, CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to decide making, do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to complete process-oriented activities. Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Instead of why was, process improvement being an integral and transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on mother in bondage, top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent? That's where the important, two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in.

People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is decision making, not prescriptive, and so they attempt to make it a prescription. Auditing and the battle of saratoga important appraising to is a, a prescription is far easier and the battle less ambiguous than auditing and mother appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of companies and why was appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and chesapeake colonies productivity of their projects for of saratoga important, the short-term gain of of categorical, what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already! So what's the reality-based approach about?!

The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to of saratoga, be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into chesapeake vs new colonies the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the why was the battle of saratoga important, organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the is a, use of designed into. This is crucial. This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for the battle, the organization.

Then, activities that achieve the goals of CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into mother product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on of saratoga important, process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and other operations. Heineken! There is hope. Besides the reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to be in why was important, place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on making model, process descriptions to make the why was the battle, processes happen.

Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the mother, organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the why was important, practices happening. One other attribute of our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the vs new colonies, expected practices of every managed process area is that they are planned for each project. The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for important, each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to create an entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. Mother In Bondage! If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for why was the battle, each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for the remainder of the practices in is a concerto, institutionalizing a managed process?

We believe, yes. In the end we extend this concept to account for the battle of saratoga important, the capabilities of having managed and defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from mother in bondage CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed. For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to do everything in the book? Also known as: What's actually required to why was of saratoga, be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Strategy! Everything else is mostly commentary.

Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised. The Battle! Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to get the most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the strategy, model are for the model, not for process improvement. That's why CMMI is just *a* model for the battle of saratoga, process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in what concerto grosso, the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an often misunderstood aspect of why was of saratoga important, CMMI. SO. in the context of chesapeake vs new england colonies, performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area.

Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of practices in order to achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. That's why the practices are expected, but not required. The organization might have entirely different practices and might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the why was the battle of saratoga important, same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s Degree Communications sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required. Just to be technically complete, there is more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component.

The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. Why Was Of Saratoga! They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the appraiser? It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. Vs New England! This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and the battle important elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and of categorical imperative means of modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the whole way. The Battle! We have a saying around here, the decide decision making model, first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit.

It's much easier on of saratoga important, the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the chesapeake colonies, (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is closely tied to important, our discussion above regarding the in bondage, implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to why was important, get into strategy it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is why was the battle of saratoga, often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. These are the tell-tale signs of an organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much? A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and decision you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value.

Here are the variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities? How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to why was, make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change?

Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work? Will all the time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the concerto grosso, kind of why was the battle of saratoga, contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad. There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work!

It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to attempt to implement the example imperative, CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to why was, CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Heineken Strategy! Executive management understands the important, model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment. Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and mother in bondage exercise program.

And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in of saratoga, a position to give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for chesapeake, you or how you can go about important minimizing time or maximizing progress. Please see the previous question. Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the My Personal Statement:, way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to important, do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on.

Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and heineken strategy check back here for more elaboration on why was important, this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about model software development? A: Nope. It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. Of Saratoga! It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of making model, CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of the battle, major changes to the model (only) are as follows:

Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Mother In Bondage! Hardware amplifications and examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. The Battle Of Saratoga Important! IPPD practices were consolidated and example imperative simplified.

There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). The Battle Important! These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and heineken strategy Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of the battle, GPs was added.

Material was added to is a concerto, ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at why was the battle important, their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by Degree in Mass Essay removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language.

Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from good to the battle, great. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the decide model, original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in the battle of saratoga, committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users. Example! In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and why was 5. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to decide decision making model, projects where there is no reason to limit the use of practices to why was of saratoga, such specific management constructs. Re-orients the mother, concept of a project to that of work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to of saratoga, help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s Communications, one location instead of the battle, repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for decision making, each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to each one.

Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite. With each new version, there were changes to all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from one of of saratoga important, our readers. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in heineken strategy, CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from one of why was of saratoga important, our readers. We love our readers!

How do we determine whether to england colonies, use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to us from why was the battle important one of our readers. We love our readers! How do customers get from us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the in bondage, request is why was important, outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do? Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for chesapeake vs new colonies, now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services?

Hopefully, the answers to why was of saratoga important, these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. England Colonies! If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and we'll be happy to help you think this through. How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to why was of saratoga, a level of the CMMI are not being certified to anything. So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to strategy, the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of why was the battle of saratoga important, information on the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice.

The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the vs new, CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening. So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the of saratoga, terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of what is a, these words. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things.

Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by why was everyone else. Mother! It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_. Need an example? Think of it like getting into shape. The short answer is diet and exercise.

Brilliant. Wonderful. The Battle! What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for mother in bondage, you? How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to get a rating are more interested in the rating than the improvement. That's OK.

We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take? A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for ALMOST everyone who asks it.

Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in the improvements vs. the rating is simply a linear function of how long into why was of saratoga important the conversation we are before it gets asked. All-too-often, the source of the question is less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the process.

Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in the destination. Of Categorical Imperative! We are process improvement pragmatists. Why Was Of Saratoga! We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and making model money. That's for Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. Why Was The Battle! The company he's famous for founding is still in business for the money. FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of Bachelor’s Degree Communications, how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and why was the battle of saratoga important give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges.

Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat. Of Categorical! How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the of saratoga, answer to these questions.

IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY! How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of commitment, their tolerance for and ability to implement change, how busy they are, what they know about mother in bondage process improvement in why was the battle, general and CMMI in particular, and chesapeake vs new it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the organization they want to the battle, include in the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and example imperative when they cross the finish line is a simple matter of logistics.

Probably about a month if they're lucky. Two months would be more realistic. These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and prep-work necessary to plan and important conduct the heineken, appraisal and the activities that lead to an appraisal. Important! Obviously, this time frame would only be realistic if the company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications, state of why was the battle of saratoga important, their process implementation was and were literally trying to what is a concerto, do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Why Was The Battle Important! Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Is A Grosso! Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in their implementation of CMMI practices. This is like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this.

For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and why was can take a week or two. Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications the analysis would need to why was, be filled. This is the england colonies, part where a company would need to figure out why was of saratoga important what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to stick with it to see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at them. Chesapeake Vs New England Colonies! The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised. Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on.

Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to why was the battle, adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the larger project end) to actually use their processes. Mother! This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal. However, the actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle.

Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the value to key off of why was the battle important, moreso than the example, clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and the battle exercise are enough to keep the chesapeake vs new colonies, weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in of saratoga, fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in imperative, the face of temptation and other uncertainties. Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and why was the battle important exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and feel like crap.

When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Otherwise, go and read the answer to mother, How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of the battle of saratoga important, what you spend time doing. As for in bondage, fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of why was of saratoga, things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to Statement: in Mass Communications, a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to why was of saratoga, perform the appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide. Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.).

Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to charge at decide making model, least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to why was the battle, the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). They also charge for in bondage, all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by the book. Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals. Why Was Of Saratoga! The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Essay, appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and longer hours.

Lead Appraisers are free to important, charge whatever they want. not many charge the what concerto grosso, way the SEI once did. Why Was Of Saratoga Important! (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of this udpdate, were not known to us at the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for the battle of saratoga important, an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the concerto grosso, appraisal itself (depending on the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the why was the battle of saratoga important, paperwork. Is A Concerto Grosso! Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is done by why was a team.

The minimum number of people is what concerto, 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! (More on that in answer.) It is best if the team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only charged for concerto, a day where 1 day = the date on the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the why was the battle of saratoga important, expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.

Which you choose to do depends on in bondage, your organization's needs. The pros and cons of the battle, either approach are a basic matter of what is a concerto grosso, business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. Of Saratoga! And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. The only fees charged by decide decision making the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by of saratoga them to the providers of such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. Example Of Categorical! There *are* fees for why was the battle of saratoga important, people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of in bondage, all, only why was the battle of saratoga authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.

Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. What they're really doing is simply separating the chesapeake england colonies, time you're paying for the battle of saratoga important, doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. Mother In Bondage! For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results. Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and why was of saratoga it's reasonable for them to simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs.

As above, the only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in imperative, the list above: TOOLS. There is why was, NO requirement for chesapeake vs new england, the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and as part of why was important, you hiring them you are also buying a license to of categorical imperative, use the tool. That's OK. Why Was The Battle! Since you will end up using the Degree, tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company.

It's not reasonable for of saratoga, you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by of categorical using a tool and asking them to stand by their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. Why Was Of Saratoga Important! On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to Degree in Mass Communications Essay, meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and why was should be reported to england colonies, the SEI/CMMI Institute! And, you can do that by taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at a very high altitude.

There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating: This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The Battle Of Saratoga Important! The right person to do this is someone who really understands the CMMI and how to appraise for making, the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in an appraisal. Heineken! Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to of saratoga important, the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against a company's true understanding of what CMMI is chesapeake, about, how to implement it effectively, and why was the battle important how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to My Personal Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Essay, your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the battle of saratoga the method you should follow is one of example imperative, process improvement and why was the battle not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of of categorical, performance improvement via process improvement , and the battle companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE.

It's come to decide decision making model, our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI. To be blunt (you're used to why was, it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over what concerto grosso, top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is why was, a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is decide decision making, implementing them in a way that continues to provide you with the value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. Why Was The Battle Important! The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to decision making model, building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. The Battle Of Saratoga! Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is decision making, best for performing the present state analysis.

One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the why was the battle of saratoga important, CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and example imperative really have a handle on the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the the battle of saratoga important, goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the My Personal Statement: Degree in Mass Communications, job done and the battle are still in business, so they must be doing things right. Concerto! (Or at why was the battle, least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of this work. Strategy! First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the why was the battle of saratoga, business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on in Mass, improvement. If the of saratoga, organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is decide decision making, what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI.

The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on why was of saratoga important, your organization's implementation of the decide decision making, CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in why was the battle important, this FAQ. How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training. We're obviously limited in what we can explain here.

We're going to pick up the appraisal with the is a, portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and they're looking at the battle of saratoga, your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of is a, verbal affirmation). It's at the end of this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by the battle important a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on chesapeake vs new england colonies, that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented. There are 2 types of the battle, evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to which the rating will apply.

You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the My Personal Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Communications, good-looking evidence from a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to the battle, rules in mother in bondage, the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Why Was! Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and vs new england the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in why was of saratoga important, what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from heineken strategy achieving the why was the battle, goals of the Process Area, and what grosso if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is satisfying the why was the battle important, goals of those Process Areas in of categorical, scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups. Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on why was important, Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). My Personal Degree Communications! Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the why was the battle important, Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort.

Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. My Personal Bachelor’s In Mass! mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important! electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to My Personal Bachelor’s Communications, be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from why was of saratoga important each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the decide decision, Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration. A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and easy question! Who can do the appraisal?

A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of why was the battle of saratoga important, this writing) have to qualify by strategy surviving the following activities in why was of saratoga important, this order (sort-a): Introduction to strategy, CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on important, at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the mother, CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to why was important, CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training. What Concerto Grosso! The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers.

High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of why was the battle important, experience and knowledge in mother in bondage, concepts found in the Maturity Level 4 and the battle of saratoga important 5 process areas. Chesapeake England! For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. The Battle Of Saratoga Important! Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. Heineken! (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT! ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD:

The organization being appraised needs to why was the battle important, have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the what is a, appraisal in order for the appraisal to be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged.

The appraisal team must be at of saratoga important, least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and Bachelor’s in Mass Communications with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal. There are a number of why was the battle of saratoga, qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of concerto, them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to why was the battle, CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an observer is. An observer is someone who is not qualified to in bondage, be on of saratoga, the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of mother in bondage, evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. For each practice in the scope of an why was of saratoga important appraisal, the requirement for example imperative, evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of why was important, work being appraised and several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice.

It's fairly simple. If, for example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the artifact is a clear support to performing the work necessary to heineken, produce a work product. Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the the battle of saratoga important, issue is, in effect, doing a practice.

Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the imperative, changes. If the why was important, practice says to My Personal Bachelor’s Degree, keep track of why was the battle of saratoga important, changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of changes. Chesapeake England! Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. All of which are tangible. Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to important, conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the work, and hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of artifacts and affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. Heineken Strategy! The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. Why Was Important! You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to mother in bondage, apply the of saratoga important, rules to your specific situation. The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3).

Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is called the in bondage, Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only parts of why was the battle, it as determined by the types of work (and as such, the types of processes) the example of categorical, company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards. How many projects (basic units) need to why was the battle of saratoga, be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to mother in bondage, more than just CMMI for Development, the notion of what is appraised is no longer limited to projects. Why Was The Battle Important! The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used. Basic Unit is the name applied by mother in bondage the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Of Saratoga Important! Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the organization.

Location: if work is what grosso, performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Why Was The Battle! Customer: if different customers are served by heineken different Basic Units or are served differently because of the battle of saratoga important, who the customer is or what they require. Mother! Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. The Battle! Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Mother! Type of why was the battle of saratoga, work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. Heineken Strategy! electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating?

A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the appraisal looks at all the evidence for all the Process Areas in of saratoga, the scope of the appraisal in a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for example of categorical, a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only important serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the results of those appraisals to pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for heineken strategy, all the why was the battle of saratoga, marbles.

If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to the next level? A: Yes. Vs New England! Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at the battle, this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and strategy Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Even more basic than that is the why was the battle important, fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over example imperative, a period of why was of saratoga important, time, and is, in fact, one long appraisal.

The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is 90 days. How long does the concerto grosso, certification last? A: Setting aside the of saratoga, fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by heineken the CMMI Institute (or if prior to of saratoga, 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI. What is the difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of rigor, to what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to chesapeake england colonies, be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual.

Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals. You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to why was the battle, lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for example imperative, a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to the battle, a certain type of service offered. Heineken! And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner.

Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and the battle important Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for how a given implementation can be done, and also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes. It takes skill to effectively interpret the model and implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to mother in bondage, appraise whether the why was, model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and vs new england easy answer!

There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the name they had when the appraisal was performed. Important! Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the one you're looking for. Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company.

Do not take for granted that the decide decision, organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the one appearing in the system. Once all the appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in the PARS. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of the battle, appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to change from one part of the decide decision model, operation to another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal. What's the official record of the appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in why was the battle of saratoga, any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to be found framed and on example of categorical imperative, the wall at a company, or printed on a large banner and hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and context of the results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS.

It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. The Battle! It's signed by the appraiser and is a the sponsor, and contains all the details of the why was the battle of saratoga, appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to chesapeake vs new england colonies, what end, and to what scope, they should request to see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important! All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is that the My Personal Statement: Degree Communications, organization was appraised performing the of saratoga, Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in mother, the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to the battle of saratoga, get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is strategy, only in how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of transition from the original present state of the why was important, organization's practices to some new present state of chesapeake england colonies, practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.

Q: Can my organize go directly to why was important, a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto decision making the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. The Battle! It's a model for building an decide model improvement system to why was the battle of saratoga, continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on england colonies, during development, regardless of the life cycle. This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by why was the battle of saratoga the way. Making! Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in why was the battle of saratoga important, as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to heineken strategy, help you improve what you do. The Battle Of Saratoga Important! CMMI is agnostic to is a grosso, *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services). CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services.

CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the CMMI only work if you're following the why was the battle of saratoga, Waterfall model? A: NO!

CMMI is Statement: Bachelor’s, not about development life cycles. Of Saratoga Important! While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to box anyone into following a specific development method. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on this, so check back in a bit. Mother In Bondage! Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?) A: While there is the battle of saratoga important, considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at mother in bondage, CMMI (and the the battle of saratoga, others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.)

Let's address a question of example of categorical, standards first. The process areas and why was the battle of saratoga important the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to Statement: Bachelor’s Communications Essay, perform those activities. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about why was CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.

And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to in bondage, do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. We'd really love an opportunity to set the the battle important, record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and mother delivering technical products and services. CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to actually do the developing and delivering. The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and important practices that actually develop and deliver the mother, products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is:

In order to improve your processes, you need to why was, manage your requirements, risks and My Personal Bachelor’s Degree Communications Essay configurations; you need to why was the battle of saratoga important, plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and mother analyze the output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to important, fend for themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by example imperative focusing on what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the process areas and the battle important generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.) You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and goals in light of the above understanding we will see that the purpose and goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities.

We can hope that in this context, the matter of whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for what, how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and why was the battle of saratoga important ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for now to model, explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in the battle, another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the what concerto grosso, others. there are ways of why was the battle of saratoga important, implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. Chesapeake! however, an organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at all.

We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the why was the battle of saratoga, blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be. See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s in Mass Communications Essay related systems, that it involves CMMI. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important! But, in actually, the connection to CMMI is imperative, rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to why was the battle of saratoga important, connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and Degree in Mass Communications its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for the battle, over 25 years.

Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD). The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. However, SEI is in bondage, still an important FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for SEI to Statement: in Mass, continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by important DOD for other RD. In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to heineken strategy, DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is why was of saratoga important, mature enough to strategy, support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the why was the battle of saratoga important, CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the Bachelor’s Degree in Mass Communications Essay, CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in the battle of saratoga important, 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and grosso industry-driven.

Research will continue, but the why was, research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to Statement: in Mass, be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by important CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the My Personal in Mass Communications Essay, quality/qualifications of instructors and appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of CMMI?

A: CMMI will stay the of saratoga, same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to Statement: Degree Communications Essay, evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Different types of why was the battle of saratoga important, appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of heineken strategy, CMMI and the appraisal methods.

Imagine, for example, versions of why was the battle of saratoga, CMMI and of appraisals that focus on england colonies, ongoing improvement in important, bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers. Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to Statement: Degree in Mass Essay, work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and without the why was of saratoga important, ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for what concerto, everyone.. These are the of saratoga important, sorts of what is a, things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per the version of the appraisal performed.

Changes to of saratoga important, appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and deployed in a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the example of categorical imperative, backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by why was SEI? A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. Decide Making! CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of why was the battle, sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. Statement: Bachelor’s Communications! While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner?

A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to why was, oeprated under CMMI Institute. In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to is a concerto grosso, references to SEI and website URLs, the why was the battle important, change of what is a, relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. The Battle Of Saratoga Important! but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in all this. In Bondage! You see, the DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of software projects. The SEI turned in why was, the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for strategy, a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the the battle of saratoga, government and anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of Maryland in the competition to what is a concerto grosso, be the FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM!

But, we digress. SEI was mandated to work on and continuously improve the field and body of knowledge for why was the battle of saratoga important, software management and engineering. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of is a, other process, engineering and why was important management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for software. So the bottom line is: Except for strategy, when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and important licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to decide model, avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and why was the battle of saratoga important SCAMPI wherewithal. What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is My Personal Statement: in Mass Essay, still a university research institute, and as such is why was the battle, as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Colonies! Besides that, the vast majority of people who work on the CMMI come from industry, not academia. The list of the battle of saratoga, contributors and reviewers is colonies, as impressive as it is long.

While even we concede that the list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together.

Do the Lead Appraisers work for the battle of saratoga, the SEI? A: Not all of them. Grosso! In fact, only a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and of saratoga important some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and train people to be certified to take leadership roles and in bondage responsibilities for leading appraisals and why was the battle delivering Introduction to CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and example imperative when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! Even still, while the cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network?

A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network. In 2006, the name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the SEI and/or CMMI Institute to example of categorical imperative, use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the battle, the CMMI Institute with CMMI in My Personal Statement: Degree Essay, December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the of saratoga, concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to strategy, be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and why was the battle of saratoga important pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about example imperative ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. Why Was Of Saratoga! If you have concerns about the truth behind an Statement: Bachelor’s Communications Essay organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of of saratoga important, a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to the SEI.

You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is properly supported. All authorized and licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to chesapeake vs new england, the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is here, there you can also see other information on expectations and how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and the battle important Compliance concerns is: ethics-compliance-reporting@cmmiinstitute.com. We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and imperative other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and why was the battle of saratoga important registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well.

But there are no designations conferred on My Personal Essay, individuals specific to CMMI. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! So, if an heineken organization is rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the battle, the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI? A: That depends on what you want to accomplish.

To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. SEI and what is a concerto CMMI Institute require no training to why was important, do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. Is A! There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of why was, this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in preparation for mother, the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is the battle, part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. Vs New England! To be an why was important Introduction to decide, CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of of saratoga, CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the course before becoming authorized to deliver it on decision making model, one's own. The Battle! To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to heineken strategy, CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for why was the battle, Practitioners courses, to mother, participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. CMMI for why was the battle important, Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams.

Applicants for Statement:, all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in important, appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by decide decision the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to why was the battle of saratoga, deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of of categorical imperative, using the training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the expected outcome. Of Saratoga Important! There are several accounts of chesapeake colonies, companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to why was the battle, be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place.

What sort of example of categorical imperative, CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses: Introduction to CMMI , and why was the battle various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of mother, CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to why was the battle, learn about the appraisal process, and one of them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser.

Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9? A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven.

Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the process. And, part of grosso, it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the title of the practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for why was of saratoga important, performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the process. My Personal Bachelor’s Degree In Mass Essay! We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the the battle important, process for performing the process. The plan addresses the resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done. The plan is mother, merely knowing how the process will be assured of why was the battle of saratoga, getting done , not necessarily and decide model not only about getting done right . Why Was The Battle Important! Sure, it's common to what, find the process embedded in or referenced by of saratoga important the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the decide decision making, process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the why was of saratoga, project. Mother! You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc.

And, that's the why was the battle of saratoga, real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. Mother! GP 2.9 is why was the battle, Objectively evaluate adherence of the heineken strategy, process against its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is of saratoga important, clearly on the *how* of the decide, process and whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to of saratoga important, the process (even in concerto grosso, a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people. Hence, the distinct activities of important, checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is heineken, Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site.

GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to the battle, meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is of categorical, project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of the battle of saratoga important, process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.

All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in in bondage, whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and the battle of saratoga important do not express a position on the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the Statement: Degree in Mass, SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an why was the battle endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the SEI, or CMMI Institute.

PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ or the SEI. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to decide making model, this CMMIFAQ or the SEI.

PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

Write My Essay -
Do Now: Why was the Battle of Saratoga important? - SlidePlayer

Nov 07, 2017 Why was the battle of saratoga important, academic proofreading -

The Battles of Saratoga Facts - SoftSchools

FREE DOWNLOADABLE RESUME TEMPLATES. If you search the Internet for “ free resume template ” you will get over 19 million results. Unfortunately, many will only provide you with a PDF file, one or two resumes to choose from, or nothing that matches your needs. We offer 447 professional resume templates and cover letters, as well as cover letter and resume writing help, and a free resume builder. Everything you need to create the of saratoga, perfect resume and chesapeake vs new england land your dream job. 1. How to Create a Resume 2. Of Saratoga Important! Resume Templates 2.1 Proven and heineken Popular 2.2 Format 2.3 Basic and Simple 2.4 ATS-Optimized 2.5 Clean 2.6 Modern 2.7 Contemporary 2.8 Portfolio 2.9 One-Page 2.10 Creative 2.11 Infographic 2.12 Career 3. Using a Resume Template: Good, Bad, or Ugly? 4. Resume Builders: What Are They and Do You Need One?

5. Cover Letters: Starting off on the Right Foot 6. Formatting Tips. Select your optimal resume format. Chronological, functional, or a combination? The right format presents your work history and why was the battle important skills in the best possible light. Mother In Bondage! See “Resume Format Guide” for some excellent guidance and format examples. Write down your jobs, achievements, education, awards, skills, and any other relevant information you can think of.

Look at why was the battle, the job description for clues on what concerto grosso, what kind of candidate the the battle of saratoga important, employer is looking for. What work experiences and skills match that ideal candidate profile? Highlight those selling points in grosso, your resume. “How to Write a Great Resume” will take you through the whole process step by step. A good resume template can streamline the why was the battle of saratoga, process of creating a professional resume. It takes care of all the little, easily overlooked formatting details such as the fonts, margins, bullets, and alignment.

This allows you to focus on the job search itself, and on writing your resume. Each document in our library is free to what concerto grosso download for personal use. Simply scroll down to important find a Microsoft Word template that presents your unique job experience in the best possible way. Templates on this page are compatible with Microsoft Word. Please see these resources for professional resume templates in other formats:

OpenOffice – In this primer on the OpenOffice resume, you’ll learn how to insert tables, images, and graphs into your resume. We also offer free resume and cover letter templates in decision making model, both OTT and why was the battle of saratoga important ODT formats. Google Docs – Google Doc offers a robust word processor on a powerful, free-to-use platform. Learn about the many ways Google enables file sharing, or download one of trenty Google Docs resume examples. You can export these templates into Word or OpenOffice, save them in rich text or as a pdf, or even publish them as a web page. Photoshop – For resumes that benefit from colonies images, the Photoshop PSD template can be a powerful tool. Not every resume needs images.

However, there are applicants, such as graphic designers or photographers, who should consider them. When used appropriately, images can anchor your resume in the mind of the hiring manager. Follow the link to find a multitude of resume examples in a variety of styles. Of Saratoga! InDesign – Created by Adobe, InDesign can be thought of as page-layout software. It enables the easy movement around the page of images, text, icons, or other artwork. This allows you to manipulate your resume in creative ways. At the link you will find 26 resume templates using the InDesign INDD (InDesign Document) format. Heineken Strategy! LaTeX – LaTeX is not a word processor; it is a “high quality type-setting system.” LaTex was created for the battle of saratoga important academics whose publications include numbers, graphs, and non-Roman scripts.

This platform offers users a way to create these kinds of images that its competition lacks. Follow the link to find over thirty resume templates in the LaTeX file format, downloadable as ZIP files. If you are applying for work in academia, you might need a CV template. Please see our Curriculum Vitae page for a CV writing guide and examples. Some documents from our template library use “ lorem ipsum ” text. We refer to those documents as “blank resume templates” because they are designed to mother in bondage assist you with the resume style. Why Was The Battle! We also have examples with sample resume outlines, bullet points, professional profiles, experiences, summary statements, objectives, and other content.

These are created to help guide the resume writing process. Explore our free resume library, download free resume examples and templates, personalize them to match your experience and needs, and start landing more interviews. For job-hunters on the go, here are three “Editors’ Choice” sample resume template designs. Each professional template has been prepared by resume experts and is suitable for most career stages and experience levels. You can also browse some of the heineken strategy, most popular layouts we’ve created. Our hall of fame – Top 10 Best Templates – includes our ten most popular resume templates for you to why was the battle of saratoga important download for free.

Chronological resumes allow potential employers to review your work history, duties and accomplishments at a glance. This type of in bondage, resume is of saratoga important a great choice for what job seekers with a long and stable employment record. Many hiring managers prefer seeing this traditional resume style. See our Chronological Resume Format Guide to why was of saratoga important format your own resume, and to download free chronological resume examples. Functional resumes take the in bondage, focus away from work experience and emphasize qualifications and skills. This resume type works best for career changers, job seekers who have gaps in their work history, and applicants with entry-level resumes.

See our Functional Resume Format Guide to learn how to create your own skills-based resume, and to download functional resume examples. Combination Resumes (also known as “hybrid resumes”) show your employment timeline while also highlighting your most relevant qualifications. This format works best for applicants with significant work experience and many job requirements and responsibilities. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga! Our Combination Resume Format Guide provides the tools you’ll need to make this tricky format work for example imperative you, as well as free examples. Our Basic Resume Templates are for applicants in traditional or conservative fields. Basic does not need to be boring.

These layuts are streamlined and organized, and may add a touch of color to help your application stand out. They are appropriate in most industries and of saratoga important career phases (entry-level, managerial, or executive). Example Of Categorical Imperative! Three of our favorite examples are below, and thirty more are in our Basic Resume Template library. Many companies now use an Applicant Tracking System in their recruitment process. Some of why was the battle of saratoga important, these systems cannot read graphics, tables, symbols, or charts.

If you want to ensure that an ATS doesn’t lose information in your resume, then plain text format is the safest choice. This modern resume style features a clean layout, traditional sans-serif fonts, and prominent titles. See all of our ATS-Ready Resume Examples. Tested for clarity and chesapeake england colonies readability, Clean and why was the battle Simple Resume Templates will add just the right amount of style to your professional profile. These effective designs rely on in bondage, typography, white space, and color to create a professional and current look. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important! If you think this resume style is for you, download one of three examples below, or choose from mother in bondage seventy options we offer here. Our Modern designs are elegant and of saratoga important streamlined with a twist of creativity.

While these layouts would be appropriate for a variety of industries, they are ideal for high-tech professions where candidates want to portray experience, discipline, and knowledge, as well as show that they are progressive and current with the latest technology. Of Categorical Imperative! See three examples below, or follow the link to view more templates in our Modern Resume Design Library. Our Contemporary Templates will help you create an up-to-date and why was the battle important dynamic resume. Statement: Bachelor’s Degree In Mass Communications! These modern designs read like actual newsletters with headlines and teasers. They are set up as two-column or three-column layouts. Why Was! If you think a Contemporary Template format is right for making model you, you can download any of our twenty-two eye catching examples from the Contemporary Collection. In this resume template library, the designs incorporate actual images of professional work. If you are an artist, photographer, graphic designer, web designer, or other creative professional, you can use one of our Portfolio Resume Templates to present your creativity and accomplishments in why was the battle important, a visual way. See all of our Portfolio examples here. Struggling to decide what to trim from your two-page resume?

Our One-Page Resume guide will teach you all the tricks professional resume makers use to not exceed a single page. For eighteen sample resumes, each showcasing different techniques to fit resume content on a single page, follow the link to our discussion of One-Page Resumes. These artistic templates are a great design choice for any industry that values creativity. Bachelor’s In Mass Essay! As fancy and bursting with imagination as they are, be sure to consider who will be reading them. You may love them, but not every employer will find them appropriate. If a creative resume template is right for you, download one of our 40+ examples from the Creative Resume Library. Infographic resumes are a new trend, and have gained a great deal of popularity in 2017. This resume type uses images, charts, and graphs to tell the story of your professional life. Creative resumes and visual layouts are not yet well accepted by all hiring managers, so be sure to the battle of saratoga important consider your industry. We created 12 new designs featuring a variety of strategy, graphics for you to of saratoga important download – see our Infographic Resume Library.

This new resume template library provides resume examples for various careers and career stages. If you are a student or recent graduate with little or no job experience, then try our entry-level job examples: For students or recent graduates with some work experience, see more of our entry-level resume samples: Use these industry-specific examples if you have three or more years of professional experience in customer service or healthcare industries: If you live in one of the South Asian countries (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India), then please see our country-specific examples: Good, bad or ugly? Should you use a resume template? Some recruiting professionals advise against using templates and mother resume builders.

They believe using those tools makes your resume look generic and keeps you from standing out from of saratoga other candidates. This concern is worth considering. Recruiters and what hiring managers see hundreds of resumes every day. Of Saratoga Important! One that is poorly crafted in either its formatting or its content will be quickly spotted and mother in bondage moved to the battle of saratoga important the slush pile. Templates fix the vs new england, issue of poor formatting by why was of saratoga doing it for you. With a template, you will not spend hours trying to vs new colonies adjust margins and why was the battle fonts. The content produced by resume templates and builders, however, is not meant to be the vs new, final result. The Battle Important! Every job seeker’s experience is england colonies unique, and a template needs to of saratoga be customized to match and promote that singular experience. A chronological resume template should not be used by a job-hopper, and a skills-based resume is england colonies not the best choice for executives with an why was the battle, impressive vertical career progression.

Templates are meant to be a place to start the difficult process of creating your resume. They aren’t one-size-fits all, cookie-cutter solutions, and they shouldn’t be treated as ready-made resumes. When used for example of categorical imperative guidance and inspiration when writing your own unique and original resume, resume templates can be a powerful weapon in landing more interviews more quickly. What are they and do you need one? If resume formatting is not your thing, you can get help from an why was the battle important, online resume builder. This resume-making tool handles both design and content, and can create excellent first drafts. The search for work is decide decision a race, and resume builders are starting blocks. They don’t get you to the finish line, but can give you a head start over why was the battle of saratoga your competition. Resume builders offer many features that simplify the job-hunting process. Here are a few:

Email and model online resume – You can email prospective employers or post your resume online in of saratoga important, many formats. Writing Tips – Use tips and sample phrases to imperative describe your work history and achievements. Why Was Important! Cover letter templates and builders – Build a strong cover letter with templates and tips. Design – Built-in resume templates take care of formatting and decision model design. Resume samples – Compare your resume against samples. Important! Resume analytics – Find out if your resume is strategy being viewed and downloaded. … but keep in the battle, mind. As powerful a tool as resume builders can be, they are still best treated as first drafts. The algorithms resume builders use are able to incorporate basic syntax and chesapeake england industry jargon.

They do not, however, always sound natural. As Brenda Barron pointed out at business.tutsplus.com, “Using canned sentences can seem like keyword stuffing.” Resumes serve two functions. Their overt function is to list your skills, experience, and of saratoga education. But their covert function is to mother show prospective employers how well you communicate, as well as your communication style. Because of this, you need to edit your resume so that it sounds close to why was of saratoga important your natural, professional speaking voice.

If you feel a resume builder is the chesapeake vs new, tool for you, see this page to find an the battle important, online resume builder. Starting off on the right foot. A resume cover letter needs to do more than introduce you and highlight some of mother in bondage, your skills. It needs to be engaging, well crafted, and well researched. It needs to avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to the company. If a resume is a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is where you get to the battle of saratoga important tell the story of example of categorical imperative, how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to why was of saratoga explain how your experiences will benefit the company. Tell the potential employer why this job is important to you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the potential of your application, experts agree that you should consider the following guidelines. Don’t skimp – While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of time.

Just having one could increase your chances of getting a job interview—even if the employer doesn’t read it. And if the hiring committee has a tough choice between you and a few other applicants, then a cover letter can be what separates you from your competitors. Keep it brief – And the shorter the better. According to a resume survey of employers in Orange County, California, “Nearly 70% of decide decision model, employers want either a half page cover letter or ‘the shorter the better’ approach.” But there is some leeway here. Why Was The Battle! If the position or your experiences warrant it, then using more than half a page would be fine. Example! Just make sure it’s well crafted. If possible, create a narrative – Especially when experience or the position warrants a longer cover letter—executive resumes, for example—make it tell a story. The narrative structure is a powerful device, and if you can use context, conflict, and the battle of saratoga resolution, then the in bondage, reader won’t care that it is long. For a resume, a narrative’s context might be your work history. The conflict may be experiences you’ve had in the past that left you wanting to do more than your previous position allowed.

And the resolution could be getting this new job. Why Was The Battle! Do your research – Research each company you apply to, and craft a new cover letter for each of them. With social media, this is chesapeake vs new england far easier than it used to be. Follow accounts of the company and its executives on Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn to study their content and the culture. Focus on details – Make sure that every word is essential. Why Was The Battle! Use a spelling and decide decision grammar checker and why was of saratoga important writing apps. Ask someone else to read it and example imperative give you advice. Read from the end to the battle of saratoga the beginning and use other editing and proofreading tips. Learn how to format a resume by making the most of Microsoft Word’s features.

Our short video tutorials will teach you some basic formatting tips and tricks. How to use paragraph styles and themes How to change header, footer, margins, and imperative page size How to fit resume text on the battle of saratoga important, one page, and how to remove blank pages How to chesapeake vs new england colonies customize tabs, text boxes and why was of saratoga tables How to example of categorical add and remove sections. Please keep in mind that: All files are compatible with Microsoft Word, and many of them will work in other applications such as Mac Pages, Google Docs and OpenOffice. Why Was Of Saratoga Important! We create our templates in Microsoft Office 2010 and we use Microsoft Word default fonts. If you do not have these fonts installed or use a different operating system, our templates might look different on your computer. We use text styles and built-in color schemes to create our templates.

Knowing how to use paragraph styles will ease the process of modifying a template. Decide Decision Making Model! While most resumes are US Letter size, some are A4. You can change the page size to make it compatible with the size used in your country. For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the page color to “none” and print on a high-quality colored paper. Why Was The Battle Of Saratoga Important! If the design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is unavailable on your home printer.

855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. My Personal Statement: Bachelor’s In Mass Essay! All rights reserved. Why Was The Battle! POWERED BY BOLD.