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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is Employment Prisoners a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. Hath Not A Jew Eyes Speech. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and For Former, other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Election Of 1912. Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of For Former your next writing assignments.

Quick Navigation through the as i quotes, APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is Employment Essay a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by Keeping Close to Home the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the Employment For Former Essay, same copyrights as the whole paper.

It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and american rate, mention the methodology used to Employment For Former Essay achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and Keeping Essay, spacing. In-text references . Employment Prisoners. The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to hath not a jew eyes support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to For Former be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. Of Abortion. The author and For Former Prisoners Essay, the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in Keeping Close to Home by bell hooks the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book.

Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and For Former Essay, it should be double spaced. Also, in case of of abortion a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in For Former Prisoners the paper, and it is election arranged according to the alphabetical order by author.

It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to Employment Essay keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the of 1912, font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Employment. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in Close the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need.

We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is Employment fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for concequences of abortion, inspiration to Employment For Former Essay strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in rate an instant. Employment For Former Prisoners. P rof E ssays.com is election significance a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to Employment Essay your inbox always on time!

Learn More. Why choosing us to Operation Management help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in For Former Essay their courses and education. Rate. The evident testimony to Prisoners the excellence of lay dying with page numbers our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to Essay P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and american rate, especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by Employment For Former Prisoners Essay the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence.

Thus the as i lay dying quotes page, standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . Employment. But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and speech, should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in Employment For Former Prisoners charge of the lay dying numbers, Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to Prisoners include the concequences of abortion, page number in Employment For Former Prisoners Essay your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out with numbers from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas).

Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of For Former Prisoners all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for Employment Prisoners, others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the lay dying quotes with, APA essay format . Or else the mention of the For Former, book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.

Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in hath jew eyes speech the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in Employment For Former Essay the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of Home Depot's Operation Management Essay source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of For Former Prisoners Essay work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. To Home By Bell Hooks Essay. (Year).

Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from Employment For Former Prisoners providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on election of 1912 significance the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of Employment Essay headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories.

In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on significance font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. Employment Prisoners Essay. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and of 1912, #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number.

A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page.

APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the Employment For Former Essay, full form is mention in not a the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the Prisoners, caption at incarceration rate the bottom of the page.

What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of Prisoners documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by of 1912 significance many academics or groups – one of For Former which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and election of 1912 significance, the page number where the idea was taken from.

APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an Prisoners easy way to Keeping Close by bell organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and Prisoners, guidelines that need to be followed. Concequences Of Abortion. The format can be adapted depending on Employment Prisoners Essay the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in concequences of abortion cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. Employment Essay. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an lay dying with page academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion.

The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on Prisoners essay format, headings and citing references. Home Depot's Operation Management Essay. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for Employment Prisoners, your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the with page numbers, title page, the format of Employment Prisoners Essay headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing.

Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for of 1912 significance, further research becomes a necessity. Employment For Former Essay. Another important factor to Home Depot's Operation Management Essay consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to For Former remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is Operation Essay professional and Employment For Former Prisoners Essay, reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help.

Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper. Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is hath not a jew eyes speech undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

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My Father My Mentor Essays and Employment For Former Research Papers. support that is essential to human nature. Romulus, My Father , a biographical memoir written by Raimond Gaita, explores these . concepts of not a how connections to people and place, or lack thereof, can have dramatic and detrimental consequences on our wellbeing. This is particularly explored in Essay the characters Christine and Romulus, who each experience an absence of belonging in their relationships with people and american place. As well as this, Romulus, My Father demonstrates how belonging to place can be affected. Family , Interpersonal relationship , Jan Garbarek 976 Words | 3 Pages.

Essay: Dreams From My Father Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father is exactly what it claims to be . by title, a story of race and identity. Barack Obama comes from a diverse background, which he explores throughout the book. Having a white American mother and black Kenyan father , he has a different experience than the majority of people in society when it comes to race and Essay identity, however still it seems similar to the experience of many blacks as described in concequences of abortion William E. Cross’s Black Psychological. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 1303 Words | 3 Pages. identification. The memoir, Romulus, My Father , by Raimond Gaita; John Guare’s play, Six Degrees of Separation; and Tim Winton’s . short story, Big World, from the collection, The Turning, explore the concept that Belonging is the driving force for the human condition. Each composer represents their varied perceptions of belonging in their texts, conveying that Belonging as a fundamental need we strive for in our search to create a concrete identity.

The memoir, Romulus, My Father , portrays the ways in Employment For Former Prisoners Essay which. Audience , Gaita sanabresa , John Guare 1440 Words | 4 Pages. factors, understanding being one of these. Without understanding of incarceration people, places, communities or the larger world, one cannot hope to establish a deep . connection with these things. For Former Essay? This concept is evident in the biographical novel, Romulus, My Father (RMF), by Raimond Gaita (1998), as well as the jew eyes, film text, The Freedom Writers (TFW), directed by Richard LaGravenese.

These texts both present the idea that the understanding associated with one’s heritage facilitates connection with others who. Concept , Erin Gruwell , Freedom Writers 1026 Words | 3 Pages. ROMULUS MY FATHER , THE ISLAND Belonging is about finding a sense of place in the world which can be due to a strong sense of . connection with others. For those who don’t belong and cannot find ‘their place’ they are faced with problems of alienation and loneliness from others or feel estranged or in Employment Essay conflict with the Keeping, environment. Employment For Former Prisoners? These different aspects are reflected in the texts Romulus my Father , Raimond Gaita and The Island, Armin Greder. Incarceration Rate? These texts portray the concept of belonging and not. Australia , Island , Raimond Gaita 768 Words | 3 Pages. Romulus, My Father . An individual's capacity to For Former Prisoners Essay, belong is primarily dependent on their personal experience, and varies in . difficulty depending on the dynamics of each individual's personality and lay dying quotes with numbers temperament. The landscape in which an individual resides has a definitive impact upon an individual’s sense of belonging. Furthermore, the specific place, in relation to where the individual literally resides, too influences ones sense of belonging.

In Raimond Gaita's biographical memoir Romulus, My Father. Australia , Culture of Australia , Raimond Gaita 967 Words | 3 Pages. often reflected and Employment Essay shaped through one’s own personal understanding of where they belong in a society. A sense of belonging is driven by both the external . and internal factors that exist around them. Raimond Gaita’s biographical memoir Romulus, My Father and Margaret Atwood’s poem “Further Arrivals” clearly demonstrate similar concepts of how a person’s sense of belonging may differ. Both texts construct related understanding of the harsh experience of migration to Australia, the incarceration, struggle to find. Emotion , Gaita sanabresa , Margaret Atwood 1284 Words | 4 Pages. “There is such hate and rage inside me now that I know I have the power to destroy and Employment For Former Prisoners kill.” Do you think Loung’s hate and rage made her strong in the face . of significance adversity?

Discuss. The novel, First They Killed My Father , written by and told from the perspective of Loung Ung, is a chilling tale of a disturbed childhood, where the impact and influence of the Prisoners, communist government, the Khmer Rouge, fuels the anger and hath jew eyes perpetual loathing of the regime which she claims to be the sole reason of the separation. Communism , First They Killed My Father , Khmer Rouge 1159 Words | 3 Pages. ‘An individual’s interaction with others and the world around them can enrich or limit their experience of belonging.’ This statement can be readily depicted . through various texts which include Raimond Gaita’s memoir, Romulus My Father and Universal Studio’s 2004 film, Hating Alison Ashley. Both of these texts involve various techniques that assist in Prisoners Essay portraying the election significance, concept of belonging to Employment For Former, both an environment and to relationships. Belonging is a concept that is more complex than it first appears.

Eric Bana , Family , Raimond Gaita 2226 Words | 6 Pages. Essay- Community and american Society Belonging is a paradoxical concept illustrating an individual’s sense of inclusions and exclusion simultaneously. Prisoners Essay? This is . evident in Raimond Gaita’s memoir Romulus My father as the Home Management Essay, individuals Romulus, Raimond and Christine experience the dynamic changes evident in the concept of belong to place, society and community. Armin Greder also explores the fluid and dynamic nature of belonging through his picture book ‘The Island’ through the isolation of the protagonist. Australia , Foreigner , Immigration 1120 Words | 3 Pages. Romulus My Father and Tintern Abbey. can be seen within Raimond Gaita’s 1998 memoir ‘Romulus my Father ’ and William Wordsworth’s 1978 poem ‘Tintern Abbey’ as they . search through their past and discover their own individual sense of acceptance to Prisoners Essay, their story and Close to Home by bell their world. The 1998 reflective memoir ‘Romulus my Father ’ is a written testimony to Raimond Gaita’s father after his death, and a journey of self-discovery as he recollects the many memories he shared with his father upon migration to Australia.

It offers the contrasting. Landscape , Lyrical Ballads , Natural landscape 1306 Words | 4 Pages. Belonging- 'Romulus, My Father' and 'Avatar' challenged by feelings of insecurity, but either way belonging shapes the way we all live our lives. This is represented thoroughly in both ‘Romulus . my Father ’ by Employment For Former Essay, Raimond Gaita and ‘Avatar’ by James Cameron, both texts show that belonging or not belonging is an unavoidable activity and may take many different forms, some obvious and with page others hidden. ‘Romulus My Father ’ opens with an immediate sense of insecurity and danger, ‘pitchfork held tightly in both hands, knowing that he would probably kill his uncle…’. Barrier , Feeling , Human 1199 Words | 3 Pages. Raimond Gaita's Romulus, My Father Sujata Bhatt's Search for My Tongue. Raimond Gaita’s “Romulus, My Father ” Sujata Bhatt’s “Search For My Tongue” The need to For Former, connect with our . Numbers? contextual environment, particularly forging strong bonds of association with other individuals is common to humanity. Employment For Former Prisoners? Paradoxically however, individuals often have to compromise their own values and personal integrity into order to be accepted. This is the case with Romulus in the 1998 memoir Romulus, My Father , written by Raimond Gaita, who is compelled by the rest of 1950’s Australian. Australia , Culture , Integrity 1396 Words | 4 Pages.

Romulus My Father, Gattaca - Belonging. EVALUATE HOW BELONGING IS EXPLORED THROUGH ‘ROMULUS MY FATHER ’ ONE RELATED TEXT An individual’s ability to belong is Operation Management based . on their capacity to reconcile their values to For Former, a larger group identity; whereas a failure to connect, due to a disparity in values, results in isolation. Raimond Gaita’s memoir Romulus, My Father , highlights the centrality of values in connecting through the contrasting experiences of concequences Raimond and Romulus where Romulus’ failure to Employment, belong is based on his refusal to acculturate. Andrew Niccol , Gaita sanabresa , Gattaca 1353 Words | 4 Pages. Dreams from significance My Father (Barack Obama) What is My Identity? Dreams from My Father archives Barack Obama’s journey, and struggles, to find his . Employment For Former? identity. Obama quickly admits that race is an important part of himself, and it is that quest of race and identity that pushes him to question his own uniqueness.

Ultimately spanning both worlds of the vastly different cultures of as i quotes with numbers his life in For Former America and his roots in Kenya causes Obama confusion and self-doubt. Concequences? It is through the steady love of his family that allows Obama to truly find acceptance. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 841 Words | 3 Pages. Obama: Individual in the Community(Dreams of My Father) Alyna Torres QU 101 Professor Matt Tortora September 29, 2010 Dreams from My Father There are many barriers one must . Essay? overcome, and to accomplish this, one must find their distinctiveness and concequences of abortion take a key role in the community. Throughout the Employment Prisoners Essay, novel, Dreams from my Father by as i quotes with page, our current president Barrack Obama, Barrack demonstrates the true meaning of being an For Former Prisoners individual. He is highly active in his community, despite the rate, fact that he is part of the black community. The economic, social, and. A Great Way to Care , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 1916 Words | 5 Pages. Belonging - 'Romulus, My Father' and Employment For Former 'Pursuit of Happyness' seen in the strong relationship between a father and Home Depot's Essay son. For Former Essay? This concept can be clearly identified with reference to both Raimond Gaita’s elegiac . memoir ‘Romulus, My Father ’ and election significance Gabriele Muccino’s film ‘the Pursuit of Happyness’ which is based on the biography by Chris Garner.

In both texts, a strong sense of belonging can be recognised between a father and son and Employment Prisoners Essay through the unconditional love they share with each other as a parent and of 1912 significance child. Each father contributes so much to their sons’ lives. Emotion , Family , Gabriele Muccino 1158 Words | 3 Pages. Presentation: Barack Obama Dreams from My Father Barack Obama – “Dreams From My Father -A Story of For Former Prisoners Essay Race and as i page numbers Heritance” Today I want to Employment For Former Prisoners Essay, introduce you United States President . Barack Obama’s first memoir, dreams from my father . Hath Not A Jew Eyes? It was first published in July 1995 as he was preparing to launch his political career and republished in August 2004. Author: Since my book is an autobiography I won’t tell you everything about the author, I just will give some personal facts about Employment Prisoners Essay, him.

Barack Obama was born in 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii to Barack Obama Senior. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1586 Words | 6 Pages. Belonging- Black Swan Romulus My Father. memoir ‘Romulus My Father ’ and Darren Aronofsky’s film ‘Black Swan’. Good morning teacher and classmates. The text ‘Black . Concequences? Swan’ is a film directed by Darren Aronofsky. It is about a ballerina, Nina, who is elected for Employment For Former Essay, the main role in the classic ballet performance Swan Lake. She must play both the white and american incarceration black swan but can only dance the white.

She strives to belong in the position as the black swan and succeed in her role, but in doing so she spirals into insanity. My collage of pictures. Alice in Wonderland , Alice's Adventures in Wonderland , Darren Aronofsky 1479 Words | 4 Pages. Belonging in Romulus, My Father and This Is England. which in turn is based on Employment Prisoners Essay, society’s standards. Depot's Operation? It may serve as a process of belonging, or alternatively, as a barrier. Employment Prisoners Essay? This concept is evident in election of 1912 the first . Employment Prisoners? scene of the film This is England, as 12-year-old Shaun enters his new school, wearing his fathers ’ old denim jeans. Election Of 1912? He stands helplessly among his classmates, most in ties, hats and uniform jackets. This juxtaposition immediately shows Shaun’s quickly formed perception of For Former Prisoners Essay how one may belong in Home Depot's Essay this environment, as a fight is initiated caused by.

Perception , Psychology , Raimond Gaita 917 Words | 3 Pages. Romulus My Father Related Text the Boy in the Striped Pajamas. the consequences of not belonging can be dire- resulting in Employment Prisoners Essay the loss of identity, understanding and purpose. As a result it is a prominent feature of the . literary world. This is american incarceration evident in the (1998) memoir by Raimond Gaita, “Romulus, My Father ,” Jodi Picoult’s novel My sister’s Keeper and John Boyne’s 2007 film, “The Boy in the Striped Pajamas.” Each of the texts directly explore ambivalent relationships which can create a sense of belonging through the connections established through a shared context. Interpersonal relationship , Marriage , Raimond Gaita 952 Words | 3 Pages. Comparative Analysis on Belonging of Romulus My Father and For Former Prisoners Essay Revolutionary Road by Richard Yates.Pdf. The 1961 novel Revolutionary Road by author Richard Yates links strongly with the autobiographical recount Romulus, My Father , by . Raimond Gaita, and in so doing provides a greater understanding of the concept of Belonging. It charts the disintegration of the incarceration, marriage of Frank and April Wheeler as they struggle against the oppressive conformity of suburban 1950s America. The texts together explore the processes undergone by the individual in their integration to society and it’s inherent cultural. Morality , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 1678 Words | 4 Pages.

Belonging Essay 'Romulus My Father', 'the Lost Thing' and 'the Catcher in the Rye' Raimond Gaita’s memoir ‘Romulus My Father ,’ Shaun Tan’s ‘The Lost Thing’ and JD Salinger’s ‘The Catcher in the Rye.’ An . individual’s interaction with others and the world around them can enrich or limit their experience of belonging to an environment. Essay? ‘Romulus My Father ’ demonstrates this through the profound sense of acceptance that exists within Raimond. He delivers his observations in a reflective and thoughtful tone, particularly in his recollections of his father , as he “loved him too deeply…. Demonstration , Feeling , I'm Crazy 959 Words | 3 Pages. Belonging: Romulus My Father and Becoming Jane Related Text. paramount in the development of ones identity and therefore the definition of the institutions to which they may belong. The fragility and labyrinthine . nature of belonging is explored in Raimond Gaita’s Romulus, My Father through the contrasting characters of the narrator and his titular father in their experiences to assimilate to Australian culture and society. Contrasting, Julian Jarrold’s biographical drama ‘Becoming Jane’ illustrates the influences of society on the development of an individual’s.

Becoming Jane , Jane Austen , Julian Jarrold 1221 Words | 4 Pages. Belonging Essay, Romulus My Father, Yellow Wallpaper and Gran Torino. when we feel most comfortable, most connected to the people and environment that surrounds us. These connections are essential for us to come to terms with . who and american incarceration rate what we are, as is seen in Raimond Gaita’s Romulus My Father . Essay? Gaita’s memoir here highlights the difficulties his father encountered in attempting to establish himself amid the conservative and narrow attitudes of 1950’s Australian people having being relocated from his native home land. Although belonging is hath jew eyes central to the discussion. Aristotle , Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Clint Eastwood 2172 Words | 6 Pages.

What Do You Think Are the Most Powerful Influences That Impact on an Individual’s Sense of For Former Prisoners Essay Belonging?; Romulus, My Father. choosing. An individual’s sense of belonging is composed of many aspects and influences, the most powerful being cultural influences, and influences from . having a connection and incarceration affiliation to a place. This can be seen in; the Employment Essay, memoir ‘Romulus, My Father ,’ by Raimond Gaita, in which Romulus’ culture is as i seen to have a large impact on For Former, his sense of quotes with page belonging, as is his lack of connection to his new home in Australia. The poem ‘ We are going,” by Oogeroo Noonuccul demonstrates the Employment, importance of the influence. Australian Aboriginal culture , Bora , Culture 1203 Words | 3 Pages. and cultural contexts have all worked together to shape my understanding of Operation Essay belonging and not belonging. How would you feel if you were thrown . into Employment For Former Prisoners Essay an entirely different landscape to what you were used to? And were treated as an outsider just because of the incarceration rate, colour of your skin, or where you were from?

You would feel neglected, alienated, alone. This is the sense of not belonging that is strongly illustrated in both the novel Romulus my father , by For Former Essay, Raimond Gaita, and hath not a jew eyes speech the song Oxford Town written by. Emotion , Interpersonal relationship , James Meredith 973 Words | 3 Pages. examination of Raimond Gaita’s memoir Romulus, My Father and Shaun Tan’s wordless graphic novel, The Arrival a detailed . understanding of belonging, especially in regards to the migrant experience, can be attained. A person’s identity and sense of self-actualisation are shaped by the evolution of their sense of belonging over Essay time. Of Abortion? In his reflective memoir, Gaita is writing about Employment For Former, his childhood with a man who he loves and is comfortable with. The title “Romulus, MY father ” shows ownership and a strong sense. DNA , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 829 Words | 2 Pages.

find a true state of belonging. This internal struggle, an individual may endure involves barriers that are needed to concequences, be overcome in order to feel included, . Employment For Former Prisoners? as if these barriers are not overcome then alienation occurs. The memoir, Gaita’s “Romulus, My Father ” highlights the hath not a jew eyes, prevalent intense struggle of seeking belonging in a foreign country in Romulus, and For Former Prisoners Essay emphasizes the positive effect that finding a state of Home Depot's Operation Management belonging has. Prisoners? On the contrary, Kath Walkers’ poem “We Are Going” represents an hath speech aboriginal. Australia , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 1488 Words | 4 Pages. to look for stable and loving care outside the Employment For Former Essay, family. Our president Barack Obama was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4th, 1961. Jew Eyes? His . Employment For Former Prisoners Essay? father , Barack Obama Sr., was from the jew eyes, Kenyan decent, and Employment his mother, Stanley Ann Dunham was from the American Decent. Growing up, Obama mainly lived in Hawaii raised by his grandparents. Significance? He was abandoned by his father when he was little boy. His mother got remarried and they moved to Indonesia.

Barack’s mother wanted him to Employment For Former Prisoners, learn an English education so he. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1774 Words | 4 Pages. The Struggle to Belong and Find One’s Place Is Significant in the Lives of Some People. ‘Romulus, My Father ’ by Raimond Gaita.

Through Gaita’s employment of various writing techniques and his recollection of past . events and adversities, the concequences, reader becomes aware of the For Former, many struggles of the Depot's Operation Essay, characters, particularly to belong to the Australian culture and landscape. In the 2001 short story ‘Mate’, by Kate Grenville, this struggle is again represented through intertextual references, dialogue and tone. Romulus Gaita’s struggle to Employment, belong is evident from an early age. “His father died when. Australia , Culture of Keeping Close by bell hooks Essay Australia , Dorothea Mackellar 1464 Words | 4 Pages. world around them. Employment? The memoir Romulus, My Father , written by Raimond Gaita and hath speech the graphic novel by Shaun Tan, The Arrival both . incorporate prominent aspects of the Essay, concept of belonging. Concequences Of Abortion? Through their representation of various elements in the text, ideas about family unity and the sense of connectedness with the environment both show how the experience of belonging is enriched, yet limited to a certain extent.

Through the interaction between Raimond and his father , Romulus, a sense of family relationship. Cousin , Ecology , Environment 936 Words | 3 Pages. The Area of Study 63 Sample response: Nonfiction Prescribed text: Romulus, My Father , Raimond Gaita, 1999 Related text: . Gary’s House, Debra Oswald, 2000 (drama) Statement about belonging and understanding directly related to For Former Prisoners, the question through the thesis statement Context Relationship of place to belonging is discussed, with supporting evidence from text Final statement in the paragraph sums up the pressures of place versus family in the quest to belong – taps into. Family , Knowledge , Perception 1381 Words | 5 Pages. appears is Home Depot's fantastically demonstrated by the combination of techniques used in the novel 'Romulus my father ' by Raimond Gaita . and Employment For Former Prisoners also in the song 'I must belong somewhere' by Bright Eyes. One of the major aspects of belonging which is throughout the entire novel, is the belonging that Romulus has with his personal character. Gaita uses the word “work” as a metaphor to represent the way his father believes that work and character lay hand in of 1912 significance hand. Romulus gains the Employment Prisoners Essay, respect of many different people. Novel , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 947 Words | 3 Pages.

Belonging describes the state when one finally reaches an Home Depot's Essay affinity, whether it is physical, emotional or otherwise, with an entity, which may be a community, . place or ideal. The importance of the desire to belong can be seen in the texts, Romulus My Father by Raimond Gaita, Mao’s Last Dancer by Li Cunxin and Fiddler On The Roof by Prisoners Essay, Norman Jewison, all which explore potential barriers to affinity. These barriers can be described as the inability to make connections due to a different cultural background. Fiddler on the Roof , Israel , Jan Garbarek 1059 Words | 4 Pages. identity.

These ideas are illustrated in the biography Romulus, My Father by Raimond Gaita, the film The Blind Side directed by . John Hancock and the poem ’Dermott’ by Colin Thiele. Family is incarceration rate one of the strongest sources of For Former belonging that can be found and they act as the of 1912, most supreme provider of ideas and Employment morals from Home which one can base their life upon or form their identity on. In Romulus my father , Raimond’s relationship with his father is very important in Raimond’s development as he says; ‘I know. Family , Ignaz Semmelweis , Interpersonal relationship 1296 Words | 3 Pages. landscape. Employment For Former Prisoners Essay? It is the physical, yet more importantly the psychological feeling of attachment. By understanding the landscape, society and family one comes . from a sense of concequences belonging may be nourished. This portrayal of belonging is Employment For Former Prisoners evident in Keeping Close to Home by bell Essay Romulus, My Father , (1998) by Raimond Gaita, Edward Scissorhands, (1990), directed by Tim Burton and Employment For Former Prisoners Essay Mao’s Last Dancer (2009) directed by not a, Bruce Beresford. Essay? These texts emphasize the importance of understanding in order to concequences of abortion, nourish a sense of belonging within a certain. Culture , Edward Scissorhands , Europe 1210 Words | 4 Pages. Gattaca and Romulus Belonging Essay.

to achieve. Belonging can change over time in Essay one of two ways: with one’s search and acquirement of belonging, or with one’s deliberate or unintentional . alienation over time. This is incarceration rate clearly demonstrated in two texts: the novel/memoir, Romulus, My Father , by Raimond Gaita; and Employment Essay the futuristic, dystopian film, Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol. Home Depot's Management Essay? In the memoir by Raimond Gaita, he effectively conveys the changing levels of belonging felt by Romulus throughout the text. As an immigrant or ‘New Australian’. Andrew Niccol , Australia , Gattaca 1082 Words | 3 Pages. Explore How Perceptions of Belonging or Not Belonging Are Influenced by Connections to Places.

experiences and memories in certain places is explored in For Former Prisoners Essay the texts Romulus my Father a memoir by concequences, Raimond Gaita and Oranges and . Sunshine directed by Jim Loach. Essay? It is not a connection with the physical landscape that allows us to experience a sense of inclusion but rather connections built with people or communities that either heighten ones sense of affiliation or estrangement. Depot's? This concept is portrayed in Romulus my Father through the For Former Prisoners Essay, character of Anna who is concequences unable to form a connection with the. Gaita sanabresa , Jan Garbarek , Perception 1722 Words | 5 Pages. Barriers to Employment For Former Essay, Belonging - Romulus and World of Warcraft. acceptance and self-worth. This is explored in the two texts I have studied – the memoir, “Romulus, My Father ” by Raimond Gaita . and the MMORPG “World of Warcraft” by speech, Blizzard Entertainment. Both of Essay these texts explore how culture, gender, race and tradition can all create barriers to belonging. Barriers to belonging can be broken down as fast as they are put up.

In the memoir “Romulus, My Father ”, this idea is explored throughout the book. For example, in the second chapter when Romulus is sent. Barrier , Blizzard Entertainment , Massively multiplayer online game 1010 Words | 3 Pages. influenced by hath speech, a response to the memoir Romulus, My Father by Employment For Former Prisoners, Raimond Gaita, the election significance, short story Two Friends by Guy de Maupassant and . Prisoners Essay? translated by Roger Colet and the bildungsroman The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger. Through one of the fundamental relationships in life, the development of friendship, allegiances are formed, nurtured and forever bonding. In the Keeping Essay, course of this account of fragility, despair, loss and resilience, Romulus, My Father works to articulate an ethical understanding of. Friendship , Gaita sanabresa , Guy de Maupassant 1184 Words | 4 Pages. belonging in society and hence some are excluded naturally. Employment For Former Prisoners? This collated idea is portrayed in Raimond Gaita’s memoir Romulus my . Operation? father which is supported by George orwell’s 1984. Both texts emphasise the conundrum of belonging and how exclusion can be present with belonging as well as having the ability to fit in.

Gaita expresses the irony of belonging in his memoir Romulus my father exposing how morality has an Employment Prisoners Essay influencing factor in one’s belonging. Furthermore, Romulus’ nationalism for Romania is significant. 1946 births , Big Brother , Fahrenheit 451 933 Words | 3 Pages. throughout their life. This is conveyed through the memoir Romulus My Father by Raimond Gaita.

As Raimond recounts the story of . his father’s life, he explores the strength of family ties. Despite the sometimes tumultuous nature of the Keeping Close by bell hooks Essay, Gaita family, there never ceases to Employment Prisoners, be a strong sense of belonging between the individuals. Notions of belonging between Romulus and Raimond are conveyed through the Keeping Close hooks Essay, passion of Gaita’s writing about his father and the emotive language of the text. Physical belonging is also. John Green , Life , Meaning of life 918 Words | 3 Pages. Aforementioned notions are clearly exemplified in Raimond Gaita’s memoir, Romulus, My Father (RMF), and Shaun Tan’s picture book, . The Lost Thing (TLT). One’s sense of acceptance is determined by their strength of Prisoners character.

Through RMF, Gaita recounts his family’s struggle to adapt to new life as immigrants to post World War II Australia. Hath Not A? Romulus’ “strength of character” is established by the high modality, “ my father valued truthfulness above most things”, allowing him to Employment Prisoners Essay, form a “lifelong friendship”. Individual , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 933 Words | 3 Pages. Belonging is a complex perception informed by an individual’s understanding of their own identity, and their connections with other people and places. As . such it is an intensely personal and subjective concept; Raimond Gaita’s memoir ‘Romulus, My Father ’ represents belonging as a perception closely interrelated with one’s identity and wellbeing. Similarly, Penn’s 2007 film ‘Into the Wild’ and Judith Wright’s poem ‘Nigger’s Leap, New England’ explore the wider significance of belonging on a socio-cultural. Australia , Eric Bana , Identity 750 Words | 3 Pages. migration. To add on, I will inform you about he migration that occurred through out my relatives lives.

And finally, I will speak upon the . migration that occurred through out the movie Scarface that starred Al Pacino that played Tony Montana's role. As I Lay Dying Numbers? My parents weren't born in Prisoners Essay the United States, but they were looking for better lives and opportunities, so they migrated from Haiti to the United States. My parents growing up in such a poor country that didn't provide much opportunity for to Home, them. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1984 Words | 5 Pages. A Journey of Self-Discovery and Self-Initiation. because no one has just one thing that makes them who they are.

Creating one’s identity is a continuous labyrinth of ideas, likes, dislikes, and other . factors that somehow end at one person and affect their whole character. Having read Dreams From My Father : A Story of Race and Inheritance by Barack Obama over the summer, I found out how he formed his true identity through the knowledge he gained of the different events and episodes of his life. Some people find out who they are at a very young age. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 2809 Words | 7 Pages. change your perspective on For Former Prisoners Essay, the idea of Belonging. Home Operation? One must know who they are and where they belong in order for Essay, the community and for Keeping to Home, people around them . to accept the individual.

This idea is explored throughout Raimond Gaita’s memoir Romulus My Father as well as in Shaun Tan’s picture book, The Red Tree, which reveals the effect closed communities can have on the individuals mind set, by dampening the self assurance and Employment For Former Prisoners worth, one looses site of how to belong to american, their community. Both Gaita and. Accept , Human , Identity management 958 Words | 3 Pages. Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama: Back to School Event. the whole speech, and Employment Prisoners pathos when he tells about his own experience and expresses how he feels on this matter in the speech, which in general, makes it . easier to not a jew eyes, earn people's attention. For Former? “I know the feeling. When I was young my family lived in Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn't have the money to send me where all the incarceration, American kids went to school. So she decided to Employment For Former Prisoners Essay, teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday – at 4:30 in jew eyes the morning.” Feelings are important to use, especially. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1117 Words | 3 Pages. Christina Gaita's Story Is a Chronicle of the Course of Employment For Former Prisoners Essay a Mental Illness That Leads to Her Tragic End.

Should Romulus Take Responsibility for His Part in hath jew eyes speech His Wife's Descent Into Depression and Despair, or Is It the Essay, Deficiencies in Her Character Th. In Raimond Gaita's memoir ?Romulus, My Father ', it is clear that both Romulus and Close hooks Essay Christina share the responsibility for her . For Former Prisoners Essay? descent into depression and despair. However Romulus and Christina alone are not the only ones to blame for other exterior factor influenced her spiraling descent into a mental illness. It is hard to say which of concequences Christine's actions were caused by her, and which of them were caused by her mental illness. It was her actions, and no others that caused her to have the affairs. Childbirth , Great Depression , Individual responsibility 878 Words | 3 Pages. restorative force by which individuals reaffirm or transform their identities. Ultimately, it is the ability to Prisoners, form meaningful and sustaining relationships . that allows individuals to assess and affirm their values. Raimond Gaita’s memoir, “Romulus, My Father ” (RMF), Evan Hunters short story “On the Sidewalk Bleeding’ (OTSB), and “The Oasis”, a Shark Island Documentary, explore this notion through employing the significance, universal themes of compassion, alienation and love as they enrich characters sense of hope. Interpersonal relationship , Love , Meaning of life 1048 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams from For Former Prisoners My Father : A Story of Race and Inheritance Summer . Reading Assignment 1. Explain the author’s purpose for writing this book?

The author of this book is concequences of abortion Barack Obama, and the reason I believe he wrote this book is to share his experience growing up and for people be able to understand his personal background. For Former Essay? He shared experiences from being raised by his mother and to Home by bell Essay grandmother while his father was living in Kenya. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 530 Words | 2 Pages. Romulus, My Father by Raimond Gaita Teaching notes prepared for VATE members by Bev Rangott . Employment For Former Prisoners Essay? CONTENTS |1. |Introduction |Page | 1 | |2. |Ways into the text |Page | 3 | |3. Of Abortion? |Summary of the text |Page. Bankruptcy in For Former Essay the United States , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 10082 Words | 34 Pages. why did Barack wrote a book for his father ? Dreams for my father Barack Hussein Obama was born in 1961, . in Honolulu, Hawaii. His mother was a white American girl from Kansas and his father a black man from Luo, a Kenyan tribe. At that time their union was unusual, so Barack had to of abortion, live with that combination of races.

He grew up with his mothers family far from his father and Employment Prisoners Essay thus to his black origins. Election? Barack had a hard time understanding his situation during his childhood. He was lost. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 823 Words | 2 Pages. In the text Romulus my father , written by Employment Essay, Raimond Gaita, the main character of Romulus's life is marked by suffering. Gaita who . is the Operation, son of Romulus, includes plenty personal and descriptive accounts of his father Romulus. Many of these accounts involve examples of how Romulus life was marked by suffering. Such suffering occurred throughout Romulus life by having to move away from For Former Essay his homeland to Australia, being denied his love for education, having to work his hands to the bone in order to scrape. Pain , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 529 Words | 2 Pages. Romulus, My Father (Belonging to landscape)

Concepts of belonging features in Romulus, My Father due to Raimond Gaita's connection to the Australian Landscape, his mother . and father's immigrant experience, their unusual family situation and as i lay dying with page numbers also the values and beliefs Raimond was raised with. Gaita uses an unbiased and objective tone throughout the retelling of his upbringing and by doing this he, displays techniques through quotes and symbolism in his desriptions. Romulus never fully adjusts to the Austraian landscape, he misses the. Australia , Raimond Gaita , Romulus, My Father 436 Words | 2 Pages. Book Report on First They Killed My Father Book Report on First They Killed My Father by Loung Ung The name of one of the Employment For Former, books that I read this summer is called First . they Killed my Father by Loung Ung. I choose this book because it was recommended by an older friend and it was recommended to me by my English teacher. My older friend told me this was a good book and he couldn't put it down. He also told me that it was a easy read and that I would like it.

My English teacher also told me that this book is as i quotes numbers good and For Former Essay that I would be interested. Cambodia , First They Killed My Father , Khieu Samphan 614 Words | 2 Pages. Barack Obama: 'Dreams from My Father' Personal Response Number One Title: Dreams from My Father ‘A Story of Race and Home Operation Management Inheritance’ Author: Barack Obama Genre: . Autobiography, Life Memoir Before Barack Obama was a Politician he was an Employment author. ‘Dreams from rate My Father : A Story of Race and Inheritance’ is an Auto-Biography written by Barack Obama. The book describes Obama’s life in three parts, from his birth in Prisoners Essay Honolulu, Hawaii up to speech, the final part of the book which includes his emotional and revealing trip back to his father’s homeland;. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 765 Words | 2 Pages. Belonging essay -George Orwell 1984 - Raimond Gaita Romulus, My Father. novels, ‘Romulus, My Father ’ by Employment For Former Prisoners, Raimond Gaita and ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ (1984) by George Orwell. A sense of belonging can be . created through a range of significant events. However, at times, these events demonstrate the changing nature of belonging and as i lay dying quotes with numbers the way in which challenging can both forge and break a sense of belonging between individuals.

Romulus, My Father details a number of very tragic events which emphasise the Employment For Former Prisoners Essay, importance of belonging between Raimond and his father . It demonstrates. Big Brother , George Orwell , Human 721 Words | 2 Pages. MY VACATION AT THE CITY I can still remember the time I went to the city with my family just to have a bit of relaxation since . we are over and done with our periodical examinations. Hoping that we can spend some precious time together, I felt so excited while we are on our way. I expected a lot of jokes and laughter, and full of election satisfaction when we get there. Employment For Former? After a long journey on a muddy and hath not a jew eyes speech terribly devastated nautical highway, we reach the city, the only city and the capital of our province.

Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from For Former Prisoners Essay My Father 773 Words | 2 Pages.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is Employment For Former called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for Keeping Close to Home by bell Essay, your answer with reasons and evidence. • Why do people do that? • Why does this happen? • Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to For Former Essay gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the chemical causes of falling in lay dying quotes with page numbers love?

What causes feeling of Employment For Former romantic attraction to fade? What causes love at first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia?

Why do we respond physically to fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and to Home by bell Essay others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore? Why do people lie? Why do people blush?

Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting?

Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs?

Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age?

Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to Prisoners Essay establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to of 1912 significance be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for Employment Prisoners, kids?

Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and Keeping Close by bell Essay poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and Employment Essay kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in quotes colonies? Why do wolves howl?

Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to Employment For Former Essay become dogs? Why do some insects and election of 1912 jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the Employment wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to Keeping Close to Home hooks Essay make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans?

Why is larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in Employment Prisoners such economic turmoil? Why are rates of election significance AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere?

Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and Prisoners hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Operation Management Essay Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in Employment Prisoners Essay the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the election of 1912 U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is Employment For Former Prisoners Essay it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about concequences of abortion, this worldwide or apply this question to Employment For Former Prisoners one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics?

Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Depot's Operation Management Essay Germany? Why is China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons?

Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is Twitter the medium of choice for Employment Essay, Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the Home Depot's Operation Essay settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in For Former business and science?

Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Keeping Close to Home by bell hooks Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by most of the rest of the world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at Employment Prisoners 8%)? Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Close Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is Employment Prisoners it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers.

Title: The causal question makes a great title for incarceration rate, your essay. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for Employment For Former Prisoners Essay, the title. Hath Not A Jew Eyes Speech. Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and describing the situation or effect. See the chart for Employment For Former Prisoners, easy introduction and conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay.

Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at Keeping Close to Home hooks a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in Employment For Former watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in concequences seeing the forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to Employment Prisoners discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into jew eyes, full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay. Employment For Former Prisoners Essay. Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to lay dying quotes page numbers either urge the Employment Prisoners Essay reader to believe your reasons or give a final point.

See ideas in election of 1912 the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. Essay. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. by Virginia Kearney 1. by Virginia Kearney 8. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Close hooks Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123. Employment For Former Prisoners. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for hath not a speech, College Students. by For Former Essay Virginia Kearney 5. Depot's Essay. 100 Cause and Prisoners Essay Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from Home Depot's, United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. I have many more articles about writing. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for For Former Prisoners Essay, introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. As I Lay Dying Page Numbers. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post!

It will help us a lot who always look to Employment For Former Essay create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and numbers breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the answers. Employment For Former Prisoners Essay. I hope you will also shed some light on the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and Home Depot's Operation lot of For Former Prisoners others. Hoping to not a jew eyes have some more great things from For Former Prisoners Essay, you!

Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. American Rate. This was really helpful, thank you! Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much.

Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Prisoners. Very helpful. Incarceration Rate. I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Essay. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for teachers and students! I always learn to much from incarceration rate, your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people.

So many of the people who teach the beginning levels of For Former Prisoners Essay college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for speech, over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and Employment Prisoners respective owners. Other product and jew eyes company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Employment Essay. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Of Abortion. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on Prisoners Essay, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and of abortion others.

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Essay: A Review of momentum trading strategy after Global Financial Crisis. Unlike normal portfolio managers who perform various analysis on For Former Prisoners the fundamental performance of Depot's Operation equity stocks, a momentum portfolio is only concerned with the patterns of the stocks. Employment Prisoners. The portfolio will then take a long or short position on concequences of abortion the stock in order to arbitrage from the continuation of its upward or downward movement, which is so called momentum. Employment. Inspired by Jegadeesh and incarceration, Titman (2011), I focus the attention on the post-crisis performance of momentum trading strategy with the special focus on the negative return on the year 2009. A sample of Prisoners Essay 1294 firms from NYSE from election July 2009 to Employment For Former Prisoners June 2015 is of 1912 investigated and the result from the regression shows that the return of the momentum strategy has been disappeared in the US. Based on Employment Essay the research, the adjusted returns, based on hath speech the Fama-French factor model, of all the winner and loser portfolios are not significantly different from zero. The regression result indicates that the disappearance of abnormal return discovered in Jegadeesh and Titman (1993). Employment Prisoners. Therefore, this paper employs behavior model and attributes the return to the market over or under reaction to information. This conclusion may also provide support for testing the efficient market hypothesis, to which the momentum effect is jew eyes speech strongly against.

Chapter 1 Introduction. Since 1960s, efficient market hypothesis has been widely accepted by the financial market. Prisoners. Traditional finance theory proposed by Fama and French declares that there is a tradeoff between risk and return, and no one can consistently achieve higher profit without taking additional risk. Later, the arbitrage pricing theory put out by american incarceration rate, Stephen Ross provided further explanation for the price movement under the efficient market situation. However, these papers do not prevent the passion of greedy individuals from exploiting zero risk profit. Researchers and investors have consistently found problems with the efficient-market hypothesis and APT, the most prominent one is the momentum anomaly discovered by Jegadeesh and Titman. The momentum strategy is based on the phenomenon that the best (worst) performed stocks during the past several months tend to continue to perform good (bad) over the following months. According to Jegadeesh and Titman (1993) this strategy could consistently generate an abnormal return of Employment For Former Essay about 1% per month for the U.S. market over the period 1965-1989. Depot's Management Essay. In the following paper Jegadeesh and Titman (2011) shows that momentum strategies still persist to be profitable until 1990s and there are more empirical evidences across countries to support it. Moreover, it also extended its research until 2004 and successfully got a consistent result. However, the strategies experienced the first loss for the five year period from 2004.

Another five years has now passed since that paper and the financial market has survived and is recovering from the financial crisis. It is For Former Prisoners Essay interesting for Depot's Operation Essay the researcher to know how the momentum strategy performed after the financial crisis and what is the reason behind the dramatic change in Essay, the momentum profit. So my research question is: What is the performance of momentum portfolio after the global financial crisis? In particular, this article will focus on the momentum strategy with a ranking period of Home Operation six months and Employment For Former Prisoners, a holding period of also six months. Using the same lengths of ranking and holding periods as Jegadeesh and Titman (2001), we are in concequences, an attempt to Prisoners Essay compare with their result to see whether the successful performance of the momentum strategy still persists. Close. In our follow-up study, the Employment For Former Essay, research will also be conducted on the performance of the momentum strategy with a ranking period of six months and a holding period of Close to Home by bell hooks three months to see whether the result is consistent.

To illustrate our process in a nutshell, the sample consists of all the For Former Prisoners Essay, 1991 stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange that have a continuous price record from June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. Election Of 1912 Significance. From this sample small size firms and low priced stocks are then excluded to avoid liquidity issues. The remaining 1315 firms are used to form winners/losers portfolios at the end of each ranking period based on Prisoners Essay their past six-month returns. Lay Dying Quotes With. These portfolios are then held for the next six months. Employment For Former Prisoners. Monthly roll over strategy is Depot's Operation applied, which means, for every consecutive twelve months in our sample period starting from July 2009 to May 2013, there is a ranking and holding period formed. Prisoners. The winners/losers momentum return for election significance a particular month is the average of returns of all the winners/losers portfolios held at that month.

The calculated monthly winners/losers momentum return time series are then used to test for the risk adjusted returns using the CAPM/ the Fama-French three-factor model. For Former Prisoners Essay. Besides these, the average book to market value and the average market capitalization of firms under each momentum portfolio and the average monthly return of each momentum portfolio are also reported to assist in interpreting the result. The remainder of this paper is constructed as follows: Chapter 2 provides a brief background of momentum studies. Chapter 3 details our data processing and methodology. Chapter 4 demonstrates the results and analyses, and Chapter 5 concludes the paper. Chapter 2 Literature review and prior empirical evidence. 2.1 What is momentum trading strategy. The phenomenon that the best- and worst-performing stocks of the past three to twelve months continue to realize, respectively, high and low returns over the next three to twelve months, is called price momentum (Nico L. van der Sar, Stock pricing and Corporate Events, 2nd edition 2011). The theoretically best trading strategy based on this phenomenon which basically takes a long position in election significance, the past winners while going short in Prisoners, the past losers is as i called the Employment Prisoners Essay, momentum trading strategy.

This strategy consists of two time periods. Period A is the ranking period where stocks are ranked based on their past returns, while period C is the holding period for when the portfolios of the selected stocks are held. Sometimes there is also a period B called the skipping period added in between A and C to aid the performance of lay dying with page numbers this strategy. However, this paper does not include this period, as Jegadeesh and Titman (2001) did. Investors following this strategy can construct different portfolios by choosing different ranking and holding periods ranging from 3, 6 to 12 months. The great profit they achieved through applying this strategy on the earlier found price momentums raises the question of whether this phenomenon shall persist, or whether it is just a compensation for risk. 2.2 Theories behind the momentum profit. In explaining the source of the momentum profit, traditional finance theory and the behavioral finance field deviate much.

In traditional finance theory, the market is considered to be overall efficient. An informational efficient market in finance refers to a market where prices completely reflect all relevant available information at any given moment (Fama, 1970). For this informational efficiency, Fama (1970) distinguishes three forms, each of these forms being related to a specific collection of information, one containing more than the Employment For Former Prisoners, other. Close Hooks. The weak form which lies at the very bottom of this efficient market hypothesis holds when prices fully reflect all currently available security market data. According to this, future price movements are completely independent from the Employment For Former Essay, past price patterns. Strategies like momentum trading are thus in american incarceration, vain.

The risk adjusted abnormal returns achieved by Jegadeesh and Titman (1993) are therefore considered to be an Prisoners Essay, anomaly which attempts to reject the incarceration rate, EMH. However, due to the joint hypothesis problem, one can never reject the EMH since there is For Former always a voice judging that the concequences of abortion, risk factor model may be not perfect. Conrad and Kaul (1998) thus argued that the momentum profits could be entirely explained due to the cross-sectional variation in mean returns rather than any predictable time-series variation in stock returns. Traditional finance theory has struggled for years to try to explain this anomaly. Fama and French (1996) addressed the price momentum phenomenon as the major embarrassment of their model to which further robustness tests on other recent data sets would be appropriate. For Former Prisoners Essay. Grundy and Martin (2001) demonstrated that the high momentum profit could also not be explained by the Fama-French three-factor model even the significance, dynamics of the factor betas were taken into account. Where traditional finance has failed, behavioral finance has offered numerous explanations for price momentum. Prisoners. These explanations can be summarized as medium-term over- and/or under- reactions as a result of investors’ misperception of information or cognitive biases.

Various theoretical models were built to explain these inefficiencies. Among them are the model built by Daniel, Hirshleifer and Subrahmanyam (1998) based on investor overconfidence and self-attribution, the model developed by Barberis, Shleifer and Vishny (1998) which has one security assumed to follow random walk and one investor who believes in either of two incorrect regimes, and the model developed by Hong and Stein (1999) which separates the population into Home Depot's Operation Management two groups -‘the news watchers’ and ‘momentum traders’-and let information diffuse gradually among them. 2.3 Prior empirical evidence. Besides theoretical models built to illustrate the momentum profit, empirical evidence was documented to demonstrate the Employment Essay, strength of its existence and rate, the performance of momentum strategies. Employment. De long, Shleifer, Summers and speech, Waldmann (1990) showed a strong evidence of positive feedback trading in the majority of 32 merging and mature stock index futures markets. Rouwenhorst (1998) demonstrated the existence of a high risk adjusted momentum profit of more than 1% per month in twelve European countries from 1980 to 1995.

De Haas (1999) examined the price momentum effect for all stocks in the Netherlands from 1976 to 1998 and also achieved a significant abnormal return of over 1% per Employment For Former Prisoners, month. The results were also positive though low for emerging Asian markets documented by Chui, Titman and Wei (2000). Studies showed a disappearance of Operation Management Essay momentum profit has also brought our attention. Muga and Santamaria (2007) in examining the momentum effect in the Spanish stock market during the 1990s showed that the evidence of momentum disappeared after the 1997 crisis. Grinblatt and Employment For Former Essay, Titman (1989) and Grinblatt, Titman and Wermers (1995) showed that a large number of successful mutual funds appeared to have a preference for stocks of past winners. A question arises of whether the intense institutional trading recent years has eroded the momentum effect to its disappearance. Chapter 3 Data and Methodology. 3.1 Data overview.

The data used in this paper comes from the Datastream database[TBD]. It contains all the 1991 equity securities listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange from June 30th 2009 to Keeping Close to Home Essay May 31st 2013. These 1991 firms do not include those that went public or got delisted during this period. Thus all the firms included have a continuous monthly price record for Employment For Former Essay the whole period. The number of firms that went public during this period is 329 within which there is Keeping Essay no firm that also got delisted during this period. Unfortunately, we do not have the number of firms that had survived till June 30th 2009 but got delisted during the following 4 years of sample period. Further research will be conducted on this. But we do not expect this number to For Former be large and hope the total number of firms excluded will not count above 20 percent of the whole sample.

Also, firms tend to face a decline in their market value before delisted. They are likely to american rate fall into the ‘small stock’ category we later define which anyway will be excluded from the dataset in ex-post sample selection. Therefore, we believe the exclusion of Employment For Former Prisoners Essay these firms will not make our results biased because of jew eyes speech either survivorship bias or cross-sectional data mining. The monthly price data we use for these 1991 firms is the Essay, adjusted closing price at the end of as i lay dying quotes page numbers each month starting from June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. The adjusted price is defined as the closing price which has been historically adjusted for bonus and Employment For Former Prisoners Essay, rights issues. The data also contains the daily market value and the daily price to book value of each firm during the period. Of Abortion. The market value is defined as the share price multiplied by the number of ordinary shares in issue.

We also have the Prisoners, daily ‘market value corporation’ data available for each firm which also takes into account the market values of other listed and unlisted equities. But we find this two does not make any significant difference for rate us to define small stocks. Thus only the Essay, market value is used. The price to book value is defined as the share price divided by the book value per share. 3.2 Sample selection and descriptive statistics.

Small firms and low priced stocks are excluded from our sample to ensure that our results are not driven primarily by small and illiquid stocks or by bid-ask bounce pointed out by Conrad and Kaul (1993) to De Bondt and Thaler (1985). To achieve this, we define the market capitalization of each firm as the three-year average of their daily market value from January 1st 2010 to May 31st 2013. For the 1991 firms in total, we first rank them according to this average and exclude those that belong to the bottom decile. 200 firms are in this case excluded from the sample and the remaining 1791 firms have their market capitalization from $28.9 million to the highest $377 billion. We then count the number of times for hath each of the remaining firms to be priced below $5 per share at the ends of the total 36 ranking periods from December 31st 2009 to November 30th 2012.

The length we use for For Former a ranking period is six months. Thus the first ranking period is from July 1st 2009 till December 31st 2009 while the last is from June 1st 2012 till November 30th 2012 after 35 monthly roll-overs. Those firms that are priced below $5 per share for above 10 times at the ends of the 36 ranking periods (i.e. the holding periods’ beginnings) are excluded from the sample. These are what we define as low priced firms. Of Abortion. 476 firms are in this case excluded, and the remaining 1315 are those finally used to Essay form portfolios. The descriptive statistics of the market capitalization, the three-year average of daily price to book value and the average monthly return of these 1315 firms can be found in Appendix Table 1. Due to data limitations there are 30 firms that do not have their daily price to book value available. [TBD] By using the monthly adjusted closing prices, first the monthly returns for each firm from July 2009 to May 2013 are calculated. Then the compounded returns of every six consecutive months for each firm are calculated, starting from July 1st’December 31st 2009 to June 1st-November 31st 2012. These are the 36 ranking periods discussed in the previous section. Following Jegadeesh and Titman (1993), at as i lay dying numbers the end of each ranking period we rank the 1315 stocks in our sample based on their past six-month compounded returns and then group them into Employment Prisoners Essay 5 equally weighted portfolios based on these ranks. Each portfolio consists of 263 firms and is held for the next six months.

Ranking Period Holding Period. ( Month -5 to Month 0 ) ( Month 1 to Month 6 ) Portfolio I always contains stocks ranked from 1-263 which are those stocks that perform worst in the ranking period. Portfolio II always contains stocks ranked from 264 to 789, and so on. It is the Portfolio V that holds the past winners. Each portfolio in our holding period is rebalanced monthly for election significance simplicity. Since each portfolio is Employment For Former Prisoners only held for six months every time, we believe our monthly returns for each portfolio will not deviate much from those if not rebalanced. To increase the power of our tests, we also construct overlapping portfolios as Jegadeesh and Titman (1993) did: In this case, a momentum quintile portfolio in any particular month holds stocks ranked in significance, that quintile in any of the previous six ranking months.

For instance, a December winner portfolio comprises twenty percent of the Employment For Former Essay, stocks with the highest returns over hath jew eyes speech, the previous June to Prisoners Essay November period, the previous May to October, and so on up to the previous January to June period. Each monthly cohort is assigned an equal weight in this portfolio. To put in another way, for every month (except the beginning five and the ending five months) we now have six Portfolio I s, six Portfolio II s and so on, and the return of the winner/loser portfolio (denoted as Portfolio 5/Portfolio1) in that month is the average of the of 1912 significance, returns of the six Portfolio Vs/Portfolio Is.TBD. Chapter 4 Results and Analyses. 4.1 Average monthly returns.

Appendix Table 2 presents the average monthly return from Jan 2010 to May 2013 for each of the five momentum portfolios. The sample is the 1315 stocks we selected. EWI is the average monthly return for Prisoners Essay an equally weighted portfolio that contains every stock in our sample, also rebalanced monthly. Hath Jew Eyes Speech. The average monthly return is calculated in the monthly compounded case. P1 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the Employment For Former Prisoners, stocks with the lowest returns over the previous six months, while P2 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the next lowest past six-month returns, and hath speech, so on. Compared with Jegadeesh and Titman (2001), the Employment Prisoners, monotonic increasing pattern of returns over portfolio ranks observed in their result now disappears. Instead, our result reveals a symmetric U shape of returns over ranks. It is the winners and Operation Management, the losers portfolios (P5 and P1) that achieve the highest average monthly returns.

It is the most modest portfolio P3 that achieves the lowest average monthly return. Essay. Somewhat ironic is incarceration that the losers portfolio even outperforms the winners. However, these differences are all not statistically significant. The difference between the P5 and P1 portfolio returns is -0.037% and the t statistic is only -0.1068. Prisoners. This is in contrast to the 1.17% difference and 4.96 t statistic found in Jegadeesh and Titman (1993). We also take the difference between the P1 and P3 portfolio returns and find their t statistic is also smaller than 1. [ Insert Appendix Table 2 ] To see whether our result of the american incarceration rate, losers portfolio P1 outperforming the winners portfolio P5 on the average case is due to a potential outlier effect of one specific month, the monthly returns of the two portfolios from January 2010 to Essay May 2013 are presented in Appendix Figure 1. Incarceration Rate. Indeed there is one month (January 2012) in which the Employment Prisoners Essay, losers portfolio P1 significantly outperforms the winners portfolio P5. However, from the figure there is no evidence suggesting for the most part P5 outperforms P1 in the other months.

After we exclude the speech, January 2012 returns, very slightly P1 still outperforms P5 indicating the momentum effect is now gone. [ Insert Appendix Figure 1 ] 4.2 Average price to book values and Average market capitalizations. Appendix Table 3 reports the For Former Prisoners, average price to book value of firms under each portfolio. The price to book value of a firm under this case is defined as the three-year average of its daily price to incarceration book value. We also have transformed the price to book value to the book-to-market ratio and report under Table 3. [ Insert Appendix Table 3 ] There is For Former Prisoners a roughly increasing pattern of the book-to-market ratio from P5 to P1 indicating that the past winners portfolio P5 is to a large extent constructed by those glamour stocks named by Close, Lakonishok, Shleifer and Vishny (1994), while the losers portfolio tends to contain the value stocks. The pattern is not very robust and For Former Essay, the book-to-market ratios are actually very close to each other. As I Quotes With Page. This may be because that we have only divided the sample into Employment For Former Essay five quintiles, and what most crucial is of 1912 that we have used the three-year average (which does not vary with time) to Employment Prisoners define a firm’s book-to-market ratio under each holding period which varies with time and with the american incarceration, firm’s position changes within the five quintiles. Table 3 also reports the average market capitalization of firms under each momentum portfolio. There is also an Essay, increasing pattern from Essay P1 to P5 indicating that the past losers portfolio is to a large extent constructed by Employment For Former Prisoners, those stocks of Close by bell small size firms while the past winners tends to contain big firms. Similar to the price to book value, here the market capitalization suffers from the problem of using the three year average of market value to define a firm’s market capitalization under each holding period. The results above suggest that the highest average monthly return of P1 seems to be partly due to its smaller market capitalization and higher book-to-market ratio.

This is consistent with the For Former Essay, Fama-French three-factor model (Fama and French, 1993) as small size firms and firms with higher book-to-market ratios tend to have higher risk factor coefficients. However, this reasoning cannot explain our observed high average monthly return of the past winners P5. This may be due to the problem we discussed before that makes our average book to market ratio and average market capitalization indications not timely precise to each holding period. Also we have not considered the sensitivity of each portfolio to the market risk factor and its magnitude which explains the risk adjusted return in part as well. In order to look further on this, in the next section we test for the risk adjusted abnormal return using the Home Depot's Management Essay, three factor model and check the factor coefficients patterns among the five portfolios.

4.3 The risk adjusted abnormal returns. Though the winners portfolio P5 and the losers portfolio P1 on average outperform P2 P3 and P4, we have to check whether this outperformance is attributed to Employment risk. Appendix Table 4 Panel A summarizes the factor sensitivities of each portfolio to the CAPM model and the Fama-French three-factor model with their t statistics reported in parentheses. The market sensitivity to the CAPM model is estimated by regressing the monthly return of each momentum portfolio less the risk-free rate (except for the zero investment P1-P3 and P5-P1 portfolios) on the monthly return of the NASDAQ composite index less the concequences of abortion, risk-free rate, while the factor sensitivities to the Fama-French three-factor model is estimated by regressing on the monthly returns of the three Fama-French factors. FF: R-R_f=i??i??(R_m-R_f )+ b_s (SMB)+b_v (HML)+i??i?? The risk-free rate used in Employment For Former, both cases is the monthly interest rate on concequences the Treasury bill. Employment. This data is from the Wharton Research Data Services. And the data for Home Depot's Management Essay the monthly returns of the three Fama-French factors is from the Kenneth R. Employment Prisoners Essay. French Data Library. Due to data limitations the as i quotes with, monthly interest rate only has an available record till December 2012. However, as a result of the Federal Reserve quantitative easing policy, the monthly interest rates during the whole sample period are very close to zero with the highest only Employment Essay 0.01%. Thus even without minus these interest rates the results are the same.

Also we have tested that with the last five months excluded our results change little. Chapter 5 Conclusion. Are all results in accordance? Do they really tell a story? How is the story that emerges different from the previous results in the literature? How would the results contribute or advance our current knowledge?

Jegadeesh, N. and election significance, S. Titman (1993), Returns to buying winners and selling losers: Implications for Employment For Former Prisoners stock market efficiency, Journal of Finance 48, 65-91. Jegadeesh, N. and S. Titman (2001), Profitability of momentum strategies: An evaluation of quotes numbers alternative explanations, Journal of Finance 56, 699-720. Conrad, J. and G. Kaul (1998), An anatomy of trading strategies, Review of Financial Studies 11, 489-519. Barberis, N., A. Shleifer and R. Vishny (1998), A model of investor sentiment, Journal of Financial Economics 49, 307-343. Hong, H., and J.C. Stein (1999), A unified theory of underreaction, momentum trading, and overreaction in asset markets, Journal of Finance 54, 2143-2184. Daniel, K., D. Hirshleifer and A. Subrahmanyam (1998), Investor psychology and security market under- and overreactions, Journal of Finance 53, 1839-1885. Rouwenhorst, K.G. (1998), International momentum strategies, Journal of Finance 53, 267-284. De Long, J.B., A. Shleifer, L.H. Summers and R.J.

Waldmann (1990), Positive feedback investment strategies and destabilizing rational speculation, Journal of Finance 45, 379-395. Chui, Andy C.W., S. Prisoners. Titman and K.C. John Wei (2000), Individualism and momentum around the world, Journal of Finance 65, 361-392. Muga, L. and R. Santamaria (2007), The stock market crisis and momentum: Some evidence for Keeping Close to Home the Spanish stock market during the 1990s, Applied Financial Economics 17, 469-486. De Haas, S.A. (1999), Momentumstrategieen op de Nederlandse aandelenmarkt, master thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam. Fama, E.F. and K.R. French (1993), Common risk factors in returns on Employment stocks and Home Depot's Management Essay, bonds, Journal of Financial Economics 33, 3-56. Lakonishok, J., A. Shleifer and R.W. Vishny (1994), Contrarian investment, extrapolation, and risk, Journal of Financial Economics 32, 23-43.

Grinblatt, M. and Prisoners Essay, S. Titman (1989), The persistence of mutual fund performance, Journal of Finance 47, 1977-1984. Grinblatt, M., S. Titman and R. Wermers (1995), Momentum investment strategies, portfolio performance, and herding: A study of mutual fund behavior, American Economic Review 85, 1088-1105. Fama, E.F. (1970), Efficient capital markets: A review of theory and empirical work, Journal of Finance 25, 383-417. N.L. Van der Sar, Stock pricing and election, corporate events, 2nd edition, Rotterdam, Erasmusshop Rotterdam, 2011. Fama, E.F. and Essay, K. French (1998), Value versus growth: The international evidence, Journal of Finance 53, 1975-1999. Grundy, B.D. and J.S. Martin (2001), Understanding the nature of the Home Management, risks and the source of the rewards to momentum investing, Review of Financial Studies 14, 29-78. Fama, E.F. and K. Employment For Former Prisoners. French (1996), Multifactor explanations of asset pricing anomalies, Journal of Finance 51, 55-84. Conrad, J. and G. Kaul (1993), Long-term market overreaction or biases in computed returns?, Journal of Finance 48, 39-63.

De Bondt, W.F.M. and R.H. Thaler (1985), Does the election of 1912, stock market overreact?, Journal of Finance 40, 793-805. Jegadeesh, Narasimhan and Titman, Sheridan, Momentum (August 29, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1919226 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1919226. Monthly Returns of the Winners and the Losers Portfolios. This figure reports the Employment Prisoners Essay, monthly returns of the winners portfolio P5 and the losers portfolio P1 from significance January 2010 to May 2013. Prisoners Essay. P1 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the lowest returns over the previous six months and P5 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the highest returns over the previous six months.

The sample stocks used to form these portfolios is the 1315 firms selected from all the stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange during the sample period of June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. The selection of the 1315 firms is based on the criteria illustrated in section 3.2 following which firms went public or got delisted during the sample period, firms with a market capitalization belong to not a the bottom decile and stocks priced below $5 for above 10 times at the 36 ends of ranking periods are excluded. Summary of For Former Prisoners Essay Descriptive Statistics. This table reports the descriptive statistics of the average daily market value (market capitalization) and the average daily price to book value from January 1st 2010 to May 31st 2013 for the 1315 (except for the average PTBV where the american incarceration rate, data for 30 firms is missing) firms selected from all the stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange during the sample period of June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. Also the descriptive statistic of the average monthly return from For Former January 2010 to Home Depot's Operation Management Essay May 2013 of the Employment Essay, 1315 firms is reported. As I Page. This average monthly return is calculated in the monthly compounded case. The selection of the 1315 firms is based on the criteria illustrated in section 3.2 following which firms went public or got delisted during the Prisoners, sample period, firms with a market capitalization belong to the bottom decile and stocks priced below $5 for above 10 times at the 36 ends of ranking periods are excluded. The unit for MKT_CAP is in millions. Average Monthly Returns.

This table presents the lay dying page numbers, average monthly return for each of the five momentum portfolios formed based on past six-month returns and held for Employment For Former Essay six months. The average monthly return is calculated in the monthly compounded case. P1 is the american rate, equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the lowest returns over the previous six months, P2 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the next lowest returns, and For Former Essay, so on. The sample NASDAQ Stocks is the 1315 firms selected from all the stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange during the rate, sample period of June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. The selection of the 1315 firms is For Former Essay based on the criteria illustrated in section 3.2 following which firms went public or got delisted during the sample period, firms with a market capitalization belong to the bottom decile and stocks priced below $5 for above 10 times at of 1912 significance the 36 ends of ranking periods are excluded. Average Price to Book Values and Average Market Capitalizations.

This table reports the Employment For Former, average price to book value, the average book to market ratio and the average market capitalization of firms under each portfolio. The price to book value/market capitalization of a firm under this case is defined as its average daily price to book value/market value from hath jew eyes January 1st 2010 to May 31st 2013. P1 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the Essay, lowest returns over quotes, the previous six months, P2 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the Employment Prisoners Essay, next lowest returns, and so on. The sample NASDAQ Stocks is the 1315 firms selected from all the stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange during the sample period of incarceration rate June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. For Former Essay. The selection of the Depot's, 1315 firms is based on the criteria illustrated in Employment Prisoners Essay, section 3.2 following which firms went public or got delisted during the significance, sample period, firms with a market capitalization belong to the bottom decile and stocks priced below $5 for above 10 times at the 36 ends of Employment Prisoners Essay ranking periods are excluded. The unit for MKT_CAP is in millions. PANEL A CAPM and Fama-French Factor Sensitivities. This table presents the factor sensitivities of each momentum portfolio to the CAPM model and the Fama-French three-factor model. CAPM market sensitivities/FF factor sensitivities are the slope coefficients in the CAPM model/Fama-French three factor model time-series regressions.

Their t statistics are reported in parentheses. The testing period is from January 2010 to incarceration rate December 2012. ‘Market’ is the market factor, ‘SMB’ is the size factor and For Former Essay, ‘HML’ is the significance, book to market factor. For Former Essay. P1 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the lowest returns over the previous six months, P2 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the significance, stocks with the next lowest returns, and so on. The sample of firms used is the 1315 firms selected from all the stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange during the sample period of June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. The selection of the 1315 firms is Employment Prisoners Essay based on speech the criteria illustrated in section 3.2 following which firms went public or got delisted during the sample period, firms with a market capitalization belong to the bottom decile and stocks priced below $5 for Employment Prisoners Essay above 10 times at the 36 ends of hath not a jew eyes speech ranking periods are excluded. PANEL B The Risk Adjusted Abnormal Returns. This table reports the risk adjusted returns of each momentum portfolio to the CAPM model and the Fama-French three-factor model. The CAPM Alphas/FF Alphas are the intercepts in the CAPM model/Fama-French three factor model time-series regressions. Their t statistics are reported in parentheses. Employment For Former Essay. The testing period is from January 2010 to December 2012.

P1 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the incarceration rate, stocks with the lowest returns over the previous six months, P2 is the equally weighted portfolio of 20 percent of the stocks with the next lowest returns, and so on. The sample of firms used is the 1315 firms selected from all the Employment For Former Essay, stocks listed on the NASDAQ exchange during the sample period of June 30th 2009 to May 31st 2013. The selection of the 1315 firms is based on the criteria illustrated in section 3.2 following which firms went public or got delisted during the sample period, firms with a market capitalization belong to the bottom decile and stocks priced below $5 for above 10 times at the 36 ends of as i quotes page numbers ranking periods are excluded. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Finance essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of us is qualified to For Former Prisoners Essay a high level in our area of expertise, and hooks Essay, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Finance work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Finance essay was submitted to us by a student in order to Employment For Former help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: A Review of as i lay dying momentum trading strategy after Global Financial Crisis . Employment Prisoners. Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/finance/essay-a-review-of-momentum-trading-strategy-after-global-financial-crisis/ [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to Keeping Close to Home by bell hooks have it published on Employment For Former our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 12-08-17 - Investment Banking 26-05-17 - Evolution of BASEL 21-12-16 - The effect of exchange rate and inflation on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) - FINANCE FOR STRATEGIC MANAGERS - Adoption of IFRS – literature review - Initial Public Offerings - Implementation of the as i lay dying page, IFRS in Essay, Nigeria - DETERMINANTS OF VALUE ADDED TAX REVENUE IN NIGERIA 30-11-16 - Banking capital – Islamic banking 22-11-16 - Risk and expected return.

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