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A Simple, Effective Homework Plan For Teachers: Part 1. Dealing with homework can be the source of great stress for teachers; it#8217;s a rare week that I don#8217;t receive at least one email asking for advice. Julius Characters? So for the next two weeks I#8217;m going to outline a homework planfour strategies this week, four the examples nextaimed at making homework a simple yet effective process. Let#8217;s get started. Homework Strategies 1-4. The key to caesar homework success is to eliminate all the obstacles—and excuses—that get in the way of students getting it done.

Add leverage and some delicately placed peer pressure to proximal development the mix, and not getting homework back from every student will be a rare occurrence. Here is main how to do it. A Good Man Is Irony? 1. Assign what students already know. Julius Caesar Characters? Most teachers struggle with homework because they misunderstand the narrow purpose of homework, which is to practice what has already been learned. Proximal? Meaning, you should only assign homework your students fully understand and julius caesar characters, are able to harrison do by julius caesar main characters themselves. Therefore, the skills needed to trip to paradise complete the evening’s homework must be thoroughly taught during the school day. Caesar Characters? If your students can’t prove to you that they’re able to do the work without assistance, then you shouldn’t assign it. It isn’t fair to your students—or their parents—to have to sit at the dinner table trying to figure out to paradise what you should have taught them during the day.

Homework is an agreement between you and your students. Parents shouldn’t be involved. If parents want to sit with their child while he or she does the homework, great. Julius Caesar Characters? But it shouldn’t be an expectation or a requirement of jane stolen them. Julius? Otherwise, you hand students a ready-made excuse for not doing it.

You should tell parents at trip, back-to-school night, #8220;I got it covered. If ever your child doesn#8217;t understand the homework, it#8217;s on me. Just send me a note and caesar, I#8217;ll take care of it.#8221; Holding yourself accountable is not only a reminder that your lessons need to be spot on, but parents will love you for it and meiji ishin, be more likely to main make sure homework gets done every night. And for negligent parents? It#8217;s best for their children in trip particular to make homework a teacher/student-only agreement. 3. Review and then ask one important question. Set aside a few minutes before the end of the caesar main school day to review the assigned homework. Have your students pull out the work, allow them to meiji ishin ask final clarifying questions, and have them check to make sure they have the materials they need. And then ask one important question: “Is there anyone, for any reason, who will not be able to turn in their homework in julius caesar main the morning?

I want to know now rather than find out about it in the morning.” There are two reasons for this question. Trip To Paradise? First, the more leverage you have with students, and the more they admire and respect you, the more they’ll hate disappointing you. This alone can be a powerful incentive for students to complete homework. Second, it’s important to eliminate every excuse so that the only answer students can give for not doing it is that they just didn’t care. This sets up the confrontation strategy you’ll be using the next morning.

4. Confront students on the spot. One of your key routines should be entering the classroom in the morning. As part of this routine, ask your students to main place their homework in the top left-hand (or right-hand) corner of their desk before beginning a daily independent assignment—reading, bellwork, whatever it may be. During the next five to ten minutes, walk around the room and check homeworkdon#8217;t collect it. A Good Man Is Hard To Find Irony? Have a copy of the answers (if applicable) with you and glance at every assignment. Julius Main Characters? You don’t have to check every answer or read every portion of the assignment.

Just enough to know that it was completed as expected. If it#8217;s math, I like to stolen pick out three or four problems that represent the main thrust of the lesson from the day before. It should take just seconds to check most students. Remember, homework is the practice of something they already know how to do. Therefore, you shouldn’t find more than a small percentage of wrong answersif any. If you see more than this, then you know your lesson was less than effective, and you#8217;ll have to caesar main reteach. If you find an assignment that is incomplete or not completed at all, confront that student on the spot . Call them on it.

The day before, you presented a first-class lesson and gave your students every opportunity to buzz through their homework confidently that evening. You did your part, but they didn#8217;t do theirs. It#8217;s an affront to the excellence you strive for Fast To Blame, as a class, and you deserve an explanation. It doesn’t matter what he or she says in response to your pointed questions, and there is no reason to caesar main humiliate or give the student the third degree. What is important is that you make your students accountable to proximal you, to themselves, and to their classmates. A gentle explanation of why they don’t have their homework is a strong motivator for even the most jaded students to get their homework completed. The personal leverage you carrythat critical trusting rapport you have with your studentscombined with the always lurking peer pressure is characters a powerful force. Process Essay Examples? Not using it is like teaching with your hands tied behind your back. Homework Strategies 5-8.

Next week we’ll cover the final four homework strategies. They#8217;re critical to getting homework back every day in caesar characters a way that is painless for you and meaningful for your students. I hope you’ll tune in. If you haven’t done so already, please join us. Jane Stolen? It’s free! Click here and begin receiving classroom management articles like this one in caesar your email box every week. 21 Responses to man is hard A Simple, Effective Homework Plan For Teachers: Part 1. Good stuff, Michael. A lot of teachers I train and coach are surprised (and skeptical) at first when I make the main characters same point you make about NOT involving parents. Irony? But it#8217;s right on based on my experience as a teacher, instructional coach, and administrator the past 17 years. More important, it#8217;s validated by Martin Haberman#8217;s 40 years of research on what separates #8220;star#8221; teachers from #8220;quitter/failure#8221; teachers ( I love the articles about #8220;homework#8221;. in the past I feel that it is difficuty for collecting homework. Julius Main? I will try your plan next year.

I think you#8217;ll be happy with it, Sendy! How do you confront students who do not have their homework completed? You state in a good hard your book to julius caesar let consequences do their job and to never confront students, only tell them the rule broken and consequence. I want to make sure I do not go against that rule, but also hold students accountable for not completing their work. What should I say to them?

They are two different things. Homework is not part of your classroom management plan. I#8217;m a first-year middle school teacher at a private school with very small class sizes (eight to fourteen students per class). While I love this homework policy, I feel discouraged about Fast Food: Essay, confronting middle schoolers publicly regarding incomplete homework. My motive would never be to humiliate my students, yet I can name a few who would go home thinking their lives were over if I did confront them in front of main characters their peers. Do you have any ideas of jane harrison how to main characters best go about incomplete homework confrontation with middle school students? The idea isn#8217;t in any way to humiliate students, but to hold them accountable for doing their homework.

Parts one and two represent my best recommendation.:) I believe that Homework is a vital part of students learning. I#8217;m still a studentin a classroom management class. So I have no experience with this, but I#8217;m having to plan a procedure for my class. What about teacher sitting at desk and calling student one at development, a time to bring folder while everyone is doing bellwork or whatever their procedure is? That way 1) it would be a long walk for the ones who didn#8217;t do the work :), and 2) it would be more private.

What are your thoughts on that? Thanks. #128578; I#8217;m not sure I understand your question. Would you mind emailing me with more detail? I#8217;m happy to help. I think what you talked about is great. How do you feel about flipping a lesson?

My school is pretty big on it, though I haven#8217;t done it yet. Basically, for homework, the teacher assigns a video or some other kind of media of brand new instruction. Students teach themselves and take a mini quiz at julius characters, the end to show they understand the new topic. Then the next day in the classroom, the teacher reinforces the lesson and the class period is spent practicing with the man is to find teacher present for clarification. Caesar? I haven#8217;t tried it yet because as a first year teacher I haven#8217;t had enough time to make or find instructional videos and quizzes, and because I#8217;m afraid half of my students will not do their homework and the next day in class I will have to waste the time of the students who did their homework and just reteach what the video taught.

Anyway, this year, I#8217;m trying the #8220;Oops, I forgot my homework#8221; form for students to fill out every time they forget their homework. It keeps them accountable and helps me keep better track of who is missing what. Once they complete it, I cut off the bottom portion of the form and staple it to their assignment. I keep the top copy for my records and for parent/teacher conferences. Here is an instant digital download of the form. It#8217;s editable in Fast To Blame Obesity case you need different fields. Thanks again for characters, your blog. I love the balance you strike between rapport and respect.

Your site is a godsend for meiji ishin, a newbie teacher! Thank you for caesar main, your clear, step-by-step, approach! I G+ your articles to my PLN all the time. You#8217;re welcome, TeachNich! And thank you for sharing the articles. I#8217;m going into my first year and some people have told me to try and get parents involved as much as I can even home visits and jane harrison stolen, things like that. But my gut says that negligent parents cannot be influenced by me. Still, do you see any value in having parents initial their student#8217;s planner every night so they stay up to date on homework assignments? I could also write them notes.

Personally, no. I#8217;ll write about julius main, this in the future, but when you hold parents accountable for to paradise, what are student responsibilities, you lighten their load and miss an opportunity to improve independence. I am teaching at julius caesar main characters, a school where students constantly don#8217;t take work home. I rarely give homework in math but when I do it is usually something small and I still have to chase at least 7 kids down to get their homework. My way of holding them accountable is to record a homework completion grade as part of their overall grade. Is this wrong to do? Do you believe homework should never be graded for harrison stolen, a grade and just be for practice?

No, I think marking a completion grade is a good idea. I#8217;ve been teaching since 2014 and we need to take special care when assigning homework. Caesar? If the homework assignment is too hard, is perceived as busy work, or takes too long to complete, students might tune out and resist doing it. Never send home any assignment that students cannot do. Homework should be an Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? extension of what students have learned in class. Caesar? To ensure that homework is clear and appropriate, consider the following tips for assigning homework: Assign homework in meiji ishin small units.

Explain the assignment clearly. Establish a routine at julius, the beginning of the Fast Obesity Epidemic? Essay year for how homework will be assigned. Remind students of julius main characters due dates periodically. And Make sure students and jane harrison stolen, parents have information regarding the policy on missed and late assignments, extra credit, and caesar characters, available adaptations. Establish a set routine at the beginning of the year. Nancie L Beckett. I love your approach! Do you have any ideas for homework collection for lower grades? K-3 are not so ready for independent work first thing in the morning, so I do not necessarily have time to check then; but it is vitally important to me to teach the integrity of to find completing work on time.

Also, I used to julius characters want parents involved in homework but my thinking has really changed, and your comments confirm it! I#8217;ll be sure and Fast Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic?, write about julius caesar characters, this topic in an upcoming article (or work it into an article). Trip To Paradise? #128578; 2017 Smart Classroom Management. Caesar Characters? All Rights Reserved.

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Julius caesar main characters

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Character List - Cliffs Notes

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Who is the main character of "Julius Caesar" —Caesar or someone

oedipus guilty essay Ed Friedlander, M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements.

All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified April 1, 2010. . pluck out the heart of my mystery. -- Hamlet. This page is for high school and julius caesar characters, college students, or anyone else. Everybody brings a different set of experiences to proximal development a book, a theater, or a classroom. Although I've tried to help, ultimately you'll need to decide for yourself about Shakespeare and Hamlet. I hope you have as much fun as I have! Once you get past the minor difficulties posed by the language, you'll probably enjoy Hamlet -- and not just for its action.

Hamlet is the first work of literature to caesar main characters look squarely at the stupidity, falsity and sham of everyday life , without laughing and harrison, without easy answers. In a world where things are not as they seem, Hamlet's genuineness, thoughtfulness, and sincerity make him special. Hamlet is main characters no saint. But unlike most of the other characters (and most people today), Hamlet chooses not to compromise with evil. Dying, Hamlet reaffirms the tragic dignity of a basically decent person in a bad world . Hamlet is the first work of literature to show an ordinary person looking at meiji ishin, the futility and wrongs in life, asking the julius caesar main, toughest questions and irony, coming up with honest semi-answers like most people do today. Main? Unlike so much of popular culture today, Hamlet leaves us with the message that life is meiji ishin indeed worth living, even by characters, imperfect people in an imperfect world.

Shakespeare's Hamlet is full of Fast Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic?, talk about julius main death, dead bodies, murder, suicide, disease, graves, and so forth. And there is no traditional Christian comfort or promise of eventual justice or happiness for the good people. But the jane harrison stolen, message is ultimately one of hope. You can be a hero. Aristotle wrote that in a tragedy, the protagonist by definition learns something.

Whatever you may think of Aristotle's reductionist ideas about serious drama, Shakespeare's heroes all develop philosophically. (You may not agree with everything they decide.) As you read the main, play, watch how Hamlet -- who starts by wishing he was dead -- comes to terms with life, keeps his integrity, and strikes back successfully at what's wrong around him. So far as I know, it's the to paradise, first time this theme -- now so common -- appeared in world literature. Revenge should know no bounds. -- Claudius. Hamlet, our hero, is the son of the previous king of Denmark, also named Hamlet (Old Hamlet, Hamlet Senior as we'd say), who has died less than two months ago. Hamlet remembers his father as an all-around good guy, and as a tender husband who would even make a special effort to shield his wife's face from the cold Danish wind. The day Hamlet was born, Old Hamlet settled a land dispute by killing the King of Norway in personal combat. How old is Hamlet? We have contradictory information.

The gravedigger mentions that Hamlet is julius caesar characters thirty years old, and that the jester with whom Hamlet played as a child has been dead for twenty-three years. A thirty-year-old man might still be a college student. However, Ophelia is unmarried in an era when girls usually married in their teens, and several characters refer to Hamlet's youth. So we might prefer to think that Hamlet is in his late teens or early twenties. And many people have seen Hamlet's bitter, sullen outlook at the beginning of the play as typical of youth. Proximal? You'll need to decide that one for yourself. (I think thirty might be a mistake for caesar main twenty. Richard Burbage, who played Hamlet first, was older than twenty, and perhaps the editor thought twenty must be wrong. You decide.) Hamlet was a college student at Wittenberg when his father died. (Of course the historical Hamlet, who lived around 700, could not have attended Wittenberg, founded in 1502). Trip? The monarchy went to his father's brother, Claudius. (Shakespeare and the other characters just call him King.) Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, married Claudius within less than a month.

Old Hamlet died during his after-lunch nap in his garden. The public was told that Old Hamlet died of snakebite. The truth is that Claudius murdered Old Hamlet by pouring poison in his ear. Old Hamlet died fast but gruesomely. The ghost describes the king's seduction of the queen (the garbage passage) just prior to main characters describing the actual murder. Jane Harrison? This makes the most sense if the queen actually committed adultery before the murder, and that the affair was its actual motive. Even in our modern age, if a twenty-plus-year marriage ends with the sudden death of one partner, and the survivor remarries four weeks later, I'd believe that there had probably been an caesar main adulterous affair. And everybody at the Danish court must have thought the same thing.

If you don't know this, you're naive. It's not clear that Gertrude actually knew a murder was committed, and hard, we never get proof that anyone else knew for caesar main certain, either. But everybody must have been suspicious. And nobody was saying anything. Young Hamlet is very well-liked. He is man is irony a soldier, a scholar, and a diplomat. We learn that he's the glass of fashion and the mould of form, i.e., the julius main, young man that everybody else tried to imitate. Development? He's also loved of the julius main characters, distracted multitude, i.e., the ordinary people like him, and if anything were to happen to trip him, there would be riots. Exactly why Claudius rather than Hamlet succeeded Old Hamlet is not explained. Hamlet refers (V.ii) to julius main the election, i.e., the choosing of a new king by a vote of a small number of warlords (as in Macbeth). (By Shakespeare time, it was the Danish royal family that voted.) Interestingly, the Fast Food:, Norwegian king is also succeeded by his brother, rather than by his own infant son Fortinbras.

Or the caesar main, royal title may have gone to Claudius simply because he married the royal widow, who he calls our imperial jointress. Some people may tell you that in the Dark Ages, Jutland may have practiced matrilineal descent, i.e., a society where family identity and development, inheritance is caesar characters passed through the female line. Since this is historical fiction, and since the historical Hamlet's uncle simply held a public coup, this seems moot. Matrilineal descent is known among some primitive people in our own century, and is attested to by ancient writers on various cultures. The advantage of this system is trip that the best men tend to get picked for julius caesar main characters hereditary positions of power. With male-line succession, the old king is followed by his oldest son, who may be stupid and get himself killed quickly. Under matrilineal descent, the old king picks the man who will actually wield power after he is gone, but still preserves his own genes.

In spite of what anybody else may tell you, we know of no human culture where the Food: for the Obesity Epidemic?, men, who are physically stronger and do the fighting, let the women make the laws and the big decisions (a matriarchy). Julius Caesar Characters? You may decide this is jane unfortunate. A real anthropologist, Eric J. Smith [link is now down] at caesar main characters, U. Wash., points out that its checks-and-balances system made the Iroquois government the to paradise, closest thing to a matriarchy ever described. The play opens on the battlements of the castle. It's midnight. (Shakespeare anachronistically says 'Tis now struck twelve.) Francisco has been keeping watch, and Bernardo comes to relieve him. Neither man recognizes the other in the darkness, and each issues a tense challenge. Francisco remarks, It's bitter cold. and caesar main, I am sick at heart. This sets the proximal, scene, since Shakespeare had no way of caesar main characters, darkening his theater or showing the weather. The fact that each guard suspects the other of being an intruder indicates all is development not well, even though Francisco does not say why he is julius sick at heart.

Francisco leaves, and Marcellus arrives to share Bernardo's watch. Bernardo is surprised to jane stolen see also Hamlet's school friend Horatio (who has just arrived at the castle; we never really find out julius, why he's here) with Marcellus. Marcellus and Bernardo think they have twice seen the ghost of development, Old Hamlet. Horatio is skeptical. The ghost appears, the men agree it looks like the old king, and Horatio (who is a scholar and julius, thus knows something of the paranormal) tries to talk to it. Meiji Ishin? The ghost turns away as if driven back / offended by the word heaven (God), and it disappears. The men talk about Old Hamlet.

They also talk about the unheralded naval build-up commanded by the present king. This is in main characters response to an expected military invasion by the Norwegian prince Fortinbras, who wishes to regain the territories lost by proximal development, his father's death. The men wonder whether the ghost is returned to warn about military disaster. The ghost reappears. The men try to julius caesar talk to it to find out what it wants. They try to strike it. It looks like it is about to meiji ishin speak, but suddenly a rooster crows (the signal of morning) and julius main, the ghost fades away. (As usual, Shakespeare is telescoping time.) Marcellus relates a beautiful legend that during the Christmas season, roosters might crow through the night, keeping the dark powers at bay. Claudius holds court.

This is apparently his first public meeting since becoming king. Also present are the queen, Hamlet, the royal counselor Polonius, Polonius's son Laertes, and to paradise, the Council -- evidently the warlords who support his monarchy. Hamlet is still wearing mourning black, while everybody else (to please Claudius) is dressed festively. Claudius wants to show what a good leader he is. He begins by talking about the mix of sorrow for julius main characters his brother's death, and joy in his new marriage. Jane Harrison? He reminds the Council that they have approved his marriage and caesar, accession, and thanks them. Examples? Claudius announces that Fortinbras of Norway is raising an main army to try to take back the land his father lost to Old Hamlet. Examples? Claudius emphasizes that Fortinbras can't win militarily.

Claudius still wants a diplomatic solution and sends two negotiators to Norway. Next, Laertes asks permission to return to France. The king calls on Polonius. When Polonius is talking to the king, he always uses a flowery, more-words-than-needed style. Julius Caesar? Polonius can be played either for humor, or as a sinister old man. (Sinister, evil people can still do foolish things -- like getting themselves caught spying on someone who is very upset.) Either fits nicely with the play's theme of phoniness. Polonius says he is meiji ishin agreeable, and the king gives permission. This was rehearsed, and Claudius is caesar characters taking advantage of the opportunity to look reasonable, especially because he is about to deal with Hamlet, who wants to return to college. Claudius calls Hamlet cousin (i.e., close relative) and son (stepson), and meiji ishin, asks why he is still sad. Hamlet puns. His mother makes a touching speech about how everything must die, passing from julius characters nature to eternity, i.e., a better afterlife. She asks him why he is process still acting (seems) sad.

Hamlet replied he's not acting, just showing how he really feels. Claudius makes a very nice speech, asks that Hamlet stay at the court, and reaffirms that Hamlet is heir to his property and throne. Hamlet's mother adds a nice comment, and Hamlet agrees to julius caesar stay. He may not really have a choice, especially since Claudius calls his answer gentle and unforced. Does Claudius really care about Hamlet? Maybe. Harrison? The meeting is over, and Claudius announces there will be a party, at which he'll have the guards shoot off a cannon every time he finishes a drink. Hamlet is left alone.

He talks to himself / the audience. Today's movie directors would use voice-overs for such speeches (soliloquies if they are long and the speaker is alone, asides if they are short and there are other folks on julius characters stage.) He talks about losing interest in jane harrison life and how upset he is by his mother's remarriage and caesar characters, its implications. Meiji Ishin? (In Shakespeare's era, it was considered morally wrong to marry your brother's widow. Henry VIII's first wife had been married to Henry's older brother, who died, but the marriage had not been consummated. This puzzle sparked the English reformation.) Hamlet is trapped in a situation where things are obviously very wrong. Caesar Characters? Like other people at proximal development, such times, Hamlet wishes God hadn't forbidden suicide. Interestingly, he does not mention being angry about not being chosen king.

Horatio, Marcellus, and julius main characters, Bernardo come in. Hamlet is surprised to see his school buddy. Horatio says he's truant (not true), and that he came to see the old king's funeral (not true -- he's much too late). Trip To Paradise? Hamlet jokes that his mother's wedding followed so quickly that they served the leftovers from the funeral dinner. Julius Caesar? (I think Horatio probably came to Elsinore out of concern for trip Hamlet, spoke with the guards first, and caesar main characters, was invited at once to to paradise see the ghost. Some guys don't say to julius another guy, I came to see YOU even when it's obvious.) You'll need to decide what Hamlet means when he says that he sees his father in his mind's eye. Sometimes, bereaved people notice their eyes fooling them -- shadows forming themselves in the mind into an image of the deceased. Other mourners report even more vivid experiences that they do recognize to be tricks of perception. Or perhaps Hamlet is simply thinking a lot about his father, or holding onto his good memories. The friends tell Hamlet about the ghost. Hamlet asks what the ghost looked like -- skin color and beard colors -- and agrees they match his father.

Hamlet asks the trip to paradise, men to keep this a secret and to let him join them the next night, hoping the ghost will return and talk. Afterwards he says he suspects foul play. Everybody else probably does, too, even without any ghost. Laertes says goodbye to Ophelia, his sister. He asks her to write daily, and urges her not to get too fond of Hamlet, who has been showing a romantic interest in her. At considerable length, he explains how Hamlet will not be able to marry beneath his station, and explicitly tells her not to julius caesar main have sex (your chaste treasure open) with him. Ophelia seems to be the passive sort, but she has enough spunk to urge him to live clean too, and not be a hypocrite. Laertes suddenly realizes he has to leave quickly (uh huh). Polonius comes in jane harrison and lays some famous fatherly advice on Laertes.

It's today's self-centered worldly wisdom. Listen closely, and say less than you know. Think before you act. Don't be cold, but don't be too friendly. Spend most of your time with your genuine friends who've already done you good. Choose your battles carefully, and fight hard. Dress for success. Caesar Main Characters? Don't loan or borrow money. And most important -- look out for a good to find Number One ('Above all -- To thine own self be true.')

I get quite a bit of mail about julius caesar characters Polonius's advice, especially about To thine own self be true. Some people see this as Shakespeare's asking us to be totally honest in our dealings with others. Others have seen this as a call to mystical experience, union with the higher self. A Good Man Is Hard Irony? I can't see this. The key is to thine own self. Caesar Main Characters? In Shakespeare's time, the expression true to development meant be loyal or look out julius caesar main characters, first for the interests of. ; it also meant fidelity to a romantic relationship. This usage recurs in the Beatle' song All My Loving. To be false implies making a promise or a pretense and Fast Food: for the Obesity Essay, not delivering. If it's clear up front that you don't do favors without expecting something in return, nobody can complain about caesar main characters being misled.

The rest of Polonius's advice is otherwise totally worldly, practical, and amoral (though not immoral) -- what one would read in a self-help book. Meiji Ishin? Polonius is not the model for scrupulous honesty. Polonius tells Reynaldo to lie. Polonius lies to caesar the king and queen, claiming he knew nothing of Hamlet's romantic interest before he saw his love letters. And Polonius tells his daughter that everybody puts on stolen a false front. Hearing this actually makes the king feel ashamed. When Laertes leaves, Polonius questions Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet. One can play Polonius as kind and jocular with his son, rough (even cruel and obscene) with his daughter.

He calls her naïve, orders her not even to talk to caesar main Hamlet, and demands to see his love letters to her. Contemporary readers who are puzzled by this should remember that in Hamlet's era (and Shakespeare's), a father would probably get less money from his future son-in-law if his daughter was not a virgin. Polonius, of course, pretends he cares only about Ophelia's well-being. Hamlet, Horatio, and the guards are on the walls just after midnight, waiting for the ghost. The king is still partying, and trumpets and cannon go off because he's just finished another drink. Hamlet notes that this is proximal a custom more honored in caesar characters the breach than [in] the man is hard to find, observance, now a popular phrase. (This was a Danish custom in Shakespeare's time too. The Danish people's neighbors make fun of them for julius main this.

Old Hamlet may not have engaged in the practice, hence the breach.) This fact inspires Hamlet to make a long speech, So, oft it chances. For The Essay? , about how a person's single fault (a moral failure, or even a physical disfigurement) governs how people think about them, overriding everything that is good. Julius Caesar Characters? Of course this doesn't represent how Hamlet thinks about Claudius (who he detests for proximal development lots of reasons), and caesar, it's hard to explain what this is doing in the play -- apart from the Essay, fact that it's very true-to-life. Julius Main Characters? You may decide that Hamlet is restating the play's theme of appearance-vs.-reality. The ghost enters. Hamlet challenges it. He asks whether it is good or evil, his real father or a devilish deception. He asks why it has returned, making us think about the unthinkable and unknown (so horridly to shake our disposition / with thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls). The ghost beckons Hamlet. Horatio warns him not to follow, because the ghost might drive him insane.

Horatio notes that everybody looking down from an unprotected large height thinks about jumping to death (a curious fact). Hamlet is meiji ishin determined to julius main follow the ghost, and probably draws his sword on his companions. (So much for the idea that Hamlet is psychologically unable to take decisive action.) Hamlet says, My fate cries out, i.e., that he's going to his destiny. Trip To Paradise? He walks off the stage after the ghost. Directors often have Hamlet hold the handle of his sword in front of his face to make a cross, holy symbol for caesar characters protection. A Good Man Is To Find Irony? Marcellus (who like everybody else surely suspects Claudius of foul play) says, Something is rotten in the state of Denmark (usually misquoted and misattributed to Hamlet himself.) Horatio says God will take care of Hamlet (Heaven will direct it). Nay, says Marcellus, unwilling to leave the supernatural up to God, let's follow him. The scene change is to indicate that the place has changed, i.e., Hamlet and caesar main, the ghost are higher up. Irony? Hamlet demands that the ghost talk, and he does. He claims to be Old Hamlet.

Because he died with unconfessed sins, he is going to main characters burn for a long time before he finds rest. He gives gruesome hints of an afterlife that he is not allowed to describe. Essay? (Even the more fortunate dead returning to earth are fat weeds.) He then reveals that he was murdered by julius characters, Claudius, who had been having sex with the queen. (At least the meiji ishin, ghost says they were already having an julius affair. Before he describes the murder, the ghost says that Claudius had won to his shameful lust the affections of the seeming-virtuous queen.) The ghost's account now becomes very picturesque. Old Hamlet says that Claudius's natural gifts were far inferior to his own, i.e., that Old Hamlet was much better looking, smarter, nicer, and so forth. Process Essay Examples? Claudius was a smooth talker (wit) and julius caesar characters, gave her presents. Old Hamlet says that lust, though to a radiant angel linked / Will sate itself in a celestial bed / And prey on a good irony garbage. In plain language, Gertrude was too dirty-minded for a nice man like Old Hamlet.

She jumped into julius caesar main characters bed with a dirtball. Claudius poured poison in the king's ear. Old Hamlet tells the grisly effects of the poison. It coagulated his blood and caused his skin to process examples crust, killing him rapidly. His line O horrible, O horrible, most horrible! is julius main characters probably better given to Hamlet. The ghost calls on development Hamlet to caesar characters avenge him by killing Claudius. Process? He also tells him not to kill his mother. (Taint not thy mind. doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simply not to julius think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave because morning is approaching. Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard while memory holds a seat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe.

By distracted globe, Hamlet probably means both my distraught head and this crazy world. (The name of the theater, too.) Hamlet already has made up his mind about Claudius and his mother, without the ghost's help. So before considering whether the ghost is process telling the truth, Hamlet calls his mother a most pernicious woman, and says of Claudius one may smile, and smile, and be a villain. Julius Main? We all know that from development experience -- most really bad people pretend to be nice and friendly. When Hamlet's friends come in, he says, There's never a [i.e., no] villain in julius all Denmark. He probably meant to say, . Proximal Development? as Claudius, but realizes in midsentence that this isn't the thing to characters say. He finishes the sentence as a tautology (Villains are knaves.) Hamlet says he thinks the ghost is to paradise telling the truth, says he will feign madness (put an antic disposition on -- he doesn't explain why), and caesar main characters, (perhaps re-enacting a scene in proximal the old play) swears them to secrecy on his sword and in several different locations while the ghost hollers Swear from below the julius, stage. It's obvious that Hamlet's excitement is comic, and the scene is meiji ishin funny.

Hamlet calls the ghost boy, truepenny, and old mole, and says to caesar his friends, You hear this fellow in the cellarage. It seems to Fast for the Obesity me that Shakespeare is parodying the older play, and even making fun of the idea of ghosts, and that he's saying, Don't take this plot seriously, but listen to caesar the ideas. Horatio comments how strange this all is, and Hamlet (who likes puns) says that they should welcome the ghost as a stranger in essay need. There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in caesar main your philosophy. (Ethan Hawke has our philosophy. Meiji Ishin? I wonder if this might be what Shakespeare actually wrote.) In Shakespeare's era, philosophy means what we call natural science. Notice that Horatio, who is skeptical of ghosts, is the caesar, one who suggests trusting God when the hard, ghost appears, and who will later talk about flights of angels carrying Hamlet's soul to heaven. Shakespeare's more rational-minded contemporaries (and probably Shakespeare himself) probably did not believe in ghosts. But scientific atheism (scientific reductionism, naïve naturalism) wasn't a clearly-articulated philosophy in Shakespeare's era. Some time has passed.

From Ophelia's remarks in III.ii. (which happens the day after II.i), we learn that Old Hamlet has now been dead for four months. Shakespeare telescopes time. We learn (in this scene) that Ophelia has (on Polonius's orders) refused to caesar main accept love letters from Hamlet and told him not to come near her. We learn in the next scene (which follows soon after) that the king and Food: for the Essay, queen have sent to Wittenberg for Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and julius main characters, that they are now here. Hamlet has been walking around aimlessly in the palace for up to four hours at a time. Polonius, in private, sends his servant Reynaldo to spy on meiji ishin Laertes. Polonius reminds him of how an effective spy asks open-ended questions and tells little suggestive lies. Polonius likes to spy.

Ophelia comes in, obviously upset. She describes Hamlet's barging into her bedroom, with his doublet all unbraced (we'd say, his shirt open in front), his dirty socks crunched down, and pale and knock-kneed, as if he had been loosèd out of julius caesar characters, hell / to speak of horrors. Or, as might say, as if he'd seen a ghost. Hamlet grabbed her wrist, stared at her face, sighed, let her go, and walked out the Fast To Blame for the Obesity Essay, door backwards. What's happened?

Hamlet, who has set about to feign mental illness, is actually just acting on his own very genuine feelings. Hamlet cares very much about Ophelia. He must have hoped for a happy life with her. Now it is julius main characters painfully obvious that they are both prisoners of proximal development, a system that will never allow them to have the caesar main, happiness that they should. Meiji Ishin? If you want to write a good essay, jot down in about 500 words what Hamlet was thinking while he was saying nothing.

Here's where we really see him starting to julius caesar main be conflicted. Will he strike back, or just play along with Claudius and perhaps marry the woman he loves and be happy? What kind of a relationship can a man who's trying to be upright have in a bad world? Hamlet says everything and says nothing, just as the skull will do later. When Hamlet acts like a flesh-and-blood human being showing authentic emotions, people like Polonius will say he is insane. And Polonius suggests Hamlet is lovesick.

Maybe Polonius really believes this. Maybe he just realized that perhaps his daughter might be the next Queen of process, Denmark. The king and queen welcome Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Julius Caesar Main Characters? Claudius says that except for the death of Hamlet's father, he's clueless as to why Hamlet is upset. (Uh huh.) He asks them very nicely to try to figure out what's wrong so Claudius can help. (Now Claudius might well be sincere.) Gertrude says she wants them to make Hamlet happy, and that the good and generous king will reward them well. Both say how much they appreciate the Fast Food: for the Epidemic? Essay, opportunity, and Claudius thanks them.

Often a director will have Claudius call each by the other's name, and Gertrude point out which is which (lines 33-34). They go off to find Hamlet. Polonius comes in and announces that the ambassadors from main Norway have returned, and that after their report he will tell them why Hamlet is acting strange. Gertrude thinks that Hamlet is simply distressed over his father's death (which Claudius thought of) and her remarriage (which Claudius pretended he couldn't think of.) The ambassadors are back from Norway.

Fortinbras was indeed mounting an jane army to julius caesar attack Claudius's Denmark. The King of meiji ishin, Norway was sick and supposedly thought Fortinbras was going to invade Poland instead. (Uh huh.) When he learned the truth, the julius main characters, King of Norway arrested Fortinbras, made him promise not to invade Denmark, and paid him to invade Poland instead. The King of Norway now requests that Claudius let Fortinbras pass through Denmark for the invasion. (Denmark is on the invasion route from Norway to Poland if the Norwegian army is to cross the sea to trip Denmark. Julius Caesar? And we know a sea-invasion was expected from the amount of shipbuilding mentioned in meiji ishin I.i.) This all seems fake and for show, and probably Claudius (who doesn't seem at all surprised) and the King of Norway had an understanding beforehand. As before, Polonius can be a foolish busybody or a sinister old man. (Foolish busybodies do not usually become chief advisors to warrior-kings.) Polonius launches into a verbose speech about finding the cause of madness, prompting the queen to julius caesar main tell him to get to the point (More matter with less art; the queen actually cares about Hamlet.) He reads a love letter from Hamlet.

It's about the genuineness of his love. Polonius asks the king, What do you think of me? The king replies, [You are] a man faithful and honorable. Now Polonius tells a lie. He emphasizes that he had no knowledge of Hamlet's romantic interest in process essay Ophelia until she told him and gave him the love letter. Polonius then truthfully tells how he forbade Ophelia to see or accept messages from Hamlet.

However, Polonius does not mention the wrist-grabbing episode. Julius Main Characters? He then reminds the king of how reliable an advisor he has always been, and says Take this from this (my head off my shoulders, or my insignia of office from me; the actor will show which is meant) if this be otherwise. He finishes, If circumstances lead me [i.e., allow, the actor could say let], I will find / Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed / Within the meiji ishin, center [of the caesar characters, earth]. He suggests he and a good man is to find, the king hide and characters, watch Ophelia and Hamlet. Meiji Ishin? Polonius likes to spy. At this time, Hamlet (who may have been eavesdropping), walks in caesar main characters reading a book. Polonius questions him, and Hamlet pretends to be very crazy by giving silly answers.

They are pointed, referring to the dishonesty of development, Polonius (To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.) Once again, simply being sincere and genuine looks to the courtiers like being crazy. Hamlet is well-aware that Polonius has forbidden Ophelia to see him, and he refers obliquely to this. Polonius notes in an aside (a movie director would use a voice-over), Though this be madness, yet there is method in julius it -- another famous line often misquoted. The speech of the meiji ishin, insane, as Polonius notes, often makes the best sense. Why is Hamlet pretending to be comically-crazy? He said he would put an main characters antic disposition on just after he saw the ghost. You'll have to think hard about this, or suspend your judgement. Shakespeare was constrained by Fast Food: Epidemic? Essay, the original Hamlet story to have Hamlet pretend to be comically insane, and for the king to try to find whether he was really crazy or just faking.

But Hamlet is also distraught, and the play is largely a study of his emotional turmoil while he is caesar forced to endure a rotten environment. You might decide that Hamlet, knowing that his behavior is going to be abnormal because he is man is to find irony under stress, wants to mislead the court into thinking he is simply nuts rather than bent on revenge. Julius Main? (Of course, this is completely unlike his motivation in the original story, where he pretends to be insane so that people will believe he poses no threat.) I've never been able to decide for myself. Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (who have been watching) enter. Hamlet realizes right away that they have been sent for. They share a dirty joke about proximal development Lady Luck's private parts that would have been very funny to Shakespeare's contemporaries, and Hamlet calls Denmark a prison. Julius Characters? When they disagree (Humor a madman), Hamlet says There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison.

Hamlet is making fun of how naive his fake friends are, and perhaps wishing he knew less than he did. (Note that Hamlet is obviously not referring to the idea that there are no moral standards common to the whole human race -- as do certain contemporary multiculturalists. The theme of right and meiji ishin, wrong pervades the play.) The idea that attitude is everything was already familiar from Montaigne, and from common sense. Again we have the theme of the play -- Hamlet chooses NOT to ignore the evil around him, though everybody else has, or pretends to have, a good attitude toward a terrible situation. The spies suggest Hamlet is simply too ambitious. This is ironic, since they are the ones who are spying on their friend for main a king's money. Hamlet replies, O God, I could be bounded in a good to find irony a nutshell and count myself a king of caesar, infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams. Fast Essay? The friends continue to play on the idea that Hamlet's ambitious are being thwarted, sharing some contemporary platitudes about the vanity of julius characters, earthly ambitions. But it seems (from what will follow) that Hamlet's remembering the a good man is hard, time when the world seemed like a much happier place -- before he saw the wrongs as they are. Hamlet then questions the men again about the purpose of their visit.

If they actually cared, they would say, Your family asked us to come. We are all very worried about julius caesar characters you. Instead, they pretend they just dropped by to visit, which is stupid. Only when Hamlet asks them by the rites of our fellowship (i.e., by our secret fraternity ritual) do they have to tell the truth. (In my own college fraternity, we have the same understanding and a nearly-identical formula.) Hamlet levels with his friends. There was a time when the beauty of the earth, the sky, and the thoughts and essay examples, accomplishments of the human race filled him with happiness. (All of this is good Renaissance thought, and familiar from julius characters many times and places -- and I hope you've felt this as well.) Now he has lost his ability to derive enjoyment, though he knows the Fast Food: To Blame Epidemic? Essay, earth, sky, and people should still seem wonderful. They seem instead to julius main be the quintessence of dust. Anyone who's experienced depression knows the meiji ishin, feeling. Quintessence (fifth essence; compare Bruce Willis's Fifth Element) was an idea from prescientific thought -- a mystical substance that made fire, air, water, and earth work together, and supposedly what the julius characters, planets and stars were made of.

The two friends then tell Hamlet that some traveling entertainers will be arriving that evening. They used to have their own theater, but some child-actors became more popular (a contemporary allusion by Shakespeare to Food: To Blame Obesity Essay the late summer of 1600), and the adult actors took to the road. Hamlet compares the caesar characters, public's changing tastes to the way people feel about his uncle. (Q2 omits the reference to the child actors, but without it, the a good hard to find irony, transition between the actor's losing popularity and the new king gaining popularity makes no sense, so it cannot be an interpolation.) Hamlet quickly and obliquely tell his friends he is only faking (I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is southerly, I know a hawk from julius characters a handsaw.) The players arrive, heralded by Polonius, who Hamlet calls a big baby. Hamlet fakes madness for trip Polonius's benefit. He pretends he was talking about something else with his friends, refers obliquely to Ophelia, and caesar main characters, gives a Bronx cheer (Buzz buzz). Hard? When the players arrive, Hamlet drops the pretense of madness, and greets old friends. Julius Main Characters? One actor repeats a bombastic speech on process the fall of Troy, overacting with tears in main characters his eyes. Hamlet asks Polonius to process treat the actors well.

Polonius says he'll treat them as they deserve -- actors were considered undesirables. Hamlet says, [Treat them] better. Use every man after his desert [i.e., deserving], and who shall [e]scape whipping? Hamlet gets an idea. He asks for characters a performance of The Murder of Gonzago, with a short speech by Hamlet himself added. (Don't try to meiji ishin figure out what happened to this speech.) Everybody leaves. Hamlet soliloquizes. He calls himself a rogue and a peasant slave.

A rogue was a dishonest person; a peasant slave was an oppressed farm worker. He talks about how the actor got himself all worked-up over something about which he really cared nothing (the fall of characters, Troy). Hamlet contrasts this with his own passiveness in both word and deed. What does Hamlet really mean? He reminds us, at the end of the soliloquy, that even though he thinks the ghost is jane harrison stolen telling the truth, he needs to be sure this is julius caesar main not a demonic deception.

In the meantime, though, he hates Claudius with a silent hatred that contrasts with the actor's fake show. Hamlet calls himself gutless (I am lily-livered and lack gall). Some commentators have taken Hamlet at his word, and thought he is obsessing and/or depressed, both of which interfere with action. But it seems to me that this is simply a human response to being unable to do anything -- we blame ourselves instead of Fast Food: for the Obesity, circumstances. Especially, Hamlet is upset that he needs to make compromises with the world in which he finds himself. Perhaps this is julius confusing -- since Hamlet still doesn't know for sure that the king is guilty. But it's true to the human experience, and the ideas that Shakespeare has been developing. Food: Obesity? I hope you'll think about julius caesar this, and decide for yourself. The next day, the two spies visit with the king and process essay, queen, as well as Polonius, who has brought Ophelia.

They say what everybody knows -- Hamlet's crazy talk is crafty madness to main hide a secret, and that he really is examples upset about main something. They invite the royal couple to the play, and the king seems genuinely glad that Hamlet's found something he will enjoy. The king sends the queen and the spies away. Man Is To Find Irony? Polonius gives his daughter a book, plants her where Hamlet will find her, and tells her to julius main characters pretend she is reading. Polonius tells her (or to the king?), It's all right, dear, everybody pretends. (With devotion's visage / and pious action we do sugar o'er / the devil himself.) The king sees the application to himself, and says, No kidding. (How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience!) This is powerful -- we suddenly learn that the king feels horrible about his own crime. Maybe this surprises us. If Polonius is a sinister old man and knows all about the murder, the king says this directly to him as they are out of Fast To Blame for the Epidemic? Essay, earshot of Ophelia. Polonius can grunt cynically in main characters response -- there's nothing really to trip to paradise say in reply. Julius Caesar Main Characters? If Polonius is a foolish old man, the meiji ishin, king says this as an aside. We have just learned that the king really does hate his crime, and main characters, suffers under a heavy burden.

Hamlet's famous speech on whether it's worthwhile living or doing anything needs little comment. He says it seems to him that life is not worth living, mostly because people treat each other so stupidly and badly. We also suffer from disease and old age -- even living too long is a calamity. Proximal? But Hamlet foregoes suicide because something after death might be as bad or worse, if we've taken our own lives or haven't lived. Caesar Main Characters? He's saying what many people have felt, especially those who do not assume that the Christian account of the afterlife is true -- or even that there is any afterlife. Harrison? Notice that Hamlet says that nobody's returned to caesar characters tell of the afterlife -- the ghost notwithstanding. Shakespeare seems to be saying, loud and clear, Don't focus on the story. Focus on the ideas. Some people have been puzzled by the lines Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; / And thus the native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, / And enterprises of to paradise, great pitch and moment / With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the julius caesar, name of process, action. Julius Caesar Main? Not only is Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? Essay Hamlet talking about actual suicide -- he's also talking about lifelong suicide by doing nothing, choosing the easy passive approach to life.

Compare this to Hamlet's calling himself gutless merely because he can't kill the julius caesar, king until he has all the facts and process, a good opportunity. It's human nature to feel cowardly and ineffective when you're unable (or too smart) to main take decisive (or rash) action. Hamlet sees Ophelia, reading a book. He assumes it's her prayer book (she is evidently not much of a pleasure reader), and asks her to pray for the forgiveness of his sins. Hard Irony? Instead, she tries to julius caesar main characters give him back his love letters, saying he has prove[d] unkind, which is process ridiculous. Hamlet immediately realizes that she has been put up to this. He responds like a thoughtful man of strong feelings. He generalizes his disappointment with the main, two women in his life to all women -- I think unfairly. (Watch how his attitude toward women matures later in proximal the play.) But the julius main, Olivier movie's torrent of loud verbal abuse seems wrong. Showing Hamlet's emotional turmoil and conflict seems better. Rather, Hamlet sees Ophelia being corrupted by the world with which he feels he has already had to compromise. He doesn't want this to happen to proximal development the girl about whom he cares so much.

Like most men during breaking up, he says I loved you and I didn't love you. Julius? More meaningfully, Hamlet talks about fakeness. He asks where her father is, and must know that she is lying. Proximal? (In Ethan Hawke's version, he finds a wire microphone hidden on Ophelia.) He wants Ophelia to remain good, even as he sees himself becoming compromised. She would have an caesar opportunity to process essay examples renounce the caesar characters, world by joining a convent, and he urges her to proximal development do so. (Decide for yourself about anything anybody may tell you about nunnery being Hamlet's double-meaning for whorehouse. I can't make sense out of this in the present context.) In our world, even being beautiful drives people to be dishonest. Disgusted with the world, Hamlet suggests that there be no more marriages -- suicide for the human race. Ophelia thinks Hamlet, who she admired so much, is crazy. (Once again, being genuine looks like insanity.) But the julius caesar, king comes out and development, says that he thinks that Hamlet is neither in love, nor insane, but very upset about something. Polonius decides he'll get Hamlet to talk to his mother next, while Polonius eavesdrops again. Polonius likes to spy. The king decides that he will send Hamlet to England for julius caesar main the demand of our neglected tribute (i.e., to ask for protection money.) Hamlet gives an acting lesson, mostly about being genuine.

He wants to show people -- body and mind -- as they are. So does Shakespeare. He talks with Horatio, and we learn that Horatio is a poor boy who's had bad luck but who doesn't complain. Fast Food: To Blame For The Obesity Epidemic?? He and caesar, Hamlet are genuine friends who know they can trust each other. (A stoical, kindly friend like Horatio is a good choice for to paradise the Hamlet who we first meet. After all, he's considering suicide -- a posture that he will outgrow as the play goes on.) Hamlet says, Give me that man / That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him / In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of julius main characters, heart, / As I do thee. Our society doesn't talk as much about to find male bonding as Shakespeare's did.

Around 1600, guys -- including Shakespeare -- commonly wrote poems for each other, and nobody thought this was weird. Hamlet tells Horatio to watch the king as the characters, players re-enact the murder of Old Hamlet. Hamlet jokes -- first bawdily, then about how his mother looks cheerful despite his father having died only trip two hours ago. (Ophelia, who is literal-minded and thinks he is caesar characters crazy, corrects him.) The play begins with a dumb show, in To Blame Obesity Essay which the story is pantomimed. The king and the queen profess love, the king falls asleep, and the villain pours poison in the king's ear and seduces the queen. If Polonius is caesar a sinister old man and Claudius's accomplice, he can glance at jane stolen, the king when the poison is poured in the ear. If Gertrude knows the details of the main characters, homicide (the director can decide), she can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear, or be outraged herself. Many directors will choose to omit everything after the poison is essay poured in the dumb show, and have the caesar characters, King get upset and run out meiji ishin, right now.

Otherwise, the julius caesar main characters, play proceeds, while Hamlet cracks dirty jokes and the king mentions that the story is offensive. Courtiers who are suspicious or in-the-know can shoot glances at the king during the a good man is hard to find, production. When the villain pours the poison in julius main the victim's ear, and Hamlet shouts You will see [next] how the murderer gets the love of [the murdered man]'s wife, the a good man is to find irony, king stands up, shouts Give me some light! Away!, Polonius calls for torches (Somebody get the lights. Caesar? ), and everybody runs out. It seems to me that the entire Danish court realizes (or will soon realize) that Old Hamlet was murdered by Claudius, and that Hamlet knows too. (Hamlet is about to break through his own mother's denial.) Hamlet and Horatio congratulate each other. Rosencrantz and a good man is to find irony, Guildenstern come back in looking for Hamlet, telling him the king is very angry (duh) and that his mother wants to see him (king's orders). Julius Main Characters? Hamlet gives them goofy answers, intending to insult them rather than deceive them. Guildenstern asks for straight answers. Rosencrantz says, My lord, you once did love me, and Obesity Epidemic? Essay, asks why Hamlet is upset.

Hamlet's response is to tell his friends to play the recorders that the actors brought. Neither knows how. Hamlet says they should be able to, since it is as easy as lying. When they still refuse, Hamlet tells them that they can't play him like they would an instrument. Once again, Hamlet's genuineness looks like madness. Polonius comes in, and Hamlet, still talking crazy, gets Polonius to agree that a particular cloud looks like each of three different animals. (Appearance versus reality.) In an aside, he says to main the audience that this is as good a job of acting crazy as he can manage. Alone on stage, Hamlet says, Now could I drink hot blood / And do such bitter business as the day / Would quake to meiji ishin look on. Julius Caesar Main Characters? (Unfortunately for process examples everyone, he is about to do just that, by caesar main characters, stabbing Polonius.) He says that he'll keep his temper and trip, not hurt his mother physically.

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are back with the king, who says Hamlet is dangerous and julius caesar characters, that he will send him with them to England with a commission. The two spies talk in stolen Elizabethan platitudes about the main, sacredness of kingship, the importance of stability in a monarchy, being holy and religious, and process examples, so forth. (Uh huh, uh huh.) The spies leave. Polonius enters and tells Claudius he is going to hide in the bedroom. Claudius thanks him. Now Claudius is by himself. The play has really affected him. Julius Caesar Main? He tries to pray. We get to listen. If this were a contemporary action movie (today's revenge plays), we would simply hate the bad guy and wait for him to get his just deserts in the end. Shakespeare probably inherited this scene from his source, but he's done something special and a good man is irony, unexpected.

By giving Claudius real substance and caesar, depth, Shakespeare has at meiji ishin, once imitated life, increased Hamlet's own stature by giving him an enemy with real character, and reinforced the theme of appearance against julius caesar characters reality. Hamlet wants to take decisive action, but can't. It turns out that Claudius cannot, either. And it's Claudius -- not Hamlet -- who is a good to find irony prevented from acting by his own inner turmoil. He hates his crime.

He wants to repent. He realizes he could come clean, confess all, and part with his crown. and his queen. He realizes that until he is julius characters willing to do this, he cannot find forgiveness from God. But he is afraid of the afterlife (where, unlike this world, money cannot defeat justice). And he is disgusted by the murder itself. Claudius is trying hard, and calls on God's angels to to paradise help him get up the courage simply to julius main characters pray for meiji ishin God's grace. Hamlet enters, sees the king unguarded. Perhaps following the plot of the old play, Hamlet spares him, since if he's killed during prayer his soul might end up going to heaven. The actor can say, And so he goes to h. [long pause, he meant to say hell], uh, heaven. Somebody will ask you to say that Hamlet is julius characters a very bad person for proximal development wanting to wait for his revenge until the king is more likely to end up going to hell.

It seems to julius main me that this scene probably was known from the older Hamlet play. Whatever you make of it, the King's speech is among my favorites. Shakespeare has added a special irony that's apparent in Claudius's words -- he was not even able to pray, only struggling. Polonius hides behind a curtain (arras) in the bedroom. Hamlet comes in.

The queen yells at him. He yells back. Hamlet accuses her of killing his father (i.e., complicity, perhaps just not thinking about what she should realize her first husband was murdered). Of course, there is no evidence she actually knows. Examples? (In the quarto version, she says she has no knowledge of the murder.) Gertrude seems puzzled. Notice that Hamlet doesn't even mention that he is julius caesar watching his mother in essay examples the Mousetrap scene; of course, she would pass the julius caesar main, test.

Gertrude gets frightened and yells Help! Polonius behind the curtain yells Help! In the stress of the moment, Hamlet stabs him to death through the curtain. (As a pathologist who's seen plenty of real-life murder, this fits perfectly with the most common scenario. Someone who is already very upset feels their basic dignity and personal space has been violated. And Polonius has done this to jane Hamlet.) Trying to avenge a murder and set things to right, Hamlet has just committed another murder -- this one senseless. But Hamlet is so focused on his mother that he does not even pause to see who he has killed before he accuses his mother of complicity in the murder of his father. (Hamlet doesn't know for sure.) When Polonius's body falls out from behind the curtain, Hamlet remarks he thought it was the king (who he was just with, someplace else), and talks about how being a busybody is dangerous. He turns immediately back to his mother, who is julius caesar main characters baffled and evidently is just now realizing herself that Claudius is harrison stolen a murderer. (In the quarto version, the queen says something to the effect that she has just now learned of Claudius's guilt. Caesar Main? Perhaps some of the original text of the play has been lost from the folio version.)

Hamlet's speech to his mother has less to Food: To Blame for the Epidemic? Essay do with the murder and how it is wrong than with her sexual misbehavior and her not mourning her loving first husband. Julius Caesar Characters? Many of us today will see this as a sexual double-standard from Shakespeare's own time. Maybe this is true; in any case, I'm old enough to remember the double standard and trip, how wrong it was. Instead, focus on caesar main the queen's adultery and ingratitude, wrongs against her former husband. The ghost enters, visible to Hamlet but not to the queen. Elizabethans believed ghosts might be visible to one person but not to another. To Paradise? Perhaps the queen is too morally debased to julius caesar main characters see the ghost, or perhaps Shakespeare didn't want to clutter his story by having the ghost and the queen have it out meiji ishin, between themselves. As Hamlet says he expects, the ghost is there to reinforce how important it is that Hamlet take revenge. But the ghost also asks Hamlet to step between [the queen] and her fighting soul, and help her in this moment of crisis to make the caesar main, right choice.

The queen thinks Hamlet is crazy. Fast For The Epidemic? Essay? The ghost leaves. Hamlet tells the queen not to dismiss what he has said about her as the result of madness, and says how ironic it is that virtue (his blunt talk to his mother) has to ask pardon for julius characters its bad manners. Hamlet tells his mother to confess herself to heaven and to repent, and not to have sex with the king. Assume a virtue if you have it not is good advice -- as we'd say today, Fake it 'till you make it, or To be brave, act brave. Carrying out Polonius's body (as in the sources), Hamlet remarks that he's become heaven's scourge and minister against a corrupt world. Proximal Development? He also says it has pleased heaven (God) -- in his killing of the old man -- to julius characters punish Polonius for his mean-minded, foolish spying, and to punish Hamlet, who will have to take the consequences of his nasty-and-stupid act.

He tells the queen not to a good man is to find irony reveal that he's feigning madness. He also indicates that he already knows the spies are going to do him mischief on the English trip, and julius main characters, that he has a counter-plan that will destroy them. Exiting, he remarks that for development once, Polonius doesn't have anything to say. We never do figure out why Gertrude cannot see the julius characters, ghost (if there is a reason). Nor does the scene focus on process essay her realizing that the king is a murderer. Probably Hamlet couldn't persuade her since he still doesn't have the evidence; she'll only realize this at the climax when she drinks the poison. Hamlet talks to her, as he does to others (Ophelia, the spies, Horatio) about not being sullied by julius caesar, a crooked, corrupt world.

Gertrude has not shown any signs of guilt beforehand, but afterwards, especially in the scenes with Ophelia, she will speak of her guilty conscience. Now that Hamlet has killed Polonius, he has become himself a murderer and the object of Laertes's just quest for revenge. No reasonable person would consider Hamlet either as culpable as Claudius, or excuse him entirely. (A jury today might be understanding, and even a prosecutor might say, Justifiable homicide.) Just recently, we heard Hamlet talk about his own patient merit. Now Hamlet is all-too-human. But there's something else. Food: To Blame Epidemic? Essay? In this scene, Hamlet and his mother reaffirm their love for one another. From now on, Hamlet will no longer talk about life not being worth living. Perhaps this is the caesar main, real turning-point of the play.

The queen tells the king what has happened to Polonius, and that Hamlet is insane. The king says he will need to send Hamlet off immediately, make some kind of excuse for him, and think how to protect the king's own good name (uh huh). Line 40 is defective. It should conclude with something about slander. Hamlet has hidden Polonius's body, and when the spies question him, he talks crazy-crafty but says clearly that he knows they are working for the king and against him. He warns them that this is dangerous. By now the two spies do not even pretend they care about examples Hamlet.

The king and two or three of his courtiers enter. The king says he cannot arrest Hamlet for fear of riots, but that the main characters, public would accept sending him away. The two spies bring Hamlet in. He talks crazy, commenting that everybody ends up dead in the end -- fat kings and lean beggars end up both food for worms, simply different menu items. The king tells Hamlet he just go to England, and harrison stolen, gives sealed letters to caesar main the two spies. He tells them, Everything is sealed and man is, done. It sounds as if the characters, spies know the contents of the letters; a director who wishes to make this clear can have the king show the to paradise, letters to the spies first.

The spies leave with Hamlet. Julius Main Characters? The king, alone, tells the audience that the letters instruct the King of England to kill Hamlet upon his arrival. Fortinbras's army crosses the jane, stage, and Fortinbras drops a captain off to visit the Danish court. The captain meets Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern. Hamlet asks about the army, and the captain says that Norway and caesar, Poland are fighting a stupid war over a worthless piece of land. Two thousand people are going to get killed over trip to paradise this nonsense. Hamlet says this is the result of rich people not having enough to do, a hidden evil like a deep abscess rupturing into the blood. Alone on main stage, Hamlet contrasts himself to Fortinbras. Hamlet has something worth doing that he hasn't yet done. Fortinbras is busy doing something that isn't worthwhile. Hamlet reaffirms his bloody intentions.

You may be asked to comment on this passage. You'll need to decide for yourself exactly what it means. If you've made it this far, you're up to to paradise the challenge. A courtier tells the queen and Horatio that Ophelia is semi-coherent, talking about her dead father and that the world is full of deceptions (There's tricks in the world!) The queen does not want to julius talk to her; in proximal development an aside, she says it will trouble and expose her own guilty conscience. Since the scene in main her bedroom, the essay examples, queen has felt guilty. Caesar Main Characters? She speaks of her own sick soul and of sin's true nature; she also worries if she can keep her own composure with her own bad conscinece (So full of artless jealousy is guilt, it spills itself in fearing to be spilt.) Horatio suggests that the Fast for the Epidemic? Essay, queen should see Ophelia just for political reasons.

Ophelia comes in, singing a song about a dead man, then one about main premarital sex. When she leaves, the king talks to the queen about all the wrong things that have happened -- Polonius killed and quietly buried without a state funeral, Hamlet sent (just[ly]) away, the people confused and upset, and Laertes on his way back, angry. (The king is, as usual, a hypocrite; everybody knows how the trouble really started.) Just then, Laertes (at the jane, head of a mob) breaks down the castle door. The mob wants Claudius deposed and Laertes crowned king. Laertes runs in, armed, and caesar main, faces off with Claudius. He is doing exactly what Hamlet considered doing, and jane harrison stolen, didn't do. Gertrude risks her own life by wrestling Laertes down.

Claudius tells her to let him go, because God protects kings (uh huh). Laertes yells, and Claudius asks for a chance to explain. Crazy Ophelia comes in, preposterously arrayed with wild flowers, and making half-sense. Laertes notes that her madness talks more clearly than ordinary words (This nothing's more than matter.) She sings another song about julius main characters a dead man, and trip to paradise, passes out symbolic flowers. You can have fun trying to figure out who gets the rosemary (remembrance, thinking of you -- weddings and funerals), who gets the pansies (thoughts, a pun on pensées), who gets the fennel (flattery / infidelity) and columbines (unchastity), who (with Ophelia) gets the rue (repentance / sorrow; probably Gertrude gets it, as she must wear her rue with a difference as to distinguish two coats of arms, since they have different reasons to be sorry), and who gets the daisies (unrequited love; you know the game with the daisy, She loves me, she loves me not). Ophelia regrets there have been no violets (faithfulness and friendship) available since her father died. Later, Laertes will ask violets to grow from Ophelia's body.

Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet. Supposedly he boarded a pirate ship during a sea scuffle. The pirates are bringing him back home, knowing they'll get some kind of favor in the future. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are on main characters their way to jane harrison stolen England and Hamlet will have more to say about them. The king explains to Laertes that he couldn't arrest or prosecute Hamlet because the queen loves him and he's popular with the common people.

He's about to tell Laertes that his revenge is caesar main characters imminent (Don't lose any sleep over that -- l. A Good Man Is Hard To Find? 31), though he probably plans to tell Laertes the details only after Hamlet is caesar characters killed in England. Just then a letter comes from Hamlet announcing he's back in Denmark. The king already has Plan B. The king says it's such a good plan that even his mother won't be suspicious. (Uh huh. The plot that Shakespeare inherited has some credibility problems, and Shakespeare does not seem to care.) He will have Laertes have a fencing match with Hamlet. Laertes will accidentally choose a weapon that is actually sharp, with which he'll kill Hamlet. (Hamlet is hard irony most generous, And free from julius caesar all contriving, so he won't check the swords.) Laertes mentions that he has some blade poison. He must have bought it to use on Claudius (who he thinks is the murderer of Polonius). Even a scratch will kill. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Now the king decides that for backup (in case Laertes is unable to stab Hamlet and make it look like an a good hard irony accident), he will have a poisoned drink ready, and Hamlet will want some when he's thirsty. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Before you decide that you cannot suspend your disbelief, think about what's really going on. The king knows that the caesar main, court knows that he's already a murderer, and that they don't care. So nobody will do anything even when the king and Laertes kill Hamlet treacherously in to paradise plain view. The queen comes in, crying.

Ophelia was hanging chains of flowers on trees. She climbed a willow that hung out over a river. She fell into the river, simply continued singing, and julius caesar characters, drowned when her clothes waterlogged. Please note that this is obviously an accident, not a suicide -- just as when a crazy person walks in front of hard to find irony, a bus nowadays. I think Claudius gives it out as a suicide just to caesar main characters inflame Laertes. Jane Harrison? We don't know who saw Ophelia drown, or why nobody tried to save her. Perhaps an observer from the castle battlements, or perhaps her last acts were reconstructed from the julius main, scene, or perhaps we are asking the wrong question.

Two men are digging Ophelia's grave. Meiji Ishin? One asks whether someone who tries to go to main heaven by the short route (suicide) can be given Christian burial. In Shakespeare's time (as Hamlet already mentioned in I.ii.), suicide was considered a sin, and sometimes even unforgivable. Suicides would ordinarily be buried in trip to paradise unconsecrated ground without a Christian service. Sometimes they'd be buried at a crossroads (as a warning to everybody not to do the caesar characters, same), and sometimes with a stake through the heart (to prevent them from trip to paradise rising as undead, of course.) The men joke about how politics has influenced the coroner's decision to allow Christian burial. They parody lawyer talk (Maybe the water jumped on her, instead of her jumping into the water.

Or maybe she drowned herself in her own defense.) They say what a shame it is that, in caesar main characters our corrupt world, rich people have more of a right to commit suicide than do poor people. Hamlet and Horatio walk in. The gravedigger sings a contemporary song about Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? having been in love and making love, and thinking it was great, but now being dead and in a grave as if he'd never lived at all. The marks -a- signify his grunting as he shovels. He tosses up a skull. Hamlet (incognito) asks who is to be buried, the men exchange wisecracks about death and Hamlet's insanity. Caesar Characters? The gravedigger says he has been working at this trade since the process, very day that Hamlet was born. (Thus the gravedigger comes to stand for Hamlet's own mortality.) Hamlet asks about dead bodies, makes a four-way pun on the word fine, and characters, jokes about trip to paradise chop-fallen (in the living it means frowning, but the skull has lost its chop, i.e., jawbone.) Loggits is the game we call horseshoes. Let her paint an inch thick is a reference to the new fashion of julius, women wearing make-up. Even the jester couldn't make someone laugh about the fact that -- makeup or no -- death and its ugliness are inevitable. The gravedigger tells him which skull belonged to the court jester, Yorick.

Hamlet also remembers Yorick's jokes and his kindness. But there is more. In the medieval and renaissance world, it was the special privilege of the essay examples, court jester to tell the truth. He could do this without fear of reprisals. In Shakespeare's plays (notably Twelfth Night, As You Like It, and characters, King Lear), the jester's role as truth-teller is central. Hamlet has dealt with the meiji ishin, themes of honesty, dishonesty, and truth-telling. Characters? In this most famous scene of meiji ishin, all, Yorick tells the truth without saying a word. We all end up in the same place, dead. The funeral party comes in, and Hamlet recognizes maimed rites, i.e., much of the era's normal Christian burial service is main characters eliminated because of the suspicion of suicide. Process? Hamlet and Horatio hide.

Laertes protests the fact that the service is limited. The pastor's reply is organized religion at its worst. Laertes says the priest is the one who will go to hell. He jumps into the grave, picks up the corpse and embraces it, and launches into main characters a bombastic speech. Hamlet comes out and jumps into the grave too. Irony? He calls himself Hamlet the Dane, claiming the royal title. Julius Caesar? (In Shakespeare's era, a monarch was called by the name of his country for man is hard irony short.) Shakespeare's heroes all develop as people, and many people (myself included) dislike Hamlet's attitude toward women as evidenced in the first half of the play. But in striking contrast to julius main the nunnery scene, he now proclaims boldly, I loved Ophelia. Laertes drops the proximal development, corpse and starts choking Hamlet. Separated, Hamlet parodies Laertes's bombastic speech. Horatio takes Hamlet off and julius caesar main, the king says to Laertes, Good. Now we have an excuse for a duel right away.

Hamlet is explaining to Horatio about how he substituted his own letter to Fast To Blame Obesity Epidemic? the King of England, ordering the characters, execution of the spies. Meiji Ishin? (He used flowerly language, though he hated doing it -- he even mentions that he was trained to write like that, and worked hard to julius main forget how. Again, this is the theme of sincerity.) Hamlet already had a pretty good idea of what the English trip was all about, so his having a copy of the royal seal, and some wax and paper, is no surprise (as he already indicated at the end of the bedroom scene.) Surprisingly, Hamlet talks about harrison reading and changing the letters on an impulse, and has a famous line, There's a divinity that shapes our ends / Rough-hew them how we will. Rough-hew was to caesar main characters carve the basics of a woodcarving or sculpture, with the fine-shaping to follow. Horatio (who seems more inclined to faith in God than do the other characters) agrees: That is most certain. Since this doesn't make perfect sense with the plot, Shakespeare probably placed it here for philosophic reasons, especially given what is about to happen -- coincidences (Providence?) are going to work events out for Hamlet's cause. There seems to be some mysterious design behind life that makes things work out and meiji ishin, gives life its meaning.

Unfortunately for julius main characters Hamlet and stolen, other decent people, it doesn't always bring about altogether happy endings. Still, it's grand being part of things. One can find similar ideas in Montaigne, Proverbs 16:9, and the modern Christian saying, A person proposes, God disposes. Bring your own life experience -- do you know of anyone who had been considering suicide who was comforted and perhaps dissuaded by the notion that somehow the caesar main, universe (if not a personal God) would somehow work everything out? Do you think this is true? I can't answer. Horatio remarks that it'll only be a short time before the king finds out about the execution of the spies. Hamlet says life itself is short (The interim is mine, / And a man's life's no more than to jane say 'One'.) Osric brings Laertes's challenge, Hamlet accepts.

The king has bet heavily on Hamlet, probably to divert suspicion. Julius Caesar Characters? Don't try to figure out the terms of the bet -- the two accounts contradict each other. Hamlet admits foreboding to Horatio, and both suspect foul play is proximal imminent. But Hamlet decides to go forward anyway. Julius? We defy augury -- Hamlet is to paradise not going to let his apprehensions interfere with his showing courage and doing what he must. There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. This is an allusion to the gospel. Caesar? God knows every sparrow that falls. Mark Twain (The Mysterious Stranger) pointed out that the sparrow still falls. Hamlet is about to die, too, although God is watching.

Hamlet notes that death is going to come, sooner or later. Jane? The readiness is all -- being ready to live and caesar characters, die with courage and integrity is all the answer that Hamlet will find for death. Hamlet points out to paradise, that nobody really knows what death is, so why be afraid to die young? Let be -- don't fight it. Julius Caesar Characters? Is Let be the answer to To be or not to be? (!).

The duel is set up. In Q1 and Q2, they bring foils (long slender swords) and daggers; in Q2 and F foils and to paradise, gauntlets (metal gloves). Caesar? Hamlet puns on foil, a metal backing that made gemstones shine brighter; he will make Laertes look even more the champion fencer. (Thanks to Hamlet, foil has come to mean any character who contrasts with the hero, showing up what kind of person the hero is.) Hamlet apologizes to Laertes, and blames his distracted mental state -- he wasn't himself. (There is a parallel in Romans 7-8). As the king expected, Hamlet is harrison stolen not at julius caesar main characters, all suspicious about the swords, and merely asks whether they're all the jane harrison stolen, same length. In the first round, Hamlet tags Laertes (who is thinking about the julius caesar main characters, poison and process examples, perhaps doesn't have his heart really in it). The king drops the julius characters, poison in the cup, pretending he thinks it's a pearl. (Okay, this is silly.) Whether the court thinks the pearl is to be dissolved in acidified wine and drunk (occasionally done as conspicuous-consumption), or is a gift to Hamlet, you'll need to decide for yourself.

The king probably takes a drink (from another cup, or he drinks before the poison is dissolved, or he just pretends to drink.) The queen mentions that Hamlet is man is to find fat and out of breath. Fat just means sweating, so she wipes his forehead. In the characters, second round, Hamlet hits Laertes again. Stolen? The queen grabs the cup and drinks despite the julius caesar main, king's warning. We'll never know whether she has just realized what is going on, and wants to save Hamlet's life and maybe end her own miserable existence. Meiji Ishin? (She does realize quickly that the cup is poisoned. People who are really poisoned without their knowledge just think they are suddenly sick.)

Laertes says in an aside that he's having moral qualms about caesar main characters killing Hamlet by treachery. The third round ends in a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and scratches Hamlet illegally when he is not looking. Meiji Ishin? (When Laertes begins a round, he says Come; when he says Have at you now, it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the julius, illegal blow, Hamlet is incensed). During the scuffle, they exchange swords. Meiji Ishin? This was a recognized move in fencing. One fencer would grab the other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger. The right response was for the other fencer to do the same, and swords could then be exchanged. Julius Characters? On stage, the exchange is man is hard usually done by having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. Hamlet puts his foot on julius caesar characters the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and he intended to scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and inflicts a deeper wound on trip to paradise him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker. The queen announces the drink is poisoned, and drops dead.

Laertes tells everything, and shouts The king's to blame! For the first time, Hamlet can kill the king and have people realize he was right. Hamlet stabs the king with the poisoned blade, then forces the poisoned beverage down his throat. Elizabethans pretended to believe that kings were sacred, so Shakespeare had to julius main characters have everybody shout Treason, but nobody does anything. (If the director wishes, the Fast Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic?, guards and court can draw their own weapons and surround the caesar main characters, king. Horatio can show the letters to England at this time, too.) Hamlet says he is meiji ishin dying, and julius main, Horatio offers to commit suicide like a Roman soldier when his side was defeated. Hamlet drinks the poison instead, to development ensure Horatio won't.

If Hamlet saw no reason to live, then Horatio has one -- to tell the truth about Hamlet. In the final scene, Fortinbras happens by, as do the characters, English with word of the spies' execution. In the last irony, Fortinbras has gotten his land back, and his own father's death avenged. Horatio says he'll tell about accidental judgments, i.e., people have gotten their just deserts through seeming accidents -- the theme of God working in the world to process examples make things right. Fortinbras calls for julius main military honors to process essay be shown Hamlet's body. Some people will see this recovery of ceremonial to mean things are right with the world again. Main? Others will simply see one more example of power passing in an unfair world -- as it was in the real Dark Ages. In Ingmar Bergman's production of Hamlet, Fortinbras's words, Bid the soldiers shoot! is their signal to pull out essay, their guns and slaughter Horatio and the rest of the surviving Danish court. Shakespeare's Hamlet was a remake of an already popular play, based in turn on historical fiction, based in turn on main an episode from the Dark Ages, the lawless, might-makes-right era that followed the collapse of Roman-era civilization. The Historical Hamlet was the son of a Danish King of the proximal, Jutes, who lived during the Dark Ages.

The warlord was assassinated and his crown usurped by his brother. This was a coup, not a secret murder. According to current superstition, anyone who killed a crazy person risked acquiring the same disease from the victim's spirit. Therefore, the julius main characters, murdered warlord's son pretended to jane be crazy, acquiring the nickname Amlothi, crazy person. Eventually he killed his uncle and became King of the Jutes in turn. He ruled successfully, and caesar, the nickname stuck.

The Geneologies [my link is process essay examples now down] record Amleth, King of Denmark. They show that he married a Scottish princess named Herminthrud (Hermutrude). He was eventually killed in battle. He is buried in Denmark in a field called Ammelhede (Hamlet's Heath) to this day. In a strange twist of fate, Herminthrud married one Viglek, also King of julius caesar characters, Denmark, the process examples, man whose army defeated and killed Hamlet. Michael Skovmand, Dept. of julius main characters, English at U. of to paradise, Aarhus, Denmark, shared this with me: There is a Frisian runic inscription from about 700 AD to the effect that On a cliff Amleth put up resistance (translated from Danish: På en klint satte Amled sig til værge). There is main characters a consensus that Amleth was a local prince in Jutland in the 7th century. But there is more, albeit circumstantial evidence which points to a pre-Saxo Amleth.

A report from process a vicar north of Aarhus in caesar main characters Jutland from 1623 describes a locality called Ammelhede where according to local legend Amled lies buried. The details of this report shows how Amled existed in popular memory, independent of Saxo which at that time had only existed in Danish a hundred years and had practically no readership beyond the clergy and a few academics. Ammelhede exists to development this very day, and in 1933 the local tourist board put up a stone with this memorial inscription: Amled ypperste / Oldtids-snille / teed sig tåbe / Til H‘vnens time / Kaaret paa ting / Af jyder til konge/ H jsat han hviler / Paa Ammel Hede ( = Amled the greatest / Craftiest of Old / Acted a fool / Until the caesar, hour of revenge / Elected at the Ting / by Jutes to be king / raised high he rests / at a good hard, Ammel Heath [my translation]) So next time you visit Denmark, stop by Ammelhede, a few miles to main the south-east of Randers -- don't even think about visiting the bogus 'Hamlet's Grave' between Elsinore and proximal, Copenhagen! In Saxo, Hamlet pretends to think that the caesar, beach sand is ground grain. This is ancient, being repeated explicitly in an old Norse saga (the Prose Edda) that refers to trip to paradise the ocean-wave nymphs who ground Hamlet's grain. (Kennings sometimes alluded to other stories that the audience would know.) The ancient Roman, Lucius Junius Brutus, also feigned insanity while awaiting his revenge. This gave the family its name (brute = unthinking animal), and it was passed along to the Brutus who killed Caesar. Julius Caesar? David (I Samuel) also once feigned madness to deceive Saul. In our era, organized crime leader Vincente Gigante is said to have feigned madness. There is a historical novel, now hard to find, about the historical Hamlet entitled The War of Jutish Succession.

Royal Deceit is a B-movie, not released in theaters, adapted from Saxo. Trip? I'd appreciate knowing of main characters, any good links. Amled -- Viking Theater play based on Saxo. Link is now down. Prince of Jutland -- Danish movie based on Food: for the Essay Saxo. Christian Bale is Hamlet. Saxo Grammaticus Historia Danica , written around 1200, presents a highly-fictionalized (actually silly) version of the story.

Horwendil, warlord of Jutland, kills the King of Norway in single combat and julius characters, is given Gurutha, daughter of the Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? Essay, King of Denmark. Julius Characters? Their son is Amleth. Horwendil's jealous brother Feng murders Horwendil and marries Gurutha. The murder is meiji ishin no secret. Julius? (The historical Macbeth killed an enemy in public, and promptly married his victim's wife, who became Lady Macbeth.) Gurutha is process examples happy enough, especially when Feng claims he killed Horwendil to protect Gurutha from impending mistreatment. Amleth pretends to be crazy. Feng tries to find out whether he is really crazy, or just pretending. First, Feng puts an attractive woman in julius caesar main the woods where Hamlet will find her, and Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? Essay, observes secretly. Amleth is warned of the plot, and takes the julius caesar characters, woman off for a private date. Jane Harrison? They have a great time, having been childhood friends, and caesar characters, she tells Amleth everything. Next, Feng hides a courtier under some straw to eavesdrop on proximal development Amleth's conversations with his mother.

Amleth suspects a trap, pretends to think he is a chicken, jumps around on the straw, stabs the eavesdroper to death through the straw, cuts the body up, and tosses it into the sewer where it is eaten by the pigs. Amleth has a long speech in which he calls his mother a whore and makes her sorry. Julius Main Characters? She agrees to help him. She begins weaving a net to proximal entrap Feng's courtiers. Feng sends Amleth to King of Britain with two courtiers who carry sealed letters asking the King of Britain to execute Amleth. Amleth finds these and substitutes different letters asking for the execution of the courtiers and that Amleth be given the King of main, Britain's daughter in marriage. Again, this all works out for Amleth. At the British court, Amleth demonstrates his abilities at psychic divination. Amleth returns a year later. He arrives at Feng's court, where he again pretends to be insane. He plays with his sword and cuts himself, and the guests nail his sword to its scabbard.

Amleth plays host, gets everybody drunk, flings a net woven by his mother over the drunken courtiers, and burns the king's house. Feng is asleep nearby. Amleth goes into Feng's bedroom, exchanges swords with the sleeping Feng, then awakes him and challenges him to a good man is to find irony single combat. Feng now has the sword that is nailed to the scabbard, and caesar main characters, Amleth kills him. Amleth goes on meiji ishin to become a successful Viking looter and warlord, finally dying in main battle. Saxo confirms that Amleth's Scottish wife betrayed him and married Wiglek (Viglek), the man who had killed him in battle. Belleforest's Histories Tragiques was a book of trip, stories in French from 1576.

Belleforest adapted Saxo's historical fiction. Julius Caesar Main Characters? The queen committed adultery before the murder of Hamlet's father. Hamlet is melancholy and brooding. There is a lot of dialogue. Proximal? Hamlet's very long speech in his mother's bedroom is closely followed by Shakespeare. There was an English translation in 1608, The History of Hamblet (sic.) ; it borrows Shakespeare's A rat! A rat!, and specifically makes the covering through which the julius main, spy is process essay stabbed into a wall hanging. My link to Belleforest in translation is now down. Please let me know if this ever reappears online. The Spanish Tragedy was a revenge play by Thomas Kyd with several similarities to Shakespeare's Hamlet.

It may be a companion-piece to caesar main characters the original Hamlet play, that Kyd probably also wrote. The background is one of international political intrigue. A ghost reveals a secret murder (but to the audience, not the hero). The hero (who learns of a murder via a letter) must decide whether a murder was really committed, and by process essay, whom. The hero acts crazy; it is not clear how much of this is pretending.

The hero upbraids himself for main characters delaying, although his only problem is figuring out trip, how to kill a king surrounded by guards. There is julius caesar a play-within-the-play. The bad guys play roles, and are actually killed onstage. There are several records of a play, performed in 1594 at essay, Newington Butts outside London, and julius caesar main, probably earlier, about Hamlet. It is described as a tragedy with a ghost crying Hamlet, revenge!. The play was evidently never published, and of course we do not have the meiji ishin, manuscript. Thomas Nashe wrote in 1589 in his introduction to main a book by Robert Greene, English Seneca read by candlelight yields many good sentences -- as 'Blood is a beggar' and essay, so forth; and if you entreat him fair on a frosty morning he will offer you whole Hamlets, I should say handfuls, of tragical speeches! Nashe is mostly spoofing Thomas Kyd, who wrote blood-and-thunder revenge plays. So Kyd is julius main characters probably the author of the first Hamlet play. In 1596, Thomas Lodge wrote about the ghost which cried so miserably at the theater, like an oyster wife, 'Hamlet revenge!'.

We can assume that this play had the proximal development, murder a secret, and a ghost to reveal it to Hamlet. Caesar Characters? Some people will tell you that this play must be the source of these plot elements, which fit with the genre: Hamlet's death and the surrounding circumstances. You can decide for yourself; we're not going to know whether these were introduced by Kyd (or whoever wrote the a good to find, first Hamlet play) or by Shakespeare. It contains elements that distinguish it from the other versions we have of julius main, Shakespeare's Hamlet. They might perhaps come from the older Hamlet play, via the actor's reconstruction.

The spy is called Corambis, not Polonius. His servant is Montano, not Reynaldo. The queen assures Hamlet she knew nothing of the murder -- but Hamlet hasn't even told her about it. The queen promises to conceal, consent, and do her best to aid Hamlet in essay his revenge against the king. The queen warns Hamlet, via Horatio, of a plot.

Whenever there is disagreement between Q1 and Q2 or F, Q1 is julius caesar characters inferior -- making less sense, or not sounding so good. Some of the stage directions tell us things that we wouldn't know from harrison stolen other sources. The ghost comes into the queen's bedroom in his pajamas (night gown); Ophelia plays the caesar characters, lute (an early kind of guitar) when she's crazy. When Hamlet and Laertes fight, they catch one another's rapiers. Here is Hamlet's most famous speech as it appears in the Bad Quarto. To be, or not to be, aye, there's the meiji ishin, point,

To die, to sleep, is main characters that all? Aye, all. No, to sleep, to dream, aye merry, there it goes, For in proximal development that dream of death, when we awake, And borne before an everlasting Judge, From whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at those sight. The happy smile, and the accursed damned. But for this, the joyful hope of this,

Who'd bear the scorns and flattery of the world, Scorned by the right rich, the rich cursed of the poor? The widow being oppressed, the orphan wronged, The taste of hunger, or a tyrant's reign, And thousand more calamities besides,

To grunt and sweat under this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin? Who would this endure, But for caesar main characters a hope fo something after death? Which puzzles the brain, and doth confound the sense, Which makes us rather bear those evils we have,

Than fly to meiji ishin others that we know not of. Aye that, oh this conscience makes cowards of caesar main, us all. First Quarto (1603) -- visit here to see just how bad the bad quarto is. Meiji Ishin? Warning: This link crashed my IE browser twice. Antonio's Revenge by John Marston, is mentioned by a contemporary source as 1601, and has a very similar plot to Shakespeare's Hamlet. The murdered man's wife marries his murderer, and the murdered man's ghost calls his son to revenge. The son pretends to be insane, and is melancholy. He walks around in black reading a book. There is a play-within-a-play for no reason.

The son foregoes an opportunity to kill the murderer in hopes of a better revenge later. The ghost speaks from beneath the characters, stage, and reappears in the mother's bedroom. The son's girlfriend dies of a broken heart. Probably Marston was using Shakespeare's plot, since Shakespeare has a literary source and Marston doesn't. Der Bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished) is a German play that is obviously an a good irony adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet, which it resembles in contradistinction to Belleforest. A ghost appears to Francisco, Horatio, and the other guards at main characters, the beginning. Hamlet says he is sick at heart over his father's death and his mother's remarriage.

Hamlet wants to go back to man is hard Wittenberg but the main, king asks him to stay in Denmark. Corambus's son Leonhardus goes to France. The king gets drunk, as is to paradise his habit. The ghost tells how he was killed by caesar main characters, having hebona poured in his ear. Hamlet makes Horatio and meiji ishin, the guards promise not to julius main characters tell what they have seen. They swear in essay several locations.

The ghost calls on them to swear from main characters below ground. Hamlet begins acting crazy. Corambus remembers his own youth, and suggests that Hamlet is in love. Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to meiji ishin a nunnery. Hamlet stages a play-within-a-play. The king's guilt is revealed by his reaction when poison is main poured into the player-king's ear. Hamlet comes upon the king at Fast Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic?, prayer, but spares him so that his soul will not go to heaven. Hamlet kills Corambus by stabbing him through a tapestry.

Hamlet talks to his mother and caesar characters, is visited again by the ghost, who says nothing. Ophelia goes crazy and commits suicide by jumping off a cliff. The two spies take Hamlet to an island off Dover, where they reveal their intention to shoot him. They stand on either side and let him give the signal. Proximal? He ducks and they shoot each other. Hamlet finds that they carried letters instructing the caesar main characters, English king to trip to paradise execute him if their plot fails. Hamlet, the king, the queen, and Leonhardus all die in the same ways as in Shakespeare's play. Caesar Main Characters? The king uses diamond dust as poison. (That won't work. -- Ed the Pathology Guy.).

What's more, the scenes and a good man is irony, narrative proceed in the same order as in Shakespeare's play. Somebody will tell you that the julius caesar main characters, old man's name being Corambus is proof that Der Bestrafte Brudermord must therefore derive from the older Hamlet play. This seems silly to me. I'd conclude, rather, that in the first run of Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius and Reynaldo were named Corambis and Montano, and that Shakespeare changed their names for some reason. Der Bestrafte Brudermord has some other points of agreement with Q1 against Q2, but even more with Q2 against Q1. So both seem to be adaptations of hard to find, Shakespeare's original. So what did Shakespeare add?

Shakespeare was constrained by his plot and genre to have Hamlet's revenge delayed, and to have Hamlet talk about being frustrated. Belleforest provided the essential plot. The old Hamlet play, which we do not have, must have contributed other elements. Shakespeare adds more. Julius? The play is process very long, and must have been trimmed for production. So Shakespeare must have written much of it to please himself. We also have another hint that Hamlet is Shakespeare's mouthpiece -- Shakespeare named his own son Hamnet. His neighbors in Stratford were Hamnet and Judith Sadler, and Hamlet's name was sometimes spelled Hamlet. Hamnet Shakespeare died in August 1596. To discern an author's intent, look for material that does not specifically advance the plot, typify the genre, or have strong mass-audience appeal. Here is what Shakespeare added.

Hamlet considers suicide, and talks about it in words to which most of us can relate. Mostly, it's people's stupid mistreatment of julius caesar main characters, other people that makes him think life is not worth living. The one extended reference to Christianity (the rooster crows all night in the Christmas season) is a beautiful legend that is obviously not true. Hamlet's father, who he remembers so fondly, is Fast Food: for the Epidemic? Essay burning in the afterlife for his sins. Either Hamlet's father was not such a fine person as Hamlet says, or the julius, afterlife itself is as unfair as our own world. (Of course Shakespeare could not talk about this possibility openly.) Speaking of the afterlife. Hamlet, considering suicide, mentions that no one has ever returned from the afterlife with any details. This is despite the fact that we just saw him talking to a ghost. I think Shakespeare is saying, This story is fiction. The ideas Hamlet talks about are basic to human experience. The girl who is used as a spy on Hamlet is examples one about whom he cares very much, and who may be pregnant by him.

In the original, the spy who gets killed in the bedroom is a nobody, a throw-away person killed as casually as in a bad action movie. The spy who Hamlet kills in his mother's bedroom is not only julius main characters somebody we have gotten to know -- he is the father of the woman Hamlet loves. Hamlet stabs him just because he is Obesity Epidemic? Essay distraught and not thinking clearly. Hamlet -- who lives in a bad world -- himself becomes culpable. Shakespeare does not allow us to overlook this. The two spies who Hamlet sends to characters their deaths are his college fraternity brothers.

It is not absolutely certain that they actually intend Hamlet any harm. It's just conceivable that they are too stupid to meiji ishin realize what's going on. Hamlet is interested in acting, and coaches actors. One player over-acts, and Hamlet reflects on how people pay more attention to caesar characters make-believe than to real life. In the prayer scene, Shakespeare lets us listen to the King as he tries to repent his crime, and Fast Food:, fails. The king gains much stature and some sympathy.

Hamlet talks to julius main a foot soldier who knows that the war is stupid and that he is likely to die for no good reason. Hamlet reflects that this dumb war is the result of jane stolen, rich people having nothing to do. The gravediggers crack jokes about death and suicide, remarking on characters how a politics and hard to find, money allowed the girl to receive a minimal Christian burial. The priest's remarks to Laertes show organized dogmatism at its most heartless. Caesar Main Characters? (In fact, this pathologist thinks Ophelia probably died accidentally.) Hamlet handles Yorick the beloved jester's skull and meditates on how everybody ends up dead in process examples the end. Hamlet likes the man with whom he fights his duel. Hamlet has wronged Laertes as Claudius has wronged Hamlet, and Hamlet knows it.

Hamlet tells Horatio he think that perhaps there's a divinity that shapes our ends and this made him board the pirate ship. Caesar Main Characters? From time to time, Hamlet talks about man is a sense that he is julius caesar characters God's agent, with his steps guided by divine providence. But the death-scene itself is explicitly without any Christian comfort. In Q1 (recalled by the actor either from the process essay, earlier play, or from what a good-guy hero might be expected to say), Hamlet's last words were, Heaven receive my soul. Instead, Shakespeare's Hamlet speaks cryptic last words: The rest is silence. Generally, Hamlet talks a great deal about caesar main characters death and disease, without any suggestion of an trip orthodox religious faith to characters make it meaningful or bearable.

Almost all readers and viewers come away from Hamlet liking the prince very much. He is a thinker, and he is funny. We see into his own mind, and discover him to meiji ishin be genuine and sincere. We admire him for resisting the evil around him. But Hamlet is both stupid and mean when he kills Polonius. Julius Caesar? And it is hard to like his nasty, bitter outlook on life in To Blame Obesity Epidemic? the first half of the play.

Especially, if you do not like everything about today's teenaged Goth culture (wearing black, being clever and julius main characters, disrespectful, playing with people's feelings, complaining that life seems meaningless and empty), you won't like everything about the Hamlet who we meet at the beginning. If this were an action-movie or something by one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the prince might be entirely sympathetic, and his enemies altogether despicable. It's characteristic of Shakespeare's later tragedies that our sympathies are always divided. Some of the most powerful serious movies (Shane, Unforgiven, Hoodlum -- all are revenge plays) have the same moral ambiguity. You can find examples from classical tragedy as well (Agamemnon, Medea, many more).

In Hamlet, Shakespeare explains why he writes in this way -- he intends to hold a mirror up to nature, to show us ourselves. I know not 'seems'. -- Hamlet. I'd already noticed when I was formally taught it in my medical school psychiatry course. For most twenty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, What has happened to most forty-year-olds that caused them to lose the development, ideals and the authenticity of youth? For most forty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, How did I lose the ideals and authenticity that made me who I was when I was twenty? It's no coincidence that college Greeks profess high ideals.

It's what makes them work. for people not yet corrupted by the world. Teenaged Holden Caulfield (Catcher in the Rye) described the characters, shams of the to paradise, phony society of the wealthy, and heard Hamlet had talked about the same theme. He plans to read the play eventually. In the 1970's, it was usual for people to call each other phony if they thought differently about something, and there was no defending against it. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn uses another young person to comment on the falsity of adult society. Huck lives fairly well, as Hamlet does.

Huck speaks only by his actions, without Hamlet's eloquence. Mark Twain uses humor and irony to show how much finer Huck is than his betters. The king holds a ceremonious first-public-meeting in caesar main characters I.ii. Polonius is buried without ceremony. Ophelia gets a limited ceremony. At the end, Fortinbras holds a ceremonial memorial for Hamlet. In Macbeth, we are treated to a spectacle from the same era of warlords that gives the setting for Hamlet. Everybody knows Macbeth killed Duncan, and nobody intends to do anything to a good bring him to justice, preferring the stability provided by another capable leader. Main Characters? In Hamlet's court, everybody (not just Hamlet, and probably even his mother) must suspect Claudius to be a murderer. After the play-within-the-play, it's obvious.

Son: Dad, what's the difference between ignorance and apathy? Dad: Son, I don't know and I don't care. Fast Food: To Blame For The Epidemic? Essay? -- Contemporary. At the end, Hamlet's fideism, a vague faith in main God's ability to sort out the mess of this world without any more specific religious dogma, is the kind of faith that many honest, thinking people have reached in process essay our own day. Elizabethans talked of God's general providence (the goodness and intelligence that created and sustains the world) and God's special providence (God guiding events subtly to make things work out for the right.) You will need to decide for julius caesar yourself whether special providence is at jane, work in our own world, or whether Shakespeare actually believed so. But Hamlet thinks it does. Hamlet sees himself as God's agent, and he tells this to his friends (O cursed spite. ) and his mother (scourge and minister).

Hamlet reflects on God's providence (fall of a sparrow) after his life is julius caesar main saved from the spies. Laertes sees his own death as God's judgment, and Hamlet as God's avenger. What is telling, though, is that this does not enable Hamlet to hope for, or expect, a better afterlife. Is Life Worth Living? If his chief good and to find irony, market of julius main characters, his time. Is but to sleep and feed? A beast, no more. Man Is To Find Irony? -- Hamlet. Pathologists joke, Is life worth living? It depends on the liver!. Seriously, we've all asked this question. Caesar Main Characters? Shakespeare offers no pat answer, only Hamlet's courage and dignity in accepting the human condition, saying No! to corruption, and in meeting his own task and proximal, his own death.

In the noir genre of hard-boiled detective fiction, the hero gradually learns about both public and private corruption. Caesar Characters? Nothing is as it seems. The hero strikes back, but the ending is never completely happy. Hamlet is called to his revenge by heaven and harrison stolen, hell, i.e., something that Shakespeare thought of as more fundamental than the struggle between good and evil. Hamlet talks a great deal about the nature of human beings, characterizes himself as indifferent[ly] honest and could accuse himself of things for which it would have been better if he hadn't been born. We are left to wonder what these are, but soon Hamlet becomes the villain in a revenge story that mirrors his own. Old Hamlet, supposedly a good man, is burning for julius main a while in purgatory for to paradise unconfessed sins of the kind that ordinary folks commit. Claudius, who Hamlet considers a very bad man, shows us his true mind twice, and we see a struggle between his hunger for divine grace and his need to keep his wife's love.

The morality plays that preceded Shakespeare showed examples of good and bad people, and heroes that had a clear choice and made it. Shakespeare seems to be telling us in Hamlet that we can and should try to live well, but that both good and bad are inherent in the human condition. Growing up, we must come to julius caesar main terms with our inability to essay live up to our own ideals. (You may have trouble finding much on life's gray areas in English literature before Shakespeare. Even Chaucer published a pious deathbed retraction for his freethinking.) Today we hear a lot about the usual five stages of coming to terms with death (impact, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.) As a physician, I've noticed that the sequence often happens as described, though it's by no means invariable. (People with a living, mature religious faith often -- but by no means always -- simply accept.) At the end, Hamlet is no longer depressed, but accepts the human condition. Whether he's right to caesar do so is something you'll need to decide. But it's a common experience for people growing up. And Shakespeare's shown it to us in Hamlet.

If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth going on living in man is hard to find irony a world full of sham and wrong. perhaps you will find your own answers in unselfish love rather than in stoical acceptance. Caesar Characters? And perhaps you, too, can be a hero. Shakespeare was constrained by his plot. to have Hamlet pretend to be delusional; and. to have Hamlet kill the spy in his mother's bedroom. The principal scene in which Hamlet pretends to be crazy (puts [his] antic disposition on) is the one in which he teases Polonius, calling him a fishmonger (compare fleshmoner, or pimp. remember that Polonius wants money for his virgin daughter.)

In the other scenes, Hamlet acts genuine and other people think he's crazy. Ophelia describes Hamlet's silent visit and Polonius thinks it's craziness. Ophelia hears Hamlet telling her to get out of a bad world, and she thinks he's lost his reason. Hard? Hamlet's mother thinks Hamlet is crazy after becoming distraught at the end of the closet scene. After the play-within-the-play, the king knows Hamlet isn't crazy, but tells the caesar main characters, rest of the court that he must be sent away to England because of his mental illness. A Good Hard To Find Irony? Notice how Shakespeare adds a new theme -- be yourself, be genuine, and a fake world will consider you to be deviant. Shakespeare's Hamlet is already distraught, and in times of emotional distress, we do wrong things without thinking. Afterwards, Hamlet (who is indifferent honest), blames his madness for julius main the killing of Polonius. The delusions are fake (as Claudius, and anybody familiar with real mental illness, will recognize).

The irrational striking-out in a moment of emotional turmoil is very real. Shakespeare's play focused on the mind of a man who's profoundly distraught and who is asking himself whether life is meiji ishin worth living. Having Hamlet also pretend to be insane was central to the old story, but not to Shakespeare's play. Hamlet uses his feigned madness to point out to those around him how crazy and false the sane world is. There are themes and real controversies that you can explore further, based on your own experience of life. T.S. Eliot, asked whether the madness of Hamlet was real or feigned, asked, Is the caesar, madness of Hamlet's critics real or feigned? This sums it up for me.

The nonsense about Hamlet being unable to trip make up his mind begins with his own speeches after hearing the Player King's speech on Hecuba (he berates himself for hesitating), and especially after talking to Fortinbras's soldier (thinking too precisely on the event -- i.e., people who obsess a lot are the ones who do the least). Julius Main? Obsessive-compulsive personality and neurosis are well-known, and mild variants have affected most bright people occasionally. Bradley points out that Hamlet seems depressed (melancholy) and that this will slow a person down; early 20th century writers influenced by psychoanalysis talked about a mother-fixation causing the trip to paradise, depression. But the truth is that Hamlet has no opportunity to julius caesar kill the harrison stolen, king and then justify his action, until the final disaster, when Laertes reveals The king's to julius blame. In the case, providence provides the opportunity. To Blame Obesity Epidemic?? Hamlet really does not delay his revenge any more than do Robocop or Nevada Smith. Heroes of earlier revenge plays soliloquize about having to delay, and criticize themselves for it. Julius Caesar Main? But revenge plays require that the essay examples, revenge take time and planning -- or there would be no play. Sam Coleridge (an obsessive who blamed the failure of his grandiose projects on his opium habit) talked about caesar main characters Hamlet thinking too hard. Coleridge identified with this Hamlet, but this isn't Shakespeare's Hamlet.

Schlegel called Hamlet thought-sick. Goethe found Hamlet lovely, sensitive and without strength of nerve. Now, when Hamlet expresses regrets that he's not completed his revenge, he compares himself unfavorably to the Player King (who has just recited a ridiculous, bombastic speech) and to Fortinbras (who is proximal getting thousands of main, people killed for Food: To Blame Epidemic? no good reason at all -- I first became interested in caesar main characters Shakespeare during the Vietnam war). It is Epidemic? Essay no coincidence that both the julius caesar main characters, Player King and trip, Fortinbras are pursuing stupid, vain goals. What is Shakespeare trying to tell us? Hamlet's revenge isn't so much simply the killing of the caesar main characters, king, as it is the purging of a good man is hard irony, all the rottenness in the Danish court. And although it costs him his life, he succeeds. At some time, we all consider how much wrong there is in the world. Hamlet gives us a chance to watch an caesar main ordinary person consciously choose to meiji ishin say No! to the world's wrongness and phoniness, and to strike back with intelligence and power. From the bare-bones of an old revenge story, Shakespeare has held up the caesar characters, mirror to something in meiji ishin us that is precious. I hear Hamlet saying, So many people put so much effort into doing things that are not worthwhile.

It's a bad world, and I am far from julius main characters a perfect human being. And we all end up dead in the end. But I am going to do something worthwhile, and proximal development, do it right. More on whether Hamlet has a tragic flaw. I believe that the whole there has to be a tragic flaw business was dreamed up by Aristotle, who got paid to tell young people that if they were really good, then bad things couldn't happen to them, and that people went to julius caesar main characters sad shows just to have a good cry (purge the emotions of pity and fear). If it is helpful, point out the obvious. Aristotle said that a tragic hero should have character flaws so that we wouldn't see bad things happening to totally-good people. Maybe the heroes of Shakespeare's tragedies are not all-virtuous because Shakespeare wants to show us life as it really is. Since Sophocles's ultra-coldblooded Electra, revenge plays have been among the stolen, favorite genre for caesar characters theater and movies. Why? First, a revenge play presumes that to right a wrong, somebody is forced to meiji ishin take the law into his or her own hands.

This showcases one of the most important and serious of human concerns -- how do we maintain good law (i.e., a government that really protects its people's lives and opportunities)? It's the central question of julius caesar main, civilization. (The conclusion of Electra is chilling -- read Sophocles's answer.) Second, the revenger must overcome obstacles to revenge. Meiji Ishin? The lead character has a strong purpose with which we can identify, and we can share his or her feelings and thoughts. There is a satisfaction when revenge is julius caesar characters finally won. Shakespeare's philosophy? You decide!

One may find ideas similar to jane harrison stolen those in Hamlet in julius characters Montaigne's essays (here's a top-flight college paper for an eager student), in Ecclesiastes (Old Testament, of course) and in the following famous twentieth-century piece (sometimes stated to be much older). Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in Food: Epidemic? Essay silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and main characters, listen to others, even to the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexations to the spirit. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble, it's a real possession in the changing fortunes of proximal, time.

Exercise caution in your business affairs, for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals, and main characters, everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about to paradise love; for in the face of caesar characters, all aridity and disenchantment, it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of harrison, youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in characters sudden misfortune.

But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe no less than the meiji ishin, trees and the stars; you have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to julius main you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be. And whatever your labors and aspirations, in development the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Julius Characters? Strive to be happy.

Contrast this with Polonius's advice to Laertes. Somebody will remind you that according to the Christian ethics of Shakespeare's era, revenge was considered wrong. A saint would forgive and stolen, bring about reconciliation. (As a Christian, I have discovered that this is possible more often than we might think.) Even ordinary people were not supposed to main characters take the law into meiji ishin their own hands. It's hard, though, to see this as a major theme of this revenge play. Somebody will tell you that Hamlet is julius main about how it's difficult to know the right thing to do -- whether it's killing the king, how to deal with an impossible home situation, or whether life is worth living.

Somebody else will tell you that the real tragedy is that Hamlet kills the king, rather than forgiving him and living in development love and harmony. In Hamlet's era, without effective birth control or stable democracy, bloody conflict was a fact of life. In an era of warlords, the best for which anyone could hope was a temporary truce and some justice. Despite their individual virtues and their politically correct apologists, all real-life primitive societies are like this. Hamlet was fundamentally correct -- the julius main, world, by its very nature, is trip to paradise full of unpleasantness and characters, wrong. How does Hamlet's attitude toward women change during the a good hard to find, play? Is this a major theme? (I think so -- it's not mentioned that often. You decide.) Hamlet starts off very upset and claiming he wishes he was dead because of his mother's faithless to his good father's memory. He urges Ophelia to withdraw from a rotten world full of rotten women. Caesar Main Characters? Later, at essay, the end of the caesar characters, closet scene, he reaffirms his love for his mother despite her faults, and in the graveyard scene affirms he loves Ophelia.

If life has taught me anything, it's that people are to be loved along with (not just in spite of) their imperfections. Perhaps you believe this as well. Eric Jones MD came up with an idea in Hamlet and to paradise, Oedipus. Hamlet cannot kill Claudius because he unconsciously identifies with him, due to Hamlet's old Oedpius complex, when he wanted to have his mother incestuously. Jones notes that Shakespeare's own dad died around the time the julius caesar main, play was written. Nowadays, almost all psychiatrists will tell you that Freud's psychoanalysis is of historical interest, having shown very limited ability to predict the thoughts and actions of patients or to harrison stolen effect recovery. One of characters, my own medical school psychiatry professors said, There's no 'Oedipus complex.' You can decide for yourself about Jones's claims. Is Ophelia pregnant with Hamlet's baby?

Hamlet was romantically interested in meiji ishin Ophelia, and she in him, and they lived in the same castle. Hamlet jokes with Polonius about how his daughter might become pregnant, a pregnant rich girl might be sent for secrecy's sake to a convent (nunnery) and julius main characters, the child given for adoption, and proximal development, Ophelia sings about lost virginity. Julius Caesar Characters? We aren't going to know. Supposedly there were two drownings in Shakespeare's community when he was younger. A lady named Alice suicided by jumping down a well when her family didn't approve of the man she loved. Development? Another lady (Katherine Hamlet) accidentally fell into caesar main the river (she was carrying buckets). How these events may have affected Shakespeare's decision to have Ophelia drown must remain speculative. You've already noticed that Shakespeare follows a rule from his era -- the development, highest-ranking person on stage gets the julius caesar, first and last lines in each scene. An easy high-school paper can focus on how different characters approach the questions posted in the To Be or Not To Be soliloquy. Ophelia is mostly passive.

People who go on to become schizophrenic are often quiet, passive people (schizoid). Shakespeare probably noticed this. Laertes is bold, forceful, and proximal development, spouts lines from a bad Elizabethan revenge tragedy (I don't care if I go to hell -- contrast Hamlet's and Claudius's fear of damnation.) Fortinbras bides his time, and grabs the julius caesar main characters, opportunity. Horatio is a classic stoic with a Roman's sense of to paradise, honor and a Christian trust in God's power to help. Polonius is a manipulator. From Shakespeare's Era. If you are interested in the English religious controveries of Shakespeare's era, you may decide that some are reflected in Hamlet.

People who held to the Roman tradition might believe in Purgatory, a place of suffering where sins committed in life were burned away, and caesar main characters, where sufferings could be eased by purchasing the to paradise, ministry of the julius main, church. Essay? Before the Reformation, this had helped make the relgious orders wealthy, and also sparked the julius characters, founding of schools and hospitals where the beneficiaries were asked to pray for the sould of their benefactors. People who still believed in the Roman doctrine of purgatory feared especially dying without the sacraments of the church, because the time in irony purgatory would be prolonged. The English government church forbidden even praying for the dead. Probably many people didn't like this. On the other hand, the Puritans pressured for religious rituals to be even further curtailed. In an era without religious freedom, this had generated a lot of bad feeling. Julius Characters? Stories of ghosts returning from purgatory, which had been popular before the Reformation, were dismissed as diabolical deceptions.

For purposes of the plot, there is really no reason for Old Hamlet to talk about his being in torment or having died with all his imperfections on his head (i.e., unconfessed sins). Hamlet swears by Saint Patrick, who is sometimes described as the patron saint of a good man is to find irony, Purgatory. Main? Of course, Old Hamlet is in meiji ishin purgatory, which according to main the the official government church doesn't exist. When Laertes complains about the limited burial service given to his sister, people in the audience would have thought about the contemporary controversies. You can find out on your own what evidence exists to show that John Shakespeare, the author's father, was at least a Roman Catholic sympathizer who wanted prayers for his soul after he died. (Ask about documents found in proximal Stratford centuries later.) But you'll need to decide for yourself whether Shakespeare is using an old plot, or expressing his secret beliefs, or (my choice) showing us ourselves. More For Students. Kronberg Castle, in Helsingor (Elsinore), near Copenhagen, is julius caesar main supposedly Hamlet's castle. Photo. Commentary: T.S. Trip To Paradise? Eliot on Hamlet and caesar main, his Problems

G Wilson Knight's remarks on Hamlet seem to be off-line today. Jane Stolen? Shakespeare always divides our sympathies. Knight sees Hamlet as more the julius main characters, villain than Claudius is. Introduction to Hamlet Postmodernist. . or even perhaps to tell us that there is no truth, save for that truth given existence by a genius through theatrical devices, representation, illusion, and art. Uh? No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Sixty-Second Shakespeare -- Bloodbath at meiji ishin, Danish Court -- 'Mad' Prince Hamlet Was Right All Along Trysto Hamlet -- extremely abridged, could be performed by small children. Oor Hamlet -- mock Scots ballad, very funny. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards.

The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. Enjoy. Duane Morin -- an e-book is in julius characters preparation. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for development would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. The Undiscovered Country -- Hamlet site, promoting the author's e-book. Looks good. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to main free sites.

In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to jane stolen buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and caesar main, spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for examples their money, please let me know. Great PerformancesDavid Tennant / Patrick Stewart -- watch the entire NC-17 play. Laurence Olivier -- introduction for children, well done. Royal Shakespeare Company -- David Tennant / Patrick Stewart; watch the play; highly recommended. Star Wars -- Hamlet and Laertes trade weapons. Jude Law -- talks about his Hamlet.

Coventry -- Patrick Stewart as Claudius. Sam West -- Royal Shakespeare Company 2000. Public Broadcasting System -- gets NC-17 rating. Psychological thriller. Graphic violence. Scenes of a supernatural nature. In a time of conflict, a voice from the grave will take a vengeful man to a place beyond sanity where only conspiracy and julius caesar, death await. Ethan Hawke's Hamlet is meiji ishin set in contemporary New York City. Julius Caesar Main Characters? I liked it much better than most of the critics did.

Bill Murry, who is always funny, plays Polonius and still shows up how cruelly he treats Ophelia. The popular movie Coraline quotes Hamlet's speech, What a piece of work. when the heroine, who is harrison neglected by her parents, is tempted with false promises of a richer and more meaningful life. The theme of the book and movie, which surely explains their popularity, is that if parents don't attend to their children's needs to grow emotionally and mentally, someone else will. And it will probably be the wrong people. Oedipus the King -- including something about the julius characters, tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to Fast Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? my skeptical notes on Aristotle.

You may find it more rewarding to focus on caesar something at once more obvious and more profound. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in process essay examples discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on julius caesar the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. You may also decide there are some common theme elements (real vs. fake friendship; bad government is essay bad for the country; despite what has happened to you, you can still be a hero). If you decide that the philosophical Hakuna Matata (Everything is fine) song is ironic, then the julius characters, central theme of The Lion King is that life is by its nature full of troubles and wrongs, and you find its meaning in what you do about it this fact. Of course, compare and contrast papers are for beginners. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in jane harrison stolen our world. Caesar? Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law.

Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by meiji ishin, someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent. (2) It is julius caesar main very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and development, hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the julius caesar main, commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and parentheses. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type.

My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. In one of the Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on jane harrison two fronts about how life turns rotten. To be or not to be: that is the main, question; Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and Food: To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic?, arrows of outrageous fortune. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and julius main characters, only if you like it, and get out of jane, abusive relationships by any means. Tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances or what feelings you really harbor -- get guidance from other adults if you need it, and remember Polonius's advice, which works often enough in our crazy world). The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. To include this page in a bibliography , you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Hamlet by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from

For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is main characters Ed Friedlander MD. Thanks for visiting. Health and jane harrison, friendship. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Athar: Hamlet is post-Christian. Bleakers: Sigh. Hamlet didn't find meaning, because there isn't any, but he did find peace. Ciphers: Hamlet found out he could act instead of brood.

Doomguard: The court goes bad and everybody dies. Dust Folk: Hamlet finds peace in death. Free League: There are many meanings here. Godsfolk: Hamlet develops as a person. Guvnurs: Nowadays with good forensic pathology, we could have proved the case against Claudius without Hamlet having to take the law into his own hands.

Hardheads: See what happens when law and order break down. Mercykillers: We love a good revenge play. Revolutionaries: Authority corrupts. Sensates: Hamlet showcases powerful feelings. Signers: There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Takers: Hamlet learned to quit moping and got what he wanted. Xaositects: Crazy make sense people the most. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and julius characters, war on drugs profiteering. then the meiji ishin, answer is probably Nothing.

If a contemporary American can still ask, Is life worth living in a world full of wrong? And can I live well? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right. Thanks for the memories and for your friendship.

Give me that man That is not passion’s slave, and I will wear him In my heart’s core, ay, in my heart of heart.

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English and Comparative Literary Studies. This handbook is julius main characters a guide that I’m hoping will enable you. It is geared, in particular, towards the seventeenth-century literature and culture module but I hope you will find it useful at other times too. I would like to stress, though, that it is not the meiji ishin only way to main, do things. It may be that you have much better ideas about what makes for a successful essay and have tried and tested methods of executing your research. There isn’t necessarily a right way and so I hope you will not see this as proscriptive and limiting. You should talk to all your tutors about what makes for a good essay to get a sense of the different ways that you might construct an essay. 1. Essay writing (p.2) 2. Trip. Close reading (p. Julius. 4) 4. Constructing an argument (p.

8) 5. Help with this particular assessment (p. Meiji Ishin. 9) 6. Julius Caesar Main Characters. Grade descriptions (p. 10) 1. ESSAY WRITING (and historicist writing in proximal development, particular) Essay writing has four stages: reading, planning, writing and proof-reading. Excepting the last, you may not find that they are not particularly discrete but rather interlinked and mutually informative. If any stage is skipped or done badly, though, it will impair your work. 1) Read the julius caesar main characters text and make sure you understand it. Use the process essay examples Oxford English Dictionary online to look up any words you don’t understand or if they are operating in an unfamiliar context.

Available on the Warwick web: 2) Do a close reading. Make a list technical features (cf. the caesar characters page in stolen, this booklet entitled ‘close reading’; refer to the section on poetic form in the back of your Norton Anthologies pp. Julius Characters. 2944-52). Ask yourself: ‘how does the text achieve its effects?’ Then ask yourself: ‘how do those poetic effects relate to the meaning of the text?’. 3) Do some research, particularly on the historical theme, period, cultural group that you’re interested in. You could begin with a general history and then do a literature search for more specialist books and articles. It may help you to meiji ishin, narrow your research to julius caesar, a particular theme or idea that is suggested, hopefully by your reading in 1) and 2). Rather than trying to process essay, find out about the whole of seventeenth-century culture, limit your research to the restoration, cavalier culture, medicine, the family or whatever. (See the handout on research). 4) Be careful when you take notes so that you will make no mistake, when you come to writing and referencing your work, about what is your work and what is someone else’s. Read and julius caesar, be clear about the university’s rules on plagiarism which are laid out in proximal development, the blue booklet ‘Essay Writing and Scholarly Practice’ which you can get from the main characters general office.

1) Begin by making a spider plan of all your ideas and To Blame for the Obesity Epidemic? Essay, the relationships between them. IF YOU DON'T LIKE SPIDERS FORGET THIS BIT. 2) Then write out a paragraph (which you will not include in your essay necessarily) called ‘MY LINE OF ARGUMENT’. This will be information to yourself (so it can be very boringly and functionally written) about what you intend to say. Ideally this should be a single big idea, which you can sustain for the length of the essay, made up of stages that can be demonstrated with reference to the passage in question. It may well be that you want to julius caesar main characters, write something similar to this ‘line of argument’ paragraph, only in a more dynamic and elegant way, for development your introduction.

See the page entitled ‘constructing an julius characters, argument’ that has an example of a ‘line of argument’ paragraph. 3) Then write out a linear plan of your essay with a logical ARGUMENT, an argument that is assertively stated and then proved through the course of your piece. TIP: try not to separate out style, content and context; discuss them together to show how the relate to one another. You are aiming to produce something that identifies and describes both the wood and the trees; indeed, the trees are your evidence for the existence of the wood! You need to put together a big argument out of Obesity, lots of bits of evidence. 1) Everyone has his or her own way of caesar, writing.

I sometimes find it easier to write the middle of the essay first and then come to the introduction last, which is perhaps the jane stolen hardest bit to write. You may find that your ideas change and are worked out more fully as you start to write. In which case go back to B) and produce another plan. Julius Caesar Main. Present your ideas as a finished thought, rather than a thought process. 2) Keep yourself closely to jane harrison, your argument by imagining your reader. Perhaps a friend, a tutor or a parent might serve: imagine them behind you as you write asking ‘SO WHAT?’, making you insist on its relevance and caesar main characters, trying to prove a particular point. Imagine that you are a newspaper editor writing a polemic, trying to convince your readership of a particular point of view. 3) Inventing a title and writing an introduction. You should try to make your essay interesting to an examiner.

Which do you think is the Food: To Blame for the Epidemic? Essay best of these three titles: ‘Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’; ‘Discuss the question of race in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’; ‘The “gallant slave”: the idea of the noble savage in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’. Similarly with the introduction. The first sentence should grab the examiner immediately. Which is main a better first sentence: ‘Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko was published in 1688 and Fast Food: To Blame for the, is a prose work about Surinam’; ‘At the julius heart of Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko stands the Food: To Blame Epidemic? deep paradox of the julius caesar ‘royal slave’. 4) Using secondary literary criticism. It is, of course, good to read lots and to incorporate that reading into proximal development your work. What you are attempting to do, though, is to position your independently arrived at ideas in relation to other critics in julius main, the field. Development. You shouldn’t be deferential or let the ideas of julius caesar main, others drag you off course. You should USE other people’s work in the service of your own argument. For example, you might disagree with a critic; you might apply their theory about one text to another; you might say that their work hasn’t gone far enough in Fast Food: Obesity Epidemic? Essay, its assessment.

Never use a quotation from main characters, someone else to clinch an argument: just because someone famous has said x or y it doesn’t mean that it’s necessarily true. I sometimes find it useful to write a draft of my paper that includes no secondary reading at all, basing it just on my general knowledge of the critical field. I then do some detailed research in secondary criticism before writing a second draft. This means that the a good man is hard to find irony agenda is julius main characters not dictated by other scholars, and ensures that I use them rather than becoming their spokeswoman. Make sure, of course, that all your reading is jane properly referenced to avoid a charge of plagiarism. 1) Check the julius caesar characters spelling: in meiji ishin, particular the names of the author and the text that you’re looking at MUST be spelled correctly.

2) Check your punctuation. If you don’t know how to use particular punctuation marks please get a book and learn how. In particular the misuse of apostrophes is deeply irritating to an examiner. The Collins gem guides are really good also Lynne Truss, Eats, Shoots and Leaves is julius caesar main fun and informative. 3) Make sure that you get hold of the blue booklet, ‘Essay Writing and Scholarly Practice’, from the general office. You must use the reference guide in there. Essay Examples. I favor the MHRA guidelines; you may prefer the MLA style. If you do reference a website it is best to put it in a footnote rather than the text were it looks ugly.

You should always include some close detailed analysis of the julius caesar main literary text(s) that you’re discussing in your essay. This demonstrates your sensitivity to meiji ishin, the forms, textures and ideological purpose of language. You should aim to show the relationship between form and meaning, between the text and its world. Before you can put together an argument about the relationship between a text and its time you will need to do some close reading, compiling a list of julius main, technical features in a text or an excerpt from a text. Choose excerpts that relate to themes or passages that interest you. Then you can develop a checklist of features to look for. Use this as a guide but you may want to add to, or amend it. *** What you see will be very different from what other people see. Fast For The Obesity. So, although it looks like a slightly dry exercise, this is where your ideas, your originality will come from. Close reading, in any module, will make your essays sparkle. Julius Main Characters. *** #61623; Prose, drama or poetry?

#61623; Genre? (e.g. is it panegyric, epic, restoration comedy or what ever) #61623; Does it remind you of anything? Can you compare or contrast it with something of a similar date? Or, alternatively, compare it with something of a similar genre from the previous or next decade, for example, in order to investigate change over time. #61623; Poetry: metre, rhythm and harrison, rhyme. Look at the section on poetic form at julius caesar, the back of the Norton Anthology (p.

2944) and other guides. Development. Don’t just describe metre etc but ask yourself how it works in that particular passage. Julius Main. How are units of meaning created by the line divisions? When a poet downplays or emphasizes a particular word through positioning it in a particular way, what effect does it have? How does the poet manage tone, pace and proximal, register with his use of rhyme and main characters, rhythm? iF THESE FEATURES ARE NOT IMPORTANT IN YOUR PIECE IGNORE THEM. #61623; Drama: look at the length / speed of the essay examples speeches, the stage directions, the entrances and exits. #61623; Prose: rhetorical features and julius caesar main, clause structure are the things to look out for in particular.

Are the sentences complex or simple? Is it in hypotaxis or parataxis? What about word order and syntax, is there anything unusual or unexpected there? #61623; What is the a good to find irony overall structure of the passage / text? Are there abrupt changes or a progression from caesar main, one idea to another? #61623; What other structures are there? Symmetries, comparisons and contrasts, digressions, asides, repetition. Proximal. Is there any dialogue? Are the arguments circular or progressive? #61623; Are there any words you don’t fully understand? If you aren’t in a closed exam you could look them up in the Oxford English Dictionary online.

This would also give you a sense of the other meanings that that word might have. Are there any puns? #61623; Think about grammatical features: tenses, conditional constructions, the passive voice. Is the passage in julius caesar, the first, second or third person? Perhaps there are tense or person shifts; what effect do these produce? #61623; Look out for process essay examples predominance: several superlatives or comparative adjectives and adverbs; a lot of words that mean a similar thing, repetitions of possessive pronouns or what ever. #61623; What kind of language is caesar main being used? i.e. Process Essay. what register is it in? Is it elevated or earthy, legal or lyrical, rhetorical or religious? Why?

#61623; Look for particular rhetorical features: metaphor and simile, hyperbole and litotes, personification, metonymy and so on. #61623; Look at punctuation (but be careful: it could be the intervention of a printer or a later editor). Look out for: enjambment, parentheses, direct speech? When the punctuation is sparse, why? Is it because there is a proliferation of conjunctions that resist punctuation like, for example, the word ‘and’. This may indicate parataxis or a very conversational style. #61623; Look out for allusions and references, often to the bible or classical stories. If you don’t know them and you’re not in a closed exam, look them up in a reference dictionary or on the internet. #61623; What is the tone of the passage? Is it homiletic, comic, anxious, melancholy or ironic?

How is this effect created? #61623; Where else does that poet use similar phrases, ideas, patterns and characters, images? What does it say about his or her concerns and art? TIP: Don’t make simple associations between sense and sound. For example, whilst there are a lot of warm words that begin with ‘m’ (like, for example, milkmaid, mother, magic etc) there are also some, like ‘malice’, ‘muscular’, ‘murder’ which evoke quite different associations. You then need to think how those technical features, which you’ve noted construct the meaning of the passage / text. Do not think about form and content as separate things as if form were a kind of cloak in which meaning is dressed: they are organically connected. Above and meiji ishin, beyond that you will also need to think about how that text (both its form and its meaning) relate to the particular concerns and fashions (literary, political, philosophical etc) of its time. You might think about the way in which repeated ideas in your text / excerpt link to significant contemporary discourses.

Look for substituted vocabularies: i.e. when love / sex is discussed with the caesar main characters language of money / credit for example. Could that be related to examples, prevailing economic trends and ideas? When you are constructing your ARGUMENT and writing your essay, consult your close reading list. Not everything there will be relevant to your ARGUMENT; you only want to include the things that relate, that offer evidence for a particular point of main characters, view about jane harrison, how the text is julius main characters placed culturally, politically, socially and / or historically. Research is crucial for a good hard irony any essay and requires a certain amount of initiative.

You will partly have to learn by julius caesar main characters trial and error. Here are a few tips and a good man is to find irony, ideas, though. Read both narrowly (and address the theme of your essay) and also widely. Julius Caesar Main Characters. So if you are, for example, researching infanticide, also research the family or law / crime. When you research a context it might be worth look at jane harrison stolen, the work of philosophers, painters, and theologians and main characters, see what they were saying / doing in this period. An essay which looked at the early modern patriarchal family in process examples, the light of Robert Filmer’s political tract Patriarchia, for example, would be much more interesting than one that only looked at modern historians’ account of the julius main characters early modern family.

An essay that discussed the panegyric written to, or on examples a particular king, alongside the portraits that were painted of him could also be very suggestive. EEBO might be very useful here at caesar characters, helping you to find out a good man is hard, about, say, sermon culture or advice literature. (look at the last page of this booklet for julius caesar main some help here). Think of some the areas, themes, historical moments, authors and ideas that you want to find out about. List them as key words. For example: Aphra Behn, Oroonoko, race, royalism, restoration, early modern, colonialism, slavery etc Do not be limited here. Think of terms / phrases that will give you some background too. How about ‘cheap print’, ‘renaissance politics’ etc Then begin on the computer. Be careful of stuff that you find on the ordinary WWW. It is not usually very reliable. Often this is stuff that people can’t publish in proper books.

Use it is a guide and be very critical. 1) (through the Warwick network only). Here you can read articles from Fast To Blame for the Obesity Essay, reputable, peer-reviewed journals on line. An excellent starting point. Julius. Try various combinations of your search terms in either the Basic search (will give you hundreds of items) or in examples, the advanced search form (which will give you much narrower and probably more useful stuff. Try it out; go to the advanced search form:

A) In the box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the word ‘Behn’. Then tick the box marked ‘title’ and then also the julius main box marked ‘article’. Press the ‘Search’ button. See if you can identify any articles with a particularly historicist bent. B) In the meiji ishin box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the words ‘White’ and ‘Black’ and main, ‘England’. In the box marked ‘exact phrase’ enter ‘Seventeenth-century’. Press search and see what you get out. Try other, similar search terms. C) In the proximal box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the word ‘Royalist’.

In the box marked ‘at least one of these words’ enter the words ‘print culture’. Perhaps limit to articles by checking the characters relevant tick box. Proximal. Press search and see if any of those are useful. [you will see that sometimes you have to do some considerable sifting to find good things.] 2) The Modern Language Association of America database direct access from the Warwick network at: The bibliographic databases are listed alphabetically so scroll down to ‘M’. Select ‘MLA’. This will give you the julius main characters reference only (although Warwick may provide a link to the on-line journal). You may find that some of the things that are listed you won’t be able to get because Warwick doesn’t subscribe to that journal or perhaps the item is a doctoral dissertation from another institution. Don’t worry, you’re not expected to read everything under the sun.

Leave those things that you can’t get. Try it out: put in the search terms ‘Aphra’, ‘Behn’ and ‘race’ into the keywords box. Press search and see what you get. 3) Historical abstracts: Again, use this database to help you compile a list of essay, articles or books that you could look at either on-line, if Warwick has a link, or in the library. Ignore the things that you can’t get hold of.

A) Put the search terms ‘restoration’, ‘race’ and julius caesar characters, ‘England’ into proximal the keywords box. Press search. B) Put the search terms ‘early modern’ and ‘print culture’ into caesar the keywords box. Press search. Again you will have to meiji ishin, decide what’s useful / relevant. 4) Use the library catalogue, don’t limit yourself to books about English. Put in search terms that will give you books on caesar main the historical background that you’re looking for. Process Essay. Once you have found one book on the shelf look around in julius, that same area for others that will be related by meiji ishin subject. 5) Look on your reading list for general background books. CONSTRUCTING AN ARGUMENT.

Producing a successful argument is a process that has a number of stages. Characters. Often you will understand your argument better after you have started writing. It is important that you go back and re-plan your work, taking into account your new findings. You will need to develop a provisional thesis, however, so that you have somewhere to start: a focus for your close reading and research. You don’t need to argue that history is important for for the Obesity Epidemic? the study of literature. You can take that as a given and move on to say something a bit more sophisticated about how the particular poem / play or prose piece you’re working on intersects with a particular set of events or ideas in a specific historical moment. A good argument should be fairly specific rather than general and caesar main, comprehensive. In particular, when writing a historicist essay, do not list the ways in which one text is a good man is hard to find embedded in its period. Instead choose one of those ways and research it in more depth. So, rather than writing about, say, Ben Jonson’s interest in Anabaptists, Spanishness, alchemy, the plague, etc in The Alchemist, choose one of these themes and caesar main characters, find out about it in the historiography of the seventeenth century and couple this research with a close reading of those sections of the play that treat that theme.

Your readings of the text and the history of the times should suggest your detailed argument. Meiji Ishin. Don’t think of your argument first and then try to press it onto julius caesar the play or poem you’re interested in; allow your idea to grow out of your reading. Below is my best attempt at examples, a LINE OF ARGUMENT for an essay on Rochester and Milton. Caesar. Again, I should stress that this is only by way of demonstration what I would do. This is very different from meiji ishin, what you would do. Main Characters. There is no one way and meiji ishin, your ideas will be as interesting / valid as mine. Don’t think that you have to produce something the same, or even necessarily similar I have done this just to give you an example of what I mean. I have tried to construct an argument which uses both close reading and historical context. Imagining the future in the restoration: a critical comparison of the poetry of John Wilmot, Earl of julius, Rochester and process essay examples, John Milton. Line of Argument:

This essay will argue that Rochester’s poetry is not only everywhere fascinated by julius time, regularly exploring what it is and how it operates, but that this interest betrays his sophisticated engagement with contemporary political philosophy. It will closely interrogate the forms of several of Rochester’s time-related poems for their political sensibilities. It will then contrast those poetic forms and political sensibilities with those in the poetry of to paradise, John Milton and especially Paradise Regained. Milton as I shall show with the use of historical evidence is very differently socially and caesar main characters, politically placed, indeed at the other end of the ideological spectrum from the Earl of Rochester. I shall show that the difference is development one of dispossession (Rochester) and characters, providence (Milton). Process Examples. Rochester’s narrators exist in caesar main characters, fear of, and meiji ishin, subject to an arbitrary and caesar characters, absolute future; Milton’s Paradise Regained, on the other hand, asks an imagined republican reader to wait in anticipation of a future in which God will deliver their political success. Proximal. I shall explore the way in which Rochester’s pessimism the idea and tone of dispossession in his poetry and Milton’s optimism the julius caesar main visionary quality of his providential allegory stand in contrast to examples, the respective fortunes of the political groups to which those poets actually belonged and at the particular times when the poems I’m discussing here were written and published: i.e. Rochester’s being part of the julius caesar royal court and Milton’s being displaced from his office at development, the restoration of Charles II. This will arrive at, by way of conclusion, the demonstrable sadness of julius main, some of Rochester’s verse which indicates the complex circumspection with which he viewed his own aristocratic, political community and proximal development, its limited expectations of monarchical authority. HELP FOR THIS PARTICULAR ASSESSMENT. Details of what you are expected to do are on the departmental website at:

There you will find a list of texts and details of how to find them on characters EEBO (Early English Books Online). Their website is jane at: You need to download those texts, read them and then choose one to write about. You could also read the essays, published on the EEBO website, by previous Warwick students that have won prizes for their attempts at this assignment. You might also use EEBO in main, your essay research. Development. Try the subject list in particular. If you get yourself to the search form at you can click on the link marked ‘select from a list’ next to the subject keyword box. This has all sorts of interesting categories: look up, for example, ‘anti-catholicism’ or ‘restoration’, ‘credit’ or ‘murder’. I would like you to do what you can in terms of placing the julius main characters text of your choice, and researching it. Then I’d like you to jane harrison stolen, come and caesar characters, see me at the end of term with a title and jane harrison stolen, a line of argument. You could also, if you wish, bring a longer essay plan.

This is Isabel talking to her group. We will all be available on email over the holidays--do ask. Gabriel won't be here after the holidays--he lives in London--but do come and see me, his group, if you need a person to talk to. USING THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY. The OED can be found online (through the Warwick network) at When we read an edited text we often have a helpful gloss which an caesar, editor has provided so that words and phrases that we don’t understand are defined for us.

In this assignment you will have to put together that gloss for yourself and the best way to start to Fast for the Obesity Epidemic?, do that is with the OED. The OED is an extraordinary resource that will give you assistance in julius caesar, all sorts of ways. For example: a) it will obviously help you to understand words which you don’t understand or unusual applications. It will also help you to jane, find obsolete and dialect words. b) it will help you to see how words have changed their meanings or emphases over time. c) it will help you to identify puns. There may be sexual or religious connotations to julius main, a particular word that we may have lost.

Some times our modern definitions will co-exist with old, and now obsolete meanings. d) it will tell you the earliest use of a particular word. This is man is hard to find useful for working out caesar, which of several definitions might apply to the word you’re looking at. Look at meiji ishin, the examples, that is the quotations that are given, and note their dates. It may be that you find that the word was new or recently borrowed from another language. Click the ‘date chart’ button to see the uses represented on a time line. It may be that you will find that a word is used differently and in different contexts at different points of the caesar characters seventeenth century: what might the use of a particular word / phrase tell us about an author’s engagement with political, historical or sociological movements? e) Look at the etymology: this might tell you about how the text you’re looking at engages with particular fashions or imperial encounters. Look up, for process example, ‘chocolate’ where does the word come from? At what period does it come into the language?

f) the examples given in the dictionary will also help you to see how other contemporaries used the word or phrase you’re interested in, and in what sort of caesar characters, contexts it came up. In this way it can operate as a concordance. You should investigate the concordances available in the library, by the way. Similarly they will give you a sense of how a particular word or phrase is used elsewhere. You should use the OED not just to look up words that you don’t understand but also other words, especially those that are used in an unfamiliar way. You will find more interesting things if you look up lexical, rather than grammatical words. That means verbs, adjectives, adverbs and nouns rather than prepositions, articles and pronouns.

You need to remember that there was no standard spelling in the early modern period; the move to a good hard, standardize spelling did not occur until the middle of the eighteenth century. This means that when you have a word you don’t understand it you may not get an characters, adequate definition by putting it in exactly as it is into the OED search box. Obesity Essay. Try that first but if it isn’t found, or you get a definition that is caesar main not right (i.e. the examples indicate that its earliest use was a lot later than your text) you should try different spellings. In particular the vowels are often interchangeable. Meiji Ishin. Try every vowel combination that you can think of. Try substituting ts and julius caesar main, cs, us and vs and essay, other related consonants. Try out the OED.

Look up the following words: how have their meanings have changed? Where do the words come from? How were the caesar main words used at process essay, different points in history? And in the seventeenth century in particular? Department of English and Comparative Literary Studies, Humanities Building, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL.

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(Intermediate) Essay: A nightmare journey. This is the essay you have to julius characters write when we end Unit 2. To send me your writing paste it as a comment to process this article in `Leave a Reply?. Waiting for your terrifying stories. NOMBRE: CARLOS MONTES GIL-TORESANO. A NIGHTMARE JOURNEY.

I remember a trip, was a nightmare journey. Caesar. I went to Vielha (Andorra) when I was ten years old more or less, but I can?t forget the trip, was the longest trip which I have made by to paradise car never. I went with my parents, my sister and my neighbours. We travelled August 4th, we started our trip at four o?clock a.m. and we took our cars and main characters departed toward Vielha. My sister woke up five hours later and me to, we was in Madrid. Food: To Blame For The Obesity Epidemic?. Puff. We still was in Madrid, How awfull! I thought, we still needed 600 kilometres for to arrive to main the hotel.

Oh my God!! When we arrived to Madrid, we stopped for breakfast, we took a very fast and short breakfast, coffee and toast with jam and butter; and then we continued our trip. To Paradise. There arn?t lot of traffic, so we could drive faster, but no for a long time, when we arrived to Zaragoza, we met with a traffic jam, I couldn?t believe it, we was hungry and angry, so we decided stop in a hostal near the main characters road for lunch, was half past four and we still needed 300 kilometres. We had very good lunch, I still remember the big and tasty steak and chips, and meiji ishin I had wonderful dessert, a portion of cheesecake, a sweet cheesecake. Otherwise, I think that we would killed someone, I?m sure. After lunch we continued with the main characters wonderful trip, was six o?clock; so we took our cars and continued, when we had principal road, the traffic jam was disappeared and we felt happy, a good news. so we drove as fast as we could and we arrived at the end to the hotel…….but, what a sursprise. Was a quarter past ten and the weather was horrible,was rainning, thundering and harrison lightning a lot and the dinner room was closed……So we decided to go to the bed room to go to sleep and try to forget the worst trip that we have made. Caesar Main. Was a nightmare journey. A NIGHTMARE JOURNEY. My nightmare journey was some years ago. I went with two friends to Granada,in my first car,an used,old SEAT-600.

With much joy and little money we went to stolen that beautiful city. We arrived late, but we went to bars and discotheques.There were many pretty girls. Everything was OK. The next day we wanted to go to julius caesar characters Sierra Nevada so we got up early. The first surprise was the for the Obesity Epidemic? parking fine that my car had.

The second surprise was the julius main traffic jam. It was rush hour. But after two hours we arrived to the mountain. The weather was fantastic so we could enjoy the jane snow. While we were skiing the main characters sky was becoming very dark, so we decided to go back. In the middle on the road my old car started to make strange noises and development throw smoke. Julius Main. We had to stop. It was night, it was snowing and there weren’t anybody. We were terrified!

Suddenly, some car lights appeared on proximal the road. It was a Public Works lorry. The driver was very friendly and he carried us in the back of the lorry. Snowing to Granada! We arrived freezed. The next day we went to pick up the car. We didn’t see it. It was covered with snow. Soon we could repair the fault and caesar characters we returned safely.

A nightmare journey. Two years ago I went with my family to Holland for meiji ishin, Christmas holidays. We travelled from Constantina to Madrid by car, and from Madrid to caesar Amsterdam by process essay plane and we didn’t have any problem even though the day before in caesar main Madrid’s airport took place a terrorist attack. We landed happily in Amsterdam where a friend was waiting for us. To Paradise. We stayed at julius caesar characters, this friend’s house in Tilburg, a small town one hundred kilometres away from Amsterdam. We spent there ten days and we had a great time. The nightmare started the day we have to come back. We had to leave the proximal 8th of January, so the day before we went to the ticket office at the railway station and we bought the tickets for the journey from Tilburg to Amsterdam airport. We got up very early and caesar characters went to trip to paradise the railway station with plenty of julius caesar characters, time, but when we got there we found out that trains weren’t working because something had happened with the rail. We didn’t know what to do, the situation was awful.

Our friend said she would drive us to the airport and man is hard she did, but in the motorway there was the most enormous traffic jam we ever had seen. Caesar Main Characters. The time we were travelling was the rush hour, every body was going to work, the traffic was moving every five minutes very slowly. Proximal Development. Our friend was hysterical, my daughters were asking all the way when are we going to arrive?. We were sure we had lost the flight. Finally we got at Amsterdam airport after two hours and a half, one hour late for the flight. We were to the check in caesar main desk and the woman said: you are lucky, yes, you are very lucky because the man is hard to find flight is caesar main delayed and you can catch the plane. We couldn’t believe it, the first time in our life that a delayed flight was good for us. A nightmare journey I remember was last summer when I was going to Matalascanas with my boyfriend. We were going to be with my cousins for the weekend. First we left home with plenty of time but when we were going out meiji ishin, my boyfriend’s boss called him because he need him for two hours! After that, we are travelling by the motorway when we saw a big traffic jam!

I can’t believe that! We were there during one hour and we decided to find another way to julius characters Matalascanas. Process. Later I was very angry because we were too late! We were arguing about that when we realised we were lost! We didn’t find any information in the road. Finally I phoned my cousin and we found the correct way. In the end we got to caesar main Matalascanas but you don’t believe me if I tell you the last thing: I forgot my bag at home! A nightmare journey. Hi, my name?s Antonio, and I’m going to tell you about a good man is to find, a nightmare journey I had.

It was six month ago, I was going to EEUU, because I had got a new job as an Spanish teacher in caesar main a little town in Pennsylvania. I arrived to the airport by taxi just on time to check my luggage, as I had much time , I had a pizza at the airport restaurant , then I got on the airplane. At first all was normal but after two hours, suddenly the day become a dark night, and the plane started to move hardly, some people cried and others prayed. Ten minutes later a voice from the loudspeaker asked if there was a pilot, the two airplane?s pilots were very ill. Harrison Stolen. Nobody set anything, so I got up form my seat and caesar characters woke to the cabin. Man Is To Find. During one hour I tried to land but it was very hard to main keep the plane in the correct way. at the end we landed on a motorway and jane nobody was injured.

A NIGHTMARE JOURNEY. A nightmare journey I remember was twelve years ago. It was a journey in which I went with my husband, my little daugther and a couple of friends of caesar main, us from Galicia. It was July and at the weekend , we decided to take them to one of the beautiful beaches of Cadiz. At the essay end we went to Torremolinos, in Malaga , because there weren’t avalaible acommodations in the Cadiz’s beaches. We went by our friends car, because it was faster and more comfortable than ours. Julius Caesar Main. The going journey was quite tiring because the motorway had a lot of trafic, it took us four hours to arrive.

But the real problem began when we arrived to Fast Food: Obesity Torremolinos: the apartments were very old and ugly. Caesar Characters. Altough we arrived late, they weren’t cleaned yet, so we went to a restaurant to eat a paella. The paella took an hour and half to irony be cooked. We were starving and caesar main furious and my daughter, who was two years old by harrison that time, was exhausted. To cap it all was that the paella was awful.

Then we wanted to go to the beach to have a bath and to julius caesar main sleep the siesta on the sand, because it was hot and… another horrible surprise: the meiji ishin sea was filthy. The next day the sea was clean of trash but it was full of julius caesar, jellyfish. Finally, when we came back, the motorway was quieter than when we went, so our friend drove very, very fast. He didn’t observe the speed limit. We were terrified and feeling sick. When we arrived at to paradise, home, I said to myself: Home sweet home!. A nightmare journey. The most terrible nightmare journey I can remember was long time ago. I remember that my daughter was a baby girl. My husband and I decided to spend our summer holiday in Almeria so we went camping.

One morning we left home very early with our daughter and our car full of suitcases, tent and so on. When we were arriving to Malaga, we got a puncture so we had to change the wheel. For changing the wheel, first we had to julius take out our luggage and then we took out the wheel. A Good Hard Irony. Next, we had to find a garage for characters, repairing it. At least, we arrived to the camping in Almeria. It took us about seven hours to get there! How far Almeria is! That night, there was a strong summer storm.

It was raining all night. So we had to sleep in the car because sleeping in the tent was very dangerous. Next morning we had to stay in the city (Almeria). Development. We couldn’t go out because there was a landslide. In the evening, we decided to come back home. Authority let us to leave Almeria. At midnight, when we were crossing Malaga, the car broke down itself again. Thanks to my husband who was able to repair it, we could go on and get home.

We arrived very very late but we arrived. Main. I remember that trip as the longest journey. So I’m sure that I will never come back to Almeria. A nightmare journey. It was on Fast Food: To Blame Essay 24 December of julius caesar, 2006. I was going to Fast Food: To Blame Obesity Epidemic? Cazalla on holiday and I took a train at Santa Justa railway station. It was raining and julius caesar main I have heard that the Guadalquivir river was full of meiji ishin, water. When I was approaching to Los Rosales, I could see a lot of julius caesar main, water on the ground, but it didn?t worry me because a few water couldn?t stop a train. Man Is Hard To Find Irony. The train arrived at Los Rosales railway station and julius characters stopped. On the coach there were only meiji ishin two people, a girl and me, both were reading so couldn?t see how other passengers were getting off. A few minutes later, the julius caesar main characters girl and harrison stolen me look at caesar main characters, each other thinking that something was wrong.

Suddenly, the ticket collector came in on the coach and asked us: Why haven?t you taken the bus yet? Hurry up it is leaving the station! Why must we take a bus? What happens? – I asked to the ticket collector. The track is over and you must go on bus- said the man. As fast as I could, I caught my suitcase and to paradise ran away faster than a leopard hunting. However I saw that the girl has the biggest suitcase that I ever seen, so I told her: Shall I carry your suitcases?

Yes, please – said the girl. When we could get off the train, we saw the bus closing its door at the parking. We were running toward it screaming stop! Stop! Fortunately an characters old woman saw us and asked the bus driver to stop. We got in meiji ishin the bus and sat down. It was quarter to nine so I think I was late to have dinner with my family.

I asked the bus driver: “How long does it take you to get to Cazalla? and caesar main characters the driver answered me: “I don?t know, I?m going to program the navigation device because I don?t Know where Cazalla is. Then I came back to my seat and started to pray… In 1990 I was only meiji ishin 8 years old. Caesar Main. It was summer and I remember I was going to essay examples the beach with my family by car. Julius Main Characters. We got a puncture in the motorway and then there was a huge traffic jam. Proximal Development. My father couldn’t find the tools. It was too late so he was very nervous. The people were angry because they couldn’t continue. Everybody shouted us.

My sister was frightened because she was very little, only caesar main characters 5 years old. Jane. My mother was trying to help my father but she didn’t know what to do. It was hot. Julius Caesar Main. I was too tired. After that, a person who drove a lorry helped us and then we could continue our way. At the To Blame end we arrived to the beach but I haven’t forgotten that holiday. It was a nightmare journey! Laura Ramos Martin. I remember it was seven years ago when I was going to Zahara with my husband and my daughter Patricia.

We were going to Cadiz on holiday. and We had to be at the hotel more or less at twelve o?clock. We left home with plenty of time, so when got to the motorway there was. traffic jam, the main characters traffic wasn?t moving at all, my car didn?t have air conditioning. and my daughter was criying, I didn?t know what to do, it was middle of meiji ishin, august and it was very hot, We were sure tha We were getting very late to the hotel, I couldn?t phone because I haven?t cover in my mobile phone, my husband and julius main characters I?v were getting more and more stressed. At the harrison stolen end I was singing a lullaby song for my daughter and She was sleeping all time, after We got to the hotel and julius could relax finaly. to pass a fantastic holiday in the beach of Zahara of the Atunes from Cadiz. The most nightmare journey I remember was two years ago in a bank holiday, when I went to IKEA with one of my friends. A Good Man Is Irony. It was winter and it was raining so I did not have anything else best to do that day. We leaved home early in the morning.

When we went in the motorway near to caesar characters Carmona, we started to see more traffic than a normal day. After a few kilometres, the traffic was not moving at to find irony, all because the police was stopping cars after one of the bridges. They were letting the cars go one by one after cheeking each of them. After more than an hour, our turn arrived and we could continue our journey. The traffic was smoothly through Seville city but at Aljarafe there was a big traffic jam.

Some of the caesar main cars were almost stopped at that point. That entire situation was incredible! We did not know what to do. We were still inside the car at man is irony, one o?clock in the afternoon and a pair of caesar, kilometres far from IKEA. Process Essay Examples. We decided to julius go on since that would be the first time we were visiting IKEA. Almost at the end of the street in Castilleja, there is a roundabout where the police were that day too. This time they were leading the trip traffic until IKEA as there was a problem with people who were trying to get out from that village. IKEA was full of people at julius caesar characters, two o?clock in the afternoon. They had had the a good hard same idea as us. In the end, we had something light at the restaurant and came back to julius main Constantina as faster as we could. Although was a bad day, we had a lot of laughter.

A NIGHTMARE JOURNAY. I remember it was two years ago when I was going to the beach with my family. We were going to Torremolinos beach. We rented an enormous apartment with three bathrooms and four bedrooms, a big terrace from where you could see the sea. We had a good time. Three days later when we came back to Constantina, I listened to the radio that the motorway was a huge traffic jam. The new was that the a good man is hard terrorist organization ETA had put three bombs in different beaches of characters, Malaga. We took other road, what was our surprise when we saw that traffic jam too. We decided to Food: To Blame come back to the hotel and characters we rented other room for a night. The next day early, we were able obtain to go back to Constantina.

Since then we don?t go to Torremolinos. My nightmare jorney was three years ago when I was going to Rome with my friends. When we arrive to Seville?s Airport, we saw that our flight to a good hard to find Rome was cancelled because it was very windy and it was dangerous to flight. We couldn?t flight to Rome until the next day, so we went to Seville and stayed in a hotel. The next day we took a taxi to julius caesar main the airport, and we were in Rome al three o?clock. When we arrived, a bus was waiting for us, and it took us from the airport to the hotel. But we didn?t know what it was going to happened. The hotel was overbooking and the recepctionist had to reserve another hotel room for us, but it was worse than the first hotel, but we stayed there for three days.Althought it was very terrible, we enjoyed a lot and we took a lot of process, photos to remember this journey.

My nightmare journey was last summer. Caesar Characters. I remember I was going with my friends to the beach by car. We wanted to pass all the day there, but it was an to find irony horrible day! At first, when we were arriving to julius caesar characters the beach,there was too much traffic. Everybody was in their cars and they were furious because it was very hot on hard the road. My daughter, who came too, was eating chips when one of julius caesar, her teeth felt down and she was crying a long time.I didn?t know what to do!! When we arrived to the beach we forgot our sunshade and jane we had to buy one there. We went to the sea and when we went out the sea, one of my friends had lost her bag.

I think it was stolen. She went to the police station and she told it a policeman. MANUEL MENA OLIVEROS. A NIGHTMARE JOURNEY. I remember a nightmare journey, when I was ten years old. My father and me went to a house in the country, my father had to take some things, some tools to work the next day in the morning. We went by julius caesar main characters car, an old car called ‘two horses’, typical Spanish those years. Man Is Hard To Find Irony. The afternoon was beautiful, we were peaceful, we were speaking, but suddenly the car stopped. We didn’t know what happened but the car couldn’t continue.

My father tried to caesar repair but it wasn’t possible. Jane. The we had walk many kilometres, at night, I was frightened to hear the sounds of the characters night (now I like them). All the time I asked my father “when will we arrive?” My father answered me “soon, Manuel, soon, don’t worry”. I thought we were lost, but my father knew the way. We were walking about three hours, we were far.

It was cold and we couldn’t see anything, so I was hungry. It was awful . At the end we met a good man, he was in the next village and then he helped us.