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Causes and consequences of induced abortion among pdf 8 Кб
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Naxalism Essays and Research Papers. NOW WITH the concequences, latest train attack, we the people failed to understand our government policies and strategy, which is unsuccessful in Essay in Of tackling the . Concequences. Naxalism despite so many innocent civilians are being killed without their any fault. Like earlier attacks, this time too political parties in West Bengal tried to to Bosnia Essay corner each other with municipal polls across West Bengal on Sunday (May 30, 2010). Worst is concequences of abortion, that country Home Minister P Chidambaram is escaping with theory of just sabotage. Football. How many times citizens. Attack , Democracy , Government 1559 Words | 5 Pages. ? NAXALISM : A THREAT TO THE STATE OF INDIA Naxalbari has not died and it will never die. - . Charu Mazumdar, ‘Long live the heroic peasants in Naxalbari!’, Liberation, July 1971-January 1972. One of the largest internal security threats that the government of India faces today is Naxalism . 1Recent reports show that naxalist movements have spread to as many as 22 states across India, including states such as. Bihar , Constitution of India , India 1646 Words | 5 Pages. [Lecturette] The Naxalite Problem : Red Corridor Filed under Discussions 0 [Lecturette] The Naxalite Problem : Red Corridor Naxalism is . one of the concequences of abortion, biggest problem that our Country is facing today.
Naxals or the word Naxalite is a after a village Nxalbari, near Siliguri in West Bengal. Movie Camera Edison. Naxalism has affected 20 states covering 223 districts. Today Naxals are calling the concequences of abortion, shots, dictating terms, looting banks, attacking police stations, hijacking trains and killing police personnel at to Bosnia, will. Charu Majumdar , Communist Party of India , India 588 Words | 3 Pages. Naxalism Expression of concequences of abortion, Socio-Economic View / Law amp; Order Problem The year was 1967. The place, Naxalbari. The young and fiery . ideologies of the Marxist-Leninist movement in India formed the CPI(M-L), envisioning a spontaneous mass upsurge all over India that would create a 'liberated zone'. The Naxalite movement was born. Who are the Naxalites? The Naxalites, also sometimes called the Naxals, is a loose term used to define groups waging a violent struggle on behalf of landless labourers.
Adivasi , India , Maoism 2613 Words | 8 Pages. THE RESURGENCE OF NAXALISM : IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA’S SECURITY S. ADHIKARI India is in Of Mice by John, a millennium old civilisation, with one-sixth of . humanity within its borders and of abortion 30 percent of the population living below the poverty line. It has led to huge economic disparities which create a feeling of deprivation and desperation among the unprivileged classes. The pluralistic Indian society is characterised by ethnic, religious, linguistic and to Bosnia socio-economic disparities which pose a serious threat to the. Bihar , Guerrilla warfare , India 8413 Words | 26 Pages. pp. 101-108 Defence Studies Research Development. * Reader, Dept. of Defence and Strategic Studies, D. D. U. Gorakhpur Univrsity, Gorakhpur. ** Research . Scholar, Dept. of Defence and Strategic Studies, D. D. Of Abortion. U. Gorakhpur Univrsity, Gorakhpur. NAXALISM : A THREAT TO INDIA’S INTERNAL SECURITY DR.
HARSH KUMAR SINHA* ASHWINI KUMAR PANDEY** Abstract A new challenge to our national security is fast emerging on the country’s horizon in the shape of Naxalite problem, it’s phenomenal growth and non voluntary spread. Andhra Pradesh , Bihar , Government of concequences of abortion, India 3248 Words | 11 Pages. Naxalism : The Naxal name comes from the Head Injuries School Football, village of Naxalbari in West Bengal, Indian state of West Bengal where the concequences, movement originated. The . Naxals are considered far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology. Naxalism is group, growing in the undeveloped areas because of extreme poverty, unemployment and the collapse of the state structure. Government has failed to provide the access of basic human needs to the poor people living in those areas States which have.
Andhra Pradesh , India , Maoism 2971 Words | 9 Pages. not represent shift in the strategy of the PWG which has stepped up militant activities in adjacent states. Concequences. There are many reasons for the rise and al-futtaim Growth . of Naxalbari Movement (i) Mismanagement of forests is the main reason for of abortion the spread of Naxalism from just one village in W.B. to Head School 7,000 villages in the last 38 yrs. Different Naxal groups now control 19% of India’s forest over an area two and half times the concequences of abortion, size of Bangladesh. (ii) Growing inter and intra-regional disparities. The Naxals. Andhra Pradesh , Bihar , India 515 Words | 2 Pages. History The term Naxalites comes from Naxalbari, a small village in West Bengal, where a section of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) led by al-futtaim . Of Abortion. Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal initiated a violent uprising in Essay about The Importance Interviews 1967. On May 18, 1967, the Siliguri Kishan Sabha, of which Jangal was the president, declared their readiness to adopt armed struggle to concequences of abortion redistribute land to the landless. The following week, a sharecropper near Naxalbari village was attacked by the landlord's men. Charu Majumdar , Communist Party of India , India 894 Words | 3 Pages. History of Naxalism It is said that Naxalism is Traveling to Bosnia Essay, one of the organization of concequences of abortion, aggressive communists.
In other words it is also . called CPI (MAOIST ) . After Indian independence in 1947 the Mice, communist extremist started armed violence activities first time in 1948 but because of lack of concequences of abortion, public support the movement couldn't get velocity. This Naxalites communists always keep deep belief on violence. From the beginning they had started committing violence by using Arms. Naxalites adopted the way of armed. 1911 , 1912 , 1916 1589 Words | 8 Pages. Youth and Naxalism - a Case Study of Odisha Ashok Behera amp; Janmejay Sahu *Research Scholar, Local Governance, RGNIYD amp; **PhD Scholar, . University of Hyderabad Abstract What would be an ideal choice for to Bosnia the young, energetic and vibrant tribal youth who live in of abortion the remote vicinity when all the doors of in High Football, aspirations closed for them? When the Government severely fails to deliver its due services – roads, housing, electricity, safe drinking water, schools and concequences colleges, hospitals and so. Democracy , Government , History of India 535 Words | 2 Pages. Maoists in India have become the gravest threat to our country. The extent and magnitude of the al-futtaim group, Maoists operations are so gigantic that they are affecting . the social, economic and political and even the well being of our country.
No wonder Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has described the Maoist as the biggest challenge to our national security. Concequences Of Abortion. Maoist also called Naxals in Indian context refers to the armed insurgency by the cadres of Bhakpa Male, Tritiya Prastuti Committee, and People's Liberation. Communist Party of India , India , Manmohan Singh 501 Words | 2 Pages. Naxalism: Threat to Internal Security. organised a lecture on 21st November 2008 by Lt. Gen. (Retd) K.M. Non Voluntary. Seth, Former Governor of Chattisgarh on the subject at Chennai. Concequences. His talk is summarised . here. Naxalism is Injuries Essay, a very important subject for India in so far as its internal security is of abortion, concerned.
The national mind set that existed earlier and Essay about Interviews continues to exist today is that Naxalism is a socio-economic problem. The nation continues to believe that it is a law and order problem of the State. Concequences Of Abortion. Hence the Constitution prevails and prohibits the. Communist Party of Essay on Loneliness Mice and Men by John, India , Government , India 3267 Words | 10 Pages. Measures to Deal with Left-Wing Extremism and Naxalism. IDSA Occasional Paper No. 20 Measures To Deal With Left-Wing Extremism/ Naxalism P V Ramana Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, . Concequences Of Abortion. New Delhi he Prime Minister has said more than once, and for the first time in October 2004, that the Maoist problem is the on Loneliness in Of Mice Steinbeck, most serious internal security challenge that the country is faced with. Indeed, the seriousness of this challenge has been increasing every year. There has been steady rise in the spatial spread of the concequences, rebels, over non voluntary the years. Even.
Andhra Pradesh , Chhattisgarh , Communism 15793 Words | 55 Pages. Exploring Crisis of Identity in concequences Hazar Chaurasi Ki Maa: Studying life of Naxalism in Bollywood. ?Exploring Crisis of movie camera thomas edison, Identity in concequences Hazar Chaurasi Ki Maa: Studying life of Naxalism in Bollywood Chitra Tanwar Srivastava1 Ravi Shankar2 . Assistant Professor, Mass Communication, Govt P.G. College, Hisar 1 Head, Department of Mass Communication, Govt P.G. College, Ambala Cantt2 Abstract The Indian Cinema has carved a special place for in Of Mice itself in its audiences across the globe. Concequences. It is non voluntary, believed to concequences be capable of raising issues and at Head Injuries in High School Football, times changing people’s perceptions. One of the major issues. Bollywood , Cinema of India , Discourse analysis 3181 Words | 9 Pages. Fourteen Indian states are struggling to battle the insurgency waged by their 20,000 fighters. Over the last three years some 2,600 people have died by their . Of Abortion. hands. These are the Naxalites, the Essay and Men by John Steinbeck, source of India's scariest security challenge.
Naxalism . It is of abortion, a topic few in the West are aware of. The international media lends little attention to India's Maoist insurgents, choosing instead to Essay about of Virtual focus its attention on the more dramatic attacks of groups like Lashkar-e-Toiba. It is hard to blame them. Communist Party of India , India , Maoism 1407 Words | 5 Pages. Internal and External Threats to India. IN 2003, when the Government of India identified 55 districts affected by left-wing extremism ( naxalism ) across nine States to address the . issue of backwardness, its decision stemmed from the realisation that people were drawn into naxalism and concequences of abortion forced to take up arms in Head School Football Essay order to meet their socio-economic needs. Concequences. These districts are in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The objective was to accelerate. Chhattisgarh , India , Madhya Pradesh 1329 Words | 4 Pages. its strict implementation and a moral fight against corruption may help in eradicating corruption in public life. The other major problem is ‘terrorism . and naxalism ’ this is also the offshoot of social inequality.
Many youths in to Bosnia Essay India, due to poverty and lack of education, have trodden the of abortion, path of either terrorism or Naxalism . Naxalism though, having its root in Marxism, its main cause lies in unequal distribution of wealth. The root cause of terrorism in India is attributable to partly to. Government , India , Indian National Congress 779 Words | 3 Pages. Socio Economic Problems-in India Back to Archive The socio economic problem in india is over on Loneliness Steinbeck population, economic issue (poverty, sanitation, corruption, . Education and violence ( naxalism , religious, caste related and terrorism). Socioeconomic factors are the social and economic experiences and concequences of abortion realities that help mold one's personality, attitudes, and non voluntary lifestyle. The factors can also define regions and neighborhoods. Law-enforcement agencies throughout the country, for example, often cite the socioeconomic. Criminology , Economics , India 756 Words | 3 Pages. . NAXALISM : The Enemy WithinPresented by :KomalkamraM.B.A 1st semester 2. About NaxalismThe Naxal name comes from the village of “Naxalbari” . in of abortion the state of Essay about The Importance of Virtual, West Bengal where the movement originated.Their origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to concequences of abortion the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist).`Naxalite` or ` Naxalism ` is an informal name given to in High School Football radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the. Communism , India , Mao Zedong 614 Words | 2 Pages.
Darjeeling district in West Bengal in May 1967 has expanded its activities to around 460 police station limits under 160 districts across 14 States despite . the police force and infrastructure having grown manifold during this period (Root causes of concequences, Naxalism / Study by the Council for Social Development-2010). In 2010 Planning Commission Report on Essay in Of Mice and Men Steinbeck LWE states 233 districts across 20 States were struggling with the of abortion, menace; 67 districts being worst affected. Meanwhile, the Union Home Ministry has included. Adivasi , India , Kerala 1871 Words | 5 Pages. 581419835 AIPPM SPECIAL PROCEDURES. All-India Political Parties Meet Special rules of procedure pertaining to this committee Dear Delegates, In this year's AIPPM, we shall have around 36 . politician/ representatives from around India, with a multitude of opinions on how the issue of naxalism can be best solved. To facilitate discussion, I have made a few special rules for this committee which every one of group, you must keep in mind in of abortion addition to the rules in the Conference Handbook, which do not directly contradict any rule present in Essay on Loneliness Mice by John this. India , Indian National Congress , Lok Sabha 660 Words | 3 Pages.
Youth Without Ethics Is a Disaster. impossible is concequences, immaterial fulfilling their desire is the movie camera thomas edison, main criteria. Cell phone and concequences internet culture is diminishing our youth to thomas edison fit for nothing fellows. . Chatting, video games and of abortion listening to Essay about of Virtual Interviews music in I-pods has become the daily routine. Naxalism and terrorism is exhausting sap of the concequences, youth. Post modern youth, is repulsive to responsibilities, became spend thrifts, opt for premarital abortions. Lack of goal and a target is making them unfit for the society. Youth is competing. Future , Indian National Congress , Indira Gandhi 919 Words | 3 Pages. involved large scale participation of citizen’s .Chipko and anti arrack movements are the example of these. It should be noted that the groups mobilize . by these movements are poor, social and economically disadvantaged sections of the society.
Naxalism is a result poverty, uneven economic development and Essay The Importance Interviews corruption and administrative failure to concequences of abortion cater to Traveling to Bosnia Essay the needs of the people. Naxal issue is deeply rooted in the social and economic disparities in the remote and tribal areas so using force. Andhra Pradesh , Communism , Democracy 722 Words | 3 Pages. As soon as this movie hit the theater experts started discussing the relevance of concequences of abortion, Gandhigiri in our time. Traveling. The movie was declared a block buster which itself . pronounced the relevance of concequences, Gandhigiri in this era. In today’s time, with terrorism, naxalism , riots and other anti social activities becoming more rampant, Gandhian policies are more relevant than ever. We really need someone like Gandhi to teach us the Traveling to Bosnia Essay, lessons of Ahimsa. It is high time we reconsider our policies, to check the growing violence. Ahimsa , Gandhigiri , Gandhism 608 Words | 2 Pages. well in of abortion your GD and increase your chances of selection. . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The current state of our Education System.
Is Naxalism the biggest threat to national security? Budget 2012: Has the finance minister done enough? MA: India Inc going global With media publishing and telecasting trivia, censorship is the need of the hour. Should the Head Injuries School, public sector be privatized. Bengali cinema , Bollywood , Economy of India 943 Words | 7 Pages. Essay on Cyber Crime and National Security. When we talk about national security, we talk about the concequences, security of over one billion people and sovereignty of on Loneliness in Of Mice and Men Steinbeck, a country that is culturally rich, . politically stable, socially compact and economically emerging. The worst victim of terrorism and naxalism India and its national security has been threatened recently by cyber crime. They concept of cyber crime is not radically different from the concept of conventional crime. Cyber crime is the latest and perhaps the most complicated problem in the.
Computer , Computer security , Crime 987 Words | 3 Pages. A Report on “Go No-Go” Policy for concequences Coal Mining in India. things associated with the coal mining’s are forests, tribals and development. * The coal policy is part of the integrated energy development plan with . specified energy targets. * Then we have a tribal policy and Traveling to Bosnia a vision to deal with the Naxalism and other problems in the affected areas. * And lastly we also have a forest cover target. Concequences Of Abortion. * All of them are in their respective places, while the government talks about the Development. * Practically, the Government never bothered. Anthracite , Coal , Coal mining 1006 Words | 4 Pages. India’s approach to Naxalite problem. challenge ever faced by Traveling to Bosnia Essay our country” in 20062. Naxalites have strongly supported struggles by villagers against displacement as a result of the concequences, construction . of special economic zones and large-scale industrial projects7. In turn, popular support for Naxalism has increased in response to the continued iniquity of government policy towards the Adivasis and lower castes3,7. In its 2010-11 Annual Report, the Ministry of Home Affairs noted that many of the displaced were joining the Naxalite movement leading.
Government of India , Human rights , India 5339 Words | 15 Pages. Fdi Is Conducive for Economic Growth. lost due the procedures. Some of the procedures are listed below:- 1) Entry Approvals. Edison. 2) Access to land, site development, and utility . Concequences Of Abortion. connections- Land ownership is a delicate issue especially in countries like India where groups like Naxalism are existing for the cause of land grab by the elites.
3) Operational requirements- The procedures which the investors are required to non voluntary accomplish upon operating the business. Capital , Capital accumulation , Capital requirement 419 Words | 2 Pages. Social and Economic Issues in India. | |1 Violence | |1.1 Religious violence . | |1.2 Terrorism | |1.3 Naxalism | |1.4 Caste related violence | |2 Human rights | |2.1 Press freedom | |2.2 LGBT. Bharatiya Janata Party , Hindutva , India 2485 Words | 8 Pages. British Rule in India and the Response of Indian Society. rights back after the World War II. India eventually became a republic and concequences a new constitution. Non Voluntary. They have found solutions from its challenge that they face . such as the development of their economy, agricultural issues, terrorism, religious violence, naxalism , and many more.
Another leader who contributed with the concequences, independence of India was a politician leading lawyer named Jawaharlal Nehru. He became the first prime minister of India that help developed economic and foreign policies as well as education. Bengal , British Empire , British Raj 1471 Words | 4 Pages. society, polity and economy. This is about Interviews, proven by the fact that this movement has spread in states having dense forests with predominance of tribal, dalit and . other backward communities. Their growing influence has prompted the Indian Govt to declare naxalism as the most serious internal threat to our national security.
The naxal ideology of bloodshed and annihilation of the state apparatus is totally unacceptable. The only way to contain this radicalisation of the marginalised sections of concequences of abortion, our society. Al-Qaeda , Government , Government of India 1352 Words | 4 Pages. Pros and Cons of Indias Vote in non voluntary the Unhrc Resolution. Government to concequences of abortion act according to the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), with the coordination and Head in High School active support of the member States of the concequences, . On Loneliness In Of And Men By John. UNHRC (affecting the sovereignty of the concequences, country, like eg: USA dictating India how to control Naxalism and monitoring every move made by camera thomas edison the State forces). As India had voted in favour of the US sponsored UNHRC resolution, the whole geographical hegemony is shifting underneath India.
With this vote GoI has deliberately distanced itself from Sri. India , Sinhalese people , Sri Lanka 1331 Words | 4 Pages. The Naxalite Revolt – Why Is It the Biggest Internal Threat to India’s Progress? Progress? Contents Contents 2 1 Introduction 3 2 The Red Corridor 4 3 Causes of Naxalism 5 3.1 Structural violence 5 3.2 Poverty . 5 3.3 Food insecurity 5 3.4 Literacy 5 3.5 Health 6 3.6 Drinking water, Sanitation and concequences of abortion Housing 6 3.7 Disparities in Infrastructure 6 4 Sources of finance and group arms 7 5 Demands of concequences of abortion, Naxalites 7 6 Naxals: An Obstacle to growth 8 7 Government’s response to of Virtual Interviews Naxalism 8 7.1 Salwa Judum 8 7.2 Operation Green Hunt 9 7.3 Other Initiatives by State and. Communist Party of India , Government , India 2849 Words | 9 Pages. effectively through the people. One consequence of this softness has been the growth of left-wing extremism, which Manmohan Singh called the gravest . internal threat to the country's security. Myrdal's 'hard state' would have been able to tackle Naxalism which has gravely affected the concequences of abortion, nation. The liberal approach focuses on institutions and processes to group understand state and political power in India. Of Abortion. The state is considered the central instrument of social progress and principal agent of transformation.
British Raj , Constitution of India , India 1315 Words | 5 Pages. Is Gandhian Mode of Protest (Satyagraha) Still Relevant? anytime and anywhere. Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King and so many others were inspired by Gandhi and implemented Gandhian values and Traveling achieved the same . result. Of Abortion. Vinoba Bhave carried out group, Bhoodan movement after Gandhi to solve land problems when naxalism was rising in Andhra Pradesh and he was successful during that time. Concequences. I think, we have failed to implement above values and of Virtual philosophy in our life. Therefore, we are the ones who failed to live up to Gandhian morals and ethics and not Gandhi. We. Ahimsa , Civil disobedience , Indian independence movement 1009 Words | 3 Pages. terrorism emulates from religious or communal violence and Naxalite–Maoist insurgency. Terror activities involve either Indian or foreign citizens.
The . regions with long term terrorist activities today are Jammu and Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India ( Naxalism ) and the Seven Sister States(independence and autonomy movements). As of 2006, at least 232 of the of abortion, country’s 608 districts were afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and al-futtaim group terrorist movements. In August 2008, National Security Advisor. Abuse , Hostage , Irregular military 1179 Words | 4 Pages. Is Shoe the Face of Indian Democracy. politics and thus the pioneers of political economy that we stand 128th in the human development index and Congratulations! We have maintained ourselves in . the top ten of ‘most corrupted countries’ list.
Here come another!! Every party has ‘fighting Naxalism ’ a sure primary issue in concequences of abortion their manifesto, but why hasn’t the Essay about Interviews, employment schemes have not been able to counter the Naxal claims that government doesn’t do anything for the poor. The youth brigade, education and employment, and all the big talks about. 1984 anti-Sikh riots , Aamir Khan , Democracy 1028 Words | 3 Pages. implemented to provide skills,literacy,healthcare,and above all,dignity and social justice to concequences the people. Non Voluntary. As D.Bandopadhyay.a . retired-IAS officer experienced in dealing with naxalites in West Bengal in the 70’s,puts it, “ Naxalism has emerged as a result of deficit in planning;constant alienation has made people take up arms,and its time one understands the concequences of abortion, problem as not just a law amp; order problem,but one that’s foundations are socio-economic.” India cannot afford a “lost. Andhra Pradesh , Communist Party of Essay about The Importance, India , India 1203 Words | 4 Pages.
rich states of India, and has generated controversy, which spans encroachment of forest areas, underpayment of concequences of abortion, government royalties, conflict with tribals . regarding land rights. The spill-over of the effects of illegal mining into problems such as Naxalism and the distortion of to Bosnia, Indian democracy by mixed political and mining interests, has gained international attention. Illegal Iron Ore Mining in Karnataka The fast growing demand for iron ore accompanied by the sky-high profits involved started the. Bharatiya Janata Party , India , Indian National Congress 1424 Words | 4 Pages. Terrorism in India is primarily attributable to religious communities and concequences Naxalite radical movements. The regions with long term terrorist . activities today are Jammu and Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India ( Naxalism ) and the Seven Sister States (independence and autonomy movements).
As of 2006, at least 232 of the country’s 608 districts were afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and terrorist movements. In August 2008, National Security Advisor M K Narayanan has. India , Indus River , Kashmir 541 Words | 2 Pages. Rural Entrepreneurship-Opportunities and Challenges. demographic dividend and Head Injuries School Essay diverse natural and traditional resources which were medieval India's USP in the world market. We do not know if this sounds too . preachy, however, this might as well prove to be an effective tool to counter political upheavals like naxalism in states which have a vast pool of natural resources. Concequences Of Abortion. A shift in policy orientation is needed and a re-assessment of resource management is required for a sustainable growth pattern. We cannot bank upon an inherently fragile international economic. Economics , Economy , Entrepreneurship 682 Words | 2 Pages. Group C. (v) Group D+: Denotes the least developed areas, not covered under Group A/Group B/Group C/Group D. By John Steinbeck. (vi) No Industry District: Denotes District . Of Abortion. having no industries and not covered under Group A / B/ C/ D D+ . vii) Naxalism Affected Area : Denotes Area affected by naxalism , as described in GR No NAVIKA-2008/C.R.
209/Ka. 1416 Dated 31.5.2009 ( Annexure II) 2. DEFINITIONS 2.1 Earlier Scheme :'Earlier Scheme' shall mean and include the Package Scheme of Incentives implemented from Injuries School time to concequences of abortion time. Fixed capital , Fixed investment , Gross fixed capital formation 9401 Words | 35 Pages. unemployment, etc., we aspire from our youth to shun pessimism and movie edison respire for of abortion the optimistic approach for the flourishing future of the country. Al-futtaim Group. At the . spur of moment, we need to resolve pathetic conditions which are predominant in the areas affected of of abortion, Naxalism , communalism, pollution of the rivers, non-pertinacious power supply and crimes. The vibrant youthfulness of our country may draw new dimensions of Football, progress in nook and corner of our life.
Under the shield of law and order, we can put up the Incredible. Democracy , Human rights , India 551 Words | 2 Pages. terrorism emulates from religious or communal violence and Naxalite–Maoist insurgency. Of Abortion. Terror activities involve either Indian or foreign citizens. Head Injuries In High School Football Essay. The . regions with long term terrorist activities today are Jammu and Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India ( Naxalism ) and the Seven Sister States (independence and of abortion autonomy movements). As of 2006, at least 232 of the non voluntary, country’s 608 districts were afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and terrorist movements. In August 2008, National Security. India , Insurgency , Militant 639 Words | 2 Pages. market economy.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) vehemently supports left-wing politics like land-for-all, right to work and concequences strongly opposes . neo-liberal policies such as globalization, capitalism and privatization. Law and order Terrorism, Naxalism , religious violence and caste-related violence are important issues that affect the political environment of the to Bosnia Essay, Indian nation. Stringent anti-terror legislation such as TADA,POTA and MCOCA have received much political attention, both in favour and. Coalition government , India , Indian National Congress 1663 Words | 5 Pages. dependence on reliable and fast communications. The demography too has undergone a rapid change; there was a growing sense of discontent on account of . Concequences. various factors effecting the society, economy and livelihood. Moreover, issues like unrest due to naxalism , cross border tensions, reactive neighborhood etc also tended to make the job of camera thomas edison, convincing electorate that much more difficult. Concequences. Though the national situation on multiple fronts was grim, the Essay, fact that such a situation was a hidden opportunity or.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee , Bharatiya Janata Party , Gujarat 1615 Words | 5 Pages. Steps to concequences Control Terrorism in India. web across the globe and act as a threat to movie camera the society and lives of billions of civilians.Terrorism in India is very deep rooted and complicated to . Of Abortion. realize.It exists in many forms ,starting from jehadi terror from inside or across the border to on Loneliness Mice by John Steinbeck naxalism .Terrorism has been a social stigma of Indian society which has cut the very fabric of Indian society into pieces. With this ever increasing insecurity amongst civilians,the need of concequences of abortion, qualified people who can combat these terrorist activities is Essay, increasing. Anti-terrorism legislation , Counter-terrorism , Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism 726 Words | 2 Pages. National Interest: Arvind Chitra Katha. utter anarchy.
He says the beauty is, you can do all this without amending the Constitution. Of course, you don’t need to when you have thrown it already. In . fact, two more promises of the concequences of abortion, Kejriwal manifesto are highly credible. One, that it will end Naxalism . Essay On Loneliness Mice By John Steinbeck. It obviously will, because it is essentially the Naxal manifesto, even if inspired by saffron historians. Second, that it will end unemployment. It certainly will, as all of us, the people of India, in the endless meetings of our gram sabhas and. Ancient India , Arvind Kejriwal , History of India 2356 Words | 6 Pages. Naxalites are thought to have informal ties to the Maoists who, after a long insurgency, recently joined in the Katmandu government. The Maoist goal in of abortion . India is nothing less than complete takeover. “There is only one solution to India’s problems: Naxalism ,” said Ramu. The movement takes its name from Naxalbari, a village outside Calcutta where the revolt began in 1967.
Inspired by Mao Zedong, founding father of the Chinese communist regime, they believe an army of peasants can one day overthrow. Communism , Communist party , Communist state 15597 Words | 46 Pages. Film Review - Hazaaron Khwaishein Aisi. infrastructure in certain far flung areas, as well as the edison, oppression of people in the villages at that time due to the feudal social structures, some of . which we have still not been been able to do away with. Concequences Of Abortion. It is against this background that the Naxalism took it roots. Essay. The government has answered this, not by improving the lives of concequences of abortion, people but by perpetrating state sponsored terrorism on movie camera edison those who are sympathetic to concequences the Naxal cause, and this state led oppression and police atrocities have been sensitively. Caste system in India , Hazaaron Khwaishein Aisi , India 2694 Words | 7 Pages. Front government cracked down on the uprising and in non voluntary 72 days of the rebellion a police sub-inspector and nine tribals were killed. The Congress govt at the . Centre supported the of abortion, crackdown. The incident echoed throughout India and naxalism was born. Head Injuries School Football. • The ideology of naxalism soon assumed larger dimension and entire state units of CPI (M) in concequences of abortion Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and some sections in Bihar and Andhra Pradesh joined the struggle. July-Nov: Revolutionary communist organs 'Liberation’.
Andhra Pradesh , Communism , Communist Party of India 9302 Words | 29 Pages. Independence in 1947, country has faced several social and al-futtaim economic issues.Contents 1 Overpopulation 2 Economic issues 2.1 Poverty 2.2 Corruption 3 . Education 3.1 Initiatives 3.2 Issues 4 Violence 4.1 Religious violence 4.2 Terrorism 4.3 Naxalism 4.4 Caste related violence 5 See also 6 References  Overpopulation Further information: Family planning in India and Demographics of India India suffers from the problem of overpopulation. Though India ranks second in population. Economy of India , Government of India , India 5258 Words | 18 Pages. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Speech on Independence Day. solemn commitment. In this manner, we will recognize and concequences reward individual merit and hard work while working for an inclusive society. Our other concern . is national security.
India is facing two major threats to its internal security. Terrorism and of Virtual Interviews Naxalism . Just over a month ago, Mumbai witnessed the most inhuman terrorist attack in the recent past, killing and injuring hundreds of innocent citizens. The entire nation was pained by this suffering. Mumbai demonstrated its courage and patience and concequences showed. Better , India , Jawaharlal Nehru 2393 Words | 7 Pages. India at Cross Roads After 65 Years. such anti-national elements who strike at non voluntary, will and target the innocent Indian who has to concequences die for no fault of his. At least 232 of the country’s 608 . districts are afflicted, at differing intensities, by Essay various insurgent and terrorist movements with Naxalism on the top of the list. Total co-ordination between intelligence amp; security agencies and strong anti-terrorist laws are the need of the hour. Concequences. Separate fast track terrorist courts can be created to provide relief to the aggrieved.
It took. Economy of Traveling to Bosnia, India , India , Indian independence movement 2070 Words | 6 Pages. constitution is motivated by Rule of law. On paper our laws look satisfactory. In reality, several challenges pose a serious threat to of abortion rule of al-futtaim group, law in our . country.
Challenges such as poverty, violence against women, widening socio-economic inequalities, naxalism create a difference in rule of law in paper and reality. Even on the global level India is way beyond for a developing country. India is ranked at concequences, 50th place for strong protection of freedom of non voluntary, free speech, civil courts at 79th position and administrative. Constitution , Constitutionality , Human rights 2076 Words | 6 Pages. 3 Education 3.1 Initiatives 3.2 linkage between education and economic growth 3.3 Measurement of returns to concequences of abortion school 3.4 . Issues 4 Violence 4.1 Religious violence 4.2 Terrorism 4.3 Naxalism 4.4 Caste related violence 5 See also 6 References Overpopulation Further information: Family planning in India and Demographics of India India suffers from the problem of overpopulation. Essay Interviews. The population of India is very.
Economy of India , India , Kashmir 4112 Words | 18 Pages. Internal External Threats to Indian Borders. with a response. And with US stepping in, the situation becomes more of a diplomatic chess now. The internal scene in India is also not free from anxiety . on the threat front. Growth of Naxalism has been declared by the Prime minister to be the concequences of abortion, top internal security problem of the country. Roots of Naxalism , now known as Maoism, predate independence and al-futtaim group now affect about concequences of abortion, 150 districts spread over 13 states.
It has grown to this strength on account of cumulative wrongs, absence of Injuries in High School Essay, social and economic. Bihar , India , Madhya Pradesh 3144 Words | 8 Pages. As a noteworthy case, the manifesto of the Samajwadi Party, the third largest party in the 15th Lok Sabha, for the 2009 general elections promised to reduce . the use of computers upon being elected. Of Abortion. Law and order Religious violence, terrorism, Naxalism , and caste-related violence are major issues that affect the political scene of India. In High School. Stringent anti-terror legislations like TADA, POTA and MCOCA have received much political attention, both in concequences favour as well as criticism. Law and order issues.
Coalition government , India , Indian general election, 2009 2154 Words | 6 Pages.
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There Is No Homework In Finland [Infographic] It’s likely that most students would agree that homework is one of the biggest downfalls to of abortion, going to school. Movie Camera! When coming home from school, the last thing school students want to do is concequences, get out their books and do more work and it seems that they’re not the group only ones who have that exact thought. It seems that Finland have jumped on board the concequences same wavelength as students around the world as there is actually no homework in Finland and it’s actually having a surprising knock-on effect to their students. In Canada, the al-futtaim group high school graduation rate is around 78 per of abortion, cent and in America it comes in at around 75 per cent.
Now, consider the fact that the graduation rate for students in Finland comes in at 93 per Head Injuries Football Essay, cent – showing a massive comparison between the countries. Finland also happens to have the of abortion highest rate in about, Europe for students going to college (two out of of abortion three). So, how does it so happen that Finland can claim such a high percentage of graduating students – is it all purely down to the fact that they don’t have homework? Not necessarily. There are a few other things to factor in, which will also help manage to make Finland sound like the best place ever to send your children to school. Students in Finland manage to get plenty of teacher interaction as their classes are capped at only twelve students per teacher and of Virtual Interviews they also don’t tend to have as many standardized tests as other countries. For example, students in New York will take around ten standardized tests before he or she reaches high school whilst students in Finland would only have one standardized test at the age of 16.
Take a look at concequences the infographic below to see just how impressive the Finnish school system actually is and thomas how it can compare to the rest of the world. So, does this manage to convince you that moving to Finland may be a really great idea? This infographic was made on behalf of OnlineStudents, the concequences of abortion popular online resource of informative articles. Check out Head Injuries Football, our portfolio for more infographics here. 13 Equally Engaging Alternatives To Infographics. The 3 Reasons Why We Don't Offer Infographic Design Services. How To Be A Gmail Power User [Infographic] 5 Content Mistakes From Creating Over 1000 Infographics. As a Finnish person I can tell that we do have homework in Finland, even on the first grade and of abortion forward. Actually we have homeworks like “Jonne” said, but usually wehave time to do those when we are in school.
Maybe that is the non voluntary reason why they are made. Concequences! Another thing is non voluntary, that we have (or we had) discipline in schools and’ve been brought up to respect parents and authority, so everyone really does something in class. lucky you don’t get homework. nice your so lucky that you don’t get any at all. Yes, if YOU did some work in concequences of abortion, class and at home you might realise that you should have said “you’re” not “your”. Realise works too. It depends on Traveling where you live, idiot. This is excellent information. The US has been going in concequences of abortion, the WRONG DIRECTION for so long. I graduated from college in 1999 and I was reading textbooks written by Finland and to Bosnia New Zealand authors.
Why is it taking so long for our country to figure education out. Yes. It sure is an excellent myth. I’m finnish myself. I’m in middle school. I have homework. I have lived in Finland all my life and I can tell you something for a fact: We DO have homework, and a lot of it. I wonder why this has been published?
Has the writer been in concequences, Finland? Or even talked to Injuries in High Essay, a finn? Of course we have homework! From first grade in elementary school on. The student teacher ratio is about 1 to 25. There are standard tests on all levels. Our teachers work long days and do not have a high salary. Beside all this our kids have to learn good English, and usually some other European language to do well in university. Please, get your facts right before you publish! Very late reply, but: By standardized tests, the US refers to tests that are the same everywhere in the country, and Finland very much does not have these. We have one, the matriculation exam at age 18 (not 16), and of abortion that’s it.
Otherwise, teachers are given freedom to al-futtaim, prepare their own tests, and nothing is standardized there. The reason the US and concequences Canadian numbers are so low is because of mass immigration. If you break things down by race you’ll find that our numbers are essentially equivalent. The numbers are in to Bosnia, (PISA) and it is sadly not true. American “millenials” defined as 16-34 years old have scored abysmally against other first world countries both in concequences, general and in on Loneliness in Of Mice, particular demographics specifically, including, quite surprisingly, the graduate degrees holders. Finland and Japan took the first in all categories.
I sat in on a workshop by a Finnish professor who teaches in the US. Her take was that Finland is much more homogenous and has fewer non- Finnish speakers and immigrants and that is concequences, why your schools do better. About The Importance Of Virtual Interviews! Apples to of abortion, oranges. This is an excellent case study in “how to lie with charts”. The circle-pie-chart puts the smaller values in the middle, where they are shorter in addition to having a smaller angular slice. The bar graph axis goes from 520 to 570, and uses cute pencil graphics that are hard to read. 2 of the 6 references are broken links. One of them (businessinsider.com) is Head Injuries in High School Football, simply a list of concequences of abortion factoids taken out of context (like this infographic itself), and cites a Smithsonian.com article but itself doesn’t seem to know the difference between “percent higher” and “percentage points higher”. It’s kind of impressive that this page got the number right, since the direct source did not. I couldn’t find any of your sources that support the “PISA” chart you have here.
I did look up the PISA 2006 results on their own webpage (oecd.org) and found that not only is Essay about The Importance of Virtual Interviews, your chart misleading, it’s using incorrect numbers. In 2006, Finland had a science score of 563, a reading score of 547, and a math score of 548. These average to 552.7, not the 560 value (it’s hard to tell exactly where the “pencil” graph is supposed to end) that is claimed here. Even the Wikipedia article on PISA has the 2006 numbers correct, so it’s easy to verify, if you don’t want to dig through the concequences OECD’s spreadsheets. The obvious question to Essay on Loneliness and Men by John Steinbeck, ask is: why is of abortion, a 2013 infographic using old 2006 test data? The answer seems to al-futtaim group, be: because that is the year in which Finland did the best, with the #1 score in concequences, 2 of the 3 categories. Back in 2000, Japan and group South Korea both beat Finland overall (with each of the of abortion 3 countries taking the top score in one category).
In 2009, several non-OECD countries were included in PISA for the first time, and China tested far ahead of everyone, 39 points ahead of Finland in math, 21 points ahead in Essay about of Virtual, science, and 20 points ahead in of abortion, reading. The rest of the world could learn a lot from you, China. Essay Mice And Men Steinbeck! Hopefully, that includes how to make an accurate infographic! Right ON! Tufteman. I see people lie with charts everyday!”‘ The article should emphasis that Finland have plenty of good teachers that are highly qualified (Masters degree) and very well paid (last point is concequences of abortion, my assumption based on the doctor/lawyer comparison). The counter argument then is how can we in other countries to The Importance Interviews, afford that?
with people having better education the concequences countries make more money. One major point is Essay on Loneliness Mice by John Steinbeck, that in Finland the education is free. There are no first, second, and other class of education according to what the parents can pay either directly (private schools) or by concequences relocating in rich locations where better schools are. To the same school goes the kids of the prime minister and the ones of a plumber. This equality makes the decision makers (goverment) to non voluntary, take care of the education system. If the decision makers are separated from the effects of the education system they decide upon, by letting them their kids go to other, private schools, then the they would be careless.
This is in my opinion the major reason that they have a good education system, because they care about of abortion, it, because all the kids are on the same system. And because they care, the care to have the best for teachers (and pay them accordingly), show respect to Essay about, those that breed the next generation, invest to better education, and it shows. I know we may have a good school system, but a lot of this is just not factual. Of Abortion! There certainly is homework, the 1:12 ratio sounds like a wild pie in the sky dream when class sizes are probably around 25… during elementary school the only standardized test is at 16, but this is to get statistical data to ensure that the non-standardized tests are in group, line with what is generally expected. And then of course then there is the end of high school matriculation examination, which once again is a big standardized test. Greetings from Finland!
There IS indeed homework, starting first grade. Better info on the Finnish education system is for of abortion example here http://www.smithsonianmag.com/people-places/Why-Are-Finlands-Schools-Successful.html (it says “minimal” homework, but I do not think that is quite true either) Sources please? I must say that when I went to school in Finland there was homework every day since day 1 at school. Non Voluntary! I have no clue what is concequences, this standardized test at 16, never heard of it. There is the high school final exams but those are taken at non voluntary 18. Also, the breaks between lessons used to be 8 minutes, except lunch hours that was 30-40 but that included the time to eat the food.
Also, the school days are 4-6 hours so not likely that 1/3 of the school day would have been turned into break time. High school graduation rate is concequences of abortion, high, but where is the non voluntary mention that not everyone gets to go to concequences of abortion, high school – so only the thomas best kids will qualify and I think at least 50% have to choose a different educational route, such as vocational training. Concequences! And then this 2/3 goes to about The Importance of Virtual Interviews, college – the definition must be quite vague. When I studied in Finland (and I am no dinosaur) there was about 10 universities in concequences of abortion, the whole country and The Importance of Virtual you could only go for master’s degree. There are now other schools that offer bachelors, but those would normally have the criteria of passing the high school, so if everyone got in, it could still only be 50%… Also the larger class sizes has always been a problem: mine had 32 except the first year when I lived in a tiny village and the whole place only had 15 other kids of my age… check your sources?? I am definitely checking with friends who are teachers in Finland and concequences of abortion those with kids at school, but this story sounds a bit weird to me. Agreed.
I have been around there and there was homework everyday. This post needs to be updated or re editited. This article doesn’t seem very reliable. There must be another Finland out al-futtaim, there, as the Finland I’m living in has homework. When the concequences parents ask from their kids “Did you get any homework today?”, answer is non voluntary, always no. Please fix your blog post. Let’s get to the point: I give homework.
Now get back to work Jarmo, Annoj and of abortion Jani. People are saying that this IS homework and it’s a lot. Do you get 8 hours a night? Don’t think so. If comparing Finland to the US, keep in mind that Finland is non voluntary, a much more homogeneous population that urban centers in the US.
Many big city schools have 30-40% of their students learning English as a second language. Concequences Of Abortion! In the City of Minneapolis, over 120 languages are spoken in homes (including Finnish!). Movie Camera Thomas Edison! But clearly we can learn a lot from Finnish educational systems. Having spent quite a bit of time there maybe Finland should do their ‘homework’ and concequences ban alcohol……….it’s out of control ! You guys are so lucky. i want to movie camera thomas, move to of abortion, Finland and you guys are lieing about having homework. I will move there so i have no homework to. Maybe they have homework but never Finnish it? I am in favor of homework.
Not just any busywork, but homework. Much of this is skewed by perception. That is, if you view hw as a negative it is a negative. If you view it as a positive it is a positive. Even poorly designed HW has benefits many of which are missing in Essay The Importance, America. I would be all for cutting back if we were one of the the top 10, or even 20, educational leaders in concequences of abortion, the world. But the al-futtaim fact is we are not.
In fact, the top students from of abortion, our top schools were just above average against all nations. If our best are average then what are our average schools like? In a global economy where our children will have to fight for jobs against the smartest in the wold is this a wise move? Don’t get me wrong. Play, with a purpose, can be homework.
Since no two children are the same any study will be skewed in both HW outcomes as well as in testing. Non Voluntary! Just look at reading speed. A student who reads 100 wpm verse one who reads 50 wpp. The 100 wpm student virtually has half the homework and twice as much time to take a test compared to the 50 wpm student. Children to third grade have the greatest ability to grow synapses (those connections that make life long learning the easiest and build the foundation for all other learning) at concequences of abortion the fastest rate throughout their lifetime. Non Voluntary! It is the best time to concequences, introduce words, creative thinking, critical thinking, motor skill development, reasoning skills, exploration and life long learners. If you sell chemistry homework as a bad thing or something you hate you are doing a disservice to the child and their future.
Give them homework with a purpose, challenge them to movie camera, figure things out, don’t give them the answers but rather guide them to concequences of abortion, the answer with questions and urge them to explore their own Hypotheses and develop both a love of learning and for finding the fun in what seems boring. Finland has homework, and movie thomas edison student teacher ratios were often higher than my high school classes in the US. There were also tests in concequences, every course and report cards as well as the very real possibility of failing courses (although it is true that the leaving exams at 18 were vital to placement at university and other training courses). The valuable thing about Finland’s education system is that all students are tested before high school, so that those who are not interested in attending university have an opportunity to go to a vocational school instead of high school. Some of my friends were already working in their chosen vocations while I was still sitting in high school classes. That is the reason for Finland’s high scores for success, not the deceptive graphics. Only someone who has attended Finnish schools or been familiar with the country and culture would know this, although there have been many more recent articles about testing and Finland that the author should have taken into consideration. There’s a bunch of people on here arguing that Finland does in Traveling, fact have homework, although nobody has said how much homework or how long it takes to concequences of abortion, finish said homework. If someone, preferably someone from al-futtaim group, Finland, could clarify so that I can compare to concequences, the amount of homework that I have, I’d appreciate that.
From your infographic, it seems like Finnish people don’t do homework at all. Glad that teachers from Finland are well paid, cuz it is a very hard job. Greetings! There is indeed homework, starting first grade. Better info on the math. and it is for Injuries School Football example here https://blogs.ubc.ca/mathhomeworkhelp/ (it says “minimal” homework, Check for yourself)
I think you don’t even know what homework is. Concequences! Finland.
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Free Information Technology essays. Context/Background - The central problem for concequences the Internet users is how to obtain accurate information for a query in an efficient and fast way. And the most efficient way to solve the problem nowadays is Injuries in High Essay, using the search engine, which is a software system that could search information from the Internet automatically and provide query services for the users. Aims - The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a crawler, an inverted index, a graphical user interface, and a reporting facility. And the second purpose is to concequences of abortion, test which ranking algorithm more satisfies the needs of users in the search engine of the project. Method - The crawler would collect webpages which would be analyzed and al-futtaim stored in the database. According to the information in the database, an inverted index would be built to restore all the information for the efficiency of the search engine. And then the search engine could search the information for users in the inverted index. Of Abortion! For the convenience of the users, a graphical user interface is used for users inputting queries and al-futtaim some ranking algorithms are used to satisfy users' needs more quickly. Of Abortion! And a reporting facility would help users know what the most users are searching. To test the search engine, the test case of the search engine in the project would be the webpages of 'Durham University'.
When it comes to the second aim, several tests would be made to Head in High Football, compare the ranking algorithms to find out the most suitable algorithm. Results ' The search engine would be evaluated using the unique general method which is based on the traditional famous evaluation method, and the method evaluates the concequences search engine according to the capability, indexing method, indexing results, and on Loneliness in Of and Men by John Steinbeck user burden. Generally, the search engine is quite a good one from the value of the factors. And the differences between PAGERANK and HITS algorithms are also analyzed that the response time of PAGERANK is less while the HITS is a query-dependence algorithm. So the user would decide the algorithm based on their queries. Conclusion ' In the project, a search engine has been made and as a platform, the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS have been compared to let the search engine get the better results. Finally, the factors of evaluation have been brought forward and of abortion evaluate the search engine. Keywords ' search engine, crawler, index, database, query, reporting facility, PAGERANK, HITS.
With the in High School rapidly development of the Internet technology, more and more people would like to derive information from the Internet. There are four main characters of the information in the web (Wei, 2005): hugeness, heterogeneity, dynamics, and semi-structured. What is more, the information in the web contains quantities of dynamic hyperlinks. With the features of the information in the web, the most useful tool to of abortion, search the internet is search engine. In 1994, the earliest search engine 'World Wide Web Worm' indexed about 110 thousand webpages. However, there have been 350 million documents in the Internet, and the number of Essay in Of and Men by John, documents still increased by 1 million per day (Yibing, 2011).
According to the research by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in 2014, 'The 33rd Statistics Report for of abortion China Internet Developing Situation', by December in 2013, the number of Chinese webpages has been up to 150 billion, up 22.2 percent on last year's same period. However, the Chinese webpages are just the tip of the submerged iceberg. As a result, people could only use the search engines to access the information they want among such a large amount of information. The report also says that by December in 2013, the number of search engine users in China has raised to 490 million, up over 38 million on last year's same period, and the increasing rate is 8.5 percent while the use rate of the to Bosnia Essay search engines has been to 79.3 percent. Therefore, how to search the useful and valuable information from such a plenty of information has been an concequences of abortion, important issue in the field of information retrieval and Essay Mice and Men data mining. B. Search Engine. In the background as shown above, the concequences search engine has been developed and non voluntary is very popular among the Internet users, and nowadays, the search engine has been one of the most effective tools when it comes to the information retrieval. A search engine is concequences of abortion, a software system which merges almost every aspect of advanced technology, such as analysis of user behavior, natural language processing, data mining, information retrieval, and robot learning. The search engine would provide query services for the users after it crawls, indexes and ranks the webpages (Shuling, 2011).
The query services include webpages, pictures, videos, or other types of documents. It supplies an on Loneliness and Men by John Steinbeck, effective measure for users to search for information and navigation. Nowadays, the search engine seems to be an essential in the life of most people. Concequences Of Abortion! If the search engine does not exist, it would be hard for people to search the information they want in al-futtaim group, the Internet. It would be an awful thing and would lead the internet useless because everyone gets a lot of information but few is actually they want.
The basic function of a search engine is to navigate information based on the content of websites and webpages. It crawls all kinds of resources and information, analyzes them automatically, gets the key words, and builds database using index. The users of a search engine inquire the database in the webpage, and of abortion the results would include all the webpages whose content match the query. Essay! What is more, the search results would be sorted according to the importance of of abortion, webpage and matching algorithm of key words (Xuesong, 2008:3). According to 'Knowledge Management' which is written by Jawadekar and Waman (2011), 'a search engine works as the following order: webpage crawling, indexing, and al-futtaim searching'. First of all, automated web crawler which follows every link on of abortion, the web site would retrieve and store information from the HTML markup of the webpages.
And then the search engine would analyze the contents of webpages to determine which type of information (text, picture') is included, and how to index them. All the information would be stored in the index database for the later queries. Once the user inputs the query in the webpage of search engine, the index helps find information matching queries in the database as soon as possible. Thomas! At the same time, it returns a list of best-matching webpages which contain the title and parts of text according to of abortion, its criteria. However, nowadays, the search engine should work in a loop of crawling, indexing, and searching to update the information in the index. The data from the report of 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation' shows that several most frequent Internet service are communication(86.2 percent), information retrieval(79.3 percent), entertainment(54.7 percent), and commercial trade(48.9 percent).
The above data proves that the four Internet services have been the essential part of most people's lives. And because of the specific feature of the search engine, it solves the in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck problems of how to search the valuable and useful information for the users, which is the main reason why people are interested in it, and the search engine become the necessary tool in the people's daily life. C. Ranking Algorithm. In the early age of the of abortion search engine technology development, the users pay more attention to Traveling to Bosnia Essay, whether the of abortion searched results are relevant to the query. As a result, the information could only be classified as relevant or not when it comes to the keywords in the query. Therefore, the searched results would combine as a disordered and Boolean relevant set of information. With the development of the search engine technology, there appear the ranking algorithms based on the content of webpages. The algorithm would weigh the webpages by al-futtaim, the frequency and position of the keyword of the query in the webpages. Concequences Of Abortion! Specifically, if a keyword appears more times, the relevance between the webpage and the query would be higher; and about The Importance if the position of the keyword is more important, the authority of the webpage is higher. Therefore, the rank of the webpage in the result set would be higher.
Then, the ranking algorithms based on the hyperlinks analysis appear. The kind of algorithms takes the methodology of concequences, citation analysis in the traditional information index theory, which considers the hyperlinks as the quotation of the webpage, and if the times of a webpage is cited more, the authority value would be higher; and if a webpage is quoted by an authority webpage, the authority value of the webpage would be higher, and finally the rank of the non voluntary webpage would be higher. Nowadays, the famous search engines such as Google take the kind of algorithms. Concequences! However, the algorithm only considers the importance and authority of the webpage, but not the relevance between the content of webpages and the queries. Therefore, the algorithms have been developed by adding the computation of the topic relevance and Essay of Virtual Interviews several other factors which might influence the ranking. Nowadays, the ranking algorithms would exert influence on the evaluation of a search engine whether they could put the valuable and useful information at the first of the results list, which is the core problem of the search engines for the users. D. Purpose of concequences, Project. The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a web crawler which could get all the resources and information of the webpages, an index which could save data from the crawler, a graphic user interface which is convenient for users to input a query and return the result list to the users, and several ranking algorithms which rank the Traveling search results. The second purpose of the project is to compare the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS to find their advantages and disadvantages and which ranking algorithm would be more suitable for the search engine in the project. Design a web crawler.
Build and maintain an index. Design a GUI (such that a user can pose queries). Implement a basic ranking algorithm (which ranks the concequences of abortion search results for a given query). Implement a well-known ranking algorithm such as PAGERANK. Improve the GUI by allowing more complicated user queries (e.g. using Boolean opereators). Implement a reporting facility that collects all searches perfomed by any user of the tool for statistical analysis.
Design another well-known ranking algorithm such as HITS and compare it with PAGERANK. Implement a visual representation of the data collected by thomas edison, the reporting facility. A. Concequences Of Abortion! Development of Search Engine. According to the criterion of ranking the results, the search engine could be classified as three generations (Lina et al., 2011). The first generation search engine ranks the results according to the relevance between the webpages and the queries. Traveling Essay! And the relevance is computed by weighing and scoring the of abortion keywords in the query. The kind of search engines searches the in High School results based on the content of the webpages, generally, there are two methods.
The first one classifies the webpages in the different indexes by using the traditional library information management and the users could search the concequences of abortion results by searching the indexes. The most representative search engine is Yahoo and becomes the foundation of other websites of search engines. The second one is based on the match between the content of webpages and the queries. Group! It considers whether the webpages contain the keywords and concequences the position and frequency of the keywords in a webpage to decide if the Traveling to Bosnia Essay webpage is relevant with the query or not. Of Abortion! The most representative and famous search engine is AltaVista, and the relevant technology is adopted by other search engines, and finally developed to be the basic algorithm of the search technology.
However, the first generation search engines has the non voluntary obvious drawbacks, the first method promises the relevance, but it is concequences, not automatic, as a result, it is not convenient for the users to use the search engine. While the second one uses the keywords in the query, which could be cheated by the spam webpages. Non Voluntary! To avoid the defects, the second generation search engines are developed. Actually, the second generation search engines scores the importance of the webpage by of abortion, whether it is clicked by the users and how long the users would like to spend in the webpage or the number of the in-hyperlinks in the webpage. Injuries In High School Essay! Since 1996, the researchers have started to concequences, use the method of the hyperlinks which is group, originated by the method of citation analysis. Concequences Of Abortion! The citation analysis method is to analyze the citation relationship among the literatures and mark and index the literature by quotation language. Essay Mice And Men By John! In the method, if one paper is concequences of abortion, cited by more paper, the paper would be more valuable and important. And if one paper is cited by non voluntary, more important paper, the of abortion paper itself would be more important. In the same way, there is similar 'citation' relationship which is called hyperlinks among the webpages.
The signification of the hyperlink method is not only just a novel ranking algorithm, but also the algorithm is automatic, as a result, the algorithm allows users to search the big scale of the webpages, at the same time, the algorithm also considers the relevance of the results and the speed of searching. Movie Camera Thomas Edison! What is of abortion, also worth noticing is non voluntary, that the algorithms based on the hyperlinks have lots of benefits. Concequences! However, it is not the only kind of ranking algorithms in the second generation search engines. Non Voluntary! There are still many other algorithms based on the hyperlinks adding the analysis of the content of the webpages and some other factors to rank the results. The third generation is the intelligent search engine, the main character of which is to satisfy the specific needs of the users. In fact, the second generation has been improved in the evaluation factor of precision and recall compared with the first generation and is still the mainstream in the Internet. However, the algorithms in the second generation have not considered the concequences query, which means that once the query includes many keywords which belong to different fields, the relevance of the results would not satisfy the users. The situation requires the movie camera users to have the search skill to concequences of abortion, get better results. As a result, the search engines need to understand and guess the intention of the users so as to help the users filter the results. The intelligent search engines shown above are the Head School Football Essay third generation search engine.
Nowadays, there are some search engines which are essentially different with the second search engines. Concequences Of Abortion! For example, natural language search engine, clustering search engine, semantic search engine and so on. The kind of search engines is movie edison, generically called the third generation search engine. B. Problem Domain. According to of abortion, 'Search Engines Information Retrieval in Practice' (W.Bruce, 2010), there are three 'big issues' in the field of information retrieval in the 1960s, and the problems have not been solved nowadays. The major core problem is relevance, which is a basic conception of information retrieval. If the index database compares a query with the information in the index simply and returns the exact match, the relevance of the results would not be good enough because different words could express the same meaning, and it is called 'vocabulary mismatch problem' in information retrieval (Furnas et al., 1987). As a result, it is necessary to distinguish the non voluntary concepts of concequences of abortion, topical relevance and user relevance. The queries are in the same topic if a query and key words in the index are topical relevant. For example, weather and snow are topical relevant.
When it comes to group, the user relevant, the results would be based on the history records of the user. To solve the problem of relevant, researchers bring forward many retrieval models, which are the fundament of ranking algorithm. A search engine uses ranking algorithms to yield the result list. And a good ranking algorithm could find most of the query relevant results. Of Abortion! However, most of ranking algorithms are based on the static feature of the text rather than language structure, which means the ranking algorithms would consider more about the number of words appearing than whether the word is a noun or adjective. Some advanced algorithms consider the group language structure as the second factor of ranking the webpages while the most important is still appearing rate of words. The second core problem is evaluation problem.
In 1960s, Cyril Cleverdon made the evaluation method (Cyril, 1970). He used two evaluation factors'precision and recall which are even popular now. Precision is a factor which matches intuition and it is the ratio of relevant document of all the searched documents. Recall is the proportion of searched documents of the of abortion whole documents. And there is a hypothesis when recall is used: Given the query, all the relevant documents are available. It is obviously impossible for a large database.
However, it would be useful when it comes to the smaller test collection. What is more, the clickthrough rate records the to Bosnia clicked documents during the process of search. Concequences! It could be one of the evaluation factors because the clickthrough rate with other log data is relevant with relevance. Camera! But in the project, clickthrough cannot be tested to evaluate the search engine. However, the search engine company still uses relevance judgment as a supplement to determine the effectiveness of the results. The third core problem is how to pay attention to the users and concequences their needs. After all, the camera evaluation is user-centered, which means the users decide whether a search engine is good or not. However, keyword queries are often poor descriptions of actual information needs. For example, 'blue' might be a color or a feeling or a type of song.
Therefore, lots of researches about interaction between users and the search engine have been done. Finally, query refinement techniques such as query expansion, query suggestion, relevance feedback refine the of abortion query and improve the Essay about The Importance of Virtual ranking results. This section describes the software requirements which include software I have selected and the reason why I selected them, and then it explains the architectural design of my search engine. A. Software Requirements. The search engine is developed using Eclipse running on a Windows 8 operating system. The comparison of several kinds of technique in concequences, platforms and application of Traveling to Bosnia Essay, platforms are shown respectively as Table 1 and Table 2 (Jing, 2010: 25). As the concequences project might run in cross-platform, considering speed, cost, and expansionism, I choose the group JSP to be my development technology. And Eclipse is concequences, convenient to debug and run the java code, so I consider it as my programming software. The Importance Of Virtual Interviews! And I use Tomcat (a web application server developed by the same company of JSP) to configure the web environment and publish my search engine webpage. B. System Architecture. According to the basic procedure and the function of a simple search engine written above, I take the architecture shown as Figure 1, which is based on a similar figure that can be found in 'Development of Lucene + Nutch Search Engine' (Xuesong, 2008).
It is composed by 5 main modules which are crawling of webpage information, analysis of webpage content, foundation of webpage index, sorting of webpage search result, and tools and of abortion interfaces of webpage retrieval. The main modules could finish the whole webpage search engine with other information retrieval technology. Crawling of Head in High School Essay, webpage information. The software or system which collects the webpage information is called a web crawler. Generally, a web crawler uses the hyperlink in of abortion, the webpage to traversal of the whole Internet, which means the crawler could crawl from one HTML document to movie thomas, another HTML document by URL references. Suppose the Internet is a super large graph whose node is the webpage and directed edge is the hyperlink in the webpage. And then we could use the method of concequences of abortion, graph traversal to access the Internet (Gang and Zhendong, 2010: 11-12). Generally, the Internet graph could be traversed by two methods which are breadth-first traversal and depth-first traversal respectively. However, if the the depth-first traversal is Traveling to Bosnia Essay, used, the crawler might fall in concequences, the much 'depth' of the graph (most of them would be spam or useless information) or go into the 'black hole' (The black hole is the hyperlink of the page points to itself, or the different URLs point to movie, the same webpage) of the Internet so that it could not get out to concequences of abortion, search other webpages. While we could not use the complete breadth-first traversal because the results would be affected by initial URL the user chooses to a large extent. As a result, two methods described above are not suitable in about Interviews, the project.
Luckily, there is a third method to traverse the Internet which is called the preferential crawler (Bing, 2009: 201). The preferential crawler would allocate each webpage a value of importance at the first place. And then the method would be the same with breadth-first traversal except that the initial webpage would be the most important webpage, and the next webpage would be the second most important webpage, and so on. Now, the concequences problem is how much each webpage values. Actually, there are many factors affecting the importance of a webpage, such as popularity of hyperlink, the Traveling importance of the hyperlink, average depth of hyperlink, quality of the website, and the weight of history etc. The popularity of hyperlink depends on the number and quality of backlinks which link to concequences of abortion, the current URL. And we define it as IB(P). Al-futtaim! The importance of hyperlink is a function of string of URL. For example, the URL with '.com' or 'home' would be more important than those with '.cc' or 'map'.
And we call it as IL(P). Then, we could define the importance of webpage I(P) as following (Gang and Zhendong, 2010:22): In the function, a and b are the parameters which adjust the proportion of of abortion, IB(P) and Traveling to Bosnia IL(P). And the average depth of link would be guaranteed by the breadth-first algorithm. Analysis of concequences, webpage content.
Generally, the webpages or the documents which are crawled by Head Injuries, the web crawler would be analyzed at the first place for building the index later. The analysis should filter the format information and of abortion advertisement in the webpage to get the School effective document content. Therefore, there are two tasks in the analysis process of webpage content: analyzing the basic information of webpage and recognizing the concequences of abortion structure of webpage content. The aim of the tasks is the same to extract effective data from the webpages and filter the spam in about The Importance, the Internet. Concequences Of Abortion! Furthermore, the duplicated webpage should be deleted during analysis to avoid the Traveling Essay same results appearing at the same time.
It would be difficult and time-consuming to finish all the items written above by checking the webpages character by character. In the project, I use the 'regular expression' to finish the process of analysis. The 'regular expression' could extract the valid information from webpages by matching texts with the 'regular expression pattern'. The module of the analysis part is shown as figure 2 (Xuesong, 2008:46). Natural Language Process. Actually, the 'regular expression' just eliminates the spam in the webpages but not extract the important information. For example, in each book, the words like 'a', 'of' cannot be avoided, however, in most circumstances, these words are not the focus of the search engine users.
As a result, these words could be neglected and not listed in concequences of abortion, the key words. The natural language process should also be used in the query of users. If the user inputs a sentence as a query, the search engine would give worse results compared that break the sentence down to several key words when the natural language process is not used. Traveling Essay! So, it is very important to concequences of abortion, let the search engine understand the natural language. The first thing I dealt with is to Injuries, set a list of stop words like 'of' and 'the'. These words are neither the focus of the users, nor cannot provide any information.
The common of these words is that they appear very frequently so that if consider them as key words, much memory would be wasted and more useless results would appear. The second I have done is to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. It could be done by of abortion, extracting the non voluntary 'stem' of the words so that the tense, the plural or other forms converting would be ignored. For example, the stem word of 'universal', 'universe', 'university', and 'universities' is 'univers'. As a result, conversion of most words could be found and would not affect the match between the queries and the key words in concequences of abortion, the index. Foundation of movie camera, webpage index.
The webpages have to be indexed for the later use. And a better designed index could increase searching speed and locate the webpage more preciously so as to decrease the cost. The function of index is to analyze the search information, extract key words from the documents, and build the index table of documents. There are many index models in the field of concequences, search engine, such as inverted document index, vector space model, probability model and so on. And it is very important because the structure and effectiveness are the keys of web information index system. As a result, it is required to be easy to Football Essay, implement, maintain, retrieval information quickly, and need little space. Nowadays, most search engines use the inverted index to concequences of abortion, be the in High index model (Manish, 2011) because the structure is proper to concequences, response the key words retrieval quickly. Its structure considers the key words as index key words and access entrance of linked list. And the inverted index could determine the list of document directly through index keywords. To get the performance of the non voluntary search engine better, the inverted index is usually stored in the memory.
And to reduce the pressure of the memory, the document is represented by a unique document code while all the documents and concequences of abortion their codes would be stored in the database. The basic structure of inverted index is showed below as figure 3 (Xuesong, 2008: 67). In the figure 3, the key words are the results of 'analysis of webpage content', and the documents in non voluntary, the inverted index are actually the code of documents. Each item in the structure of inverted index is an index item with relevant information generated by the key words. Concequences! The advantage of inverted index is that it changes the organization of information to be convenient to retrieval information while other models have to search every document to find out whether the key words are included or not. Sort of results. There are a lot of webpages (web spams) which include most keywords but only the keywords. Absolutely, they are not the users' needs.
To avoid the spams filling in the list of results and let the users find what they want as soon as possible, it is very important to sort the results. During the Head Injuries in High Football sorting process, the importance of the webpage itself would take effect. And PAGERANK and HITS algorithms could calculate the importance of webpages based on the structure of the Web (Gang, 2011: 80). A famous and popular way to sort the results is the PAGERANK algorithm. The results yielded by the search engine are generally sorted by the importance of the webpage itself which could be measured by the connection among webpages. The PAGERANK method suppose the Internet as a democracy environment, we could measure the importance of webpage by the link structure.
For example, when webpage A has a link to webpage B, the weight of webpage B would increase (Xuesong, 2008:235). There are two hypothesizes in the PAGERANK algorithm (Junlin, 2012: 138). Of Abortion! One of them is that if a page is linked many times, the webpage is very important. If a webpage is linked by another important webpage, the webpage is also important. In a word, the importance could be passed among webpages. The other hypothesis is that users access webpage randomly, browse the webpage with the hyperlinks, and Essay in Of Mice never go back to browse the previous webpage. As a result, the next webpage is more important than the previous one. However, there is a serious problem in PAGERANK that the of abortion PAGERANK is not query dependent so that each webpage would have the same value of PAGERANK for all queries. What is more, spam pages could link to one webpage to promote the importance of the page. Besides, the third problem in PAGERANK that only uses in-links to a page and never uses out-links.
To figure out the problems, we could use the HITS algorithm which defines the authority that many other pages point to the webpage and non voluntary the hug that the of abortion page has outgoing links to many other pages. The basic idea is similar to al-futtaim group, PAGERANK that dig the useful information by links in the Internet. And HITS algorithm considers authority and hug respectively that it evaluates hug based on the evaluation of authority. Finally, a weight would be assigned to the webpage. The authority is relevant with the quality of content information so as to attract many webpages to link while the hug is relevant with the quality of hyperlink page which is provided by concequences of abortion, the webpage.
The higher authority webpages a webpage links, the higher its hug would be (Christopher, 2008). And the input of the HITS algorithm is known query relevant webpages, as a result, HITS algorithm usually supplies the webpages which are relevant to the query which is unlike the PAGERANK algorithm. It means that the non voluntary number of webpages 'HITS' searched would be more than that of 'PAGERANK'. However, there are some disadvantages in the HITS algorithm. The first of concequences of abortion, all is that it is a query relevant algorithm which means it could not start calculating until the users input the Traveling Essay query. The second problem is concequences of abortion, that tightly-knit community effect could happen, which means if the query-relevant webpages link to other webpages which are not relevant and link to each other, the HITS algorithm would give them a high rank so that users might not get the query relevant information. The third is that the structure is movie camera, not stable, which means if one webpage is deleted or the few links change, the sorting according to the HITS algorithm would be great changed (Junlin, 2012: 144). Graphical User Interface.
In the section of graphical user interface (GUI), based on the famous search engine company Google, the home page would be very simple and convenient for users to search the information that he/she wants to. Concequences! And my home page would be much more simply because the Essay in Of Mice by John Steinbeck search engine could only search the webpage and text. The current home page is shown as figure 4: The users could input the words or the sentence they want to concequences, search in the left text box while they could type the number of non voluntary, results per page (n) they want in the right text box. And a brief introduction has been given for the users to use the search engine more easily. The next webpage would show the previous n results of all the results.
And at the same time the page would tell the user how many results in concequences, total, the titles of searched webpages, the contents which include the words that the user searches, the websites of searched webpages, the time when the webpage is crawled which is helpful for the update of the database of the whole search engine, and camera thomas which page current webpage is. Users could also click the of abortion button to select the first page, the previous page, the next page and the last page. About The Importance! What is more, users could decide which method to rank the results (HITS or PAGERANK). Suppose a user wants to search the 'robot' information and let the search engine return 3 results per page. They input the word 'robot' in the lefe and '3' in the right, and concequences then press the button 'search'. The next page would be as figure 5: We could find out from the Essay about The Importance picture above that there are six results in total and it shows the first five webpages that include the word 'robot', which is highlighted in the current page. And at the top of the page, users could choose using the 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS' to rank the pages. At the bottom of the page, users could see other results in the next page by clicking 'Next'. The pattern of next page is of abortion, almost the same as the one above. Camera Thomas! And when users click 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS', the different results and ranking methods would be shown.
What is worth noticing is the essential difference between 'PAGERANK' and 'HITS'. In the concequences instruction of the group report, three core problems have been brought forward. And a part of the first problem and the third problem could be solved by 'analysis of webpage content' and 'natural language process'. And the main aim of the concequences reporting facility is to provide the information of 'user-relevant' so as to group, solve the other part of the first problem. The reporting facility is responsible to record every query the user has done. When the new query is input, the search engine would find the similar information of the old queries, and the results would have the characteristic of the user. The other aim of reporting facility is to let the concequences user know what other users are searching. When the user inputs the query, the query would be stored in the database. And at the same time, the old queries could be loaded from the Essay database to compare the new query to find the concequences similar information.
The database would store the key words, the times that the key words has been searched, and the last time when the key word is al-futtaim, searched. What is concequences, more, if any user wants to see what he/she has searched before, the queries could have been visualized in the graphical user interface. According to the deliveries and on Loneliness and Men typical criterion of search engine, some experiments have been done to evaluate the search engine I have made. Concequences Of Abortion! And the test case would be the Mice by John webpages of 'Durham University' which means that the webpages the crawler crawls start with 'www.dur.ac.uk'. The criterion and the results of the experiments would be shown. Finally, the solutions to the problems in the part of 'problem domain' and the benefits and deflects of the concequences search engine would be demonstrated. Criterion of Evaluating the Essay in Of by John Search Engine. In 1973, Lancaster and Fayen listed 6 factors to evaluate the search engines, coverage, recall ratio, precision ratio, response time, user effort, and concequences format output (Lancaster and Essay The Importance Interviews Fayen, 1973). Although the index has been brought forward over 40 years ago, and the target is the of abortion traditional online information retrieval system.
However, in terms of the essence of information retrieval system, the evaluation factors are still useful even nowadays. Later, after Heting Chu and Marilyn Rosenthal analyze and compare three famous search engines (Alta Vista, Excite, and Lycos), they come up with five aspects to evaluate the search engines, respectively indexing, search power, search effect, output, and users' burden (Chu and Rosenthal, 1996). With the development of the research, the user experience is paid more and more attention. Movie Camera Edison! Belkin considers the essential issue in the information retrieval system is anomalous state of knowledge (ASK) (Belkin, 1993), which is an important part of the information retrieval model. Bell considers the complexity of the web based on the former research, and focus on the user experience when evaluating the search engine (Bell, 1998). Considering the standard criterion above and the concrete condition of the current mainstream search engines, I think the following criterion is reasonable to evaluate the search engine in general. Capability of the Search Engine.
The factor includes the capacity and concequences of abortion coverage of the database of the search engine, the content and the depth of indexing, and the novel rate of the database. The first one would affect the 'recall' factor directly according to the statistics, which shows that the more webpages the database has, the more results might be searched. Al-futtaim Group! Usually, the of abortion index database is composed of URL, name of on Loneliness in Of Mice by John, document, content, titles, sub-titles and so on. The content of the concequences of abortion combination would affect the precision of the search engines directly. In the meanwhile, the organization of the webpages is a multilayered hypertext structure, and the depth of indexing means which layer the search engines index.
For example, some search engines only index the home page (the first layer) while some others index deeper layer. The other meaning of the depth is whether the search index all the webpage or just some content. For example, some search engines only index the name or the title of the HTML document while others index the whole content of the webpages. Camera Thomas! Generally, the more content a search engine indexes, the better the indexing effect is and the more resources would be occupied. The novel rate includes two aspects, uniqueness and update frequency. Concequences! Uniqueness of a search engine is the ratio of the non voluntary unique results which other search engines do not contain in all the concequences of abortion results the search engine returns. And nowadays, the update frequency is very important because the information in the web varies largely in a second and is unpredictable. As a result, the search engine has to promise the ''' of the information and thomas avoid the 'dead hyperlinks'. When it comes to my search engine, the concequences test case is the webpages of 'Durham University', the non voluntary capacity of the database is limited.
However, the content and the depth of concequences, indexing would be very comprehensive, which means that the database would save all the contents of Injuries Essay, each webpage. But, the database would never be updated because it is not an on-line version now. The aim of the test is to evaluate the performance but not the capability. The factor includes construction of indexing expression and the indexing function. Concequences Of Abortion! In 1998, Rousseau et al. found that one of the difficulties is how to bring forward keywords and use the different command indicators when using the on-line library (Fang and Salvendy, 2000). In fact, the search engine has the same problem with the on-line library. Head In High Football Essay! And for the most search engines, the queries the of abortion users input are the most important factor for the results. However, the queries would be different even if when the group different users search the same target. To solve the problem, some search engines (such as AskJeeves) would provide some other relevant keywords to of abortion, give the users more choices to get more and Essay better results.
And some user-friendly search engine supply the toolbar and of abortion dropdown menu to help the users come up with more detailed query so as to get more satisfied results. The number and effects of indexing functions provided by the search engines would affect the indexing results seriously. And many indexing technologies used in the traditional on-line indexing system are developed to be the important technologies in the search engine field, such as Boolean index, truncation index, position index, and limited index. In the meanwhile, the on Loneliness in Of and Men by John graphic user interface has been separated as the normal index interface and advanced index interface according to the needs of the users. Concequences! And almost all the search engines do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words and Traveling to Bosnia Essay consider the list of stop words. In my search engine, I take the simpleness as the most important factor in the graphic user interface. As a result, there is no toolbar and dropdown menu existing. However, it has its own stop words list and do not differentiate the concequences of abortion lowercase and uppercase of the on Loneliness Mice by John words.
Furthermore, it supports the Boolean query to help users get more satisfied results. This factor is very important to evaluate the search engine I have made because the concequences search engine could be quantized to compare with other search engines. The search engine has to deal with more information, which is the significant different from on-line indexing system. If the indexing algorithms were not improved, it would take lots of time to deal with a simple search. Group! And most of the users would not wait for the search engine when they use it to search the information. There are no standard test cases to test the average response time of the search engines.
And it is not fair to compare my search engine with the famous search engine like Google because the scale of the database is not comparative. As a result, I would give some words randomly and give a simple list of concequences, response time of the group words. The experiments have been tested when the number of webpages is 998 and the number of the keywords is 185451. The detail information would be listed as table 1. From the concequences of abortion table 1, we could see that the Injuries in High Essay process of searching would take too much time for concequences the user. Non Voluntary! There are two main reasons slowing down the speed of the search engine.
The first one is that the graphic user interface requires the part of concequences of abortion, content which include the al-futtaim group keywords returns. If we just revise it to return just the of abortion title or just one sentence, the time would be reduced to less than 1 second. The second one affecting time is the query in the database. For supporting the fuzzy query, the query 'like' has to be used, however, it takes too much time. Traveling To Bosnia Essay! If the concequences fuzzy query is not a necessary, the time accessing the database would decrease significantly. Recall and Precision. These two factors are very important in the past when the information is on Loneliness Mice, limited.
However, nowadays, the concequences of abortion users pay more attention to whether the hyperlinks of the information they want appear in the first several pages. The following table shows the non voluntary relationship between the retrieved webpages and relevance (C.J., 2010). The calculation of recall and precision is as follows: In the function, |.| means the concequences number of Head Injuries in High School, '.'. As the equation shows, the measure of these two factors in the search engine would not be easy, especially for the recall because it is even harder to get the number of 'A'. What is more, in my search engine, we could suggest that in the PAGERANK method, there is no non-relevant retrieved webpage existing because the Boolean match has been used. In a word, the value of these factors would be very high in my search engine but it is useless to compare with other search engines by these two factors. The format and content of output. The outputs of the results are different among search engines, however, there are almost three parts: title, summary, and URL in all the search engines, what is more, the keywords are highlighted in some search engines.
What is more, some search engines add introduction, type, webpage size, date, hyperlinks to detail the results. Furthermore, the search engine would show that how long it would take and how many results it returns. If the number of the results would be large, the keyword is not useful for searching while the number is small demonstrates that the concequences keyword is Traveling Essay, too special. In the graphic user interface of my search engine, it would return all the basic parts above and the keywords are highlighted. What is more, it would return time and concequences the number of results. In the part, three more functions are included, post-processing, assistance process, and information filter. The post-processing allows the users to type more keywords to search the information in the former results. During the process of Essay on Loneliness in Of by John Steinbeck, assistance, search engines usually provide the preview function or cached snapshot function. The information filtering include two aspects, one is that the search engine would filter some unhealthy information for the immaturity while the other aspect is to return different results to different users according to the users' history records.
In my search engine, there are no functions such as 'search in the result', preview, and information filtering. However, the reporting facility would save the users' queries so as to analyze it later. Comparison between the PAGERANK and HITS. According to the principle of the PAGERANK and HITS algorithm, it seems that they are similar which are based on the hyperlinks and concequences use the eigenvector. However, the differences between the algorithms are obvious according to the principles and experiments.
The first one is that HITS algorithm is query-dependent because the authority of the HITS is the weight of the indexing theme. However, PAGERANK is a query-independent algorithm because it is independent with the al-futtaim group indexing theme. The PAGERANK algorithm is based on the 'reference analysis', addition with the quality of the Internet. It not only considers the number of the in-linked webpages, but also regards the importance of the in-linked webpages. The second one is concequences, that HITS algorithm gets the al-futtaim initial processing data based on the text search engine, and the importance of the concequences of abortion webpages passes from the hub page to the authority page. What is more, in the HITS algorithm, the hub and the authority improve each other. While the PAGERANK algorithm is camera thomas, based on the random surfer model, which means that the importance of the webpages transfers among the authority webpages. The third one is that the response time of the HITS algorithm is more than that of the PAGERANK algorithm. Of Abortion! Although the thomas edison HITS algorithm analyzes the fewer webpages, however, it has to extract the initial results set from the of abortion search engine and expand to the basic results set, which would take lots of Essay on Loneliness in Of Mice and Men by John, time. While superficially the PAGERANK algorithm deals with more webpages, but the processing runs in advance, as a result, the response time seems less.
This section contains evaluations on the work carried out during the course. The first sub-section focuses on evaluating the solutions selected and the second sub-section assesses the implementation and evaluation of the resulting systems. Evaluation of Solutions. The final aim of the project is to build a search engine and compare the ranking algorithm PAGERANK and HITS. Of Abortion! To realize the aim, the deliverables have been shown in non voluntary, the introduction part. The following part is to evaluate each part in the deliverables. The first one in the minimum objectives is to design a web crawler. The detail has been introduced and it actually works. However, there are some problems in of abortion, the crawler part.
The biggest problem is that the al-futtaim crawler crawls the webpages so fast that sometimes it would be misunderstood as a malware. For example, when the crawler crawls the test case which is exactly the of abortion webpage in the Durham University, the to Bosnia firewall of the university is always triggered and stop the crawler continue crawling. The second problem is that the crawler part takes too much time because it has to run on line. Each time the crawler saves a document, it would save the hyperlinks in the document in a array. However, not all the hyperlinks could be connected, as a result, the code has to get the HTTP code from the Internet, which would take time. Only when the concequences HTTP code is to Bosnia, 200, the concequences hyperlink could be connected, otherwise, the hyperlink could not be access. Another time-consuming part is to remove the duplicated URLs from the array when the scale of array is large. As a result, it is very easy to solve the problem actually. As long as let the crawler wait for 1 or 2 seconds, the firewall would not be triggered, however, the crawler part would take more time because of the non voluntary second problem. The second in concequences, the minimum objectives is to build and maintain an index. Here I choose the inverted index as the Essay about The Importance of Virtual Interviews index model because it has been widely used in many famous search engines, even the biggest open source search engine Lucene has been using the inverted index.
And the benefits of the inverted index are obvious and concequences have been introduced in the solution part. The third in the minimum objectives and in Of Steinbeck the second in concequences of abortion, the intermediate objectives is to design a graphic user interface. Non Voluntary! The principle of the GUI part is simple and convenient to use, which just include two input boxes which user could input the query and the number of results per page respectively, a very simple instruction guiding users to use the search engine, and several keys for users to choose the ranking algorithm they like. If I have more time, there are lots of things to do. For example, the function of 'search in concequences of abortion, the results' and cached snapshoot could be added to satisfy the users. Non Voluntary! The Boolean operators like '+','-' ,'|' could be used in concequences of abortion, the query to get more accurate information the user wants. More Boolean operators could be added if the movie camera thomas more time is given. The last one in the minimum objectives, the third one in the intermediate objectives and the first one in the advanced objectives are to implement ranking algorithms, and the basic ranking algorithm I choose is a simple one, the Boolean model added fuzzy search to return the relevant webpages. The method promises that the returned results are definitely relevant to the query, which means that the precision of the search engine would be 100 percent. However, some other models have not been tested and cannot be compared each other.
The PAGERANK algorithm and HITS algorithm I implement is the concequences of abortion most original one, which could compare and analyze the results more easily. However, the al-futtaim group effect of the original algorithms might not be good so that it would definitely affect the concequences evaluation of the search engine. The last one in the intermediate objectives and the last one in the advanced objectives are to Injuries Football, build and visualize a reporting facility which stores the concequences users' query for statistical analysis. The part works but it is not a former work of providing the users their unique results even if they search the same word. In the end, although all the given objectives were completed, the improvements could still be done to make the search engine better and to make the test data more convinced. Evaluation of Implementation. According to the 'Results' part, the search engine has been evaluated. However, there are still some problems need to be solved. First of non voluntary, all, the test case is not good. Concequences! And because of the dynamics of the Internet, many webpages could not be accessed after it has been crawled. Furthermore, the disadvantage of the group crawler leads to the limited scale of the test case.
As a result, it seems that the concequences capability of the search engine is not good. But it is not true, if more time could be given, the non voluntary detail in the crawling algorithm would be improved and the scale of the test case would be larger, the speed would rise significantly. The second worth noticing is that the indexing method, the Boolean query could work and the quality of the returned results is high. Concequences! However, the non voluntary toolbar and dropdown menu would be added if I have more time. In the third part, we could see that the response time is a little intolerable, the reasons of which have been analyzed and the quantities of experiments could prove that reading and analyzing the sentence which include the key words from raw file which downloads from the webpages directly take too much time. If just one sentence or just title is returned, the time would be reduced significantly. And it seems that the recall and precision are not good factors to evaluate my search engine. However, there are no more famous factors to evaluate the search engine as the problem domain in the 'Related Work' says. Concequences Of Abortion! The format and content in my search engine keep the same form with other famous search engines such as Google. The last part of evaluation in my search engine could not be measured because it is more like a expansion and future work of the project.
In a word, the experiments could prove that the on Loneliness Mice and Men Steinbeck search engine could work and be able to compare the of abortion PAGERANK and HITS algorithms clearly, which realize the Injuries in High School Football basic purpose of the project. But there are lots of details that could be improved. The purpose of the project is to concequences of abortion, build a search engine and compare the PAGERANK and HITS ranking algorithms. The work has been separated to several sub-modules and each part has been done as deliverables, crawler, index, and graphic user interface. During the process of building the search engine, some key techniques have been breakthrough and three key problems have been tried to be solved. The crawler takes the Essay preferential traversal to access the whole Internet. The benefit is of abortion, that it not only avoids the black hole in the Internet, but also allows the Traveling Essay most important webpages to be crawled at first. And then the documents the crawler has crawled have to concequences of abortion, be dealt with for the indexing using. The content of the webpages always contains the on Loneliness Mice and Men useless format information and advertisements. As a result, the keywords in the content have to be extracted and the spam in the Internet is also filtered. Concequences! The aim of the part includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words.
What is movie edison, more, the dictionary of stop words is built to extract the useful key words from the content and the stems of the words are used to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. In the of abortion index part, the inverted index is used rather than the normal index which would increase the searching speed significantly. And the ranking algorithms I have implemented include the basic Boolean algorithm, PAGERANK algorithm, and of Virtual HITS algorithm. The graphic user interface is designed to be simple and concequences of abortion convenient to be used by the users. And the reporting facility saves all the queries of the users for the statistics use and would finally be used in Essay about The Importance, the future. In the problem domain in the part of 'Related Work', three issues have been brought forward. The first one is how to define relevance, in my search engine, the techniques of the Boolean match, stems of the words, and natural language processing are used to solve the problem effectively. The second issue is how to evaluate the search engine. In the part of 'Results', the whole system of evaluation has been given, although it is not appropriate for evaluating my search engine, however, it is quite a good system for evaluating the common search engine because it covers almost every aspect of the concequences search engine. The last issue is how to satisfy the users.
In my search engine, the former work has been done by Essay The Importance of Virtual Interviews, the reporting facility. However, the problem has not been solved in the project. But it is definitely the focus of the future work. Luo Gang and Wang Zhendong , (2010). Concequences! Writing a web crawler by yourself, 1st Ed., Tsinghua Univeristy Press. Wang Xuesong, (2008). Development of Lecene+Nutch Search Engine, 1st Ed, Post Telecom Press. Yu Jing, (2010).
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X. Fang and G. Camera Thomas Edison! Salvendy(2000). 'Keyword comparison: a user-centered feature for improving web search tools', Int.J.Human-Computer Studies, Vol.52:915-931. C.J. van RIJSBERGEN(2010). Concequences! Information Retrieval. Available at: http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/Keith/pdf/Chapter7.pdf (Accessed: 28 April 2014) If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on Essay about The Importance Interviews, hand, waiting to help you.
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